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This document describes the optional features of PCRE that can be selected when the library is compiled. They are all selected, or deselected, by providing options to the configure script which is run before the make command. The complete list of options for configure (which includes the standard ones such as the selection of the installation directory) can be obtained by running

  ./configure --help

The following sections describe certain options whose names begin with --enable or --disable. These settings specify changes to the defaults for the configure command. Because of the way that configure works, --enable and --disable always come in pairs, so the complementary option always exists as well, but as it specifies the default, it is not described.


To build PCRE with support for UTF-8 character strings, add


to the configure command. Of itself, this does not make PCRE treat strings as UTF-8. As well as compiling PCRE with this option, you also have have to set the PCRE_UTF8 option when you call the pcre_compile() function.


By default, PCRE treats character 10 (linefeed) as the newline character. This is the normal newline character on Unix-like systems. You can compile PCRE to use character 13 (carriage return) instead by adding


to the configure command. For completeness there is also a --enable-newline-is-lf option, which explicitly specifies linefeed as the newline character.


The PCRE building process uses libtool to build both shared and static Unix libraries by default. You can suppress one of these by adding one of


to the configure command, as required.


When PCRE is called through the POSIX interface (see the pcreposix documentation), additional working storage is required for holding the pointers to capturing substrings because PCRE requires three integers per substring, whereas the POSIX interface provides only two. If the number of expected substrings is small, the wrapper function uses space on the stack, because this is faster than using malloc() for each call. The default threshold above which the stack is no longer used is 10; it can be changed by adding a setting such as


to the configure command.


Internally, PCRE has a function called match() which it calls repeatedly (possibly recursively) when performing a matching operation. By limiting the number of times this function may be called, a limit can be placed on the resources used by a single call to pcre_exec(). The limit can be changed at run time, as described in the pcreapi documentation. The default is 10 million, but this can be changed by adding a setting such as


to the configure command.


Within a compiled pattern, offset values are used to point from one part to another (for example, from an opening parenthesis to an alternation metacharacter). By default two-byte values are used for these offsets, leading to a maximum size for a compiled pattern of around 64K. This is sufficient to handle all but the most gigantic patterns. Nevertheless, some people do want to process enormous patterns, so it is possible to compile PCRE to use three-byte or four-byte offsets by adding a setting such as


to the configure command. The value given must be 2, 3, or 4. Using longer offsets slows down the operation of PCRE because it has to load additional bytes when handling them.

If you build PCRE with an increased link size, test 2 (and test 5 if you are using UTF-8) will fail. Part of the output of these tests is a representation of the compiled pattern, and this changes with the link size.

Last updated: 21 January 2003
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