ViewVC logotype

Contents of /code/trunk/ChangeLog

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log

Revision 564 - (hide annotations) (download)
Sun Oct 31 16:07:24 2010 UTC (4 years, 5 months ago) by ph10
File size: 193086 byte(s)
Fix bad return code from pcregrep when -o is used (yielded 1, not 0, after a 

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
4 ph10 550 Version 8.11 10-Oct-2010
5     ------------------------
7     1. (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
8     to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
9     backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
10     at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
11     is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
12     alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
13 ph10 551
14     2. (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
15     such as (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D) any failure after matching A should
16     result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
17     (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
18     (*THEN).
19 ph10 552
20     3. If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
21     the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
22     in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
23     of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
24 ph10 553
25     4. A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
26     match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
27     an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
28     changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
29     data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
30     example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
31     (previously it gave "no match").
32 ph10 550
33 ph10 553 5. Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
34     of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
35     previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
36     has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
37     match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
38     give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
39     /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
40     match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
41     now correct.]
42 ph10 556
43     6. There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
44     PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
45     If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
46     UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
47     scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
48     but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
49     places in pcre_compile().
51     7. Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
52     comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
53     the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
54     according to the set newline convention.
55 ph10 558
56     8. SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
57     former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
58     cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
59 ph10 561
60     9. Added --match-limit and --recursion-limit to pcregrep.
61 ph10 550
62 ph10 563 10. Added two casts needed to build with Visual Studio when NO_RECURSE is set.
63 ph10 553
64 ph10 564 11. When the -o option was used, pcregrep was setting a return code of 1, even
65     when matches were found, and --line-buffered was not being honoured.
66 ph10 563
67 ph10 564
68 ph10 548 Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
69 ph10 510 ------------------------
71 ph10 512 1. Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
72 ph10 510 THEN.
74 ph10 512 2. (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
75 ph10 510
76 ph10 535 3. Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
77     faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
78 ph10 513 causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
79 ph10 535
80     4. Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
81 ph10 513 whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
82     that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
83 ph10 535
84 ph10 514 5. Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
85     newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
86 ph10 535
87 ph10 515 6. When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
88 ph10 535 FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
89 ph10 515 declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
90 ph10 535 result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
91     needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
92 ph10 512
93 ph10 535 7. Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
95 ph10 517 8. Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
96 ph10 518 \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
97     (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
98 ph10 535
99 ph10 518 9. Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
100 ph10 535 use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
101 ph10 518 this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
102     REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
103 ph10 513
104 ph10 535 10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
106     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
107     studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
108 ph10 520 127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
109 ph10 545 the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
110 ph10 536 (#976).
111 ph10 535
112 ph10 536 12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
113 ph10 523 test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
114 ph10 535 setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
115     not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
116 ph10 523 added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
117 ph10 535
118 ph10 536 13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
119 ph10 535 possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
121 ph10 536 14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
122 ph10 535 \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
123 ph10 532 explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
124 ph10 529
125 ph10 536 15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
126 ph10 535 input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
127     greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
128 ph10 529 UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
129 ph10 535
130 ph10 536 16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
131     size_t is 64-bit (#991).
132 ph10 535
133 ph10 536 17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
134     --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
135 ph10 545
136 ph10 537 18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
137 ph10 545 the end, a newline was missing in the output.
139     19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
140     less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
141     generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
142     turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
143     characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
144 ph10 541 these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
145     caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
146     of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
147     which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
148     that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
149 ph10 545 bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
150 ph10 541 UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
151     altogether.)
152 ph10 545
153 ph10 541 20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
154     standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
155 ph10 545 used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
157     21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
158     reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
159     opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
160 ph10 544 reference to the wrong subpattern.
161 ph10 517
162 ph10 520
163 ph10 508 Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
164 ph10 491 ------------------------
166     1. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
168 ph10 492 2. Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
169     configured.
170 ph10 507
171 ph10 493 3. Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
172 ph10 507 original author of that file, following a query about its status.
174     4. On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
175 ph10 494 inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
176 ph10 507
177 ph10 496 5. A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
178     quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
179     incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
180     referenced subpattern not found".
181 ph10 507
182     6. Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
183 ph10 497 variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
184     pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
185     relevant global functions.
186 ph10 507
187 ph10 498 7. There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
188     in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
189 ph10 507 I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
190     the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
192     8. Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
193     eint vector in pcreposix.c.
195     9. Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
196     much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
197 ph10 499 counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
198     which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
199 ph10 507 string.
201     10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
203 ph10 500 11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
204 ph10 507 was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
205     \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
206     the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
208 ph10 501 12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
209 ph10 507 "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
210     implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
211 ph10 501 stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
212     decrease.
213 ph10 507
214     13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
215     item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
216 ph10 503 second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
217     time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
218 ph10 507 was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
220 ph10 505 14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
221 ph10 507 overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
222 ph10 505 triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
223 ph10 507 The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
224 ph10 491
225 ph10 507 15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
226 ph10 492
227 ph10 507
228 ph10 489 Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
229     ------------------------
230 ph10 471
231     1. If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
232 ph10 489 particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
233 ph10 473 computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
234 ph10 489 subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
235 ph10 473
236     2. For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
237 ph10 472 the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
238     "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
239 ph10 473 the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
240     abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
241 ph10 472 cause of this.)
242 ph10 471
243 ph10 473 3. A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
244     of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
245     assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
246     was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
247     matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
248 ph10 471
249 ph10 473 4. If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
250     assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
251     unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
253 ph10 478
254 ph10 474 5. The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
255     situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
256 ph10 478 stuff that is necessary.
258     6. In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
259 ph10 475 removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
260 ph10 478
261 ph10 475 7. Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
262     as part of something else:
263 ph10 478
264     (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
266     (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
267     called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
268 ph10 475 Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
269 ph10 478
270     (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
271     prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
272 ph10 475 module.
273 ph10 478
274 ph10 475 8. In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
275     cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
276 ph10 478 when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
277     instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
278     other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
279     double.
281     9. Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
282 ph10 476 2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
283 ph10 473
284 ph10 478 10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
285     custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
286 ph10 473
287 ph10 478 - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
288 ph10 489 under Win32.
289 ph10 478 - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
290 ph10 489 therefore missing the function definition.
291 ph10 478 - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
292     - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
293     - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
294 ph10 486
295 ph10 479 11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
296     messages were output:
297 ph10 478
298 ph10 479 Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
299     rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
300     Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
301 ph10 486
302 ph10 479 I have done both of these things.
303 ph10 486
304 ph10 480 12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
305 ph10 486 most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
306     runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
307     page.
309     13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
310     version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
311     might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
312     interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
313     configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
314 ph10 481 used.
315 ph10 486
316 ph10 482 14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
317 ph10 483 causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
318     in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
319 ph10 486
320 ph10 483 15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
321 ph10 486 of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
322 ph10 483 their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
323     definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
324     unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
325     reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
326     example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
327 ph10 486 generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
328 ph10 483 USPTR.
329 ph10 486
330     16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
331 ph10 484 tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
332     (FreeBSD).
333 ph10 478
334 ph10 486 17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
335     (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
336     comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
337     equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
338     instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
339 ph10 479
340 ph10 488 18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
341     specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
342     ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
343     refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
344     match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
345     same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
346     inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
347     can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
348     moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
349     the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
350     rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
351     any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
352     is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
353     similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
354 ph10 486
355 ph10 488
356 ph10 469 Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
357 ph10 418 ----------------------
359     1. The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
360 ph10 461 was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
361     being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
362 ph10 418 error.
363 ph10 461
364     2. Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
365     "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
366     in a Windows environment.
368 ph10 420 3. The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
369     zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
370     --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
371     counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
372 ph10 461 prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
373     more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
374 ph10 420 combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
375 ph10 461
376     4. The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
377     --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
378     but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
379     the old behaviour.
381     5. The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
382 ph10 422 recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
383 ph10 461 (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
384 ph10 422 which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
385 ph10 461
386     6. No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
387 ph10 423 libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
388 ph10 461
389 ph10 425 7. Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
390 ph10 461 when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
391 ph10 425 generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
392     is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
393     unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
394     program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
395 ph10 461
396 ph10 426 8. A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
397 ph10 461 was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
398 ph10 431 repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
399     which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
400     character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
401     result.
402 ph10 461
403 ph10 426 9. The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
404 ph10 461 requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
405 ph10 426 partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
406 ph10 435 slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
407     for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
408 ph10 461 PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
410 ph10 428 10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
411     synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
412     PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
413 ph10 462 and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
414 ph10 461
415     11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
416     used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
417     given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
418     needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
419     string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
420     case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
421     final character ended with (*FAIL).
423 ph10 428 12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
424 ph10 461 if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
425 ph10 428 earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
426     example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
427     "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
428 ph10 435 "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
429 ph10 461
430     13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
431     changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
432     first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
433     starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
434     pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
435 ph10 435 matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
436 ph10 461
437 ph10 435 14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
438 ph10 461 so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
439     PCRE has not been installed from source.
441 ph10 435 15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
442 ph10 430 libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
443     library.
444 ph10 461
445 ph10 435 16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
446 ph10 432 It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
447 ph10 461 is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
448 ph10 433 these options useful.
449 ph10 461
450     17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
451 ph10 438 value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
452 ph10 461 nmatch is forced to zero.
454 ph10 437 18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
455 ph10 461 the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
456 ph10 437 RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
457 ph10 461
458 ph10 438 19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
459     interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
460 ph10 461 subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
461     an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
462 ph10 438 subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
463 ph10 461 [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
464     over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
465     terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
467 ph10 442 20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
468 ph10 461 /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
469 ph10 442 to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
470 ph10 461 anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
472 ph10 446 21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
473 ph10 461 than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
474     with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
475 ph10 446 now given.
476 ph10 461
477 ph10 447 22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
478     PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
479     make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
480     compatible with Perl.
481 ph10 461
482     23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
483 ph10 448 possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
484 ph10 461
485 ph10 454 24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
486 ph10 461 pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
487     does. Neither allows recursion.
489     25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
490     length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
491     (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
492     on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
493 ph10 455 to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
494     bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
495     some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
496     pcre_fullinfo().
497 ph10 461
498 ph10 455 26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
499     not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
500     study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
501     Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
502     pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
503     were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
504 ph10 461
505 ph10 457 27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
506     allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
507     on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
508     names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
509     confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
510 ph10 461
511     28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
512     numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
513     conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
514     recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
515 ph10 459 tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
516     one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
517     testing by number works.
518 ph10 418
519 ph10 461
520 ph10 412 Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
521 ph10 376 ---------------------
523 ph10 392 1. When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
524 ph10 376 (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
525     libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
526     libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
527 ph10 392 has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
528 ph10 376 pcretest is linked with readline.
529 ph10 392
530 ph10 376 2. The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
531     "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
532     moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
533     but BOOL is not.
534 ph10 392
535     3. The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
536 ph10 409 PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
537 ph10 392
538 ph10 376 4. The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
539     hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
540 ph10 392 lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
541 ph10 376 wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
542 ph10 392
543 ph10 378 5. In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
544     was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
545     the same.
546 ph10 392
547 ph10 378 6. When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
548 ph10 392 each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
549     of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
551     7. A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
552     doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
553 ph10 379 locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
554     seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
555 ph10 392
556 ph10 380 8. The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
557 ph10 392 start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
558     correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
559     in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
561 ph10 405 9. If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
562 ph10 399 condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
563     pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
564 ph10 392
565     10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
566     used for matching.
568     11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
569 ph10 385 characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
570 ph10 388
571 ph10 392 12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
573 ph10 388 14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
574 ph10 389
575     15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
576 ph10 390
577 ph10 392 16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
578 ph10 390 wrapper.
579 ph10 392
580 ph10 391 17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
581 ph10 392 from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
582 ph10 391 string constants.
583 ph10 405
584 ph10 393 18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
585     SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
586 ph10 405 SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
587     these, but not everybody uses configure.
589     19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
590     recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
591     enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
592     (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
593     with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
594 ph10 396 nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
595 ph10 405
596 ph10 397 20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
597 ph10 405 exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
599     21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
600     leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
601     is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
602     vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
603     when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
604 ph10 400 error, in fact).
605 ph10 405
606 ph10 402 22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
607 ph10 405 heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
608     problem, but was untidy.
609 ph10 376
610 ph10 405 23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
611     CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
612     included within another project.
613 ph10 411
614 ph10 407 24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
615     slightly modified by me:
616 ph10 411
617     (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
618     not building pcregrep.
620 ph10 407 (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
621 ph10 411 if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
623 ph10 408 25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
624     duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
625     because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
626     taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
627     ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
628 ph10 411
629     26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
630     the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
631 ph10 416
632 ph10 411 27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
633 ph10 416 pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
634     pre-defined.
635 ph10 392
636 ph10 416 28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
638 ph10 413 29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
639     in the configuration summary.
640 ph10 405
641 ph10 411
642 ph10 374 Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
643 ph10 349 ---------------------
645     1. Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
646     Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
647 ph10 351 stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
648     to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
649     distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
650     the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
651 ph10 349
652 ph10 351 2. Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
653     scripts.
654 ph10 358
655 ph10 353 3. Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
656     a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
657 ph10 358 or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
659     4. Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
660 ph10 354 references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
661 ph10 358 It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
663 ph10 355 5. In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
664     a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
665     non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
666 ph10 358 truncation.
667 ph10 349
668 ph10 358 6. Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
670 ph10 357 7. Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
671     pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
672 ph10 371
673     8. Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
674     test 2 if it fails.
676 ph10 359 9. Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
677 ph10 371 and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
678     allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
680     10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
681 ph10 359 the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
682 ph10 371
683 ph10 360 11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
684     could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
685 ph10 371 some environments:
687     printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
689 ph10 360 This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
690 ph10 371
691 ph10 361 12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
692     after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
693 ph10 371 pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
694 ph10 361 no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
695     pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
696 ph10 371
697 ph10 364 13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
698 ph10 371 exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
700 ph10 364 14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
701 ph10 371 the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
702     first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
704 ph10 366 15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
705 ph10 371 /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
706 ph10 351
707 ph10 371 16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
709     17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
710 ph10 368 pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
711 ph10 357
712 ph10 371 18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
713 ph10 368
714 ph10 373 19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
715     supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
716 ph10 374 there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
717     replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
718 ph10 371
719 ph10 373
720 ph10 347 Version 7.7 07-May-08
721 ph10 321 ---------------------
723     1. Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
724 ph10 345 a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
725 ph10 321 done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
726 ph10 345
727 ph10 322 2. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
728     pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
729 ph10 332 it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
730 ph10 345
731     3. Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
732     Lopes.
734 ph10 324 4. Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
735 ph10 321
736 ph10 324 (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
737 ph10 345 of files, instead of just to the final components.
739 ph10 324 (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
740     skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
741     inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
742     pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
743     The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
744     apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
745 ph10 345
746 ph10 325 5. Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
747 ph10 345 --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
749 ph10 326 6. Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
750 ph10 345 NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
751 ph10 326 doesn't support NULs in patterns.
752 ph10 345
753     7. Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
754     pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
756 ph10 328 8. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
757 ph10 329 caused by fix #2 above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
758 ph10 345 first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
759 ph10 321
760 ph10 345 9. Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
762 ph10 332 10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
763     matching function regexec().
764 ph10 345
765     11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
766     which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
767 ph10 333 references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
768     Oniguruma does).
769 ph10 345
770     12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
771 ph10 335 omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
772     was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
773 ph10 345 (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
774     pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
775 ph10 335 time.
776 ph10 345
777 ph10 341 13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
778     to the way PCRE behaves:
779 ph10 345
780 ph10 336 (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
781 ph10 345
782     (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
783 ph10 336 (Perl fails the current match path).
784 ph10 345
785 ph10 341 (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
786 ph10 345 first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
787 ph10 341 Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
788     never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
789     The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
790     of the DOTALL setting.
791 ph10 345
792     14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
793 ph10 340 non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
794     containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
795     non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
796 ph10 345 compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
797 ph10 340 existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
798 ph10 345 the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
799 ph10 340 was subsequently set up correctly.)
800 ph10 345
801 ph10 341 15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
802 ph10 345 it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
803     other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
804     (*FAIL).
806 ph10 342 16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
807 ph10 345 OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
808     cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
809     improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
810     OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
811     on the OP_ANY path.
813     17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
814 ph10 343 following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
815 ph10 345 HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
817 ph10 344 18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
818 ph10 345 ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
819     requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
820     Daniel Bergström.
821 ph10 347
822 ph10 346 19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
823 ph10 347 as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
824     any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
825     spotting this.
826 ph10 324
827 ph10 332
828 ph10 319 Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
829 ph10 300 ---------------------
831 ph10 302 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
832     codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
833     overflow.
834 ph10 309
835     2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
836     HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
838 ph10 303 3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
839 ph10 304 bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
840 ph10 309
841 ph10 304 - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
842     - Fixed a problem with static linking.
843 ph10 312 - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
844 ph10 304 - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
845     - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
847     - Added readline support for pcretest.
848 ph10 309 - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
850 ph10 314 4. A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
851     "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
852     Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
853     affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
854     the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
855     when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
856     Configure/Make.
857 ph10 309
858 ph10 308 5. Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
859     This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
860 ph10 309 exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
861     solves the problem, but it does no harm.
862 ph10 313
863 ph10 311 6. Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
864 ph10 319 NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
865 ph10 314 with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
866 ph10 313
867 ph10 312 7. Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
868 ph10 313 from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
869     of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
870     building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
871 ph10 312 trouble in some build environments.
872 ph10 300
873 ph10 319 8. Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
874 ph10 308
875 ph10 319
876 ph10 298 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
877 ph10 263 ---------------------
879     1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
880     values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
881 ph10 286
882 ph10 264 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
883     Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
884     included.
885 ph10 286
886     3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
887 ph10 265 [:^space:].
888 ph10 286
889 ph10 267 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
890     defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
891 ph10 286 I have changed it.
893 ph10 268 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
894 ph10 286 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
895     first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
896 ph10 272 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
897     expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
898     makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
899     was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
900 ph10 286
901 ph10 269 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
902 ph10 286 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
903 ph10 269 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
904 ph10 286
905 ph10 270 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
906     than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
907     This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
908     treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
909     seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
910 ph10 286
911 ph10 274 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
912 ph10 275 and messages.
913 ph10 286
914     9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
915     "backspace".
917     10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
918     was moved elsewhere).
920     11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
921     which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
922 ph10 277 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
923 ph10 286 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
924 ph10 277 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
925     thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
926 ph10 286
927 ph10 277 U+002b0 - U+002c1
928     U+0060c - U+0060d
929 ph10 286 U+0061e - U+00612
930 ph10 277 U+0064b - U+0065e
931     U+0074d - U+0076d
932     U+01800 - U+01805
933     U+01d00 - U+01d77
934     U+01d9b - U+01dbf
935     U+0200b - U+0200f
936     U+030fc - U+030fe
937     U+03260 - U+0327f
938     U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
939     U+10450 - U+1049d
940 ph10 286
941 ph10 279 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
942     compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
943     line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
944     GNU grep.
945 ph10 286
946     13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
947     line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
948     does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
949     non-matching lines.
951 ph10 289 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
953     15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
954 ph10 282 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
955 ph10 286 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
956     and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
958 ph10 289 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
959 ph10 284 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
960     INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
961 ph10 263
962 ph10 289 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
963 ph10 286 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
964     runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
965     are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
966     caused the error; without that there was no problem.
967 ph10 263
968 ph10 289 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
969 ph10 286
970 ph10 289 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
971 ph10 286
972 ph10 289 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
973 ph10 288 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
974 ph10 298 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
975     later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
976     that check the return values (which was not done before).
977 ph10 292
978 ph10 291 21. Several CMake things:
979 ph10 287
980 ph10 291 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
981 ph10 292 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
982 ph10 288
983 ph10 292 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
984     linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
985 ph10 291
987 ph10 298
988     22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
989     crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
990     UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
991     this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
992     newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
993     checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
994 ph10 294 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
995 ph10 298
996     23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
997     character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
998     character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
999     allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
1000     unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
1001     names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
1002     for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
1003     class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
1004     closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
1005     diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
1006     treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
1007     Perl does, and where it didn't before.
1009 ph10 296 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
1010     Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
1011 ph10 292
1013 ph10 260 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
1014 ph10 230 ---------------------
1016     1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
1017 ph10 231 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
1018     LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
1019     help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
1020     the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
1021 ph10 230 encountered.
1022 ph10 231
1023     2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
1024     of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
1025     Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
1026     moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
1027 ph10 230 bits.
1028 ph10 231
1029     3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
1030     but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
1031     control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
1032     facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
1033 ph10 230 start sets both bits.
1035 ph10 231 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
1036     matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
1037 ph10 230
1038 ph10 243 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
1040     6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
1041 ph10 233 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
1042 ph10 243
1043     7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
1044 ph10 254 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
1045 ph10 259 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
1046 ph10 257 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
1047 ph10 243
1048     8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
1049 ph10 236 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
1050 ph10 243
1051 ph10 239 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
1052 ph10 243 sequence off the lines that it output.
1054     10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
1055     relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
1056     using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
1057     these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
1058 ph10 240 dramatic:
1059 ph10 243
1060 ph10 240 Originally: 290
1061     After changing UCP table: 187
1062 ph10 243 After changing error message table: 43
1063 ph10 240 After changing table of "verbs" 36
1064     After changing table of Posix names 22
1065 ph10 243
1066 ph10 240 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
1067 ph10 247
1068 ph10 244 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
1069 ph10 247 unicode-properties was also set.
1071 ph10 248 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
1072 ph10 231
1073 ph10 253 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
1074     checked only for CRLF.
1075 ph10 233
1076 ph10 259 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
1078 ph10 256 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
1079 ph10 253
1080 ph10 257 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
1081 ph10 259 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
1082     entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
1083 ph10 256
1084 ph10 261 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
1085     building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
1086 ph10 257
1087 ph10 261
1088 ph10 228 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
1089 ph10 157 ---------------------
1091 ph10 189 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
1092     line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
1093     brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
1094     installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
1095     compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
1096 ph10 197
1097 ph10 189 #include "pcre.h"
1098 ph10 197
1099     I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
1100     different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
1101     by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
1103 ph10 190 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
1104     when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
1105     character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
1106     characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
1107     of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
1108     not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
1109     characters when looking for a newline.
1110 ph10 197
1111     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
1113     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
1114     in debug output.
1116 ph10 201 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
1117     long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
1118 ph10 189
1119 ph10 197 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
1120 ph10 189
1121 ph10 197 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
1122     parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
1123     limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
1124     this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
1125     expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
1126     when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
1127     immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
1128     feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
1129     string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
1130     optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
1131     checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
1132     from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
1133     explicit limit, but more stack is used.
1134 ph10 189
1135 ph10 200 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
1136     syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
1137     pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
1138     problem was solved for the main library.
1139 ph10 197
1140 ph10 202 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
1141     the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
1142     limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
1143     set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
1144     32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
1145     are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
1146     Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
1147     made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
1148     dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
1149     length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
1150     the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
1151 ph10 208
1152     10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
1153     duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
1154     functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
1155     empty string.
1157     11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
1158     instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
1159     because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
1160     terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
1161     regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
1162     cause memory overwriting.
1164 ph10 206 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
1165     string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
1166 ph10 208 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
1167 ph10 206 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
1168 ph10 208 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
1169 ph10 206 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
1170 ph10 208
1171 ph10 207 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
1172     past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
1173     set, for example "\x8aBCD".
1174 ph10 211
1175 ph10 210 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
1176     (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
1177 ph10 200
1178 ph10 211 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
1179 ph10 202
1180 ph10 212 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
1181     This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
1182     the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
1183     full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
1184     does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
1185 ph10 220
1186     16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
1187     processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
1188     backslash processing.
1190 ph10 214 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
1191 ph10 220 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
1193 ph10 215 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
1194     caused an overrun.
1195 ph10 220
1196     19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
1197     something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
1198     unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
1199     whether the group could match an empty string).
1201 ph10 217 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
1202     [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
1203 ph10 210
1204 ph10 220 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
1206     22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
1207 ph10 218 reference during compilation.
1208 ph10 220
1209     23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
1210     expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
1211 ph10 218 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
1212 ph10 220 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
1213     with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
1214 ph10 218 the compiled data. Specifically:
1215 ph10 220
1216     (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
1217     length.
1219     (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
1220 ph10 218 loops.
1221 ph10 220
1222 ph10 218 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
1223 ph10 220 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
1225 ph10 221 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
1227 ph10 219 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
1228 ph10 220 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
1229 ph10 211
1230 ph10 222 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
1231 ph10 218
1232 ph10 227 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
1233 ph10 223 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
1234 ph10 227
1235 ph10 224 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
1236 ph10 227 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
1238 ph10 226 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
1239     break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
1240     "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
1241     characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
1242 ph10 227 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
1243     the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
1244     what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
1245     of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
1246     pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
1247     there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
1248     pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
1249 ph10 222
1250 ph10 227 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
1251 ph10 223
1252 ph10 227
1253 ph10 189 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
1254     ---------------------
1256 ph10 157 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
1257     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
1258 ph10 159
1259     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
1260     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
1261 ph10 157
1262 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
1263 ph10 165
1264 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
1265     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
1266 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
1267     usable with all link sizes.
1269 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
1270     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
1271 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
1272 ph10 164 in all cases.
1273 ph10 172
1274 ph10 166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
1275 ph10 172
1276 ph10 166 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
1277     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
1278 ph10 172
1279 ph10 166 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
1280 ph10 172 to be opened parentheses.
1282     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
1283 ph10 167 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
1284 ph10 172
1285 ph10 168 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
1286 ph10 172 is not part of it.
1288 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
1289 ph10 172
1290 ph10 171 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
1291 ph10 172 reference syntax.
1292 ph10 182
1293 ph10 175 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
1294 ph10 182 alternative starts with the same number.
1295 ph10 172
1296 ph10 182 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
1298 ph10 172 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
1301     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
1302     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
1303 ph10 170 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
1304 ph10 159
1305 ph10 172 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
1306     hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
1307     phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
1308     bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
1309     alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
1310     workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
1311 ph10 182
1312 ph10 176 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
1313 ph10 172
1314 ph10 179 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
1315     The report of the bug said:
1316 ph10 182
1317 ph10 179 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
1318     pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
1319 ph10 182 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
1320 ph10 185
1321 ph10 184 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
1322 ph10 185 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
1323 ph10 172
1324 ph10 179
1325 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
1326 ph10 98 ---------------------
1328 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
1329 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
1330 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
1331     on this.
1332 ph10 111
1333     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
1334     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
1335     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
1336     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
1337     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
1338 ph10 100 alternative.
1339 ph10 111
1340 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
1341 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
1342     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
1343     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
1344     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
1345 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
1346     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
1347     .br or .in.
1348 ph10 111
1349 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
1350 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
1351 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
1352     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
1354     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
1355     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
1356 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
1357 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
1358 ph10 111
1359     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
1360     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
1361 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
1362 ph10 111
1363 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
1364 ph10 111 that is needed.
1366 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
1367     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
1368     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
1369 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
1370     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
1371 ph10 105 re-created.
1372 ph10 111
1373     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
1374 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
1375 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
1376     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
1377 ph10 107 some applications.
1378 ph10 111
1379 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
1380 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
1381     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
1382     shared library.
1384 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
1386     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
1388 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
1389     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
1391 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
1392 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
1393 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
1394 ph10 123
1395 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
1396 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
1397     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
1398     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
1399     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
1400 ph10 111 before "make dist".
1401 ph10 123
1402 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
1403     with Unicode property support.
1404 ph10 123
1405     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
1406     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
1407     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
1408 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
1409     were both the same length.
1410 ph10 123
1411     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
1412     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
1413     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
1414     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
1415 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
1416     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
1417     character.
1418 ph10 123
1419 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
1420 ph10 98
1421 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
1422     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
1423 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
1424     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
1425     relevant variables.
1427 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
1428     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
1429     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
1430     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
1431     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
1432 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
1433     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
1434     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
1435 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
1436 ph10 123
1437     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
1438 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
1439 ph10 134
1440 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
1441 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
1442     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
1443     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
1444     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
1445     and then tried again after \r\n.
1447 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
1448 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
1449     compare equal. This works on Linux.
1450 ph10 142
1451 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
1452     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
1453 ph10 142
1454 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
1455 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
1456     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
1457 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
1458     it specially.
1459 ph10 150
1460     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
1461     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
1462 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
1463 ph10 150
1464 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
1465 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
1466 ph10 152
1467 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
1468 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
1469     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
1470 ph10 111
1471 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
1472 ph10 123
1473 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
1474 ph10 152
1475 ph10 153
1476 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
1477     ---------------------
1479     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
1480     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
1482     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
1483     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
1484     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
1486     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
1487     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
1488     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
1489     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
1490     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
1492     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
1493     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
1495     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
1496     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
1497     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
1499     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
1500     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
1501     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
1502     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
1503     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
1504     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
1505     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
1506     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
1507     pcretest format) are:
1509     /(?-x: )/x
1510     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
1511     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
1512     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
1514     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
1515     is now done differently.
1517     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
1518     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
1519     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
1520     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
1521     for the FullMatch() function.
1523     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
1524     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
1525     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
1526     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
1528     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
1529     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
1530     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
1531     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
1532     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
1534     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
1535     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
1536     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
1537     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
1538     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
1539     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
1540     avoid this problem.
1542     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
1543     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
1544     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
1545     of them did).
1547     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
1548     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
1549     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
1550     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
1551     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
1552     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
1554     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
1556     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
1557     of the options.
1559     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
1560     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
1562     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
1564     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
1565     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
1566     on Linux.
1568     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
1569     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
1570     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
1571     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
1572     than about 50K.
1574     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
1575     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
1576     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
1577     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
1578     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
1579     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
1580     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
1581     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
1582     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1583     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1584     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1585     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1586     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1587     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1588     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1590     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1591     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1592     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1594     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1595     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1596     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1597     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1598     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1600     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1601     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1602     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1603     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1605     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1606     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1607     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1608     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1609     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1611     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1612     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1613     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1614     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1615     is the same as /B/I).
1617     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1618     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1619     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1620     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1621     is automatically "possessified".
1623     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1624     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1625     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1627     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1628     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1630     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1632     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1633     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1634     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1635     from 23 above.
1637     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1638     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1639     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1640     numbered groups.
1642     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1644     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1645     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1647     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1648     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1649     loop, the loop is abandoned.
1651     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1652     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1653     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1654     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1655     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1657     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1658     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1659     been removed.
1661     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1662     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1663     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1664     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1666     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1667     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1668     also .NET compatible.
1670     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1671     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1673     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1674     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1675     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1677     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1678     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1680     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1681     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1682     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1683     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1685     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1686     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1687     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1688     through the entire recursion stack.
1690     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1691     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1693     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1694     some "unreachable code" warnings.
1696     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1697     things, this adds five new scripts.
1699     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1700     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1701     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1702     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1704     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1705     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1706     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
1707     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1708     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1709     fixed.
1711     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1712     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1713     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1714     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1715     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1717     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1718     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1719     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1720     mode.
1722     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1723     report.
1725     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1726     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1728     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1729     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1730     case.
1732     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1733     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1734     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1736     45. Arranged for dftables to add
1738     #include "pcre_internal.h"
1740     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1741     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1742     dead code stripping is activated.
1744     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1745     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1746     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1749 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1750     ---------------------
1752     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1753     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1754     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1755     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1757     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1758     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1759     won't be NULL.)
1761     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1762     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1763     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1765     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1766     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1767     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1768     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1769     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1770     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1771     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1772     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1773     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1775     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1776     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1777     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1779     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1780     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1781     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1782     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1783     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1784     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1785     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1786     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1788     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1789     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1790     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1791     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1793     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1794     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1795     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1797     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1798     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1800     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1801     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1802     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1803     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1804     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1805     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1806     to 10,000.
1808     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1809     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1810     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1811     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1812     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1813     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1815     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1817     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1818     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1819     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1821     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1823     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1824     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1825     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1827     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1828     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1829     or *.
1831     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1832     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1833     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1835     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1836     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1837     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1838     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1839     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1840     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1842     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1843     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1844     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1845     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1847     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
1848     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1849     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1850     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1851     data.
1853     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1854     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1855     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1856     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1857     Unicode string.
1859     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1860     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1861     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1862     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1864     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1865     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1866     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1867     a warning about an unused variable.
1869     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1870     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1871     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1872     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1873     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1874     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1875     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1877     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1878     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1879     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1880     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1881     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1882     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1883     the future.
1885     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1886     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1887     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1888     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1890     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1891     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1893     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1894     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1896     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1897     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1898     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1899     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1900     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1901     corruption" errors.
1903     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1904     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1906     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1907     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1909     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1911     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1912     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1913     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1915     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1918 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1919     ---------------------
1921     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1922     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1924     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1925     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1927     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1928     not normally included in the compiled code.
1931 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1932     ---------------------
1934     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1935     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1936     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1937     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1939     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1941     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1942     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1943     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1945     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1946     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1947     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1949     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1950     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1951     are now no different to any other data bytes.
1953     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1954     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1955     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1956     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1958     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1959     than they should have been.
1961     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1963     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1964     accidentally printed for the final match.
1966     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1968     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1969     that were found from directory arguments.
1971     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1973     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1975     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1977     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1979     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1980     is not present by default.
1982     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1983     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1984     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1985     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1986     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1987     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1989     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1990     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1991     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1993     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1994     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1995     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1996     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1997     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1998     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1999     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
2000     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
2002     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
2003     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
2004     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
2005     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
2006     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
2007     its own bitmap.
2009     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
2010     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
2011     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
2012     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
2013     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
2014     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
2016     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
2018     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
2019     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
2021     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
2022     regular expressions".
2024     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
2025     have it.
2027     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
2028     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
2029     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
2031     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
2033     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
2035     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
2036     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
2037     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
2038     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
2040     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
2041     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
2042     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
2043     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
2045     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
2047     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
2048     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
2049     ignored.
2051     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
2052     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
2053     strings.
2055     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
2056     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
2058     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
2059     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
2060     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
2062     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
2063     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
2064     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
2066     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
2067     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
2068     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
2069     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
2070     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
2071     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
2072     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
2073     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
2074     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
2076     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
2077     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
2079     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
2080     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
2081     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
2082     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
2084     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
2085     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
2086     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
2087     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
2088     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
2089     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
2090     this functionality to the C++ interface.
2092     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
2094     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
2096     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
2098     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
2099     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
2100     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
2101     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
2102     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
2103     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
2104     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
2105     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
2106     allow for more data.
2108     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
2110     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
2111     matching that character.
2113     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
2114     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
2115     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
2116     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
2117     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
2119     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
2120     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
2121     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
2122     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
2124     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
2126     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
2127     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
2129     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
2130     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
2132     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
2133     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
2134     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
2135     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
2136     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
2137     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
2139     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
2140     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
2141     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
2142     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
2144     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
2147 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
2148     ---------------------
2150     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
2151     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
2152     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
2153     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
2155     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
2157     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
2158     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
2159     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
2160     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
2161     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
2163     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
2164     file's purpose clearer.
2166     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
2169 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
2170     ---------------------
2172     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
2174     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
2176     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
2177     tried to test it.
2179     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
2180     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
2182     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
2184     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
2185     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
2186     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
2187     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
2189     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
2190     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
2191     necessary on certain architectures.
2193     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
2194     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
2195     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
2196     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
2197     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
2198     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
2199     find a way round (a) in the future.
2202 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
2203     ---------------------
2205     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
2206     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
2207     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
2208     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
2209     led to memory overwriting.
2211     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
2213     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
2214     operating environments where this matters.
2216     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
2217     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
2219     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
2220     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
2221     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
2222     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
2223     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
2224     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
2225     previous subpatterns.
2227     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
2228     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
2231 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
2232     ---------------------
2234     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
2235     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
2237     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
2238     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
2239     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
2241     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
2242     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
2243     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
2244     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
2246     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
2247     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
2248     compile command.
2250     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
2251     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
2252     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
2253     but no suitable headers.
2255     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
2256     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
2257     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
2258     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
2260     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
2261     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
2262     wrapper.
2265 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
2266     ---------------------
2268     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
2270     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
2271     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
2272     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
2273     not imported.
2275     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
2276     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
2277     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
2278     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
2279     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
2280     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
2281     one application and matched in another.
2283     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
2284     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
2285     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
2286     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
2287     with other external names.
2289     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
2290     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
2291     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
2292     problem.
2294     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
2295     including restarting after a partial match.
2297     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
2298     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
2299     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
2301     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
2303     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
2304     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
2305     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
2307     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
2308     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
2310     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
2312     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
2313     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
2314     something similar for -w.
2316     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
2318     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
2319     than one at a time available.
2321     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
2323     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
2324     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
2325     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
2326     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
2328     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
2330     -w, --word-regex(p)
2332     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
2333     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
2334     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
2335     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
2337     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
2338     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
2339     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
2341     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
2343     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
2344     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
2345     "<stdin>" was used.
2347     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
2348     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
2350     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
2351     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
2352     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
2354     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
2355     around matches be printed.
2357     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
2358     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
2360     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
2361     continue to scan other files.
2363     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
2364     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
2365     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
2366     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
2367     previously doing.
2369     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
2370     and exclusion when recursing.
2372     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
2373     Hopefully, it now does.
2375     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
2377     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
2379     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
2380     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
2381     world, but is set differently for Windows.
2383     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
2384     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
2385     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
2386     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
2387     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
2388     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
2389     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
2390     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
2391     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
2393     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
2394     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
2395     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
2397     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
2398     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
2399     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
2400     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
2401     both the P and the s flags.
2403     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
2405     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
2407     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
2408     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
2410     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
2412     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
2413     Electric Fence happy when testing.
2417 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
2418     ---------------------
2420     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
2421     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
2422     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
2423     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
2425     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
2426     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
2427     item, and its length, respectively.
2429     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
2430     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
2431     pcretest to make use of this.
2433     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
2435     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
2436     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
2437     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
2439     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
2440     magic in relation to line terminators.
2442     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
2443     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
2445     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
2446     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
2447     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
2448     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
2449     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
2450     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
2451     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
2453     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
2454     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
2455     this hack in configure.in.
2457     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
2459     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
2460     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
2461     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
2462     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
2464     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
2465     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
2466     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
2467     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
2468     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
2469     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
2471     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
2472     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
2473     string were read.
2475     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
2476     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
2477     enough.)
2479     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
2480     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
2481     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
2482     program that might have everything at different addresses.
2484     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
2485     -R library as well as a -L library.
2487     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
2488     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
2489     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
2491     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
2492     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
2493     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
2494     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
2496     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
2497     compiled pattern.
2499     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
2500     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
2501     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
2502     read-only.
2504     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
2505     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
2506     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
2508     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
2509     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
2511     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
2513     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
2514     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
2515     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
2516     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
2517     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
2519     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
2520     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
2521     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
2522     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
2523     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
2524     usual.
2526     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
2527     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
2528     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
2530     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
2531     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
2533     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
2534     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
2535     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
2536     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
2538     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
2539     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
2540     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
2541     NULL, a crash could occur.
2543     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
2544     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
2545     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
2546     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
2547     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
2548     workstation).
2550     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
2553 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
2554     ---------------------
2556     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
2557     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
2558     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
2559     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
2560     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
2561     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
2562     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
2563     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
2564     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
2565     operating.
2567     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
2568     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
2569     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
2570     and the size of block requested is always the same.
2572     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
2573     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
2574     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
2576     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
2577     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
2578     to the output.
2580     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
2581     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
2583     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
2584     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
2585     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
2586     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
2587     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
2588     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
2589     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
2591     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
2592     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
2593     containing "overlong sequences".
2595     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
2596     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
2597     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
2598     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
2600     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
2601     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
2603     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
2604     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
2605     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
2607     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
2609     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
2610     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
2611     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
2613     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
2614     special systems:
2616     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
2617     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
2618     is defined to be empty.
2619     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
2620     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
2621     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
2623     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
2624     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
2625     went into a loop.
2627     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
2628     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
2629     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
2630     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
2631     that was OK.
2633     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
2634     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
2635     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
2637     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
2638     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
2639     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
2641     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
2642     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
2643     work.
2645     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
2646     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
2647     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
2648     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
2649     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
2652 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
2653     ---------------------
2655     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
2656     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
2657     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
2658     classes (slightly).
2660     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
2661     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
2663     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
2664     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
2666     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
2667     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
2668     explicitly with libpcre.la.
2670     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
2672     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
2674     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
2675     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
2676     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
2677     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
2678     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
2679     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
2680     I have just removed it.
2682     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
2683     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
2684     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
2686     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
2687     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
2688     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
2689     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
2690     rid of the warnings.
2692     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
2693     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
2694     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
2695     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
2697     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
2699     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
2700     to
2701     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
2703     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
2704     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
2705     if it's wrong...
2708 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
2709     ---------------------
2711     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
2712     Makefile.
2714     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
2716     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
2718     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
2719     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
2720     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
2721     reasonable.
2723     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
2724     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
2725     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
2726     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
2727     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
2728     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
2729     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
2730     strings against \d.
2732     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
2733     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
2735     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
2736     defined as "const".
2738     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
2739     Electric Fenced for debugging.
2741     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
2742     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
2743     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
2744     provoke a segmentation fault.
2746     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
2747     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
2749     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
2750     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
2751     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
2752     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
2753     back over UTF-8 characters.)
2756 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
2757     ---------------------
2759     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
2761     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
2762     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
2763     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
2764     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
2765     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
2766     and BUILD_EXEEXT
2767     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
2768     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
2769     compile-time but not at link-time
2770     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
2771     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
2772     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
2773     libraries
2774     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
2775     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
2776     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
2777     <winshared>: new target
2778     <wininstall>: new target
2779     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
2780     <dftables>: use native linker
2781     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
2782     <clean>: ditto
2783     <check>: ditto
2784     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
2786     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
2787     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
2788     in any case.
2790     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
2792     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
2793     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
2795     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
2796     a void * provoked a warning.
2798     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
2799     and a few more missing casts.
2801     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2802     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
2803     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
2805     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2806     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
2807     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
2810 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
2811     ---------------------
2812 nigel 63
2813 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
2814     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
2815     required to support.
2817     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
2818     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
2820     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
2821     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
2822     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
2823     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
2824     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
2826     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
2827     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
2828     linking step for the pcreposix library.
2830     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
2831     name.
2833     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
2834     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
2835     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
2836     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
2837     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
2838     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
2839     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
2841     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
2842     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
2843     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
2844     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
2845     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
2846     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
2847     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
2850     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
2851     ---------------------
2853 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
2854     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
2855     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
2857     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2859     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2860     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2861     from a single perltest script.
2863     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2864     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2865     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2866     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2868     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2869     space and tab.
2871     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2872     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2874     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2875     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2876     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2877     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2878     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2879     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2881     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2882     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2883     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2884     interpolation. Note the following examples:
2886     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
2888     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2889     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
2890     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
2892     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2893     classes as well as outside them.
2895     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2896     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2897     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2898     signed/unsigned warnings.
2900     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2901     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2902     that job.
2904     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2905     "pcregrep -".
2907     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2908     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2909     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2910     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2911     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2912     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2913     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2915     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2916     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2917     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2918     was abstracted outside.
2920     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2921     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2922     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2923     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2924     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2925     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2927     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2928     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2929     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2930     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2932     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2933     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2934     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2935     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2937     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2938     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2939     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2940     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2941     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2942     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2943     future.
2945     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2946     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2948     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2949     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2951     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2952     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2954     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2955     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2957     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2958     outside the source tree.
2960     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2961     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2962     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2964     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2965     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2966     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2967     strange effects.
2969     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2970     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2971     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2972     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2973     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2974     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2975     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2977     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2978     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2979     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2980     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2982     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2984     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2985     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2986     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2987     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2988     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2989     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2990     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2991     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2992     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2993     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2994     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2995     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2996     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2997     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2999     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
3000     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
3001     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
3002     to vary what happens:
3004     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
3005     \C- do not supply a callout function
3006     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
3007     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
3009     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
3010     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
3012     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
3013     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
3014     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
3015     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
3016     when configuring.
3018     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
3019     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
3020     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
3021     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
3022     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
3023     debugging information about compiled patterns.
3025     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
3027     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
3028     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
3029     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
3030     separate copies.
3032     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
3033     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
3035     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
3036     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
3037     definition of the opcodes.
3039     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
3040     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
3042     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
3043     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
3044     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
3046     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
3047     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
3048     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
3049     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
3050     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
3051     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
3053     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
3054     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
3055     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
3057     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
3058     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
3059     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
3060     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
3062     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
3063     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
3064     means that the same test output works with both.
3066     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
3067     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
3069     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
3070     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
3071     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
3072     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
3073     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
3074     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
3075     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
3077     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
3078     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
3079     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
3080     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
3081     way).
3083     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
3084     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
3085     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
3086     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
3088     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
3089     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
3090     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
3091     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
3092     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
3093     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
3094     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
3096     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
3097     to set a default value for the compiled library.
3099     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
3100     a different value is set. See 45 below.
3102     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
3104     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
3105     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
3106     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
3107     The current list of available information is:
3111     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
3112     otherwise it is set to zero.
3116     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
3117     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
3121     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
3122     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
3126     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
3127     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
3131     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
3132     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
3134     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
3135     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
3136     output it. The program then exits immediately.
3138     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
3139     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
3140     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
3141     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
3142     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
3143     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
3145     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
3146     contains the following fields:
3148     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
3149     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
3150     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
3151     call to pcre_exec()
3152     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
3154     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
3160     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
3161     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
3162     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
3163     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
3164     change to existing code.
3166     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
3167     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
3168     block.
3170     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
3171     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
3172     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
3173     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
3174     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
3175     gets very large very quickly.
3177     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
3178     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
3179     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
3180     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
3181     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
3182     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
3183     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
3185     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
3186     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
3187     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
3188     components.)
3190     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
3192     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
3194     0 => success, carry on matching
3195     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
3196     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
3198     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
3199     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
3200     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
3201     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
3203     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
3204     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
3205     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
3206     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
3207     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
3208     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
3209     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
3211     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
3213     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
3214     callout_data, it returns that value.
3216     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
3217     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
3218     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
3220     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
3221     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
3222     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
3223     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
3224     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
3225     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
3227     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
3228     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
3229     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
3230     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
3232     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
3233     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
3234     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
3236     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
3237     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
3239     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
3240     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
3241     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
3242     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
3243     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
3245     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
3246     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
3248     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
3249     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
3251     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
3252     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
3253     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
3254     value.)
3256     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
3257     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
3258     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
3259     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
3261     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
3263     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
3264     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
3265     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
3266     are faulted.
3268     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
3269     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
3270     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
3271     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
3272     you will need to set these values.
3274     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
3277     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
3278 nigel 61 ---------------------
3280     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
3282     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
3283     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
3284     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
3287 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
3288     ---------------------
3290     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
3291     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
3294 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
3295     ---------------------
3297     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
3298     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
3299     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
3301 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
3302     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
3303     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
3304     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
3305 nigel 57
3306 nigel 59
3307 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
3308     ---------------------
3310     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
3311     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
3313     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
3314     the latest autoconf.
3317 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
3318     ---------------------
3319 nigel 5
3320 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
3321     had been forgotten.
3323     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
3324     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
3325     private.
3327     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
3328     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
3329     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
3330     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
3331     file.
3333     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
3334     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
3335     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
3336     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
3338     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
3339     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
3340     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
3341     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
3342     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
3344     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
3345     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
3347     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
3348     the source directory.
3350     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
3351     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
3352     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
3354     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
3355     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
3356     in several of the .c files.
3358     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
3359     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
3360     by using separate calls to printf().
3362     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
3363     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
3364     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
3366     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
3367     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
3368     likewise updated the man page.
3370     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
3371     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
3374 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
3375     ---------------------
3377     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
3379     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
3382 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
3383     ---------------------
3385     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
3386     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
3387     lead to crashes in some systems.
3389     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
3390     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
3392     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
3393     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
3394     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
3395     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
3397     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
3398     the Makefile.
3400     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
3401     Makefile.
3403     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
3404     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
3406     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
3408     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
3409     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
3410     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
3411     out for the ar command.)
3414 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
3415     ---------------------
3417     This is purely a bug fixing release.
3419     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
3420     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
3421     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
3422     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
3423     correctly.
3425     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
3426     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
3427     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
3428     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
3430     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
3431     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
3432     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
3434     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
3435     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
3437     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
3438     to
3439     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
3441     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
3443     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
3444     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
3445     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
3446     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
3448     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
3449     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
3450     faster code anyway.
3453 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
3454     ---------------------
3456     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
3457     the "install" target:
3459     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
3461     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
3464 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
3465     ---------------------
3466 nigel 41
3467     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
3468     pcretest).
3470     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
3472     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
3473     matches null strings.
3475     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
3476     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
3477     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
3478     effect.
3480     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
3481     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
3482     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
3483     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
3485 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
3486     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
3487     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
3488     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
3489     default.
3490 nigel 41
3491 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
3492     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
3493     less than 10.
3495     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
3496     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
3497     modification.
3499     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
3500     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
3501     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
3503     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
3504     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
3506     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
3507     adopting.
3510 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
3511     ----------------------
3513     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
3514     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
3515     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
3517     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
3518     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
3519     of the subject.
3521     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
3522     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
3524     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
3525     in GnuWin32 environments.
3528 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
3529     ----------------------
3531     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
3532     the form of man page sources.
3534     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
3535     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
3536     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
3538     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
3539     should be (const char *).
3541     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
3542     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
3543     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
3544     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
3546     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
3547     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
3549     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
3551     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
3552     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
3554     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
3555     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
3556     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
3557     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
3558     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
3559     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
3560     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
3561     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
3563     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
3564     other alternatives are tried instead.
3567 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
3568     ----------------------
3570     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
3571     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
3572     64-bit systems.
3574     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
3575     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
3576     occurrences in a string.
3578     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
3580     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
3581     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
3582     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
3584     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
3585     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
3586     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
3587     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
3590 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
3591     ----------------------
3593     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
3594     properly on 16-bit systems.
3596     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
3597     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
3598     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
3599     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
3600     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
3601     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
3604 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
3605     ----------------------
3607     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
3608     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
3609     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
3610     problem.
3612     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
3613     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
3615     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
3616     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
3617     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
3618     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
3621 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
3622     ----------------------
3624     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
3626 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
3627     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
3628 nigel 29
3629     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
3630     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
3631     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
3632     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
3634     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
3635     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
3638 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
3639     ----------------------
3641     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
3642     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
3644     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
3645     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
3646     fix the problem.
3648     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
3649     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
3650     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
3651     times.
3653     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
3655     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
3656     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
3659 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
3660     ----------------------
3662     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
3663     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
3664     is passed, the default tables are used.
3667 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
3668 nigel 21 ----------------------
3670 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
3671     it any more.
3673     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
3675     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
3677     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
3678     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
3679     very end of the subject.
3681     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
3683     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
3684     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
3685     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
3687     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
3689     $(?<= positive lookbehind
3690     $(?<! negative lookbehind
3691     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
3692     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
3693     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
3694     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
3696     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
3697     captured string.
3699     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
3700     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
3702     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
3703     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
3704     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
3706     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
3708     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
3709     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
3710     have now been fixed.
3713     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
3714     ----------------------
3716 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
3717     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
3718     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
3719     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
3722 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
3723     ----------------------
3725     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
3727     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
3728     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
3731 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
3732     ----------------------
3734     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
3735     repeat of a potentially empty string).
3738 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
3739     ----------------------
3741     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
3743     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
3746 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
3747     ----------------------
3749     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
3750     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
3753 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
3754     ----------------------
3756     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
3758     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
3759     input syntax.
3761     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
3762     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
3763     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
3765     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
3767     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
3768     vector was exactly big enough.
3770     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
3772     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
3773     setjmp(). Now fixed.