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revision 101 by ph10, Tue Mar 6 15:19:44 2007 UTC revision 219 by ph10, Thu Aug 16 11:46:40 2007 UTC
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1  ChangeLog for PCRE  ChangeLog for PCRE
2  ------------------  ------------------
3    
4  Version 7.1 05-Mar-07  Version 7.3 09-Aug-07
5  ---------------------  ---------------------
6    
7   1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one   1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
8      that is more "standard", making use of automake and other autotools. There      line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
9      is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent      brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
10      on this.      installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
11        compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
12    
13          #include "pcre.h"
14    
15        I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
16        different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
17        by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
18    
19     2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
20        when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
21        character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
22        characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
23        of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
24        not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
25        characters when looking for a newline.
26    
27     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
28    
29     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
30        in debug output.
31    
32     5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
33        long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
34    
35     6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
36    
37     7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
38        parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
39        limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
40        this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
41        expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
42        when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
43        immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
44        feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
45        string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
46        optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
47        checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
48        from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
49        explicit limit, but more stack is used.
50    
51     8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
52        syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
53        pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
54        problem was solved for the main library.
55    
56     9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
57        the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
58        limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
59        set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
60        32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
61        are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
62        Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
63        made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
64        dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
65        length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
66        the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
67    
68    10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
69        duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
70        functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
71        empty string.
72    
73    11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
74        instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
75        because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
76        terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
77        regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
78        cause memory overwriting.
79    
80    10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
81        string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
82        a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
83        subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
84        trying to match  (((?(1)X|))*)  but it was OK with  ((?(1)X|)*)  where the
85        condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
86    
87    12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
88        past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
89        set, for example "\x8aBCD".
90    
91    13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
92        (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
93    
94    14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
95    
96    15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
97        This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
98        the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
99        full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
100        does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
101    
102   2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r  16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
103      for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files      processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
104      are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order      backslash processing.
     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the  
     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an  
     alternative.  
105    
106   3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's  17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
107      man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some      for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems  
     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore  
     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could  
     be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The maintain/132html script that I use to  
     generate HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it  
     encounters .br or .in.  
108    
109   4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also  18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
110      arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, for the benefit      caused an overrun.
111      of those who have to compile without Autotools (compare pcre.h).  
112    19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
113        something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
114        unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
115        whether the group could match an empty string).
116    
117   5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan  20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
118      Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated      [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
     makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files !compile.txt,  
     !linklib.txt, and pcregexp.pas.  
119    
120    21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
121    
122    22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
123        reference during compilation.
124    
125    23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
126        expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
127        behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
128        present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
129        with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
130        the compiled data. Specifically:
131    
132        (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
133            length.
134    
135        (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
136            loops.
137    
138        (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
139            "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
140    
141    24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
142        characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
143    
144    
145    Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
146    ---------------------
147    
148     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
149        which is apparently normally available under Windows.
150    
151     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
152        to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
153    
154     3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
155    
156     4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
157        was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
158        "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
159        usable with all link sizes.
160    
161     5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
162        stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
163        a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
164        in all cases.
165    
166     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
167    
168        (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
169            recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
170    
171        (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
172            to be opened parentheses.
173    
174        (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
175            relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
176    
177        (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
178            is not part of it.
179    
180        (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
181    
182        (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
183            reference syntax.
184    
185        (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
186            alternative starts with the same number.
187    
188        (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
189    
190     7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
191        PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED.
192    
193     8. A pattern such as  (.*(.)?)*  caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
194        terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
195        for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
196    
197     9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
198        hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
199        phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
200        bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
201        alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
202        workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
203    
204    10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
205    
206    11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
207        The report of the bug said:
208    
209          pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
210          pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
211          pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
212    
213    12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
214        it matched the wrong number of bytes.
215    
216    
217    Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
218    ---------------------
219    
220     1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
221        that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
222        is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
223        on this.
224    
225     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
226        for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
227        are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
228        was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
229        approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
230        alternative.
231    
232     3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
233        man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
234        people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
235        concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
236        removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
237        be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
238        HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
239        .br or .in.
240    
241     4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
242        arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
243        config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
244        Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
245    
246     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
247        Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
248        makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
249        makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
250    
251     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
252        to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
253        copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
254    
255     7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
256        that is needed.
257    
258     8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
259        as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
260        maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
261        in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
262        to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
263        re-created.
264    
265     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
266        pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
267        order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
268        support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
269        some applications.
270    
271        Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
272        so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
273        called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
274        shared library.
275    
276    10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
277    
278        (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
279    
280        (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
281            a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
282    
283        The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
284        memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
285        is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
286    
287    11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
288        and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
289        pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
290        pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
291        case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
292        before "make dist".
293    
294    12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
295        with Unicode property support.
296    
297        (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
298            character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
299            some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
300            back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
301            were both the same length.
302    
303        (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
304            recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
305            the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
306            while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
307            matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
308            erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
309            character.
310    
311    13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
312    
313        (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
314            is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
315            values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
316            this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
317            relevant variables.
318    
319        (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
320            with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
321            for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
322            other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
323            there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
324            failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
325            I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
326            offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
327            of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
328    
329    14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
330        segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
331    
332    15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
333        ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
334        This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
335        ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
336        that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
337        and then tried again after \r\n.
338    
339    16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
340        in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
341        compare equal. This works on Linux.
342    
343    17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
344        as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
345    
346    19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
347        "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
348        was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
349        string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
350        it specially.
351    
352    20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
353        extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
354        buffer for a data line had to be extended.
355    
356    21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
357        CRLF as a newline sequence.
358    
359    22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
360        out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
361        I have nevertheless tidied it up.
362    
363    23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
364    
365    24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
366    
367    
368  Version 7.0 19-Dec-06  Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
369  ---------------------  ---------------------

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