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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 8.02 01-Mar-2010  Version 8.30
5    ------------
6    
7    1.  Renamed "isnumber" as "is_a_number" because in some Mac environments this
8        name is defined in ctype.h.
9    
10    2.  Fixed a bug in fixed-length calculation for lookbehinds that would show up
11        only in quite long subpatterns.
12    
13    3.  Removed the function pcre_info(), which has been obsolete and deprecated
14        since it was replaced by pcre_fullinfo() in February 2000.
15    
16    4.  For a non-anchored pattern, if (*SKIP) was given with a name that did not
17        match a (*MARK), and the match failed at the start of the subject, a
18        reference to memory before the start of the subject could occur. This bug
19        was introduced by fix 17 of release 8.21.
20    
21    5.  A reference to an unset group with zero minimum repetition was giving
22        totally wrong answers (in non-JavaScript-compatibility mode). For example,
23        /(another)?(\1?)test/ matched against "hello world test". This bug was
24        introduced in release 8.13.
25    
26    6.  Add support for 16-bit character strings (a large amount of work involving
27        many changes and refactorings).
28    
29    7.  RunGrepTest failed on msys because \r\n was replaced by whitespace when the
30        command "pattern=`printf 'xxx\r\njkl'`" was run. The pattern is now taken
31        from a file.
32    
33    8.  Ovector size of 2 is also supported by JIT based pcre_exec (the ovector size
34        rounding is not applied in this particular case).
35    
36    
37    Version 8.21 12-Dec-2011
38    ------------------------
39    
40    1.  Updating the JIT compiler.
41    
42    2.  JIT compiler now supports OP_NCREF, OP_RREF and OP_NRREF. New test cases
43        are added as well.
44    
45    3.  Fix cache-flush issue on PowerPC (It is still an experimental JIT port).
46        PCRE_EXTRA_TABLES is not suported by JIT, and should be checked before
47        calling _pcre_jit_exec. Some extra comments are added.
48    
49    4.  (*MARK) settings inside atomic groups that do not contain any capturing
50        parentheses, for example, (?>a(*:m)), were not being passed out. This bug
51        was introduced by change 18 for 8.20.
52    
53    5.  Supporting of \x, \U and \u in JavaScript compatibility mode based on the
54        ECMA-262 standard.
55    
56    6.  Lookbehinds such as (?<=a{2}b) that contained a fixed repetition were
57        erroneously being rejected as "not fixed length" if PCRE_CASELESS was set.
58        This bug was probably introduced by change 9 of 8.13.
59    
60    7.  While fixing 6 above, I noticed that a number of other items were being
61        incorrectly rejected as "not fixed length". This arose partly because newer
62        opcodes had not been added to the fixed-length checking code. I have (a)
63        corrected the bug and added tests for these items, and (b) arranged for an
64        error to occur if an unknown opcode is encountered while checking for fixed
65        length instead of just assuming "not fixed length". The items that were
66        rejected were: (*ACCEPT), (*COMMIT), (*FAIL), (*MARK), (*PRUNE), (*SKIP),
67        (*THEN), \h, \H, \v, \V, and single character negative classes with fixed
68        repetitions, e.g. [^a]{3}, with and without PCRE_CASELESS.
69    
70    8.  A possessively repeated conditional subpattern such as (?(?=c)c|d)++ was
71        being incorrectly compiled and would have given unpredicatble results.
72    
73    9.  A possessively repeated subpattern with minimum repeat count greater than
74        one behaved incorrectly. For example, (A){2,}+ behaved as if it was
75        (A)(A)++ which meant that, after a subsequent mismatch, backtracking into
76        the first (A) could occur when it should not.
77    
78    10. Add a cast and remove a redundant test from the code.
79    
80    11. JIT should use pcre_malloc/pcre_free for allocation.
81    
82    12. Updated pcre-config so that it no longer shows -L/usr/lib, which seems
83        best practice nowadays, and helps with cross-compiling. (If the exec_prefix
84        is anything other than /usr, -L is still shown).
85    
86    13. In non-UTF-8 mode, \C is now supported in lookbehinds and DFA matching.
87    
88    14. Perl does not support \N without a following name in a [] class; PCRE now
89        also gives an error.
90    
91    15. If a forward reference was repeated with an upper limit of around 2000,
92        it caused the error "internal error: overran compiling workspace". The
93        maximum number of forward references (including repeats) was limited by the
94        internal workspace, and dependent on the LINK_SIZE. The code has been
95        rewritten so that the workspace expands (via pcre_malloc) if necessary, and
96        the default depends on LINK_SIZE. There is a new upper limit (for safety)
97        of around 200,000 forward references. While doing this, I also speeded up
98        the filling in of repeated forward references.
99    
100    16. A repeated forward reference in a pattern such as (a)(?2){2}(.) was
101        incorrectly expecting the subject to contain another "a" after the start.
102    
103    17. When (*SKIP:name) is activated without a corresponding (*MARK:name) earlier
104        in the match, the SKIP should be ignored. This was not happening; instead
105        the SKIP was being treated as NOMATCH. For patterns such as
106        /A(*MARK:A)A+(*SKIP:B)Z|AAC/ this meant that the AAC branch was never
107        tested.
108    
109    18. The behaviour of (*MARK), (*PRUNE), and (*THEN) has been reworked and is
110        now much more compatible with Perl, in particular in cases where the result
111        is a non-match for a non-anchored pattern. For example, if
112        /b(*:m)f|a(*:n)w/ is matched against "abc", the non-match returns the name
113        "m", where previously it did not return a name. A side effect of this
114        change is that for partial matches, the last encountered mark name is
115        returned, as for non matches. A number of tests that were previously not
116        Perl-compatible have been moved into the Perl-compatible test files. The
117        refactoring has had the pleasing side effect of removing one argument from
118        the match() function, thus reducing its stack requirements.
119    
120    19. If the /S+ option was used in pcretest to study a pattern using JIT,
121        subsequent uses of /S (without +) incorrectly behaved like /S+.
122    
123    21. Retrieve executable code size support for the JIT compiler and fixing
124        some warnings.
125    
126    22. A caseless match of a UTF-8 character whose other case uses fewer bytes did
127        not work when the shorter character appeared right at the end of the
128        subject string.
129    
130    23. Added some (int) casts to non-JIT modules to reduce warnings on 64-bit
131        systems.
132    
133    24. Added PCRE_INFO_JITSIZE to pass on the value from (21) above, and also
134        output it when the /M option is used in pcretest.
135    
136    25. The CheckMan script was not being included in the distribution. Also, added
137        an explicit "perl" to run Perl scripts from the PrepareRelease script
138        because this is reportedly needed in Windows.
139    
140    26. If study data was being save in a file and studying had not found a set of
141        "starts with" bytes for the pattern, the data written to the file (though
142        never used) was taken from uninitialized memory and so caused valgrind to
143        complain.
144    
145    27. Updated RunTest.bat as provided by Sheri Pierce.
146    
147    28. Fixed a possible uninitialized memory bug in pcre_jit_compile.c.
148    
149    29. Computation of memory usage for the table of capturing group names was
150        giving an unnecessarily large value.
151    
152    
153    Version 8.20 21-Oct-2011
154    ------------------------
155    
156    1.  Change 37 of 8.13 broke patterns like [:a]...[b:] because it thought it had
157        a POSIX class. After further experiments with Perl, which convinced me that
158        Perl has bugs and confusions, a closing square bracket is no longer allowed
159        in a POSIX name. This bug also affected patterns with classes that started
160        with full stops.
161    
162    2.  If a pattern such as /(a)b|ac/ is matched against "ac", there is no
163        captured substring, but while checking the failing first alternative,
164        substring 1 is temporarily captured. If the output vector supplied to
165        pcre_exec() was not big enough for this capture, the yield of the function
166        was still zero ("insufficient space for captured substrings"). This cannot
167        be totally fixed without adding another stack variable, which seems a lot
168        of expense for a edge case. However, I have improved the situation in cases
169        such as /(a)(b)x|abc/ matched against "abc", where the return code
170        indicates that fewer than the maximum number of slots in the ovector have
171        been set.
172    
173    3.  Related to (2) above: when there are more back references in a pattern than
174        slots in the output vector, pcre_exec() uses temporary memory during
175        matching, and copies in the captures as far as possible afterwards. It was
176        using the entire output vector, but this conflicts with the specification
177        that only 2/3 is used for passing back captured substrings. Now it uses
178        only the first 2/3, for compatibility. This is, of course, another edge
179        case.
180    
181    4.  Zoltan Herczeg's just-in-time compiler support has been integrated into the
182        main code base, and can be used by building with --enable-jit. When this is
183        done, pcregrep automatically uses it unless --disable-pcregrep-jit or the
184        runtime --no-jit option is given.
185    
186    5.  When the number of matches in a pcre_dfa_exec() run exactly filled the
187        ovector, the return from the function was zero, implying that there were
188        other matches that did not fit. The correct "exactly full" value is now
189        returned.
190    
191    6.  If a subpattern that was called recursively or as a subroutine contained
192        (*PRUNE) or any other control that caused it to give a non-standard return,
193        invalid errors such as "Error -26 (nested recursion at the same subject
194        position)" or even infinite loops could occur.
195    
196    7.  If a pattern such as /a(*SKIP)c|b(*ACCEPT)|/ was studied, it stopped
197        computing the minimum length on reaching *ACCEPT, and so ended up with the
198        wrong value of 1 rather than 0. Further investigation indicates that
199        computing a minimum subject length in the presence of *ACCEPT is difficult
200        (think back references, subroutine calls), and so I have changed the code
201        so that no minimum is registered for a pattern that contains *ACCEPT.
202    
203    8.  If (*THEN) was present in the first (true) branch of a conditional group,
204        it was not handled as intended. [But see 16 below.]
205    
206    9.  Replaced RunTest.bat and CMakeLists.txt with improved versions provided by
207        Sheri Pierce.
208    
209    10. A pathological pattern such as /(*ACCEPT)a/ was miscompiled, thinking that
210        the first byte in a match must be "a".
211    
212    11. Change 17 for 8.13 increased the recursion depth for patterns like
213        /a(?:.)*?a/ drastically. I've improved things by remembering whether a
214        pattern contains any instances of (*THEN). If it does not, the old
215        optimizations are restored. It would be nice to do this on a per-group
216        basis, but at the moment that is not feasible.
217    
218    12. In some environments, the output of pcretest -C is CRLF terminated. This
219        broke RunTest's code that checks for the link size. A single white space
220        character after the value is now allowed for.
221    
222    13. RunTest now checks for the "fr" locale as well as for "fr_FR" and "french".
223        For "fr", it uses the Windows-specific input and output files.
224    
225    14. If (*THEN) appeared in a group that was called recursively or as a
226        subroutine, it did not work as intended. [But see next item.]
227    
228    15. Consider the pattern /A (B(*THEN)C) | D/ where A, B, C, and D are complex
229        pattern fragments (but not containing any | characters). If A and B are
230        matched, but there is a failure in C so that it backtracks to (*THEN), PCRE
231        was behaving differently to Perl. PCRE backtracked into A, but Perl goes to
232        D. In other words, Perl considers parentheses that do not contain any |
233        characters to be part of a surrounding alternative, whereas PCRE was
234        treading (B(*THEN)C) the same as (B(*THEN)C|(*FAIL)) -- which Perl handles
235        differently. PCRE now behaves in the same way as Perl, except in the case
236        of subroutine/recursion calls such as (?1) which have in any case always
237        been different (but PCRE had them first :-).
238    
239    16. Related to 15 above: Perl does not treat the | in a conditional group as
240        creating alternatives. Such a group is treated in the same way as an
241        ordinary group without any | characters when processing (*THEN). PCRE has
242        been changed to match Perl's behaviour.
243    
244    17. If a user had set PCREGREP_COLO(U)R to something other than 1:31, the
245        RunGrepTest script failed.
246    
247    18. Change 22 for version 13 caused atomic groups to use more stack. This is
248        inevitable for groups that contain captures, but it can lead to a lot of
249        stack use in large patterns. The old behaviour has been restored for atomic
250        groups that do not contain any capturing parentheses.
251    
252    19. If the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE option was set for pcre_compile(), it did not
253        suppress the check for a minimum subject length at run time. (If it was
254        given to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() it did work.)
255    
256    20. Fixed an ASCII-dependent infelicity in pcretest that would have made it
257        fail to work when decoding hex characters in data strings in EBCDIC
258        environments.
259    
260    21. It appears that in at least one Mac OS environment, the isxdigit() function
261        is implemented as a macro that evaluates to its argument more than once,
262        contravening the C 90 Standard (I haven't checked a later standard). There
263        was an instance in pcretest which caused it to go wrong when processing
264        \x{...} escapes in subject strings. The has been rewritten to avoid using
265        things like p++ in the argument of isxdigit().
266    
267    
268    Version 8.13 16-Aug-2011
269    ------------------------
270    
271    1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 6.0.0.
272    
273    2.  Two minor typos in pcre_internal.h have been fixed.
274    
275    3.  Added #include <string.h> to pcre_scanner_unittest.cc, pcrecpp.cc, and
276        pcrecpp_unittest.cc. They are needed for strcmp(), memset(), and strchr()
277        in some environments (e.g. Solaris 10/SPARC using Sun Studio 12U2).
278    
279    4.  There were a number of related bugs in the code for matching backrefences
280        caselessly in UTF-8 mode when codes for the characters concerned were
281        different numbers of bytes. For example, U+023A and U+2C65 are an upper
282        and lower case pair, using 2 and 3 bytes, respectively. The main bugs were:
283        (a) A reference to 3 copies of a 2-byte code matched only 2 of a 3-byte
284        code. (b) A reference to 2 copies of a 3-byte code would not match 2 of a
285        2-byte code at the end of the subject (it thought there wasn't enough data
286        left).
287    
288    5.  Comprehensive information about what went wrong is now returned by
289        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() when the UTF-8 string check fails, as long
290        as the output vector has at least 2 elements. The offset of the start of
291        the failing character and a reason code are placed in the vector.
292    
293    6.  When the UTF-8 string check fails for pcre_compile(), the offset that is
294        now returned is for the first byte of the failing character, instead of the
295        last byte inspected. This is an incompatible change, but I hope it is small
296        enough not to be a problem. It makes the returned offset consistent with
297        pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
298    
299    7.  pcretest now gives a text phrase as well as the error number when
300        pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec() fails; if the error is a UTF-8 check
301        failure, the offset and reason code are output.
302    
303    8.  When \R was used with a maximizing quantifier it failed to skip backwards
304        over a \r\n pair if the subsequent match failed. Instead, it just skipped
305        back over a single character (\n). This seems wrong (because it treated the
306        two characters as a single entity when going forwards), conflicts with the
307        documentation that \R is equivalent to (?>\r\n|\n|...etc), and makes the
308        behaviour of \R* different to (\R)*, which also seems wrong. The behaviour
309        has been changed.
310    
311    9.  Some internal refactoring has changed the processing so that the handling
312        of the PCRE_CASELESS and PCRE_MULTILINE options is done entirely at compile
313        time (the PCRE_DOTALL option was changed this way some time ago: version
314        7.7 change 16). This has made it possible to abolish the OP_OPT op code,
315        which was always a bit of a fudge. It also means that there is one less
316        argument for the match() function, which reduces its stack requirements
317        slightly. This change also fixes an incompatibility with Perl: the pattern
318        (?i:([^b]))(?1) should not match "ab", but previously PCRE gave a match.
319    
320    10. More internal refactoring has drastically reduced the number of recursive
321        calls to match() for possessively repeated groups such as (abc)++ when
322        using pcre_exec().
323    
324    11. While implementing 10, a number of bugs in the handling of groups were
325        discovered and fixed:
326    
327        (?<=(a)+) was not diagnosed as invalid (non-fixed-length lookbehind).
328        (a|)*(?1) gave a compile-time internal error.
329        ((a|)+)+  did not notice that the outer group could match an empty string.
330        (^a|^)+   was not marked as anchored.
331        (.*a|.*)+ was not marked as matching at start or after a newline.
332    
333    12. Yet more internal refactoring has removed another argument from the match()
334        function. Special calls to this function are now indicated by setting a
335        value in a variable in the "match data" data block.
336    
337    13. Be more explicit in pcre_study() instead of relying on "default" for
338        opcodes that mean there is no starting character; this means that when new
339        ones are added and accidentally left out of pcre_study(), testing should
340        pick them up.
341    
342    14. The -s option of pcretest has been documented for ages as being an old
343        synonym of -m (show memory usage). I have changed it to mean "force study
344        for every regex", that is, assume /S for every regex. This is similar to -i
345        and -d etc. It's slightly incompatible, but I'm hoping nobody is still
346        using it. It makes it easier to run collections of tests with and without
347        study enabled, and thereby test pcre_study() more easily. All the standard
348        tests are now run with and without -s (but some patterns can be marked as
349        "never study" - see 20 below).
350    
351    15. When (*ACCEPT) was used in a subpattern that was called recursively, the
352        restoration of the capturing data to the outer values was not happening
353        correctly.
354    
355    16. If a recursively called subpattern ended with (*ACCEPT) and matched an
356        empty string, and PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, pcre_exec() thought the whole
357        pattern had matched an empty string, and so incorrectly returned a no
358        match.
359    
360    17. There was optimizing code for the last branch of non-capturing parentheses,
361        and also for the obeyed branch of a conditional subexpression, which used
362        tail recursion to cut down on stack usage. Unfortunately, now that there is
363        the possibility of (*THEN) occurring in these branches, tail recursion is
364        no longer possible because the return has to be checked for (*THEN). These
365        two optimizations have therefore been removed. [But see 8.20/11 above.]
366    
367    18. If a pattern containing \R was studied, it was assumed that \R always
368        matched two bytes, thus causing the minimum subject length to be
369        incorrectly computed because \R can also match just one byte.
370    
371    19. If a pattern containing (*ACCEPT) was studied, the minimum subject length
372        was incorrectly computed.
373    
374    20. If /S is present twice on a test pattern in pcretest input, it now
375        *disables* studying, thereby overriding the use of -s on the command line
376        (see 14 above). This is necessary for one or two tests to keep the output
377        identical in both cases.
378    
379    21. When (*ACCEPT) was used in an assertion that matched an empty string and
380        PCRE_NOTEMPTY was set, PCRE applied the non-empty test to the assertion.
381    
382    22. When an atomic group that contained a capturing parenthesis was
383        successfully matched, but the branch in which it appeared failed, the
384        capturing was not being forgotten if a higher numbered group was later
385        captured. For example, /(?>(a))b|(a)c/ when matching "ac" set capturing
386        group 1 to "a", when in fact it should be unset. This applied to multi-
387        branched capturing and non-capturing groups, repeated or not, and also to
388        positive assertions (capturing in negative assertions does not happen
389        in PCRE) and also to nested atomic groups.
390    
391    23. Add the ++ qualifier feature to pcretest, to show the remainder of the
392        subject after a captured substring, to make it easier to tell which of a
393        number of identical substrings has been captured.
394    
395    24. The way atomic groups are processed by pcre_exec() has been changed so that
396        if they are repeated, backtracking one repetition now resets captured
397        values correctly. For example, if ((?>(a+)b)+aabab) is matched against
398        "aaaabaaabaabab" the value of captured group 2 is now correctly recorded as
399        "aaa". Previously, it would have been "a". As part of this code
400        refactoring, the way recursive calls are handled has also been changed.
401    
402    25. If an assertion condition captured any substrings, they were not passed
403        back unless some other capturing happened later. For example, if
404        (?(?=(a))a) was matched against "a", no capturing was returned.
405    
406    26. When studying a pattern that contained subroutine calls or assertions,
407        the code for finding the minimum length of a possible match was handling
408        direct recursions such as (xxx(?1)|yyy) but not mutual recursions (where
409        group 1 called group 2 while simultaneously a separate group 2 called group
410        1). A stack overflow occurred in this case. I have fixed this by limiting
411        the recursion depth to 10.
412    
413    27. Updated RunTest.bat in the distribution to the version supplied by Tom
414        Fortmann. This supports explicit test numbers on the command line, and has
415        argument validation and error reporting.
416    
417    28. An instance of \X with an unlimited repeat could fail if at any point the
418        first character it looked at was a mark character.
419    
420    29. Some minor code refactoring concerning Unicode properties and scripts
421        should reduce the stack requirement of match() slightly.
422    
423    30. Added the '=' option to pcretest to check the setting of unused capturing
424        slots at the end of the pattern, which are documented as being -1, but are
425        not included in the return count.
426    
427    31. If \k was not followed by a braced, angle-bracketed, or quoted name, PCRE
428        compiled something random. Now it gives a compile-time error (as does
429        Perl).
430    
431    32. A *MARK encountered during the processing of a positive assertion is now
432        recorded and passed back (compatible with Perl).
433    
434    33. If --only-matching or --colour was set on a pcregrep call whose pattern
435        had alternative anchored branches, the search for a second match in a line
436        was done as if at the line start. Thus, for example, /^01|^02/ incorrectly
437        matched the line "0102" twice. The same bug affected patterns that started
438        with a backwards assertion. For example /\b01|\b02/ also matched "0102"
439        twice.
440    
441    34. Previously, PCRE did not allow quantification of assertions. However, Perl
442        does, and because of capturing effects, quantifying parenthesized
443        assertions may at times be useful. Quantifiers are now allowed for
444        parenthesized assertions.
445    
446    35. A minor code tidy in pcre_compile() when checking options for \R usage.
447    
448    36. \g was being checked for fancy things in a character class, when it should
449        just be a literal "g".
450    
451    37. PCRE was rejecting [:a[:digit:]] whereas Perl was not. It seems that the
452        appearance of a nested POSIX class supersedes an apparent external class.
453        For example, [:a[:digit:]b:] matches "a", "b", ":", or a digit. Also,
454        unescaped square brackets may also appear as part of class names. For
455        example, [:a[:abc]b:] gives unknown class "[:abc]b:]". PCRE now behaves
456        more like Perl. (But see 8.20/1 above.)
457    
458    38. PCRE was giving an error for \N with a braced quantifier such as {1,} (this
459        was because it thought it was \N{name}, which is not supported).
460    
461    39. Add minix to OS list not supporting the -S option in pcretest.
462    
463    40. PCRE tries to detect cases of infinite recursion at compile time, but it
464        cannot analyze patterns in sufficient detail to catch mutual recursions
465        such as ((?1))((?2)). There is now a runtime test that gives an error if a
466        subgroup is called recursively as a subpattern for a second time at the
467        same position in the subject string. In previous releases this might have
468        been caught by the recursion limit, or it might have run out of stack.
469    
470    41. A pattern such as /(?(R)a+|(?R)b)/ is quite safe, as the recursion can
471        happen only once. PCRE was, however incorrectly giving a compile time error
472        "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because it cannot analyze the
473        pattern in sufficient detail. The compile time test no longer happens when
474        PCRE is compiling a conditional subpattern, but actual runaway loops are
475        now caught at runtime (see 40 above).
476    
477    42. It seems that Perl allows any characters other than a closing parenthesis
478        to be part of the NAME in (*MARK:NAME) and other backtracking verbs. PCRE
479        has been changed to be the same.
480    
481    43. Updated configure.ac to put in more quoting round AC_LANG_PROGRAM etc. so
482        as not to get warnings when autogen.sh is called. Also changed
483        AC_PROG_LIBTOOL (deprecated) to LT_INIT (the current macro).
484    
485    44. To help people who use pcregrep to scan files containing exceedingly long
486        lines, the following changes have been made:
487    
488        (a) The default value of the buffer size parameter has been increased from
489            8K to 20K. (The actual buffer used is three times this size.)
490    
491        (b) The default can be changed by ./configure --with-pcregrep-bufsize when
492            PCRE is built.
493    
494        (c) A --buffer-size=n option has been added to pcregrep, to allow the size
495            to be set at run time.
496    
497        (d) Numerical values in pcregrep options can be followed by K or M, for
498            example --buffer-size=50K.
499    
500        (e) If a line being scanned overflows pcregrep's buffer, an error is now
501            given and the return code is set to 2.
502    
503    45. Add a pointer to the latest mark to the callout data block.
504    
505    46. The pattern /.(*F)/, when applied to "abc" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
506        partial match of an empty string instead of no match. This was specific to
507        the use of ".".
508    
509    47. The pattern /f.*/8s, when applied to "for" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, gave a
510        complete match instead of a partial match. This bug was dependent on both
511        the PCRE_UTF8 and PCRE_DOTALL options being set.
512    
513    48. For a pattern such as /\babc|\bdef/ pcre_study() was failing to set up the
514        starting byte set, because \b was not being ignored.
515    
516    
517    Version 8.12 15-Jan-2011
518    ------------------------
519    
520    1.  Fixed some typos in the markup of the man pages, and wrote a script that
521        checks for such things as part of the documentation building process.
522    
523    2.  On a big-endian 64-bit system, pcregrep did not correctly process the
524        --match-limit and --recursion-limit options (added for 8.11). In
525        particular, this made one of the standard tests fail. (The integer value
526        went into the wrong half of a long int.)
527    
528    3.  If the --colour option was given to pcregrep with -v (invert match), it
529        did strange things, either producing crazy output, or crashing. It should,
530        of course, ignore a request for colour when reporting lines that do not
531        match.
532    
533    4.  Another pcregrep bug caused similar problems if --colour was specified with
534        -M (multiline) and the pattern match finished with a line ending.
535    
536    5.  In pcregrep, when a pattern that ended with a literal newline sequence was
537        matched in multiline mode, the following line was shown as part of the
538        match. This seems wrong, so I have changed it.
539    
540    6.  Another pcregrep bug in multiline mode, when --colour was specified, caused
541        the check for further matches in the same line (so they could be coloured)
542        to overrun the end of the current line. If another match was found, it was
543        incorrectly shown (and then shown again when found in the next line).
544    
545    7.  If pcregrep was compiled under Windows, there was a reference to the
546        function pcregrep_exit() before it was defined. I am assuming this was
547        the cause of the "error C2371: 'pcregrep_exit' : redefinition;" that was
548        reported by a user. I've moved the definition above the reference.
549    
550    
551    Version 8.11 10-Dec-2010
552    ------------------------
553    
554    1.  (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
555        to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
556        backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
557        at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
558        is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
559        alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
560    
561    2.  (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
562        such as   (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D)  any failure after matching A should
563        result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
564        (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
565        (*THEN).
566    
567    3.  If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
568        the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
569        in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
570        of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
571    
572    4.  A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
573        match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
574        an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
575        changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
576        data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
577        example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
578        (previously it gave "no match").
579    
580    5.  Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
581        of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
582        previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
583        has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
584        match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
585        give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
586        /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
587        match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
588        now correct.]
589    
590    6.  There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
591        PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
592        If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
593        UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
594        scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
595        but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
596        places in pcre_compile().
597    
598    7.  Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
599        comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
600        the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
601        according to the set newline convention.
602    
603    8.  SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
604        former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
605        cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
606    
607    9.  Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
608    
609    10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
610    
611    11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
612        when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
613    
614    12. Added an optional parentheses number to the -o and --only-matching options
615        of pcregrep.
616    
617    13. Imitating Perl's /g action for multiple matches is tricky when the pattern
618        can match an empty string. The code to do it in pcretest and pcredemo
619        needed fixing:
620    
621        (a) When the newline convention was "crlf", pcretest got it wrong, skipping
622            only one byte after an empty string match just before CRLF (this case
623            just got forgotten; "any" and "anycrlf" were OK).
624    
625        (b) The pcretest code also had a bug, causing it to loop forever in UTF-8
626            mode when an empty string match preceded an ASCII character followed by
627            a non-ASCII character. (The code for advancing by one character rather
628            than one byte was nonsense.)
629    
630        (c) The pcredemo.c sample program did not have any code at all to handle
631            the cases when CRLF is a valid newline sequence.
632    
633    14. Neither pcre_exec() nor pcre_dfa_exec() was checking that the value given
634        as a starting offset was within the subject string. There is now a new
635        error, PCRE_ERROR_BADOFFSET, which is returned if the starting offset is
636        negative or greater than the length of the string. In order to test this,
637        pcretest is extended to allow the setting of negative starting offsets.
638    
639    15. In both pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec() the code for checking that the
640        starting offset points to the beginning of a UTF-8 character was
641        unnecessarily clumsy. I tidied it up.
642    
643    16. Added PCRE_ERROR_SHORTUTF8 to make it possible to distinguish between a
644        bad UTF-8 sequence and one that is incomplete when using PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD.
645    
646    17. Nobody had reported that the --include_dir option, which was added in
647        release 7.7 should have been called --include-dir (hyphen, not underscore)
648        for compatibility with GNU grep. I have changed it to --include-dir, but
649        left --include_dir as an undocumented synonym, and the same for
650        --exclude-dir, though that is not available in GNU grep, at least as of
651        release 2.5.4.
652    
653    18. At a user's suggestion, the macros GETCHAR and friends (which pick up UTF-8
654        characters from a string of bytes) have been redefined so as not to use
655        loops, in order to improve performance in some environments. At the same
656        time, I abstracted some of the common code into auxiliary macros to save
657        repetition (this should not affect the compiled code).
658    
659    19. If \c was followed by a multibyte UTF-8 character, bad things happened. A
660        compile-time error is now given if \c is not followed by an ASCII
661        character, that is, a byte less than 128. (In EBCDIC mode, the code is
662        different, and any byte value is allowed.)
663    
664    20. Recognize (*NO_START_OPT) at the start of a pattern to set the PCRE_NO_
665        START_OPTIMIZE option, which is now allowed at compile time - but just
666        passed through to pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). This makes it available
667        to pcregrep and other applications that have no direct access to PCRE
668        options. The new /Y option in pcretest sets this option when calling
669        pcre_compile().
670    
671    21. Change 18 of release 8.01 broke the use of named subpatterns for recursive
672        back references. Groups containing recursive back references were forced to
673        be atomic by that change, but in the case of named groups, the amount of
674        memory required was incorrectly computed, leading to "Failed: internal
675        error: code overflow". This has been fixed.
676    
677    22. Some patches to pcre_stringpiece.h, pcre_stringpiece_unittest.cc, and
678        pcretest.c, to avoid build problems in some Borland environments.
679    
680    
681    Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
682    ------------------------
683    
684    1.  Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
685        THEN.
686    
687    2.  (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
688    
689    3.  Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
690        faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
691        causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
692    
693    4.  Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
694        whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
695        that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
696    
697    5.  Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
698        newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
699    
700    6.  When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
701        FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
702        declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
703        result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
704        needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
705    
706    7.  Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
707    
708    8.  Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
709        \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
710        (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
711    
712    9.  Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
713        use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
714        this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
715        REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
716    
717    10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
718    
719    11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
720        studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
721        127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
722        the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
723        (#976).
724    
725    12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
726        test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
727        setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
728        not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
729        added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
730    
731    13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
732        possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
733    
734    14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
735        \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
736        explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
737    
738    15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
739        input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
740        greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
741        UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
742    
743    16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
744        size_t is 64-bit (#991).
745    
746    17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
747        --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
748    
749    18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
750        the end, a newline was missing in the output.
751    
752    19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
753        less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
754        generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
755        turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
756        characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
757        these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
758        caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
759        of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
760        which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
761        that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
762        bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
763        UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
764        altogether.)
765    
766    20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
767        standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
768        used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
769    
770    21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
771        reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
772        opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
773        reference to the wrong subpattern.
774    
775    
776    Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
777  ------------------------  ------------------------
778    
779  1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.  1.  The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
780    
781  2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is  2.  Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
782      configured.      configured.
783    
784  3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the  3.  Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
785      original author of that file, following a query about its status.      original author of that file, following a query about its status.
786    
787  4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include  4.  On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
788      inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.      inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
789    
790  5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive  5.  A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
791      quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile      quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
792      incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked      incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
793      referenced subpattern not found".      referenced subpattern not found".
794    
795  6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing  6.  Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
796      variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,      variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
797      pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the      pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
798      relevant global functions.      relevant global functions.
799    
800  7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable  7.  There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
801      in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.      in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
802      I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that      I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
803      the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).      the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
804    
805    8.  Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
806        eint vector in pcreposix.c.
807    
808    9.  Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
809        much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
810        counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
811        which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
812        string.
813    
814    10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
815    
816    11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
817        was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
818        \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
819        the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
820    
821    12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
822        "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
823        implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
824        stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
825        decrease.
826    
827    13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
828        item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
829        second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
830        time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
831        was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
832    
833    14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
834        overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
835        triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
836        The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
837    
838    15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
839    
840    
841  Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010  Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010

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