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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 8.00 ??-???-??  Version 8.13 30-Apr-2011
5    ------------------------
6    
7    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
8    
9    2.  Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
10    
11    3.  Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
12        pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
13        in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
14    
15    4.  There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
16        caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
17        different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
18        and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
19        (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
20        code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
21        2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
22        left).
23    
24    5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
25        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
26        as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
27        the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
28    
29    6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
30        now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
31        last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
32        enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
33        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
34    
35    7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
36        pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
37        failure, the offset and reason code are output.
38    
39    8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
40        over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
41        back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
42        two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
43        documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
44        behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
45        has been changed.
46    
47    9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
48        of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
49        time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
50        7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
51        which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
52        argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
53        slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
54        (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
55    
56    10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
57        calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
58        using pcre_exec().
59    
60    11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
61        discovered and fixed:
62    
63        (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
64        (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
65        ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
66        (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
67        (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
68    
69    12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
70        function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
71        value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
72    
73    13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
74        opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
75        ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
76        pick them up.
77    
78    14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
79        synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
80        for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
81        and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
82        using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
83        study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
84        tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
85        "never study" - see 20 below).
86    
87    15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
88        restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
89        correctly.
90    
91    16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
92        empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
93        pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
94        match.
95    
96    17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
97        and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
98        tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, not that there is
99        the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
100        no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
101        two optimizations have therefore been removed.
102    
103    18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
104        matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
105        incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
106    
107    19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
108        was incorrectly computed.
109    
110    20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it *disables*
111        studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line. This is
112        necessary for one or two tests to keep the output identical in both cases.
113    
114    21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
115        PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
116    
117    22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
118        successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
119        capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
120        captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
121        group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
122        branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
123        positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions is not well defined
124        in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
125    
126    23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
127        subject after a captured substring (to make it easier to tell which of a
128        number of identical substrings has been captured).
129    
130    24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
131        if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
132        values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
133        "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
134        "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
135        refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
136    
137    24. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
138        back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
139        (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
140    
141    25. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
142        the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
143        direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
144        group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
145        1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
146        the recursion depth to 10.
147    
148    26. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
149        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
150        argument validation and error reporting.
151    
152    27. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
153        first character it looked at was a mark character.
154    
155    28. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
156        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
157    
158    29. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
159        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
160        not included in the return count.
161    
162    30. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
163        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
164        Perl).
165    
166    31. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
167        recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
168    
169    
170    Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
171    ------------------------
172    
173    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
174        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
175    
176    2.  On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
177        --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
178        particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
179        went into the wrong half of a long int.)
180    
181    3.  If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
182        did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
183        of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
184        match.
185    
186    4.  Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
187        -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
188    
189    5.  In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
190        matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
191        match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
192    
193    6.  Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
194        the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
195        to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
196        incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
197    
198    7.  If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
199        function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
200        the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
201        reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
202    
203    
204    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
205    ------------------------
206    
207    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
208        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
209        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
210        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
211        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
212        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
213    
214    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
215        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
216        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
217        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
218        (*THEN).
219    
220    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
221        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
222        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
223        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
224    
225    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
226        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
227        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
228        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
229        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
230        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
231        (previously it gave "no match").
232    
233    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
234        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
235        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
236        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
237        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
238        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
239        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
240        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
241        now correct.]
242    
243    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
244        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
245        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
246        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
247        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
248        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
249        places in pcre_compile().
250    
251    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
252        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
253        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
254        according to the set newline convention.
255    
256    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
257        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
258        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
259    
260    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
261    
262    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
263    
264    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
265        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
266    
267    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
268        of pcregrep.
269    
270    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
271        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
272        needed fixing:
273    
274        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
275            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
276            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
277    
278        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
279            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
280            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
281            than one byte was nonsense.)
282    
283        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
284            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
285    
286    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
287        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
288        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
289        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
290        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
291    
292    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
293        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
294        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
295    
296    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
297        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
298    
299    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
300        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
301        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
302        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
303        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
304        release 2.5.4.
305    
306    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
307        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
308        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
309        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
310        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
311    
312    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
313        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
314        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
315        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
316    
317    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
318        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
319        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
320        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
321        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
322        pcre_compile().
323    
324    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
325        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
326        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
327        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
328        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
329    
330    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
331        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
332    
333    
334    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
335    ------------------------
336    
337    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
338        THEN.
339    
340    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
341    
342    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
343        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
344        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
345    
346    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
347        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
348        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
349    
350    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
351        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
352    
353    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
354        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
355        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
356        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
357        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
358    
359    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
360    
361    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
362        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
363        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
364    
365    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
366        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
367        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
368        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
369    
370    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
371    
372    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
373        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
374        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
375        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
376        (#976).
377    
378    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
379        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
380        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
381        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
382        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
383    
384    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
385        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
386    
387    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
388        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
389        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
390    
391    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
392        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
393        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
394        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
395    
396    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
397        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
398    
399    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
400        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
401    
402    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
403        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
404    
405    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
406        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
407        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
408        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
409        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
410        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
411        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
412        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
413        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
414        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
415        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
416        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
417        altogether.)
418    
419    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
420        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
421        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
422    
423    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
424        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
425        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
426        reference to the wrong subpattern.
427    
428    
429    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
430    ------------------------
431    
432    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
433    
434    2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
435        configured.
436    
437    3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
438        original author of that file, following a query about its status.
439    
440    4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
441        inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
442    
443    5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
444        quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
445        incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
446        referenced subpattern not found".
447    
448    6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
449        variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
450        pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
451        relevant global functions.
452    
453    7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
454        in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
455        I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
456        the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
457    
458    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
459        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
460    
461    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
462        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
463        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
464        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
465        string.
466    
467    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
468    
469    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
470        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
471        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
472        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
473    
474    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
475        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
476        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
477        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
478        decrease.
479    
480    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
481        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
482        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
483        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
484        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
485    
486    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
487        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
488        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
489        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
490    
491    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
492    
493    
494    Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
495    ------------------------
496    
497    1.  If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
498        particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
499        computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
500        subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
501    
502    2.  For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
503        the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
504        "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
505        the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
506        abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
507        cause of this.)
508    
509    3.  A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
510        of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
511        assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
512        was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
513        matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
514    
515    4.  If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
516        assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
517        unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
518        PCRE_ERROR_DFA_UITEM.
519    
520    5.  The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
521        situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
522        stuff that is necessary.
523    
524    6.  In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
525        removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
526    
527    7.  Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
528        as part of something else:
529    
530        (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
531    
532        (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
533            called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
534            Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
535    
536        (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
537            prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
538            module.
539    
540    8.  In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
541        cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
542        when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
543        instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
544        other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
545        double.
546    
547    9.  Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
548        2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
549    
550    10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
551        custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
552    
553          - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
554              under Win32.
555          - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
556              therefore missing the function definition.
557          - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
558          - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
559          - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
560    
561    11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
562        messages were output:
563    
564          Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
565          rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
566          Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
567    
568        I have done both of these things.
569    
570    12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
571        most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
572        runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
573        page.
574    
575    13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
576        version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
577        might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
578        interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
579        configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
580        used.
581    
582    14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
583        causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
584        in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
585    
586    15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
587        of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
588        their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
589        definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
590        unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
591        reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
592        example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
593        generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
594        USPTR.
595    
596    16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
597        tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
598        (FreeBSD).
599    
600    17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
601        (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
602        comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
603        equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
604        instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
605    
606    18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
607        specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
608        ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
609        refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
610        match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
611        same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
612        inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
613        can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
614        moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
615        the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
616        rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
617        any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
618        is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
619        similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
620    
621    
622    Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
623  ----------------------  ----------------------
624    
625  1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes  1.  The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
626      was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code      was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
627      being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in      being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
628      error.      error.
629    
630  2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,  2.  Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
631      "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests      "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
632      in a Windows environment.      in a Windows environment.
633    
634  3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is  3.  The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
635      zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when      zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
636      --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints      --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
637      counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just      counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
638      prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems      prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
639      more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the      more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
640      combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.      combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
641    
642  4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as  4.  The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
643      --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,      --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
644      but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving      but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
645      the old behaviour.      the old behaviour.
646    
647  5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not  5.  The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
648      recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern      recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
649      (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,      (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
650      which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.      which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
651    
652  6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just  6.  No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
653      libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.      libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
654    
655  7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size  7.  Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
656      when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that      when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
657      generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module      generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
658      is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of      is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
659      unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his      unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
660      program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.      program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
661    
662  8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger  8.  A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
663      was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive      was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
664      repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8      repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
665      which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide      which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
666      character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could      character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
667      result.      result.
668    
669  9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is  9.  The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
670      requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be      requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
671      partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two      partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
672      slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character      slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
673      for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when      for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
674      PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.      PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
675    
676  10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is  10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
677      synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and      synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
678      PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,      PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
679      and may be more useful for multi-segment matching, especially with      and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
680      pcre_exec().  
681    11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
682  11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match      used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
683      used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is      given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
684      given only if matching could not proceed because another character was      needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
685      needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the      string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
686      string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the      case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
687      case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the      final character ended with (*FAIL).
688      final character ended with (*FAIL).  
   
689  12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work  12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
690      if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the      if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
691      earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For      earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
692      example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is      example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
693      "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with      "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
694      "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.      "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
695    
696  13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been  13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
697      changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the      changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
698      first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern      first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
699      starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by      starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
700      pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two      pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
701      matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.      matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
702    
703  14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,  14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
704      so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where      so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
705      PCRE has not been installed from source.      PCRE has not been installed from source.
706    
707  15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,  15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
708      libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared      libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
709      library.      library.
710    
711  16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.  16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
712      It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it      It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
713      is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find      is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
714      these options useful.      these options useful.
715    
716  17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero  17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
717      value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of      value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
718      nmatch is forced to zero.      nmatch is forced to zero.
719    
720  18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of  18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
721      the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as      the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
722      RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.      RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
723    
724  19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character  19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
725      interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named      interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
726      subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with      subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
727      an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced      an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
728      subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.      subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
729      [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping      [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
730      over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than      over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
731      terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]      terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
732    
733    20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
734        /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
735        to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
736        anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
737    
738    21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
739        than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
740        with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
741        now given.
742    
743    22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
744        PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
745        make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
746        compatible with Perl.
747    
748    23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
749        possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
750    
751    24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
752        pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
753        does. Neither allows recursion.
754    
755    25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
756        length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
757        (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
758        on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
759        to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
760        bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
761        some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
762        pcre_fullinfo().
763    
764    26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
765        not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
766        study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
767        Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
768        pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
769        were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
770    
771    27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
772        allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
773        on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
774        names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
775        confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
776    
777    28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
778        numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
779        conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
780        recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
781        tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
782        one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
783        testing by number works.
784    
785    
786  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09  Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
787  ---------------------  ---------------------

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