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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 8.02 01-Mar-2010  Version 8.21 05-Dec-2011
5    ------------------------
6    
7    1.  Updating the JIT compiler.
8    
9    2.  JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
10        are added as well.
11    
12    3.  Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
13        PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
14        calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
15    
16    4.  (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
17        parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
18        was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
19    
20    5.  Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
21        ECMA-262 standard.
22    
23    6.  Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
24        erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
25        This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
26    
27    7.  While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
28        incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
29        opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
30        corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
31        error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
32        length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
33        rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
34        (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
35        repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
36    
37    8.  A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
38        being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
39    
40    9.  A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
41        one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
42        (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
43        the first (A) could occur when it should not.
44    
45    10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
46    
47    11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
48    
49    12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
50        best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
51        is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
52    
53    13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
54    
55    14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
56        also gives an error.
57    
58    15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
59        it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
60        maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
61        internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
62        rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
63        the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
64        of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
65        the filling in of repeated forward references.
66    
67    16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
68        incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
69    
70    17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
71        in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
72        the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
73        /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
74        tested.
75    
76    18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
77        now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
78        is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
79        /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
80        "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
81        change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
82        returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
83        Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
84        refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
85        the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
86    
87    19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
88        subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
89    
90    21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
91        some warnings.
92    
93    22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
94        not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
95        subject string.
96    
97    23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
98        systems.
99    
100    24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
101        output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
102    
103    25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
104        an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
105        because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
106    
107    26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
108        "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
109        never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
110        complain.
111    
112    27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
113    
114    
115    Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
116    ------------------------
117    
118    1.  Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had
119        a POSIX class. After further experiments with Perl, which convinced me that
120        Perl has bugs and confusions, a closing square bracket is no longer allowed
121        in a POSIX name. This bug also affected patterns with classes that started
122        with full stops.
123    
124    2.  If a pattern such as /(a)b|ac/ is matched against "ac", there is no
125        captured substring, but while checking the failing first alternative,
126        substring 1 is temporarily captured. If the output vector supplied to
127        pcre_exec() was not big enough for this capture, the yield of the function
128        was still zero ("insufficient space for captured substrings"). This cannot
129        be totally fixed without adding another stack variable, which seems a lot
130        of expense for a edge case. However, I have improved the situation in cases
131        such as /(a)(b)x|abc/ matched against "abc", where the return code
132        indicates that fewer than the maximum number of slots in the ovector have
133        been set.
134    
135    3.  Related to (2) above: when there are more back references in a pattern than
136        slots in the output vector, pcre_exec() uses temporary memory during
137        matching, and copies in the captures as far as possible afterwards. It was
138        using the entire output vector, but this conflicts with the specification
139        that only 2/3 is used for passing back captured substrings. Now it uses
140        only the first 2/3, for compatibility. This is, of course, another edge
141        case.
142    
143    4.  Zoltan Herczeg's just-in-time compiler support has been integrated into the
144        main code base, and can be used by building with --enable-jit. When this is
145        done, pcregrep automatically uses it unless --disable-pcregrep-jit or the
146        runtime --no-jit option is given.
147    
148    5.  When the number of matches in a pcre_dfa_exec() run exactly filled the
149        ovector, the return from the function was zero, implying that there were
150        other matches that did not fit. The correct "exactly full" value is now
151        returned.
152    
153    6.  If a subpattern that was called recursively or as a subroutine contained
154        (*PRUNE) or any other control that caused it to give a non-standard return,
155        invalid errors such as "Error -26 (nested recursion at the same subject
156        position)" or even infinite loops could occur.
157    
158    7.  If a pattern such as /a(*SKIP)c|b(*ACCEPT)|/ was studied, it stopped
159        computing the minimum length on reaching *ACCEPT, and so ended up with the
160        wrong value of 1 rather than 0. Further investigation indicates that
161        computing a minimum subject length in the presence of *ACCEPT is difficult
162        (think back references, subroutine calls), and so I have changed the code
163        so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.
164    
165    8.  If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,
166        it was not handled as intended. [But see 16 below.]
167    
168    9.  Replaced RunTest.bat and CMakeLists.txt with improved versions provided by
169        Sheri Pierce.
170    
171    10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that
172        the first byte in a match must be "a".
173    
174    11. Change 17 for 8.13 increased the recursion depth for patterns like
175        /a(?:.)*?a/ drastically. I've improved things by remembering whether a
176        pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old
177        optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group
178        basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.
179    
180    12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This
181        broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space
182        character after the value is now allowed for.
183    
184    13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".
185        For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.
186    
187    14. If (*THEN) appeared in a group that was called recursively or as a
188        subroutine, it did not work as intended. [But see next item.]
189    
190    15. Consider the pattern /A (B(*THEN)C) | D/ where A, B, C, and D are complex
191        pattern fragments (but not containing any | characters). If A and B are
192        matched, but there is a failure in C so that it backtracks to (*THEN), PCRE
193        was behaving differently to Perl. PCRE backtracked into A, but Perl goes to
194        D. In other words, Perl considers parentheses that do not contain any |
195        characters to be part of a surrounding alternative, whereas PCRE was
196        treading (B(*THEN)C) the same as (B(*THEN)C|(*FAIL)) -- which Perl handles
197        differently. PCRE now behaves in the same way as Perl, except in the case
198        of subroutine/recursion calls such as (?1) which have in any case always
199        been different (but PCRE had them first :-).
200    
201    16. Related to 15 above: Perl does not treat the | in a conditional group as
202        creating alternatives. Such a group is treated in the same way as an
203        ordinary group without any | characters when processing (*THEN). PCRE has
204        been changed to match Perl's behaviour.
205    
206    17. If a user had set PCREGREP_COLO(U)R to something other than 1:31, the
207        RunGrepTest script failed.
208    
209    18. Change 22 for version 13 caused atomic groups to use more stack. This is
210        inevitable for groups that contain captures, but it can lead to a lot of
211        stack use in large patterns. The old behaviour has been restored for atomic
212        groups that do not contain any capturing parentheses.
213    
214    19. If the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE option was set for pcre_compile(), it did not
215        suppress the check for a minimum subject length at run time. (If it was
216        given to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() it did work.)
217    
218    20. Fixed an ASCII-dependent infelicity in pcretest that would have made it
219        fail to work when decoding hex characters in data strings in EBCDIC
220        environments.
221    
222    21. It appears that in at least one Mac OS environment, the isxdigit() function
223        is implemented as a macro that evaluates to its argument more than once,
224        contravening the C 90 Standard (I haven't checked a later standard). There
225        was an instance in pcretest which caused it to go wrong when processing
226        \x{...} escapes in subject strings. The has been rewritten to avoid using
227        things like p++ in the argument of isxdigit().
228    
229    
230    Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011
231    ------------------------
232    
233    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
234    
235    2.  Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
236    
237    3.  Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
238        pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
239        in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
240    
241    4.  There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
242        caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
243        different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
244        and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
245        (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
246        code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
247        2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
248        left).
249    
250    5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
251        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
252        as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
253        the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
254    
255    6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
256        now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
257        last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
258        enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
259        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
260    
261    7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
262        pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
263        failure, the offset and reason code are output.
264    
265    8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
266        over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
267        back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
268        two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
269        documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
270        behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
271        has been changed.
272    
273    9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
274        of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
275        time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
276        7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
277        which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
278        argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
279        slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
280        (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
281    
282    10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
283        calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
284        using pcre_exec().
285    
286    11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
287        discovered and fixed:
288    
289        (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
290        (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
291        ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
292        (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
293        (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
294    
295    12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
296        function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
297        value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
298    
299    13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
300        opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
301        ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
302        pick them up.
303    
304    14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
305        synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
306        for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
307        and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
308        using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
309        study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
310        tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
311        "never study" - see 20 below).
312    
313    15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
314        restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
315        correctly.
316    
317    16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
318        empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
319        pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
320        match.
321    
322    17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
323        and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
324        tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, now that there is
325        the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
326        no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
327        two optimizations have therefore been removed. [But see 8.20/11 above.]
328    
329    18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
330        matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
331        incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
332    
333    19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
334        was incorrectly computed.
335    
336    20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it now
337        *disables* studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line
338        (see 14 above). This is necessary for one or two tests to keep the output
339        identical in both cases.
340    
341    21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
342        PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
343    
344    22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
345        successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
346        capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
347        captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
348        group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
349        branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
350        positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions does not happen
351        in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
352    
353    23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
354        subject after a captured substring, to make it easier to tell which of a
355        number of identical substrings has been captured.
356    
357    24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
358        if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
359        values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
360        "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
361        "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
362        refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
363    
364    25. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
365        back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
366        (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
367    
368    26. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
369        the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
370        direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
371        group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
372        1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
373        the recursion depth to 10.
374    
375    27. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
376        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
377        argument validation and error reporting.
378    
379    28. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
380        first character it looked at was a mark character.
381    
382    29. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
383        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
384    
385    30. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
386        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
387        not included in the return count.
388    
389    31. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
390        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
391        Perl).
392    
393    32. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
394        recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
395    
396    33. If --only-matching or --colour was set on a pcregrep call whose pattern
397        had alternative anchored branches, the search for a second match in a line
398        was done as if at the line start. Thus, for example, /^01|^02/ incorrectly
399        matched the line "0102" twice. The same bug affected patterns that started
400        with a backwards assertion. For example /\b01|\b02/ also matched "0102"
401        twice.
402    
403    34. Previously, PCRE did not allow quantification of assertions. However, Perl
404        does, and because of capturing effects, quantifying parenthesized
405        assertions may at times be useful. Quantifiers are now allowed for
406        parenthesized assertions.
407    
408    35. A minor code tidy in pcre_compile() when checking options for \R usage.
409    
410    36. \g was being checked for fancy things in a character class, when it should
411        just be a literal "g".
412    
413    37. PCRE was rejecting [:a[:digit:]] whereas Perl was not. It seems that the
414        appearance of a nested POSIX class supersedes an apparent external class.
415        For example, [:a[:digit:]b:] matches "a", "b", ":", or a digit. Also,
416        unescaped square brackets may also appear as part of class names. For
417        example, [:a[:abc]b:] gives unknown class "[:abc]b:]". PCRE now behaves
418        more like Perl. (But see 8.20/1 above.)
419    
420    38. PCRE was giving an error for \N with a braced quantifier such as {1,} (this
421        was because it thought it was \N{name}, which is not supported).
422    
423    39. Add minix to OS list not supporting the -S option in pcretest.
424    
425    40. PCRE tries to detect cases of infinite recursion at compile time, but it
426        cannot analyze patterns in sufficient detail to catch mutual recursions
427        such as ((?1))((?2)). There is now a runtime test that gives an error if a
428        subgroup is called recursively as a subpattern for a second time at the
429        same position in the subject string. In previous releases this might have
430        been caught by the recursion limit, or it might have run out of stack.
431    
432    41. A pattern such as /(?(R)a+|(?R)b)/ is quite safe, as the recursion can
433        happen only once. PCRE was, however incorrectly giving a compile time error
434        "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because it cannot analyze the
435        pattern in sufficient detail. The compile time test no longer happens when
436        PCRE is compiling a conditional subpattern, but actual runaway loops are
437        now caught at runtime (see 40 above).
438    
439    42. It seems that Perl allows any characters other than a closing parenthesis
440        to be part of the NAME in (*MARK:NAME) and other backtracking verbs. PCRE
441        has been changed to be the same.
442    
443    43. Updated configure.ac to put in more quoting round AC_LANG_PROGRAM etc. so
444        as not to get warnings when autogen.sh is called. Also changed
445        AC_PROG_LIBTOOL (deprecated) to LT_INIT (the current macro).
446    
447    44. To help people who use pcregrep to scan files containing exceedingly long
448        lines, the following changes have been made:
449    
450        (a) The default value of the buffer size parameter has been increased from
451            8K to 20K. (The actual buffer used is three times this size.)
452    
453        (b) The default can be changed by ./configure --with-pcregrep-bufsize when
454            PCRE is built.
455    
456        (c) A --buffer-size=n option has been added to pcregrep, to allow the size
457            to be set at run time.
458    
459        (d) Numerical values in pcregrep options can be followed by K or M, for
460            example --buffer-size=50K.
461    
462        (e) If a line being scanned overflows pcregrep's buffer, an error is now
463            given and the return code is set to 2.
464    
465    45. Add a pointer to the latest mark to the callout data block.
466    
467    46. The pattern /.(*F)/, when applied to "abc" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
468        partial match of an empty string instead of no match. This was specific to
469        the use of ".".
470    
471    47. The pattern /f.*/8s, when applied to "for" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
472        complete match instead of a partial match. This bug was dependent on both
473        the PCRE_UTF8 and PCRE_DOTALL options being set.
474    
475    48. For a pattern such as /\babc|\bdef/ pcre_study() was failing to set up the
476        starting byte set, because \b was not being ignored.
477    
478    
479    Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
480    ------------------------
481    
482    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
483        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
484    
485    2.  On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
486        --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
487        particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
488        went into the wrong half of a long int.)
489    
490    3.  If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
491        did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
492        of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
493        match.
494    
495    4.  Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
496        -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
497    
498    5.  In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
499        matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
500        match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
501    
502    6.  Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
503        the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
504        to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
505        incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
506    
507    7.  If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
508        function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
509        the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
510        reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
511    
512    
513    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
514    ------------------------
515    
516    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
517        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
518        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
519        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
520        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
521        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
522    
523    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
524        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
525        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
526        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
527        (*THEN).
528    
529    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
530        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
531        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
532        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
533    
534    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
535        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
536        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
537        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
538        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
539        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
540        (previously it gave "no match").
541    
542    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
543        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
544        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
545        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
546        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
547        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
548        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
549        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
550        now correct.]
551    
552    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
553        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
554        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
555        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
556        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
557        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
558        places in pcre_compile().
559    
560    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
561        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
562        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
563        according to the set newline convention.
564    
565    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
566        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
567        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
568    
569    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
570    
571    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
572    
573    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
574        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
575    
576    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
577        of pcregrep.
578    
579    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
580        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
581        needed fixing:
582    
583        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
584            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
585            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
586    
587        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
588            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
589            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
590            than one byte was nonsense.)
591    
592        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
593            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
594    
595    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
596        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
597        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
598        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
599        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
600    
601    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
602        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
603        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
604    
605    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
606        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
607    
608    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
609        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
610        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
611        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
612        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
613        release 2.5.4.
614    
615    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
616        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
617        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
618        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
619        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
620    
621    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
622        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
623        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
624        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
625    
626    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
627        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
628        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
629        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
630        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
631        pcre_compile().
632    
633    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
634        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
635        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
636        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
637        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
638    
639    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
640        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
641    
642    
643    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
644    ------------------------
645    
646    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
647        THEN.
648    
649    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
650    
651    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
652        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
653        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
654    
655    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
656        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
657        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
658    
659    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
660        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
661    
662    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
663        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
664        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
665        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
666        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
667    
668    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
669    
670    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
671        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
672        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
673    
674    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
675        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
676        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
677        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
678    
679    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
680    
681    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
682        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
683        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
684        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
685        (#976).
686    
687    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
688        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
689        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
690        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
691        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
692    
693    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
694        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
695    
696    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
697        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
698        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
699    
700    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
701        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
702        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
703        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
704    
705    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
706        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
707    
708    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
709        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
710    
711    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
712        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
713    
714    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
715        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
716        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
717        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
718        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
719        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
720        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
721        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
722        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
723        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
724        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
725        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
726        altogether.)
727    
728    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
729        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
730        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
731    
732    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
733        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
734        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
735        reference to the wrong subpattern.
736    
737    
738    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
739  ------------------------  ------------------------
740    
741  1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.  1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
742    
743  2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is  2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
744      configured.      configured.
745    
746  3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the  3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
747      original author of that file, following a query about its status.      original author of that file, following a query about its status.
748    
749  4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include  4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
750      inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.      inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
751    
752  5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive  5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
753      quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile      quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
754      incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked      incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
755      referenced subpattern not found".      referenced subpattern not found".
756    
757  6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing  6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
758      variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,      variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
759      pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the      pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
760      relevant global functions.      relevant global functions.
761    
762  7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable  7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
763      in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.      in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
764      I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that      I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
765      the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).      the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
766    
767  8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the  8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
768      eint vector in pcreposix.c.      eint vector in pcreposix.c.
769    
770  9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too  9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
771      much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,      much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
772      counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,      counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
773      which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the      which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
774      string.      string.
775    
776  10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.  10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
777    
778  11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that  11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
779      was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that      was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
780      \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if      \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
781      the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.      the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
782    
783  12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the  12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
784      "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming      "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
785      implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the      implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
786      stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not      stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
787      decrease.      decrease.
788    
789  13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other  13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
790      item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the      item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
791      second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-      second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
792      time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()      time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
793      was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.      was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
794    
795  14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an  14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
796      overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be      overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
797      triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.      triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
798      The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.      The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
799    
800  15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".  15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
801    
802    
803  Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010  Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010

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