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Tidies of documenation and code while preparing for release.

1 nigel 41 News about PCRE releases
2     ------------------------
4 ph10 579 Release 8.11 24-Nov-2010
5     ------------------------
7     A number of bugs in the library and in pcregrep have been fixed. As always, see
8     ChangeLog for details. The following are the non-bug-fix changes:
10     . Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
12     . Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
13     of pcregrep.
15     . Changed the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching of $, \z, \Z, \b, and
16     \B.
18     . Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
19     bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
21     . Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
22     START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time
25 ph10 548 Release 8.10 25-Jun-2010
26 ph10 535 ------------------------
28 ph10 545 There are two major additions: support for (*MARK) and friends, and the option
29 ph10 535 PCRE_UCP, which changes the behaviour of \b, \d, \s, and \w (and their
30     opposites) so that they make use of Unicode properties. There are also a number
31     of lesser new features, and several bugs have been fixed. A new option,
32     --line-buffered, has been added to pcregrep, for use when it is connected to
33     pipes.
36 ph10 508 Release 8.02 19-Mar-2010
37 ph10 507 ------------------------
39     Another bug-fix release.
42 ph10 489 Release 8.01 19-Jan-2010
43     ------------------------
45     This is a bug-fix release. Several bugs in the code itself and some bugs and
46     infelicities in the build system have been fixed.
49 ph10 469 Release 8.00 19-Oct-09
50 ph10 461 ----------------------
52     Bugs have been fixed in the library and in pcregrep. There are also some
53     enhancements. Restrictions on patterns used for partial matching have been
54     removed, extra information is given for partial matches, the partial matching
55     process has been improved, and an option to make a partial match override a
56     full match is available. The "study" process has been enhanced by finding a
57     lower bound matching length. Groups with duplicate numbers may now have
58     duplicated names without the use of PCRE_DUPNAMES. However, they may not have
59     different names. The documentation has been revised to reflect these changes.
60     The version number has been expanded to 3 digits as it is clear that the rate
61     of change is not slowing down.
64 ph10 415 Release 7.9 11-Apr-09
65 ph10 411 ---------------------
66 ph10 345
67 ph10 411 Mostly bugfixes and tidies with just a couple of minor functional additions.
70 ph10 374 Release 7.8 05-Sep-08
71 ph10 371 ---------------------
73     More bug fixes, plus a performance improvement in Unicode character property
74     lookup.
77 ph10 347 Release 7.7 07-May-08
78 ph10 345 ---------------------
80     This is once again mainly a bug-fix release, but there are a couple of new
81     features.
84 ph10 319 Release 7.6 28-Jan-08
85 ph10 309 ---------------------
87     The main reason for having this release so soon after 7.5 is because it fixes a
88     potential buffer overflow problem in pcre_compile() when run in UTF-8 mode. In
89     addition, the CMake configuration files have been brought up to date.
92 ph10 298 Release 7.5 10-Jan-08
93 ph10 289 ---------------------
94 ph10 122
95 ph10 289 This is mainly a bug-fix release. However the ability to link pcregrep with
96     libz or libbz2 and the ability to link pcretest with libreadline have been
97     added. Also the --line-offsets and --file-offsets options were added to
98     pcregrep.
101 ph10 260 Release 7.4 21-Sep-07
102 ph10 242 ---------------------
104 ph10 243 The only change of specification is the addition of options to control whether
105 ph10 242 \R matches any Unicode line ending (the default) or just CR, LF, and CRLF.
106 ph10 243 Otherwise, the changes are bug fixes and a refactoring to reduce the number of
107 ph10 261 relocations needed in a shared library. There have also been some documentation
108     updates, in particular, some more information about using CMake to build PCRE
109     has been added to the NON-UNIX-USE file.
110 ph10 242
112 ph10 228 Release 7.3 28-Aug-07
113 ph10 212 ---------------------
115     Most changes are bug fixes. Some that are not:
117     1. There is some support for Perl 5.10's experimental "backtracking control
118     verbs" such as (*PRUNE).
120     2. UTF-8 checking is now as per RFC 3629 instead of RFC 2279; this is more
121     restrictive in the strings it accepts.
123     3. Checking for potential integer overflow has been made more dynamic, and as a
124     consequence there is no longer a hard limit on the size of a subpattern that
125     has a limited repeat count.
126 ph10 227
127     4. When CRLF is a valid line-ending sequence, pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec()
128     no longer advance by two characters instead of one when an unanchored match
129     fails at CRLF if there are explicit CR or LF matches within the pattern.
130 ph10 226 This gets rid of some anomalous effects that previously occurred.
131 ph10 212
132 ph10 227 5. Some PCRE-specific settings for varying the newline options at the start of
133     a pattern have been added.
134 ph10 212
135 ph10 227
136 ph10 184 Release 7.2 19-Jun-07
137 ph10 157 ---------------------
139 ph10 172 WARNING: saved patterns that were compiled by earlier versions of PCRE must be
140 ph10 181 recompiled for use with 7.2 (necessitated by the addition of \K, \h, \H, \v,
141     and \V).
142 ph10 168
143 ph10 159 Correction to the notes for 7.1: the note about shared libraries for Windows is
144     wrong. Previously, three libraries were built, but each could function
145     independently. For example, the pcreposix library also included all the
146     functions from the basic pcre library. The change is that the three libraries
147     are no longer independent. They are like the Unix libraries. To use the
148     pcreposix functions, for example, you need to link with both the pcreposix and
149 ph10 157 the basic pcre library.
151 ph10 166 Some more features from Perl 5.10 have been added:
152 ph10 157
153 ph10 166 (?-n) and (?+n) relative references for recursion and subroutines.
154 ph10 172
155     (?(-n) and (?(+n) relative references as conditions.
156 ph10 182
157 ph10 181 \k{name} and \g{name} are synonyms for \k<name>.
158 ph10 172
159 ph10 168 \K to reset the start of the matched string; for example, (foo)\Kbar
160 ph10 175 matches bar preceded by foo, but only sets bar as the matched string.
161 ph10 182
162     (?| introduces a group where the capturing parentheses in each alternative
163     start from the same number; for example, (?|(abc)|(xyz)) sets capturing
164 ph10 175 parentheses number 1 in both cases.
165 ph10 166
166 ph10 182 \h, \H, \v, \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace, respectively.
167 ph10 166
168 ph10 182
169 ph10 155 Release 7.1 24-Apr-07
170 nigel 93 ---------------------
172 ph10 155 There is only one new feature in this release: a linebreak setting of
173     PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF. It is a cut-down version of PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY, which
174     recognizes only CRLF, CR, and LF as linebreaks.
175 ph10 122
176 ph10 155 A few bugs are fixed (see ChangeLog for details), but the major change is a
177     complete re-implementation of the build system. This now has full Autotools
178     support and so is now "standard" in some sense. It should help with compiling
179     PCRE in a wide variety of environments.
181 ph10 146 NOTE: when building shared libraries for Windows, three dlls are now built,
182     called libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp. Previously, everything was
183     included in a single dll.
185     Another important change is that the dftables auxiliary program is no longer
186 ph10 128 compiled and run at "make" time by default. Instead, a default set of character
187     tables (assuming ASCII coding) is used. If you want to use dftables to generate
188     the character tables as previously, add --enable-rebuild-chartables to the
189     "configure" command. You must do this if you are compiling PCRE to run on a
190     system that uses EBCDIC code.
191 ph10 122
192 ph10 128 There is a discussion about character tables in the README file. The default is
193     not to use dftables so that that there is no problem when cross-compiling.
196 ph10 122 Release 7.0 19-Dec-06
197     ---------------------
199 nigel 93 This release has a new major number because there have been some internal
200     upheavals to facilitate the addition of new optimizations and other facilities,
201     and to make subsequent maintenance and extension easier. Compilation is likely
202     to be a bit slower, but there should be no major effect on runtime performance.
203     Previously compiled patterns are NOT upwards compatible with this release. If
204     you have saved compiled patterns from a previous release, you will have to
205     re-compile them. Important changes that are visible to users are:
207     1. The Unicode property tables have been updated to Unicode 5.0.0, which adds
208     some more scripts.
210     2. The option PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY causes PCRE to recognize any Unicode newline
211     sequence as a newline.
213     3. The \R escape matches a single Unicode newline sequence as a single unit.
215     4. New features that will appear in Perl 5.10 are now in PCRE. These include
216     alternative Perl syntax for named parentheses, and Perl syntax for
217     recursion.
219     5. The C++ wrapper interface has been extended by the addition of a
220     QuoteMeta function and the ability to allow copy construction and
221     assignment.
223     For a complete list of changes, see the ChangeLog file.
226 nigel 91 Release 6.7 04-Jul-06
227     ---------------------
229     The main additions to this release are the ability to use the same name for
230     multiple sets of parentheses, and support for CRLF line endings in both the
231     library and pcregrep (and in pcretest for testing).
233     Thanks to Ian Taylor, the stack usage for many kinds of pattern has been
234     significantly reduced for certain subject strings.
237 nigel 87 Release 6.5 01-Feb-06
238     ---------------------
240     Important changes in this release:
242     1. A number of new features have been added to pcregrep.
244     2. The Unicode property tables have been updated to Unicode 4.1.0, and the
245     supported properties have been extended with script names such as "Arabic",
246     and the derived properties "Any" and "L&". This has necessitated a change to
247     the interal format of compiled patterns. Any saved compiled patterns that
248     use \p or \P must be recompiled.
250     3. The specification of recursion in patterns has been changed so that all
251     recursive subpatterns are automatically treated as atomic groups. Thus, for
252     example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)). This is necessary because
253     otherwise there are situations where recursion does not work.
255     See the ChangeLog for a complete list of changes, which include a number of bug
256     fixes and tidies.
259 nigel 77 Release 6.0 07-Jun-05
260     ---------------------
262     The release number has been increased to 6.0 because of the addition of several
263     major new pieces of functionality.
265     A new function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which implements pattern matching using a DFA
266     algorithm, has been added. This has a number of advantages for certain cases,
267     though it does run more slowly, and lacks the ability to capture substrings. On
268     the other hand, it does find all matches, not just the first, and it works
269     better for partial matching. The pcrematching man page discusses the
270     differences.
272     The pcretest program has been enhanced so that it can make use of the new
273     pcre_dfa_exec() matching function and the extra features it provides.
275     The distribution now includes a C++ wrapper library. This is built
276     automatically if a C++ compiler is found. The pcrecpp man page discusses this
277     interface.
279     The code itself has been re-organized into many more files, one for each
280     function, so it no longer requires everything to be linked in when static
281     linkage is used. As a consequence, some internal functions have had to have
282     their names exposed. These functions all have names starting with _pcre_. They
283     are undocumented, and are not intended for use by outside callers.
285     The pcregrep program has been enhanced with new functionality such as
286     multiline-matching and options for output more matching context. See the
287     ChangeLog for a complete list of changes to the library and the utility
288     programs.
291 nigel 75 Release 5.0 13-Sep-04
292     ---------------------
294     The licence under which PCRE is released has been changed to the more
295     conventional "BSD" licence.
297     In the code, some bugs have been fixed, and there are also some major changes
298     in this release (which is why I've increased the number to 5.0). Some changes
299     are internal rearrangements, and some provide a number of new facilities. The
300     new features are:
302     1. There's an "automatic callout" feature that inserts callouts before every
303     item in the regex, and there's a new callout field that gives the position
304     in the pattern - useful for debugging and tracing.
306     2. The extra_data structure can now be used to pass in a set of character
307     tables at exec time. This is useful if compiled regex are saved and re-used
308     at a later time when the tables may not be at the same address. If the
309     default internal tables are used, the pointer saved with the compiled
310     pattern is now set to NULL, which means that you don't need to do anything
311     special unless you are using custom tables.
313     3. It is possible, with some restrictions on the content of the regex, to
314     request "partial" matching. A special return code is given if all of the
315     subject string matched part of the regex. This could be useful for testing
316     an input field as it is being typed.
318     4. There is now some optional support for Unicode character properties, which
319     means that the patterns items such as \p{Lu} and \X can now be used. Only
320     the general category properties are supported. If PCRE is compiled with this
321     support, an additional 90K data structure is include, which increases the
322     size of the library dramatically.
324     5. There is support for saving compiled patterns and re-using them later.
326     6. There is support for running regular expressions that were compiled on a
327     different host with the opposite endianness.
329     7. The pcretest program has been extended to accommodate the new features.
331     The main internal rearrangement is that sequences of literal characters are no
332     longer handled as strings. Instead, each character is handled on its own. This
333     makes some UTF-8 handling easier, and makes the support of partial matching
334     possible. Compiled patterns containing long literal strings will be larger as a
335     result of this change; I hope that performance will not be much affected.
338 nigel 73 Release 4.5 01-Dec-03
339     ---------------------
341     Again mainly a bug-fix and tidying release, with only a couple of new features:
343     1. It's possible now to compile PCRE so that it does not use recursive
344     function calls when matching. Instead it gets memory from the heap. This slows
345     things down, but may be necessary on systems with limited stacks.
347     2. UTF-8 string checking has been tightened to reject overlong sequences and to
348     check that a starting offset points to the start of a character. Failure of the
349     latter returns a new error code: PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET.
351     3. PCRE can now be compiled for systems that use EBCDIC code.
354 nigel 71 Release 4.4 21-Aug-03
355     ---------------------
357     This is mainly a bug-fix and tidying release. The only new feature is that PCRE
358     checks UTF-8 strings for validity by default. There is an option to suppress
359     this, just in case anybody wants that teeny extra bit of performance.
362     Releases 4.1 - 4.3
363     ------------------
365     Sorry, I forgot about updating the NEWS file for these releases. Please take a
366     look at ChangeLog.
369 nigel 63 Release 4.0 17-Feb-03
370     ---------------------
372     There have been a lot of changes for the 4.0 release, adding additional
373     functionality and mending bugs. Below is a list of the highlights of the new
374     functionality. For full details of these features, please consult the
375     documentation. For a complete list of changes, see the ChangeLog file.
377     1. Support for Perl's \Q...\E escapes.
379     2. "Possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's Java
380     package. They provide some syntactic sugar for simple cases of "atomic
381     grouping".
383     3. Support for the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching position
384     is at the start point of the match.
386     4. A new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl provides
387     with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done in PCRE
388     is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting pcre_callout to
389     its entry point. To get the function called, the regex must include (?C) at
390     appropriate points.
392     5. Support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns. This makes it really
393     easy to get totally confused.
395     6. Support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is used to
396     name a group.
398     7. Several extensions to UTF-8 support; it is now fairly complete. There is an
399     option for pcregrep to make it operate in UTF-8 mode.
401     8. The single man page has been split into a number of separate man pages.
402     These also give rise to individual HTML pages which are put in a separate
403     directory. There is an index.html page that lists them all. Some hyperlinking
404     between the pages has been installed.
407 nigel 53 Release 3.5 15-Aug-01
408     ---------------------
410     1. The configuring system has been upgraded to use later versions of autoconf
411     and libtool. By default it builds both a shared and a static library if the OS
412     supports it. You can use --disable-shared or --disable-static on the configure
413     command if you want only one of them.
415     2. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
416     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
417     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
418     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
420     3. Upgrades to pcregrep:
421     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
422     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
423     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
424     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
426     4. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
427     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
428     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
430     5. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
431     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
432     likewise updated the man page.
434     6. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
435     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
438 nigel 49 Release 3.3 01-Aug-00
439     ---------------------
441     There is some support for UTF-8 character strings. This is incomplete and
442     experimental. The documentation describes what is and what is not implemented.
443     Otherwise, this is just a bug-fixing release.
446 nigel 43 Release 3.0 01-Feb-00
447     ---------------------
448 nigel 41
449 nigel 43 1. A "configure" script is now used to configure PCRE for Unix systems. It
450     builds a Makefile, a config.h file, and the pcre-config script.
452     2. PCRE is built as a shared library by default.
454     3. There is support for POSIX classes such as [:alpha:].
456     5. There is an experimental recursion feature.
458 nigel 41 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
461     Please note that there has been a change in the API such that a larger
462     ovector is required at matching time, to provide some additional workspace.
463     The new man page has details. This change was necessary in order to support
464     some of the new functionality in Perl 5.005.
468     Another (I hope this is the last!) change has been made to the API for the
469     pcre_compile() function. An additional argument has been added to make it
470     possible to pass over a pointer to character tables built in the current
471     locale by pcre_maketables(). To use the default tables, this new arguement
472     should be passed as NULL.
476     Yet another (and again I hope this really is the last) change has been made
477     to the API for the pcre_exec() function. An additional argument has been
478     added to make it possible to start the match other than at the start of the
479     subject string. This is important if there are lookbehinds. The new man
480     page has the details, but you just want to convert existing programs, all
481     you need to do is to stick in a new fifth argument to pcre_exec(), with a
482     value of zero. For example, change
484     pcre_exec(pattern, extra, subject, length, options, ovec, ovecsize)
485     to
486     pcre_exec(pattern, extra, subject, length, 0, options, ovec, ovecsize)
488     ****


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