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revision 93 by nigel, Sat Feb 24 21:41:42 2007 UTC revision 188 by ph10, Thu Jul 5 11:49:44 2007 UTC
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1  Compiling PCRE on non-Unix systems  Compiling PCRE on non-Unix systems
2  ----------------------------------  ----------------------------------
3    
4  See below for comments on Cygwin or MinGW and OpenVMS usage. I (Philip Hazel)  This document contains the following sections:
 have no knowledge of Windows or VMS sytems and how their libraries work. The  
 items in the PCRE Makefile that relate to anything other than Unix-like systems  
 have been contributed by PCRE users. There are some other comments and files in  
 the Contrib directory on the ftp site that you may find useful. See  
5    
6    ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/Contrib    General
7      Generic instructions for the PCRE C library
8      The C++ wrapper functions
9      Building for virtual Pascal
10      Comments about Win32 builds
11      Building under Windows with BCC5.5
12      Building PCRE on OpenVMS
13    
14    
15    GENERAL
16    
17  If you want to compile PCRE for a non-Unix system (or perhaps, more strictly,  I (Philip Hazel) have no knowledge of Windows or VMS sytems and how their
18  for a system that does not support "configure" and "make" files), note that  libraries work. The items in the PCRE distribution and Makefile that relate to
19  the basic PCRE library consists entirely of code written in Standard C, and so  anything other than Unix-like systems are untested by me.
20  should compile successfully on any system that has a Standard C compiler and  
21  library. The C++ wrapper functions are a separate issue (see below).  There are some other comments and files in the Contrib directory on the ftp
22    site that you may find useful. See
23    
24  GENERIC INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE C LIBRARY    ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/Contrib
   
 The following are generic comments about building PCRE. The interspersed  
 indented commands are suggestions from Mark Tetrode as to which commands you  
 might use on a Windows system to build a static library.  
   
 (1) Copy or rename the file config.h.in as config.h, and change the macros that  
 define HAVE_STRERROR and HAVE_MEMMOVE to define them as 1 rather than 0.  
 Unfortunately, because of the way Unix autoconf works, the default setting has  
 to be 0. You may also want to make changes to other macros in config.h. In  
 particular, if you want to force a specific value for newline, you can define  
 the NEWLINE macro. The default is to use '\n', thereby using whatever value  
 your compiler gives to '\n'.  
   
   rem Mark Tetrode's commands  
   copy config.h.in config.h  
   rem Use write, because notepad cannot handle UNIX files. Change values.  
   write config.h  
   
 (2) Compile dftables.c as a stand-alone program, and then run it with  
 the single argument "pcre_chartables.c". This generates a set of standard  
 character tables and writes them to that file.  
   
   rem Mark Tetrode's commands  
   rem Compile & run  
   cl -DSUPPORT_UTF8 -DSUPPORT_UCP dftables.c  
   dftables.exe pcre_chartables.c  
   
 (3) Compile the following source files:  
   
   pcre_chartables.c  
   pcre_compile.c  
   pcre_config.c  
   pcre_dfa_exec.c  
   pcre_exec.c  
   pcre_fullinfo.c  
   pcre_get.c  
   pcre_globals.c  
   pcre_info.c  
   pcre_maketables.c  
   pcre_newline.c  
   pcre_ord2utf8.c  
   pcre_refcount.c  
   pcre_study.c  
   pcre_tables.c  
   pcre_try_flipped.c  
   pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c  
   pcre_valid_utf8.c  
   pcre_version.c  
   pcre_xclass.c  
   
 and link them all together into an object library in whichever form your system  
 keeps such libraries. This is the pcre C library. If your system has static and  
 shared libraries, you may have to do this once for each type.  
   
   rem These comments are out-of-date, referring to a previous release which  
   rem had fewer source files. Replace with the file names from above.  
   rem Mark Tetrode's commands, for a static library  
   rem Compile & lib  
   cl -DSUPPORT_UTF8 -DSUPPORT_UCP -DPOSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD=10 /c maketables.c get.c study.c pcre.c  
   lib /OUT:pcre.lib maketables.obj get.obj study.obj pcre.obj  
   
 (4) Similarly, compile pcreposix.c and link it (on its own) as the pcreposix  
 library.  
   
   rem Mark Tetrode's commands, for a static library  
   rem Compile & lib  
   cl -DSUPPORT_UTF8 -DSUPPORT_UCP -DPOSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD=10 /c pcreposix.c  
   lib /OUT:pcreposix.lib pcreposix.obj  
   
 (5) Compile the test program pcretest.c. This needs the functions in the  
 pcre and pcreposix libraries when linking.  
   
   rem Mark Tetrode's commands  
   rem compile & link  
   cl /F0x400000 pcretest.c pcre.lib pcreposix.lib  
   
 (6) Run pcretest on the testinput files in the testdata directory, and check  
 that the output matches the corresponding testoutput files. Note that the  
 supplied files are in Unix format, with just LF characters as line terminators.  
 You may need to edit them to change this if your system uses a different  
 convention.  
   
   rem Mark Tetrode's commands  
   pcretest testdata\testinput1 testdata\myoutput1  
   windiff testdata\testoutput1 testdata\myoutput1  
   pcretest -i testdata\testinput2 testdata\myoutput2  
   windiff testdata\testoutput2 testdata\myoutput2  
   pcretest testdata\testinput3 testdata\myoutput3  
   windiff testdata\testoutput3 testdata\myoutput3  
   pcretest testdata\testinput4 testdata\myoutput4  
   windiff testdata\testoutput4 testdata\myoutput4  
   pcretest testdata\testinput5 testdata\myoutput5  
   windiff testdata\testoutput5 testdata\myoutput5  
   pcretest testdata\testinput6 testdata\myoutput6  
   windiff testdata\testoutput6 testdata\myoutput6  
25    
26  Note that there are now three more tests (7, 8, 9) that did not exist when Mark  If you want to compile PCRE for a non-Unix system (especially for a system that
27  wrote those comments. The test the new pcre_dfa_exec() function.  does not support "configure" and "make" files), note that the basic PCRE
28    library consists entirely of code written in Standard C, and so should compile
29    successfully on any system that has a Standard C compiler and library. The C++
30    wrapper functions are a separate issue (see below).
31    
32    The PCRE distribution contains some experimental support for "cmake", but this
33    is incomplete and not documented. However if you are a "cmake" user you might
34    like to try building with "cmake".
35    
36    
37    GENERIC INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE PCRE C LIBRARY
38    
39    The following are generic comments about building the PCRE C library "by hand".
40    
41     (1) Copy or rename the file config.h.generic as config.h, and edit the macro
42         settings that it contains to whatever is appropriate for your environment.
43         In particular, if you want to force a specific value for newline, you can
44         define the NEWLINE macro.
45    
46         An alternative approach is not to edit config.h, but to use -D on the
47         compiler command line to make any changes that you need.
48    
49         NOTE: There have been occasions when the way in which certain parameters
50         in config.h are used has changed between releases. (In the configure/make
51         world, this is handled automatically.) When upgrading to a new release,
52         you are strongly advised to review config.h.generic before re-using what
53         you had previously.
54    
55     (2) Copy or rename the file pcre.h.generic as pcre.h.
56    
57     (3) EITHER:
58           Copy or rename file pcre_chartables.c.dist as pcre_chartables.c.
59    
60         OR:
61           Compile dftables.c as a stand-alone program, and then run it with the
62           single argument "pcre_chartables.c". This generates a set of standard
63           character tables and writes them to that file. The tables are generated
64           using the default C locale for your system. If you want to use a locale
65           that is specified by LC_xxx environment variables, add the -L option to
66           the dftables command. You must use this method if you are building on
67           a system that uses EBCDIC code.
68    
69         The tables in pcre_chartables.c are defaults. The caller of PCRE can
70         specify alternative tables at run time.
71    
72     (4) Ensure that you have the following header files:
73    
74           pcre_internal.h
75           ucp.h
76           ucpinternal.h
77           ucptable.h
78    
79     (5) Also ensure that you have the following file, which is #included as source
80         when building a debugging version of PCRE and is also used by pcretest.
81    
82           pcre_printint.src
83    
84     (6) Compile the following source files:
85    
86           pcre_chartables.c
87           pcre_compile.c
88           pcre_config.c
89           pcre_dfa_exec.c
90           pcre_exec.c
91           pcre_fullinfo.c
92           pcre_get.c
93           pcre_globals.c
94           pcre_info.c
95           pcre_maketables.c
96           pcre_newline.c
97           pcre_ord2utf8.c
98           pcre_refcount.c
99           pcre_study.c
100           pcre_tables.c
101           pcre_try_flipped.c
102           pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c
103           pcre_valid_utf8.c
104           pcre_version.c
105           pcre_xclass.c
106    
107     (7) Now link all the compiled code into an object library in whichever form
108         your system keeps such libraries. This is the basic PCRE C library. If
109         your system has static and shared libraries, you may have to do this once
110         for each type.
111    
112     (8) Similarly, compile pcreposix.c and link the result (on its own) as the
113         pcreposix library.
114    
115     (9) Compile the test program pcretest.c. This needs the functions in the
116         pcre and pcreposix libraries when linking. It also needs the
117         pcre_printint.src source file, which it #includes.
118    
119    (10) Run pcretest on the testinput files in the testdata directory, and check
120         that the output matches the corresponding testoutput files. Note that the
121         supplied files are in Unix format, with just LF characters as line
122         terminators. You may need to edit them to change this if your system uses
123         a different convention.
124    
125  (7) If you want to use the pcregrep command, compile and link pcregrep.c; it  (11) If you want to use the pcregrep command, compile and link pcregrep.c; it
126  uses only the basic PCRE library.       uses only the basic PCRE library (it does not need the pcreposix library).
127    
128    
129  THE C++ WRAPPER FUNCTIONS  THE C++ WRAPPER FUNCTIONS
130    
131  The PCRE distribution now contains some C++ wrapper functions and tests,  The PCRE distribution also contains some C++ wrapper functions and tests,
132  contributed by Google Inc. On a system that can use "configure" and "make",  contributed by Google Inc. On a system that can use "configure" and "make",
133  the functions are automatically built into a library called pcrecpp. It should  the functions are automatically built into a library called pcrecpp. It should
134  be straightforward to compile the .cc files manually on other systems. The  be straightforward to compile the .cc files manually on other systems. The
# Line 130  files called xxx_unittest.cc are test pr Line 136  files called xxx_unittest.cc are test pr
136  xxx.cc files.  xxx.cc files.
137    
138    
139  FURTHER REMARKS  BUILDING FOR VIRTUAL PASCAL
140    
141  If you have a system without "configure" but where you can use a Makefile, edit  A script for building PCRE using Borland's C++ compiler for use with VPASCAL
142  Makefile.in to create Makefile, substituting suitable values for the variables  was contributed by Alexander Tokarev. Stefan Weber updated the script and added
143  at the head of the file.  additional files. The following files in the distribution are for building PCRE
144    for use with VP/Borland: makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, makevp.bat, pcregexp.pas.
145    
 Michael Roy sent these comments about building PCRE under Windows with BCC5.5:  
146    
147    Some of the core BCC libraries have a version of PCRE from 1998 built in,  COMMENTS ABOUT WIN32 BUILDS
   which can lead to pcre_exec() giving an erroneous PCRE_ERROR_NULL from a  
   version mismatch. I'm including an easy workaround below, if you'd like to  
   include it in the non-unix instructions:  
148    
149    When linking a project with BCC5.5, pcre.lib must be included before any of  There are two ways of building PCRE using the "configure, make, make install"
150    the libraries cw32.lib, cw32i.lib, cw32mt.lib, and cw32mti.lib on the command  paradigm on Windows systems: using MinGW or using Cygwin. These are not at all
151    line.  the same thing; they are completely different from each other. There is also
152    some experimental, undocumented support for building using "cmake", which you
153    might like to try if you are familiar with "cmake". However, at the present
154    time, the "cmake" process builds only a static library (not a dll), and the
155    tests are not automatically run.
156    
157  Some help in building a Win32 DLL of PCRE in GnuWin32 environments was  The MinGW home page (http://www.mingw.org/) says this:
 contributed by Paul Sokolovsky. These environments are Mingw32  
 (http://www.xraylith.wisc.edu/~khan/software/gnu-win32/) and CygWin  
 (http://sourceware.cygnus.com/cygwin/). Paul comments:  
   
   For CygWin, set CFLAGS=-mno-cygwin, and do 'make dll'. You'll get  
   pcre.dll (containing pcreposix also), libpcre.dll.a, and dynamically  
   linked pgrep and pcretest. If you have /bin/sh, run RunTest (three  
   main test go ok, locale not supported).  
   
 Changes to do MinGW with autoconf 2.50 were supplied by Fred Cox  
 <sailorFred@yahoo.com>, who comments as follows:  
   
   If you are using the PCRE DLL, the normal Unix style configure && make &&  
   make check && make install should just work[*]. If you want to statically  
   link against the .a file, you must define PCRE_STATIC before including  
   pcre.h, otherwise the pcre_malloc and pcre_free exported functions will be  
   declared __declspec(dllimport), with hilarious results.  See the configure.in  
   and pcretest.c for how it is done for the static test.  
   
   Also, there will only be a libpcre.la, not a libpcreposix.la, as you  
   would expect from the Unix version. The single DLL includes the pcreposix  
   interface.  
   
 [*] But note that the supplied test files are in Unix format, with just LF  
 characters as line terminators. You will have to edit them to change to CR LF  
 terminators.  
158    
159  A script for building PCRE using Borland's C++ compiler for use with VPASCAL    MinGW: A collection of freely available and freely distributable Windows
160  was contributed by Alexander Tokarev. It is called makevp.bat.    specific header files and import libraries combined with GNU toolsets that
161      allow one to produce native Windows programs that do not rely on any
162      3rd-party C runtime DLLs.
163    
164  These are some further comments about Win32 builds from Mark Evans. They  The Cygwin home page (http://www.cygwin.com/) says this:
 were contributed before Fred Cox's changes were made, so it is possible that  
 they may no longer be relevant.  
   
 "The documentation for Win32 builds is a bit shy.  Under MSVC6 I  
 followed their instructions to the letter, but there were still  
 some things missing.  
   
 (1) Must #define STATIC for entire project if linking statically.  
     (I see no reason to use DLLs for code this compact.)  This of  
     course is a project setting in MSVC under Preprocessor.  
   
 (2) Missing some #ifdefs relating to the function pointers  
     pcre_malloc and pcre_free.  See my solution below.  (The stubs  
     may not be mandatory but they made me feel better.)"  
165    
166  =========================    Cygwin is a Linux-like environment for Windows. It consists of two parts:
 #ifdef _WIN32  
 #include <malloc.h>  
167    
168  void* malloc_stub(size_t N)    . A DLL (cygwin1.dll) which acts as a Linux API emulation layer providing
169  { return malloc(N); }      substantial Linux API functionality
 void free_stub(void* p)  
 { free(p); }  
 void *(*pcre_malloc)(size_t) = &malloc_stub;  
 void  (*pcre_free)(void *) = &free_stub;  
170    
171  #else    . A collection of tools which provide Linux look and feel.
172    
173  void *(*pcre_malloc)(size_t) = malloc;    The Cygwin DLL currently works with all recent, commercially released x86 32
174  void  (*pcre_free)(void *) = free;    bit and 64 bit versions of Windows, with the exception of Windows CE.
175    
176  #endif  On both MinGW and Cygwin, PCRE should build correctly using:
177  =========================  
178      ./configure && make && make install
179    
180    This should create two libraries called libpcre and libpcreposix, and, if you
181    have enabled building the C++ wrapper, a third one called libpcrecpp. These are
182    independent libraries: when you like with libpcreposix or libpcrecpp you must
183    also link with libpcre, which contains the basic functions. (Some earlier
184    releases of PCRE included the basic libpcre functions in libpcreposix. This no
185    longer happens.)
186    
187    If you want to statically link your program against a non-dll .a file, you must
188    define PCRE_STATIC before including pcre.h, otherwise the pcre_malloc() and
189    pcre_free() exported functions will be declared __declspec(dllimport), with
190    unwanted results.
191    
192    Using Cygwin's compiler generates libraries and executables that depend on
193    cygwin1.dll. If a library that is generated this way is distributed,
194    cygwin1.dll has to be distributed as well. Since cygwin1.dll is under the GPL
195    licence, this forces not only PCRE to be under the GPL, but also the entire
196    application. A distributor who wants to keep their own code proprietary must
197    purchase an appropriate Cygwin licence.
198    
199    MinGW has no such restrictions. The MinGW compiler generates a library or
200    executable that can run standalone on Windows without any third party dll or
201    licensing issues.
202    
203    But there is more complication:
204    
205    If a Cygwin user uses the -mno-cygwin Cygwin gcc flag, what that really does is
206    to tell Cygwin's gcc to use the MinGW gcc. Cygwin's gcc is only acting as a
207    front end to MinGW's gcc (if you install Cygwin's gcc, you get both Cygwin's
208    gcc and MinGW's gcc). So, a user can:
209    
210    . Build native binaries by using MinGW or by getting Cygwin and using
211      -mno-cygwin.
212    
213    . Build binaries that depend on cygwin1.dll by using Cygwin with the normal
214      compiler flags.
215    
216    The test files that are supplied with PCRE are in Unix format, with LF
217    characters as line terminators. It may be necessary to change the line
218    terminators in order to get some of the tests to work. We hope to improve
219    things in this area in future.
220    
221    
222    BUILDING UNDER WINDOWS WITH BCC5.5
223    
224    Michael Roy sent these comments about building PCRE under Windows with BCC5.5:
225    
226      Some of the core BCC libraries have a version of PCRE from 1998 built in,
227      which can lead to pcre_exec() giving an erroneous PCRE_ERROR_NULL from a
228      version mismatch. I'm including an easy workaround below, if you'd like to
229      include it in the non-unix instructions:
230    
231      When linking a project with BCC5.5, pcre.lib must be included before any of
232      the libraries cw32.lib, cw32i.lib, cw32mt.lib, and cw32mti.lib on the command
233      line.
234    
235    
236  BUILDING PCRE ON OPENVMS  BUILDING PCRE ON OPENVMS
# Line 278  $! Locale could not be set to fr Line 297  $! Locale could not be set to fr
297  $!  $!
298  =========================  =========================
299    
300    Last Updated: 05 July 2007
301  ****  ****

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