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Load pcre-4.0 into code/trunk.

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
4 nigel 63 Version 4.00 17-Feb-03
5     ----------------------
7     1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
8     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
9     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
11     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
13     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
14     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
15     from a single perltest script.
17     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
18     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
19     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
20     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
22     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
23     space and tab.
25     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
26     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
28     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
29     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
30     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
31     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
32     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
33     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
35     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
36     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
37     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
38     interpolation. Note the following examples:
40     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
42     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
43     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
44     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
46     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
47     classes as well as outside them.
49     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
50     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
51     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
52     signed/unsigned warnings.
54     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
55     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
56     that job.
58     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
59     "pcregrep -".
61     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
62     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
63     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
64     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
65     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
66     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
67     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
69     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
70     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
71     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
72     was abstracted outside.
74     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
75     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
76     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
77     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
78     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
79     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
81     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
82     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
83     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
84     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
86     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
87     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
88     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
89     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
91     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
92     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
93     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
94     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
95     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
96     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
97     future.
99     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
100     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
102     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
103     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
105     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
106     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
108     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
109     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
111     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
112     outside the source tree.
114     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
115     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
116     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
118     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
119     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
120     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
121     strange effects.
123     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
124     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
125     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
126     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
127     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
128     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
129     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
131     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
132     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
133     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
134     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
136     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
138     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
139     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
140     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
141     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
142     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
143     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
144     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
145     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
146     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
147     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
148     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
149     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
150     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
151     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
153     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
154     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
155     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
156     to vary what happens:
158     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
159     \C- do not supply a callout function
160     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
161     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
163     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
164     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
166     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
167     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
168     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
169     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
170     when configuring.
172     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
173     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
174     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
175     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
176     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
177     debugging information about compiled patterns.
179     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
181     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
182     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
183     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
184     separate copies.
186     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
187     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
189     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
190     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
191     definition of the opcodes.
193     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
194     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
196     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
197     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
198     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
200     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
201     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
202     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
203     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
204     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
205     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
207     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
208     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
209     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
211     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
212     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
213     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
214     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
216     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
217     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
218     means that the same test output works with both.
220     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
221     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
223     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
224     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
225     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
226     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
227     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
228     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
229     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
231     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
232     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
233     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
234     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
235     way).
237     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
238     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
239     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
240     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
242     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
243     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
244     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
245     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
246     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
247     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
248     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
250     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
251     to set a default value for the compiled library.
253     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
254     a different value is set. See 45 below.
256     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
258     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
259     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
260     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
261     The current list of available information is:
265     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
266     otherwise it is set to zero.
270     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
271     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
275     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
276     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
280     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
281     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
285     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
286     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
288     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
289     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
290     output it. The program then exits immediately.
292     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
293     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
294     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
295     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
296     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
297     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
299     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
300     contains the following fields:
302     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
303     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
304     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
305     call to pcre_exec()
306     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
308     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
314     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
315     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
316     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
317     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
318     change to existing code.
320     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
321     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
322     block.
324     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
325     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
326     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
327     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
328     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
329     gets very large very quickly.
331     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
332     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
333     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
334     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
335     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
336     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
337     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
339     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
340     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
341     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
342     components.)
344     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
346     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
348     0 => success, carry on matching
349     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
350     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
352     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
353     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
354     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
355     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
357     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
358     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
359     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
360     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
361     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
362     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
363     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
365     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
367     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
368     callout_data, it returns that value.
370     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
371     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
372     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
374     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
375     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
376     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
377     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
378     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
379     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
381     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
382     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
383     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
384     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
386     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
387     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
388     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
390     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
391     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
393     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
394     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
395     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
396     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
397     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
399     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
400     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
402     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
403     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
405     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
406     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
407     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
408     value.)
410     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
411     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
412     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
413     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
415     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
417     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
418     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
419     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
420     are faulted.
422     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
423     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
424     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
425     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
426     you will need to set these values.
428     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
431     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
432 nigel 61 ---------------------
434     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
436     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
437     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
438     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
441 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
442     ---------------------
444     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
445     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
448 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
449     ---------------------
451     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
452     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
453     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
455 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
456     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
457     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
458     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
459 nigel 57
460 nigel 59
461 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
462     ---------------------
464     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
465     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
467     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
468     the latest autoconf.
471 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
472     ---------------------
473 nigel 5
474 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
475     had been forgotten.
477     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
478     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
479     private.
481     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
482     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
483     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
484     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
485     file.
487     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
488     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
489     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
490     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
492     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
493     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
494     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
495     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
496     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
498     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
499     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
501     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
502     the source directory.
504     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
505     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
506     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
508     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
509     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
510     in several of the .c files.
512     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
513     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
514     by using separate calls to printf().
516     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
517     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
518     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
520     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
521     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
522     likewise updated the man page.
524     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
525     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
528 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
529     ---------------------
531     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
533     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
536 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
537     ---------------------
539     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
540     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
541     lead to crashes in some systems.
543     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
544     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
546     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
547     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
548     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
549     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
551     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
552     the Makefile.
554     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
555     Makefile.
557     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
558     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
560     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
562     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
563     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
564     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
565     out for the ar command.)
568 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
569     ---------------------
571     This is purely a bug fixing release.
573     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
574     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
575     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
576     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
577     correctly.
579     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
580     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
581     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
582     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
584     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
585     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
586     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
588     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
589     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
591     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
592     to
593     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
595     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
597     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
598     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
599     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
600     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
602     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
603     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
604     faster code anyway.
607 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
608     ---------------------
610     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
611     the "install" target:
613     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
615     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
618 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
619     ---------------------
620 nigel 41
621     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
622     pcretest).
624     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
626     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
627     matches null strings.
629     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
630     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
631     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
632     effect.
634     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
635     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
636     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
637     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
639 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
640     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
641     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
642     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
643     default.
644 nigel 41
645 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
646     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
647     less than 10.
649     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
650     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
651     modification.
653     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
654     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
655     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
657     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
658     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
660     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
661     adopting.
664 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
665     ----------------------
667     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
668     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
669     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
671     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
672     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
673     of the subject.
675     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
676     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
678     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
679     in GnuWin32 environments.
682 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
683     ----------------------
685     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
686     the form of man page sources.
688     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
689     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
690     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
692     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
693     should be (const char *).
695     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
696     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
697     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
698     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
700     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
701     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
703     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
705     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
706     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
708     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
709     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
710     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
711     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
712     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
713     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
714     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
715     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
717     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
718     other alternatives are tried instead.
721 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
722     ----------------------
724     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
725     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
726     64-bit systems.
728     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
729     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
730     occurrences in a string.
732     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
734     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
735     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
736     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
738     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
739     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
740     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
741     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
744 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
745     ----------------------
747     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
748     properly on 16-bit systems.
750     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
751     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
752     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
753     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
754     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
755     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
758 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
759     ----------------------
761     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
762     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
763     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
764     problem.
766     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
767     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
769     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
770     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
771     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
772     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
775 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
776     ----------------------
778     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
780 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
781     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
782 nigel 29
783     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
784     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
785     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
786     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
788     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
789     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
792 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
793     ----------------------
795     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
796     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
798     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
799     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
800     fix the problem.
802     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
803     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
804     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
805     times.
807     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
809     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
810     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
813 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
814     ----------------------
816     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
817     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
818     is passed, the default tables are used.
821 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
822 nigel 21 ----------------------
824 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
825     it any more.
827     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
829     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
831     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
832     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
833     very end of the subject.
835     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
837     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
838     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
839     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
841     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
843     $(?<= positive lookbehind
844     $(?<! negative lookbehind
845     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
846     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
847     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
848     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
850     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
851     captured string.
853     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
854     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
856     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
857     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
858     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
860     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
862     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
863     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
864     have now been fixed.
867     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
868     ----------------------
870 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
871     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
872     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
873     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
876 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
877     ----------------------
879     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
881     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
882     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
885 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
886     ----------------------
888     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
889     repeat of a potentially empty string).
892 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
893     ----------------------
895     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
897     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
900 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
901     ----------------------
903     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
904     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
907 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
908     ----------------------
910     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
912     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
913     input syntax.
915     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
916     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
917     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
919     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
921     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
922     vector was exactly big enough.
924     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
926     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
927     setjmp(). Now fixed.
930 nigel 9 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
931     ----------------------
933     1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
934     diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
935     on some systems.
937     2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
938     it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
939     also an independent variable.
941     3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
943     4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
944     fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
945     the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
946     optimized code for single-character negative classes.
948     5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
950     + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
952     + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
953     the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
954     it does no harm).
956     + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
957     most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
958     allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
960     + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
961     pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
963     6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
964     from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
966     7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
967 nigel 11 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
968 nigel 9 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
969     which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
971     8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
972     form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
973     curly-bracketed repeats.
976 nigel 7 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
977     ----------------------
979     1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
981     2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
982     'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
983     variable warnings.
985     3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
987     4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
990 nigel 5 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
991     ----------------------
993     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
994     like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
996     2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
997     as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
1000     Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
1001     ----------------------
1003     1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
1004     memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
1006     2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
1009 nigel 3 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
1010     ----------------------
1012     1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
1013     initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
1014     of the memory it had got.
1016     2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
1019     Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
1020     ----------------------
1022     1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
1023     back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
1026     Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
1027     ----------------------
1029     1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
1031     2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
1033     3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
1034     fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
1035     escape sequence".
1037     4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
1039     5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
1041     6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
1042     pcretest.
1045     Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
1046     ----------------------
1048     1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
1050     2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
1051     unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
1052     where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
1054     3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
1055     pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
1056     identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
1057     of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
1058     the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
1059     backreferences always work.
1061     4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
1063     (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
1064     to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
1066     (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
1067     PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
1068     mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
1070     (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
1071     the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
1072     or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
1073     escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
1074     even if it is a single digit.
1076     (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
1077     unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
1078     escapes.
1080     (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
1081     pattern).
1083     5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
1084     than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
1086     6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
1087     bit map always.
1089     7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
1090     internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
1093     Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
1094     ----------------------
1096     1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
1097     \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
1098     real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
1101     Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
1102     ----------------------
1104     1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
1105     containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
1106     same for all threads.
1108     2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
1109     anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
1112     Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
1113     ----------------------
1115     1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
1117     2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
1118     but not actually doing anything yet.
1120     3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
1121     as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
1123     4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
1124     all possible positions.
1126     5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
1127     compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
1128     function is split off.
1130     6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
1131     by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
1132     now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
1133     toupper() in the code.
1135     7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
1136     make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
1137     set them directly.
1140     Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
1141     ----------------------
1143     1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
1144     (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
1146     2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
1147     the pattern were in upper case.
1149     3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
1151     4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
1153     5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
1154     PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
1155     pass them.
1157     6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
1159     7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
1160     pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
1162     8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
1163     options, and the first character, if set.
1165     9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
1168     Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
1169     ----------------------
1171     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
1172     match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
1174     2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
1175     a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
1176     Perl does - treats the match as successful.
1178     ****

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