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Revision 98 - (show annotations) (download)
Mon Mar 5 15:55:02 2007 UTC (7 years, 4 months ago) by ph10
File size: 9416 byte(s)
This is a second preliminary update, after having done a test build and also a 
check of the maintenance programs. The version is now 7.1-RC1. In autogen.sh, 
autoheader is now before automake, and Tech.Notes (being now in the "maintain" 
directory) are no longer distributed.

1 Installation Instructions
2 *************************
3
4 Copyright (C) 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005,
5 2006 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
6
7 This file is free documentation; the Free Software Foundation gives
8 unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
9
10 Basic Installation
11 ==================
12
13 Briefly, the shell commands `./configure; make; make install' should
14 configure, build, and install this package. The following
15 more-detailed instructions are generic; see the `README' file for
16 instructions specific to this package.
17
18 The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for
19 various system-dependent variables used during compilation. It uses
20 those values to create a `Makefile' in each directory of the package.
21 It may also create one or more `.h' files containing system-dependent
22 definitions. Finally, it creates a shell script `config.status' that
23 you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration, and a
24 file `config.log' containing compiler output (useful mainly for
25 debugging `configure').
26
27 It can also use an optional file (typically called `config.cache'
28 and enabled with `--cache-file=config.cache' or simply `-C') that saves
29 the results of its tests to speed up reconfiguring. Caching is
30 disabled by default to prevent problems with accidental use of stale
31 cache files.
32
33 If you need to do unusual things to compile the package, please try
34 to figure out how `configure' could check whether to do them, and mail
35 diffs or instructions to the address given in the `README' so they can
36 be considered for the next release. If you are using the cache, and at
37 some point `config.cache' contains results you don't want to keep, you
38 may remove or edit it.
39
40 The file `configure.ac' (or `configure.in') is used to create
41 `configure' by a program called `autoconf'. You need `configure.ac' if
42 you want to change it or regenerate `configure' using a newer version
43 of `autoconf'.
44
45 The simplest way to compile this package is:
46
47 1. `cd' to the directory containing the package's source code and type
48 `./configure' to configure the package for your system.
49
50 Running `configure' might take a while. While running, it prints
51 some messages telling which features it is checking for.
52
53 2. Type `make' to compile the package.
54
55 3. Optionally, type `make check' to run any self-tests that come with
56 the package.
57
58 4. Type `make install' to install the programs and any data files and
59 documentation.
60
61 5. You can remove the program binaries and object files from the
62 source code directory by typing `make clean'. To also remove the
63 files that `configure' created (so you can compile the package for
64 a different kind of computer), type `make distclean'. There is
65 also a `make maintainer-clean' target, but that is intended mainly
66 for the package's developers. If you use it, you may have to get
67 all sorts of other programs in order to regenerate files that came
68 with the distribution.
69
70 Compilers and Options
71 =====================
72
73 Some systems require unusual options for compilation or linking that the
74 `configure' script does not know about. Run `./configure --help' for
75 details on some of the pertinent environment variables.
76
77 You can give `configure' initial values for configuration parameters
78 by setting variables in the command line or in the environment. Here
79 is an example:
80
81 ./configure CC=c99 CFLAGS=-g LIBS=-lposix
82
83 *Note Defining Variables::, for more details.
84
85 Compiling For Multiple Architectures
86 ====================================
87
88 You can compile the package for more than one kind of computer at the
89 same time, by placing the object files for each architecture in their
90 own directory. To do this, you can use GNU `make'. `cd' to the
91 directory where you want the object files and executables to go and run
92 the `configure' script. `configure' automatically checks for the
93 source code in the directory that `configure' is in and in `..'.
94
95 With a non-GNU `make', it is safer to compile the package for one
96 architecture at a time in the source code directory. After you have
97 installed the package for one architecture, use `make distclean' before
98 reconfiguring for another architecture.
99
100 Installation Names
101 ==================
102
103 By default, `make install' installs the package's commands under
104 `/usr/local/bin', include files under `/usr/local/include', etc. You
105 can specify an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' by giving
106 `configure' the option `--prefix=PREFIX'.
107
108 You can specify separate installation prefixes for
109 architecture-specific files and architecture-independent files. If you
110 pass the option `--exec-prefix=PREFIX' to `configure', the package uses
111 PREFIX as the prefix for installing programs and libraries.
112 Documentation and other data files still use the regular prefix.
113
114 In addition, if you use an unusual directory layout you can give
115 options like `--bindir=DIR' to specify different values for particular
116 kinds of files. Run `configure --help' for a list of the directories
117 you can set and what kinds of files go in them.
118
119 If the package supports it, you can cause programs to be installed
120 with an extra prefix or suffix on their names by giving `configure' the
121 option `--program-prefix=PREFIX' or `--program-suffix=SUFFIX'.
122
123 Optional Features
124 =================
125
126 Some packages pay attention to `--enable-FEATURE' options to
127 `configure', where FEATURE indicates an optional part of the package.
128 They may also pay attention to `--with-PACKAGE' options, where PACKAGE
129 is something like `gnu-as' or `x' (for the X Window System). The
130 `README' should mention any `--enable-' and `--with-' options that the
131 package recognizes.
132
133 For packages that use the X Window System, `configure' can usually
134 find the X include and library files automatically, but if it doesn't,
135 you can use the `configure' options `--x-includes=DIR' and
136 `--x-libraries=DIR' to specify their locations.
137
138 Specifying the System Type
139 ==========================
140
141 There may be some features `configure' cannot figure out automatically,
142 but needs to determine by the type of machine the package will run on.
143 Usually, assuming the package is built to be run on the _same_
144 architectures, `configure' can figure that out, but if it prints a
145 message saying it cannot guess the machine type, give it the
146 `--build=TYPE' option. TYPE can either be a short name for the system
147 type, such as `sun4', or a canonical name which has the form:
148
149 CPU-COMPANY-SYSTEM
150
151 where SYSTEM can have one of these forms:
152
153 OS KERNEL-OS
154
155 See the file `config.sub' for the possible values of each field. If
156 `config.sub' isn't included in this package, then this package doesn't
157 need to know the machine type.
158
159 If you are _building_ compiler tools for cross-compiling, you should
160 use the option `--target=TYPE' to select the type of system they will
161 produce code for.
162
163 If you want to _use_ a cross compiler, that generates code for a
164 platform different from the build platform, you should specify the
165 "host" platform (i.e., that on which the generated programs will
166 eventually be run) with `--host=TYPE'.
167
168 Sharing Defaults
169 ================
170
171 If you want to set default values for `configure' scripts to share, you
172 can create a site shell script called `config.site' that gives default
173 values for variables like `CC', `cache_file', and `prefix'.
174 `configure' looks for `PREFIX/share/config.site' if it exists, then
175 `PREFIX/etc/config.site' if it exists. Or, you can set the
176 `CONFIG_SITE' environment variable to the location of the site script.
177 A warning: not all `configure' scripts look for a site script.
178
179 Defining Variables
180 ==================
181
182 Variables not defined in a site shell script can be set in the
183 environment passed to `configure'. However, some packages may run
184 configure again during the build, and the customized values of these
185 variables may be lost. In order to avoid this problem, you should set
186 them in the `configure' command line, using `VAR=value'. For example:
187
188 ./configure CC=/usr/local2/bin/gcc
189
190 causes the specified `gcc' to be used as the C compiler (unless it is
191 overridden in the site shell script).
192
193 Unfortunately, this technique does not work for `CONFIG_SHELL' due to
194 an Autoconf bug. Until the bug is fixed you can use this workaround:
195
196 CONFIG_SHELL=/bin/bash /bin/bash ./configure CONFIG_SHELL=/bin/bash
197
198 `configure' Invocation
199 ======================
200
201 `configure' recognizes the following options to control how it operates.
202
203 `--help'
204 `-h'
205 Print a summary of the options to `configure', and exit.
206
207 `--version'
208 `-V'
209 Print the version of Autoconf used to generate the `configure'
210 script, and exit.
211
212 `--cache-file=FILE'
213 Enable the cache: use and save the results of the tests in FILE,
214 traditionally `config.cache'. FILE defaults to `/dev/null' to
215 disable caching.
216
217 `--config-cache'
218 `-C'
219 Alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'.
220
221 `--quiet'
222 `--silent'
223 `-q'
224 Do not print messages saying which checks are being made. To
225 suppress all normal output, redirect it to `/dev/null' (any error
226 messages will still be shown).
227
228 `--srcdir=DIR'
229 Look for the package's source code in directory DIR. Usually
230 `configure' can determine that directory automatically.
231
232 `configure' also accepts some other, not widely useful, options. Run
233 `configure --help' for more details.
234

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