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Revision 558 - (hide annotations) (download)
Tue Oct 26 15:26:45 2010 UTC (4 years, 5 months ago) by ph10
File size: 192788 byte(s)
Fix missing code for missing strtoul() and strerror(). 

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
4 ph10 550 Version 8.11 10-Oct-2010
5     ------------------------
7     1. (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
8     to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
9     backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
10     at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
11     is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
12     alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
13 ph10 551
14     2. (*COMMIT) was not overriding (*THEN), as it does in Perl. In a pattern
15     such as (A(*COMMIT)B(*THEN)C|D) any failure after matching A should
16     result in overall failure. Similarly, (*COMMIT) now overrides (*PRUNE) and
17     (*SKIP), (*SKIP) overrides (*PRUNE) and (*THEN), and (*PRUNE) overrides
18     (*THEN).
19 ph10 552
20     3. If \s appeared in a character class, it removed the VT character from
21     the class, even if it had been included by some previous item, for example
22     in [\x00-\xff\s]. (This was a bug related to the fact that VT is not part
23     of \s, but is part of the POSIX "space" class.)
24 ph10 553
25     4. A partial match never returns an empty string (because you can always
26     match an empty string at the end of the subject); however the checking for
27     an empty string was starting at the "start of match" point. This has been
28     changed to the "earliest inspected character" point, because the returned
29     data for a partial match starts at this character. This means that, for
30     example, /(?<=abc)def/ gives a partial match for the subject "abc"
31     (previously it gave "no match").
32 ph10 550
33 ph10 553 5. Changes have been made to the way PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD affects the matching
34     of $, \z, \Z, \b, and \B. If the match point is at the end of the string,
35     previously a full match would be given. However, setting PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD
36     has an implication that the given string is incomplete (because a partial
37     match is preferred over a full match). For this reason, these items now
38     give a partial match in this situation. [Aside: previously, the one case
39     /t\b/ matched against "cat" with PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD set did return a partial
40     match rather than a full match, which was wrong by the old rules, but is
41     now correct.]
42 ph10 556
43     6. There was a bug in the handling of #-introduced comments, recognized when
44     PCRE_EXTENDED is set, when PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY and PCRE_UTF8 were also set.
45     If a UTF-8 multi-byte character included the byte 0x85 (e.g. +U0445, whose
46     UTF-8 encoding is 0xd1,0x85), this was misinterpreted as a newline when
47     scanning for the end of the comment. (*Character* 0x85 is an "any" newline,
48     but *byte* 0x85 is not, in UTF-8 mode). This bug was present in several
49     places in pcre_compile().
51     7. Related to (6) above, when pcre_compile() was skipping #-introduced
52     comments when looking ahead for named forward references to subpatterns,
53     the only newline sequence it recognized was NL. It now handles newlines
54     according to the set newline convention.
55 ph10 558
56     8. SunOS4 doesn't have strerror() or strtoul(); pcregrep dealt with the
57     former, but used strtoul(), whereas pcretest avoided strtoul() but did not
58     cater for a lack of strerror(). These oversights have been fixed.
59 ph10 550
60 ph10 553
61 ph10 548 Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
62 ph10 510 ------------------------
64 ph10 512 1. Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
65 ph10 510 THEN.
67 ph10 512 2. (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
68 ph10 510
69 ph10 535 3. Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
70     faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
71 ph10 513 causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
72 ph10 535
73     4. Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
74 ph10 513 whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
75     that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
76 ph10 535
77 ph10 514 5. Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
78     newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
79 ph10 535
80 ph10 515 6. When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
81 ph10 535 FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
82 ph10 515 declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
83 ph10 535 result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
84     needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
85 ph10 512
86 ph10 535 7. Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
88 ph10 517 8. Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
89 ph10 518 \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
90     (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
91 ph10 535
92 ph10 518 9. Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
93 ph10 535 use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
94 ph10 518 this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
95     REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
96 ph10 513
97 ph10 535 10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
99     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
100     studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
101 ph10 520 127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
102 ph10 545 the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
103 ph10 536 (#976).
104 ph10 535
105 ph10 536 12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
106 ph10 523 test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
107 ph10 535 setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
108     not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
109 ph10 523 added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
110 ph10 535
111 ph10 536 13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
112 ph10 535 possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
114 ph10 536 14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
115 ph10 535 \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
116 ph10 532 explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
117 ph10 529
118 ph10 536 15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
119 ph10 535 input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
120     greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
121 ph10 529 UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
122 ph10 535
123 ph10 536 16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
124     size_t is 64-bit (#991).
125 ph10 535
126 ph10 536 17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
127     --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
128 ph10 545
129 ph10 537 18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
130 ph10 545 the end, a newline was missing in the output.
132     19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
133     less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
134     generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
135     turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
136     characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
137 ph10 541 these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
138     caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
139     of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
140     which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
141     that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
142 ph10 545 bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
143 ph10 541 UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
144     altogether.)
145 ph10 545
146 ph10 541 20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
147     standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
148 ph10 545 used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
150     21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
151     reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
152     opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
153 ph10 544 reference to the wrong subpattern.
154 ph10 517
155 ph10 520
156 ph10 508 Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
157 ph10 491 ------------------------
159     1. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
161 ph10 492 2. Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
162     configured.
163 ph10 507
164 ph10 493 3. Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
165 ph10 507 original author of that file, following a query about its status.
167     4. On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
168 ph10 494 inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
169 ph10 507
170 ph10 496 5. A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
171     quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
172     incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
173     referenced subpattern not found".
174 ph10 507
175     6. Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
176 ph10 497 variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
177     pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
178     relevant global functions.
179 ph10 507
180 ph10 498 7. There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
181     in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
182 ph10 507 I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
183     the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
185     8. Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
186     eint vector in pcreposix.c.
188     9. Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
189     much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
190 ph10 499 counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
191     which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
192 ph10 507 string.
194     10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
196 ph10 500 11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
197 ph10 507 was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
198     \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
199     the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
201 ph10 501 12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
202 ph10 507 "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
203     implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
204 ph10 501 stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
205     decrease.
206 ph10 507
207     13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
208     item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
209 ph10 503 second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
210     time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
211 ph10 507 was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
213 ph10 505 14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
214 ph10 507 overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
215 ph10 505 triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
216 ph10 507 The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
217 ph10 491
218 ph10 507 15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
219 ph10 492
220 ph10 507
221 ph10 489 Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
222     ------------------------
223 ph10 471
224     1. If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
225 ph10 489 particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
226 ph10 473 computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
227 ph10 489 subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
228 ph10 473
229     2. For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
230 ph10 472 the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
231     "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
232 ph10 473 the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
233     abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
234 ph10 472 cause of this.)
235 ph10 471
236 ph10 473 3. A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
237     of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
238     assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
239     was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
240     matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
241 ph10 471
242 ph10 473 4. If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
243     assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
244     unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
246 ph10 478
247 ph10 474 5. The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
248     situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
249 ph10 478 stuff that is necessary.
251     6. In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
252 ph10 475 removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
253 ph10 478
254 ph10 475 7. Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
255     as part of something else:
256 ph10 478
257     (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
259     (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
260     called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
261 ph10 475 Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
262 ph10 478
263     (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
264     prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
265 ph10 475 module.
266 ph10 478
267 ph10 475 8. In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
268     cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
269 ph10 478 when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
270     instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
271     other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
272     double.
274     9. Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
275 ph10 476 2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
276 ph10 473
277 ph10 478 10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
278     custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
279 ph10 473
280 ph10 478 - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
281 ph10 489 under Win32.
282 ph10 478 - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
283 ph10 489 therefore missing the function definition.
284 ph10 478 - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
285     - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
286     - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
287 ph10 486
288 ph10 479 11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
289     messages were output:
290 ph10 478
291 ph10 479 Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
292     rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
293     Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
294 ph10 486
295 ph10 479 I have done both of these things.
296 ph10 486
297 ph10 480 12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
298 ph10 486 most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
299     runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
300     page.
302     13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
303     version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
304     might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
305     interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
306     configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
307 ph10 481 used.
308 ph10 486
309 ph10 482 14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
310 ph10 483 causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
311     in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
312 ph10 486
313 ph10 483 15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
314 ph10 486 of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
315 ph10 483 their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
316     definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
317     unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
318     reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
319     example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
320 ph10 486 generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
321 ph10 483 USPTR.
322 ph10 486
323     16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
324 ph10 484 tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
325     (FreeBSD).
326 ph10 478
327 ph10 486 17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
328     (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
329     comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
330     equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
331     instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
332 ph10 479
333 ph10 488 18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
334     specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
335     ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
336     refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
337     match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
338     same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
339     inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
340     can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
341     moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
342     the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
343     rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
344     any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
345     is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
346     similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
347 ph10 486
348 ph10 488
349 ph10 469 Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
350 ph10 418 ----------------------
352     1. The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
353 ph10 461 was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
354     being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
355 ph10 418 error.
356 ph10 461
357     2. Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
358     "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
359     in a Windows environment.
361 ph10 420 3. The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
362     zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
363     --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
364     counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
365 ph10 461 prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
366     more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
367 ph10 420 combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
368 ph10 461
369     4. The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
370     --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
371     but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
372     the old behaviour.
374     5. The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
375 ph10 422 recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
376 ph10 461 (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
377 ph10 422 which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
378 ph10 461
379     6. No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
380 ph10 423 libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
381 ph10 461
382 ph10 425 7. Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
383 ph10 461 when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
384 ph10 425 generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
385     is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
386     unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
387     program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
388 ph10 461
389 ph10 426 8. A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
390 ph10 461 was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
391 ph10 431 repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
392     which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
393     character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
394     result.
395 ph10 461
396 ph10 426 9. The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
397 ph10 461 requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
398 ph10 426 partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
399 ph10 435 slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
400     for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
401 ph10 461 PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
403 ph10 428 10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
404     synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
405     PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
406 ph10 462 and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
407 ph10 461
408     11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
409     used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
410     given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
411     needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
412     string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
413     case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
414     final character ended with (*FAIL).
416 ph10 428 12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
417 ph10 461 if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
418 ph10 428 earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
419     example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
420     "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
421 ph10 435 "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
422 ph10 461
423     13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
424     changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
425     first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
426     starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
427     pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
428 ph10 435 matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
429 ph10 461
430 ph10 435 14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
431 ph10 461 so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
432     PCRE has not been installed from source.
434 ph10 435 15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
435 ph10 430 libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
436     library.
437 ph10 461
438 ph10 435 16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
439 ph10 432 It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
440 ph10 461 is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
441 ph10 433 these options useful.
442 ph10 461
443     17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
444 ph10 438 value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
445 ph10 461 nmatch is forced to zero.
447 ph10 437 18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
448 ph10 461 the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
449 ph10 437 RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
450 ph10 461
451 ph10 438 19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
452     interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
453 ph10 461 subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
454     an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
455 ph10 438 subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
456 ph10 461 [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
457     over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
458     terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
460 ph10 442 20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
461 ph10 461 /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
462 ph10 442 to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
463 ph10 461 anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
465 ph10 446 21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
466 ph10 461 than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
467     with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
468 ph10 446 now given.
469 ph10 461
470 ph10 447 22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
471     PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
472     make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
473     compatible with Perl.
474 ph10 461
475     23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
476 ph10 448 possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
477 ph10 461
478 ph10 454 24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
479 ph10 461 pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
480     does. Neither allows recursion.
482     25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
483     length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
484     (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
485     on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
486 ph10 455 to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
487     bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
488     some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
489     pcre_fullinfo().
490 ph10 461
491 ph10 455 26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
492     not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
493     study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
494     Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
495     pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
496     were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
497 ph10 461
498 ph10 457 27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
499     allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
500     on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
501     names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
502     confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
503 ph10 461
504     28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
505     numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
506     conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
507     recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
508 ph10 459 tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
509     one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
510     testing by number works.
511 ph10 418
512 ph10 461
513 ph10 412 Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
514 ph10 376 ---------------------
516 ph10 392 1. When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
517 ph10 376 (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
518     libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
519     libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
520 ph10 392 has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
521 ph10 376 pcretest is linked with readline.
522 ph10 392
523 ph10 376 2. The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
524     "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
525     moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
526     but BOOL is not.
527 ph10 392
528     3. The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
529 ph10 409 PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
530 ph10 392
531 ph10 376 4. The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
532     hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
533 ph10 392 lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
534 ph10 376 wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
535 ph10 392
536 ph10 378 5. In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
537     was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
538     the same.
539 ph10 392
540 ph10 378 6. When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
541 ph10 392 each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
542     of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
544     7. A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
545     doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
546 ph10 379 locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
547     seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
548 ph10 392
549 ph10 380 8. The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
550 ph10 392 start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
551     correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
552     in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
554 ph10 405 9. If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
555 ph10 399 condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
556     pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
557 ph10 392
558     10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
559     used for matching.
561     11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
562 ph10 385 characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
563 ph10 388
564 ph10 392 12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
566 ph10 388 14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
567 ph10 389
568     15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
569 ph10 390
570 ph10 392 16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
571 ph10 390 wrapper.
572 ph10 392
573 ph10 391 17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
574 ph10 392 from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
575 ph10 391 string constants.
576 ph10 405
577 ph10 393 18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
578     SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
579 ph10 405 SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
580     these, but not everybody uses configure.
582     19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
583     recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
584     enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
585     (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
586     with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
587 ph10 396 nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
588 ph10 405
589 ph10 397 20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
590 ph10 405 exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
592     21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
593     leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
594     is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
595     vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
596     when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
597 ph10 400 error, in fact).
598 ph10 405
599 ph10 402 22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
600 ph10 405 heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
601     problem, but was untidy.
602 ph10 376
603 ph10 405 23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
604     CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
605     included within another project.
606 ph10 411
607 ph10 407 24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
608     slightly modified by me:
609 ph10 411
610     (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
611     not building pcregrep.
613 ph10 407 (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
614 ph10 411 if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
616 ph10 408 25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
617     duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
618     because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
619     taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
620     ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
621 ph10 411
622     26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
623     the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
624 ph10 416
625 ph10 411 27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
626 ph10 416 pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
627     pre-defined.
628 ph10 392
629 ph10 416 28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
631 ph10 413 29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
632     in the configuration summary.
633 ph10 405
634 ph10 411
635 ph10 374 Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
636 ph10 349 ---------------------
638     1. Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
639     Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
640 ph10 351 stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
641     to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
642     distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
643     the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
644 ph10 349
645 ph10 351 2. Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
646     scripts.
647 ph10 358
648 ph10 353 3. Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
649     a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
650 ph10 358 or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
652     4. Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
653 ph10 354 references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
654 ph10 358 It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
656 ph10 355 5. In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
657     a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
658     non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
659 ph10 358 truncation.
660 ph10 349
661 ph10 358 6. Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
663 ph10 357 7. Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
664     pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
665 ph10 371
666     8. Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
667     test 2 if it fails.
669 ph10 359 9. Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
670 ph10 371 and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
671     allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
673     10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
674 ph10 359 the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
675 ph10 371
676 ph10 360 11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
677     could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
678 ph10 371 some environments:
680     printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
682 ph10 360 This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
683 ph10 371
684 ph10 361 12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
685     after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
686 ph10 371 pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
687 ph10 361 no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
688     pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
689 ph10 371
690 ph10 364 13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
691 ph10 371 exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
693 ph10 364 14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
694 ph10 371 the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
695     first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
697 ph10 366 15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
698 ph10 371 /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
699 ph10 351
700 ph10 371 16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
702     17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
703 ph10 368 pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
704 ph10 357
705 ph10 371 18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
706 ph10 368
707 ph10 373 19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
708     supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
709 ph10 374 there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
710     replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
711 ph10 371
712 ph10 373
713 ph10 347 Version 7.7 07-May-08
714 ph10 321 ---------------------
716     1. Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
717 ph10 345 a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
718 ph10 321 done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
719 ph10 345
720 ph10 322 2. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
721     pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
722 ph10 332 it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
723 ph10 345
724     3. Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
725     Lopes.
727 ph10 324 4. Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
728 ph10 321
729 ph10 324 (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
730 ph10 345 of files, instead of just to the final components.
732 ph10 324 (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
733     skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
734     inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
735     pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
736     The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
737     apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
738 ph10 345
739 ph10 325 5. Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
740 ph10 345 --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
742 ph10 326 6. Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
743 ph10 345 NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
744 ph10 326 doesn't support NULs in patterns.
745 ph10 345
746     7. Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
747     pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
749 ph10 328 8. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
750 ph10 329 caused by fix #2 above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
751 ph10 345 first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
752 ph10 321
753 ph10 345 9. Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
755 ph10 332 10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
756     matching function regexec().
757 ph10 345
758     11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
759     which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
760 ph10 333 references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
761     Oniguruma does).
762 ph10 345
763     12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
764 ph10 335 omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
765     was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
766 ph10 345 (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
767     pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
768 ph10 335 time.
769 ph10 345
770 ph10 341 13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
771     to the way PCRE behaves:
772 ph10 345
773 ph10 336 (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
774 ph10 345
775     (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
776 ph10 336 (Perl fails the current match path).
777 ph10 345
778 ph10 341 (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
779 ph10 345 first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
780 ph10 341 Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
781     never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
782     The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
783     of the DOTALL setting.
784 ph10 345
785     14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
786 ph10 340 non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
787     containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
788     non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
789 ph10 345 compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
790 ph10 340 existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
791 ph10 345 the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
792 ph10 340 was subsequently set up correctly.)
793 ph10 345
794 ph10 341 15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
795 ph10 345 it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
796     other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
797     (*FAIL).
799 ph10 342 16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
800 ph10 345 OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
801     cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
802     improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
803     OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
804     on the OP_ANY path.
806     17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
807 ph10 343 following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
808 ph10 345 HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
810 ph10 344 18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
811 ph10 345 ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
812     requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
813     Daniel Bergström.
814 ph10 347
815 ph10 346 19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
816 ph10 347 as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
817     any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
818     spotting this.
819 ph10 324
820 ph10 332
821 ph10 319 Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
822 ph10 300 ---------------------
824 ph10 302 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
825     codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
826     overflow.
827 ph10 309
828     2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
829     HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
831 ph10 303 3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
832 ph10 304 bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
833 ph10 309
834 ph10 304 - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
835     - Fixed a problem with static linking.
836 ph10 312 - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
837 ph10 304 - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
838     - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
840     - Added readline support for pcretest.
841 ph10 309 - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
843 ph10 314 4. A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
844     "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
845     Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
846     affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
847     the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
848     when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
849     Configure/Make.
850 ph10 309
851 ph10 308 5. Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
852     This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
853 ph10 309 exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
854     solves the problem, but it does no harm.
855 ph10 313
856 ph10 311 6. Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
857 ph10 319 NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
858 ph10 314 with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
859 ph10 313
860 ph10 312 7. Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
861 ph10 313 from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
862     of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
863     building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
864 ph10 312 trouble in some build environments.
865 ph10 300
866 ph10 319 8. Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
867 ph10 308
868 ph10 319
869 ph10 298 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
870 ph10 263 ---------------------
872     1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
873     values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
874 ph10 286
875 ph10 264 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
876     Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
877     included.
878 ph10 286
879     3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
880 ph10 265 [:^space:].
881 ph10 286
882 ph10 267 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
883     defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
884 ph10 286 I have changed it.
886 ph10 268 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
887 ph10 286 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
888     first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
889 ph10 272 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
890     expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
891     makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
892     was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
893 ph10 286
894 ph10 269 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
895 ph10 286 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
896 ph10 269 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
897 ph10 286
898 ph10 270 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
899     than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
900     This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
901     treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
902     seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
903 ph10 286
904 ph10 274 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
905 ph10 275 and messages.
906 ph10 286
907     9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
908     "backspace".
910     10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
911     was moved elsewhere).
913     11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
914     which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
915 ph10 277 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
916 ph10 286 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
917 ph10 277 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
918     thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
919 ph10 286
920 ph10 277 U+002b0 - U+002c1
921     U+0060c - U+0060d
922 ph10 286 U+0061e - U+00612
923 ph10 277 U+0064b - U+0065e
924     U+0074d - U+0076d
925     U+01800 - U+01805
926     U+01d00 - U+01d77
927     U+01d9b - U+01dbf
928     U+0200b - U+0200f
929     U+030fc - U+030fe
930     U+03260 - U+0327f
931     U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
932     U+10450 - U+1049d
933 ph10 286
934 ph10 279 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
935     compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
936     line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
937     GNU grep.
938 ph10 286
939     13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
940     line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
941     does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
942     non-matching lines.
944 ph10 289 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
946     15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
947 ph10 282 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
948 ph10 286 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
949     and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
951 ph10 289 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
952 ph10 284 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
953     INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
954 ph10 263
955 ph10 289 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
956 ph10 286 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
957     runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
958     are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
959     caused the error; without that there was no problem.
960 ph10 263
961 ph10 289 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
962 ph10 286
963 ph10 289 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
964 ph10 286
965 ph10 289 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
966 ph10 288 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
967 ph10 298 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
968     later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
969     that check the return values (which was not done before).
970 ph10 292
971 ph10 291 21. Several CMake things:
972 ph10 287
973 ph10 291 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
974 ph10 292 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
975 ph10 288
976 ph10 292 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
977     linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
978 ph10 291
980 ph10 298
981     22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
982     crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
983     UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
984     this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
985     newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
986     checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
987 ph10 294 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
988 ph10 298
989     23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
990     character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
991     character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
992     allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
993     unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
994     names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
995     for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
996     class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
997     closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
998     diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
999     treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
1000     Perl does, and where it didn't before.
1002 ph10 296 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
1003     Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
1004 ph10 292
1006 ph10 260 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
1007 ph10 230 ---------------------
1009     1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
1010 ph10 231 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
1011     LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
1012     help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
1013     the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
1014 ph10 230 encountered.
1015 ph10 231
1016     2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
1017     of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
1018     Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
1019     moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
1020 ph10 230 bits.
1021 ph10 231
1022     3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
1023     but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
1024     control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
1025     facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
1026 ph10 230 start sets both bits.
1028 ph10 231 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
1029     matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
1030 ph10 230
1031 ph10 243 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
1033     6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
1034 ph10 233 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
1035 ph10 243
1036     7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
1037 ph10 254 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
1038 ph10 259 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
1039 ph10 257 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
1040 ph10 243
1041     8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
1042 ph10 236 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
1043 ph10 243
1044 ph10 239 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
1045 ph10 243 sequence off the lines that it output.
1047     10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
1048     relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
1049     using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
1050     these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
1051 ph10 240 dramatic:
1052 ph10 243
1053 ph10 240 Originally: 290
1054     After changing UCP table: 187
1055 ph10 243 After changing error message table: 43
1056 ph10 240 After changing table of "verbs" 36
1057     After changing table of Posix names 22
1058 ph10 243
1059 ph10 240 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
1060 ph10 247
1061 ph10 244 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
1062 ph10 247 unicode-properties was also set.
1064 ph10 248 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
1065 ph10 231
1066 ph10 253 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
1067     checked only for CRLF.
1068 ph10 233
1069 ph10 259 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
1071 ph10 256 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
1072 ph10 253
1073 ph10 257 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
1074 ph10 259 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
1075     entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
1076 ph10 256
1077 ph10 261 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
1078     building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
1079 ph10 257
1080 ph10 261
1081 ph10 228 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
1082 ph10 157 ---------------------
1084 ph10 189 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
1085     line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
1086     brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
1087     installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
1088     compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
1089 ph10 197
1090 ph10 189 #include "pcre.h"
1091 ph10 197
1092     I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
1093     different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
1094     by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
1096 ph10 190 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
1097     when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
1098     character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
1099     characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
1100     of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
1101     not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
1102     characters when looking for a newline.
1103 ph10 197
1104     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
1106     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
1107     in debug output.
1109 ph10 201 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
1110     long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
1111 ph10 189
1112 ph10 197 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
1113 ph10 189
1114 ph10 197 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
1115     parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
1116     limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
1117     this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
1118     expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
1119     when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
1120     immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
1121     feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
1122     string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
1123     optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
1124     checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
1125     from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
1126     explicit limit, but more stack is used.
1127 ph10 189
1128 ph10 200 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
1129     syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
1130     pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
1131     problem was solved for the main library.
1132 ph10 197
1133 ph10 202 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
1134     the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
1135     limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
1136     set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
1137     32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
1138     are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
1139     Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
1140     made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
1141     dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
1142     length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
1143     the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
1144 ph10 208
1145     10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
1146     duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
1147     functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
1148     empty string.
1150     11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
1151     instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
1152     because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
1153     terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
1154     regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
1155     cause memory overwriting.
1157 ph10 206 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
1158     string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
1159 ph10 208 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
1160 ph10 206 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
1161 ph10 208 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
1162 ph10 206 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
1163 ph10 208
1164 ph10 207 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
1165     past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
1166     set, for example "\x8aBCD".
1167 ph10 211
1168 ph10 210 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
1169     (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
1170 ph10 200
1171 ph10 211 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
1172 ph10 202
1173 ph10 212 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
1174     This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
1175     the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
1176     full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
1177     does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
1178 ph10 220
1179     16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
1180     processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
1181     backslash processing.
1183 ph10 214 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
1184 ph10 220 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
1186 ph10 215 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
1187     caused an overrun.
1188 ph10 220
1189     19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
1190     something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
1191     unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
1192     whether the group could match an empty string).
1194 ph10 217 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
1195     [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
1196 ph10 210
1197 ph10 220 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
1199     22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
1200 ph10 218 reference during compilation.
1201 ph10 220
1202     23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
1203     expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
1204 ph10 218 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
1205 ph10 220 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
1206     with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
1207 ph10 218 the compiled data. Specifically:
1208 ph10 220
1209     (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
1210     length.
1212     (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
1213 ph10 218 loops.
1214 ph10 220
1215 ph10 218 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
1216 ph10 220 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
1218 ph10 221 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
1220 ph10 219 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
1221 ph10 220 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
1222 ph10 211
1223 ph10 222 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
1224 ph10 218
1225 ph10 227 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
1226 ph10 223 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
1227 ph10 227
1228 ph10 224 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
1229 ph10 227 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
1231 ph10 226 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
1232     break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
1233     "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
1234     characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
1235 ph10 227 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
1236     the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
1237     what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
1238     of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
1239     pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
1240     there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
1241     pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
1242 ph10 222
1243 ph10 227 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
1244 ph10 223
1245 ph10 227
1246 ph10 189 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
1247     ---------------------
1249 ph10 157 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
1250     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
1251 ph10 159
1252     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
1253     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
1254 ph10 157
1255 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
1256 ph10 165
1257 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
1258     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
1259 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
1260     usable with all link sizes.
1262 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
1263     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
1264 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
1265 ph10 164 in all cases.
1266 ph10 172
1267 ph10 166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
1268 ph10 172
1269 ph10 166 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
1270     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
1271 ph10 172
1272 ph10 166 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
1273 ph10 172 to be opened parentheses.
1275     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
1276 ph10 167 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
1277 ph10 172
1278 ph10 168 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
1279 ph10 172 is not part of it.
1281 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
1282 ph10 172
1283 ph10 171 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
1284 ph10 172 reference syntax.
1285 ph10 182
1286 ph10 175 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
1287 ph10 182 alternative starts with the same number.
1288 ph10 172
1289 ph10 182 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
1291 ph10 172 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
1294     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
1295     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
1296 ph10 170 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
1297 ph10 159
1298 ph10 172 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
1299     hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
1300     phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
1301     bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
1302     alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
1303     workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
1304 ph10 182
1305 ph10 176 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
1306 ph10 172
1307 ph10 179 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
1308     The report of the bug said:
1309 ph10 182
1310 ph10 179 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
1311     pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
1312 ph10 182 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
1313 ph10 185
1314 ph10 184 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
1315 ph10 185 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
1316 ph10 172
1317 ph10 179
1318 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
1319 ph10 98 ---------------------
1321 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
1322 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
1323 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
1324     on this.
1325 ph10 111
1326     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
1327     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
1328     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
1329     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
1330     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
1331 ph10 100 alternative.
1332 ph10 111
1333 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
1334 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
1335     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
1336     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
1337     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
1338 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
1339     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
1340     .br or .in.
1341 ph10 111
1342 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
1343 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
1344 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
1345     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
1347     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
1348     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
1349 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
1350 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
1351 ph10 111
1352     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
1353     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
1354 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
1355 ph10 111
1356 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
1357 ph10 111 that is needed.
1359 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
1360     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
1361     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
1362 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
1363     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
1364 ph10 105 re-created.
1365 ph10 111
1366     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
1367 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
1368 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
1369     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
1370 ph10 107 some applications.
1371 ph10 111
1372 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
1373 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
1374     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
1375     shared library.
1377 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
1379     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
1381 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
1382     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
1384 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
1385 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
1386 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
1387 ph10 123
1388 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
1389 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
1390     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
1391     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
1392     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
1393 ph10 111 before "make dist".
1394 ph10 123
1395 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
1396     with Unicode property support.
1397 ph10 123
1398     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
1399     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
1400     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
1401 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
1402     were both the same length.
1403 ph10 123
1404     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
1405     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
1406     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
1407     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
1408 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
1409     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
1410     character.
1411 ph10 123
1412 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
1413 ph10 98
1414 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
1415     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
1416 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
1417     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
1418     relevant variables.
1420 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
1421     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
1422     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
1423     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
1424     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
1425 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
1426     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
1427     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
1428 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
1429 ph10 123
1430     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
1431 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
1432 ph10 134
1433 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
1434 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
1435     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
1436     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
1437     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
1438     and then tried again after \r\n.
1440 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
1441 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
1442     compare equal. This works on Linux.
1443 ph10 142
1444 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
1445     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
1446 ph10 142
1447 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
1448 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
1449     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
1450 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
1451     it specially.
1452 ph10 150
1453     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
1454     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
1455 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
1456 ph10 150
1457 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
1458 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
1459 ph10 152
1460 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
1461 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
1462     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
1463 ph10 111
1464 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
1465 ph10 123
1466 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
1467 ph10 152
1468 ph10 153
1469 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
1470     ---------------------
1472     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
1473     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
1475     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
1476     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
1477     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
1479     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
1480     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
1481     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
1482     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
1483     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
1485     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
1486     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
1488     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
1489     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
1490     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
1492     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
1493     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
1494     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
1495     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
1496     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
1497     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
1498     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
1499     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
1500     pcretest format) are:
1502     /(?-x: )/x
1503     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
1504     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
1505     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
1507     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
1508     is now done differently.
1510     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
1511     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
1512     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
1513     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
1514     for the FullMatch() function.
1516     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
1517     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
1518     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
1519     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
1521     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
1522     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
1523     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
1524     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
1525     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
1527     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
1528     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
1529     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
1530     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
1531     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
1532     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
1533     avoid this problem.
1535     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
1536     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
1537     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
1538     of them did).
1540     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
1541     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
1542     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
1543     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
1544     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
1545     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
1547     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
1549     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
1550     of the options.
1552     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
1553     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
1555     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
1557     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
1558     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
1559     on Linux.
1561     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
1562     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
1563     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
1564     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
1565     than about 50K.
1567     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
1568     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
1569     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
1570     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
1571     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
1572     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
1573     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
1574     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
1575     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1576     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1577     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1578     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1579     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1580     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1581     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1583     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1584     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1585     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1587     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1588     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1589     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1590     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1591     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1593     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1594     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1595     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1596     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1598     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1599     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1600     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1601     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1602     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1604     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1605     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1606     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1607     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1608     is the same as /B/I).
1610     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1611     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1612     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1613     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1614     is automatically "possessified".
1616     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1617     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1618     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1620     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1621     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1623     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1625     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1626     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1627     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1628     from 23 above.
1630     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1631     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1632     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1633     numbered groups.
1635     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1637     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1638     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1640     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1641     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1642     loop, the loop is abandoned.
1644     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1645     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1646     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1647     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1648     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1650     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1651     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1652     been removed.
1654     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1655     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1656     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1657     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1659     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1660     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1661     also .NET compatible.
1663     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1664     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1666     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1667     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1668     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1670     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1671     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1673     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1674     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1675     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1676     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1678     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1679     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1680     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1681     through the entire recursion stack.
1683     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1684     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1686     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1687     some "unreachable code" warnings.
1689     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1690     things, this adds five new scripts.
1692     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1693     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1694     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1695     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1697     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1698     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1699     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
1700     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1701     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1702     fixed.
1704     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1705     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1706     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1707     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1708     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1710     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1711     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1712     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1713     mode.
1715     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1716     report.
1718     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1719     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1721     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1722     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1723     case.
1725     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1726     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1727     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1729     45. Arranged for dftables to add
1731     #include "pcre_internal.h"
1733     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1734     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1735     dead code stripping is activated.
1737     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1738     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1739     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1742 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1743     ---------------------
1745     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1746     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1747     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1748     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1750     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1751     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1752     won't be NULL.)
1754     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1755     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1756     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1758     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1759     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1760     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1761     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1762     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1763     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1764     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1765     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1766     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1768     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1769     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1770     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1772     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1773     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1774     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1775     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1776     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1777     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1778     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1779     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1781     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1782     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1783     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1784     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1786     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1787     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1788     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1790     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1791     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1793     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1794     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1795     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1796     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1797     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1798     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1799     to 10,000.
1801     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1802     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1803     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1804     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1805     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1806     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1808     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1810     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1811     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1812     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1814     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1816     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1817     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1818     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1820     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1821     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1822     or *.
1824     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1825     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1826     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1828     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1829     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1830     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1831     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1832     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1833     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1835     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1836     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1837     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1838     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1840     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
1841     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1842     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1843     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1844     data.
1846     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1847     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1848     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1849     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1850     Unicode string.
1852     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1853     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1854     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1855     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1857     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1858     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1859     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1860     a warning about an unused variable.
1862     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1863     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1864     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1865     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1866     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1867     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1868     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1870     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1871     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1872     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1873     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1874     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1875     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1876     the future.
1878     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1879     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1880     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1881     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1883     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1884     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1886     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1887     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1889     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1890     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1891     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1892     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1893     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1894     corruption" errors.
1896     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1897     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1899     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1900     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1902     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1904     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1905     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1906     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1908     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1911 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1912     ---------------------
1914     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1915     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1917     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1918     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1920     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1921     not normally included in the compiled code.
1924 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1925     ---------------------
1927     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1928     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1929     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1930     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1932     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1934     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1935     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1936     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1938     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1939     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1940     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1942     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1943     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1944     are now no different to any other data bytes.
1946     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1947     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1948     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1949     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1951     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1952     than they should have been.
1954     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1956     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1957     accidentally printed for the final match.
1959     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1961     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1962     that were found from directory arguments.
1964     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1966     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1968     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1970     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1972     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1973     is not present by default.
1975     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1976     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1977     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1978     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1979     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1980     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1982     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1983     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1984     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1986     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1987     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1988     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1989     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1990     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1991     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1992     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
1993     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
1995     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
1996     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
1997     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
1998     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
1999     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
2000     its own bitmap.
2002     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
2003     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
2004     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
2005     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
2006     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
2007     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
2009     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
2011     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
2012     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
2014     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
2015     regular expressions".
2017     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
2018     have it.
2020     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
2021     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
2022     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
2024     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
2026     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
2028     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
2029     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
2030     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
2031     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
2033     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
2034     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
2035     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
2036     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
2038     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
2040     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
2041     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
2042     ignored.
2044     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
2045     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
2046     strings.
2048     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
2049     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
2051     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
2052     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
2053     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
2055     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
2056     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
2057     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
2059     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
2060     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
2061     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
2062     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
2063     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
2064     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
2065     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
2066     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
2067     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
2069     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
2070     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
2072     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
2073     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
2074     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
2075     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
2077     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
2078     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
2079     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
2080     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
2081     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
2082     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
2083     this functionality to the C++ interface.
2085     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
2087     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
2089     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
2091     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
2092     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
2093     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
2094     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
2095     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
2096     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
2097     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
2098     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
2099     allow for more data.
2101     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
2103     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
2104     matching that character.
2106     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
2107     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
2108     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
2109     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
2110     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
2112     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
2113     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
2114     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
2115     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
2117     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
2119     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
2120     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
2122     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
2123     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
2125     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
2126     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
2127     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
2128     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
2129     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
2130     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
2132     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
2133     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
2134     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
2135     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
2137     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
2140 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
2141     ---------------------
2143     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
2144     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
2145     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
2146     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
2148     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
2150     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
2151     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
2152     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
2153     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
2154     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
2156     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
2157     file's purpose clearer.
2159     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
2162 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
2163     ---------------------
2165     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
2167     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
2169     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
2170     tried to test it.
2172     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
2173     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
2175     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
2177     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
2178     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
2179     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
2180     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
2182     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
2183     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
2184     necessary on certain architectures.
2186     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
2187     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
2188     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
2189     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
2190     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
2191     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
2192     find a way round (a) in the future.
2195 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
2196     ---------------------
2198     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
2199     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
2200     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
2201     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
2202     led to memory overwriting.
2204     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
2206     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
2207     operating environments where this matters.
2209     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
2210     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
2212     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
2213     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
2214     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
2215     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
2216     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
2217     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
2218     previous subpatterns.
2220     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
2221     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
2224 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
2225     ---------------------
2227     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
2228     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
2230     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
2231     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
2232     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
2234     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
2235     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
2236     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
2237     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
2239     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
2240     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
2241     compile command.
2243     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
2244     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
2245     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
2246     but no suitable headers.
2248     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
2249     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
2250     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
2251     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
2253     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
2254     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
2255     wrapper.
2258 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
2259     ---------------------
2261     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
2263     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
2264     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
2265     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
2266     not imported.
2268     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
2269     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
2270     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
2271     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
2272     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
2273     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
2274     one application and matched in another.
2276     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
2277     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
2278     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
2279     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
2280     with other external names.
2282     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
2283     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
2284     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
2285     problem.
2287     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
2288     including restarting after a partial match.
2290     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
2291     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
2292     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
2294     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
2296     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
2297     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
2298     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
2300     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
2301     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
2303     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
2305     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
2306     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
2307     something similar for -w.
2309     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
2311     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
2312     than one at a time available.
2314     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
2316     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
2317     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
2318     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
2319     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
2321     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
2323     -w, --word-regex(p)
2325     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
2326     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
2327     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
2328     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
2330     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
2331     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
2332     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
2334     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
2336     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
2337     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
2338     "<stdin>" was used.
2340     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
2341     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
2343     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
2344     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
2345     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
2347     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
2348     around matches be printed.
2350     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
2351     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
2353     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
2354     continue to scan other files.
2356     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
2357     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
2358     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
2359     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
2360     previously doing.
2362     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
2363     and exclusion when recursing.
2365     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
2366     Hopefully, it now does.
2368     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
2370     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
2372     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
2373     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
2374     world, but is set differently for Windows.
2376     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
2377     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
2378     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
2379     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
2380     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
2381     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
2382     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
2383     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
2384     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
2386     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
2387     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
2388     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
2390     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
2391     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
2392     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
2393     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
2394     both the P and the s flags.
2396     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
2398     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
2400     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
2401     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
2403     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
2405     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
2406     Electric Fence happy when testing.
2410 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
2411     ---------------------
2413     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
2414     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
2415     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
2416     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
2418     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
2419     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
2420     item, and its length, respectively.
2422     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
2423     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
2424     pcretest to make use of this.
2426     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
2428     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
2429     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
2430     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
2432     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
2433     magic in relation to line terminators.
2435     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
2436     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
2438     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
2439     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
2440     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
2441     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
2442     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
2443     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
2444     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
2446     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
2447     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
2448     this hack in configure.in.
2450     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
2452     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
2453     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
2454     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
2455     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
2457     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
2458     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
2459     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
2460     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
2461     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
2462     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
2464     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
2465     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
2466     string were read.
2468     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
2469     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
2470     enough.)
2472     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
2473     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
2474     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
2475     program that might have everything at different addresses.
2477     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
2478     -R library as well as a -L library.
2480     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
2481     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
2482     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
2484     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
2485     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
2486     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
2487     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
2489     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
2490     compiled pattern.
2492     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
2493     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
2494     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
2495     read-only.
2497     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
2498     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
2499     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
2501     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
2502     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
2504     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
2506     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
2507     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
2508     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
2509     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
2510     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
2512     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
2513     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
2514     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
2515     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
2516     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
2517     usual.
2519     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
2520     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
2521     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
2523     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
2524     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
2526     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
2527     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
2528     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
2529     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
2531     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
2532     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
2533     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
2534     NULL, a crash could occur.
2536     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
2537     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
2538     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
2539     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
2540     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
2541     workstation).
2543     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
2546 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
2547     ---------------------
2549     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
2550     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
2551     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
2552     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
2553     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
2554     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
2555     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
2556     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
2557     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
2558     operating.
2560     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
2561     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
2562     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
2563     and the size of block requested is always the same.
2565     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
2566     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
2567     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
2569     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
2570     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
2571     to the output.
2573     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
2574     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
2576     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
2577     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
2578     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
2579     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
2580     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
2581     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
2582     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
2584     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
2585     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
2586     containing "overlong sequences".
2588     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
2589     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
2590     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
2591     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
2593     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
2594     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
2596     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
2597     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
2598     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
2600     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
2602     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
2603     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
2604     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
2606     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
2607     special systems:
2609     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
2610     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
2611     is defined to be empty.
2612     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
2613     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
2614     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
2616     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
2617     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
2618     went into a loop.
2620     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
2621     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
2622     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
2623     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
2624     that was OK.
2626     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
2627     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
2628     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
2630     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
2631     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
2632     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
2634     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
2635     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
2636     work.
2638     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
2639     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
2640     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
2641     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
2642     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
2645 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
2646     ---------------------
2648     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
2649     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
2650     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
2651     classes (slightly).
2653     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
2654     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
2656     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
2657     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
2659     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
2660     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
2661     explicitly with libpcre.la.
2663     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
2665     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
2667     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
2668     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
2669     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
2670     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
2671     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
2672     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
2673     I have just removed it.
2675     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
2676     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
2677     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
2679     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
2680     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
2681     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
2682     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
2683     rid of the warnings.
2685     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
2686     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
2687     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
2688     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
2690     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
2692     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
2693     to
2694     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
2696     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
2697     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
2698     if it's wrong...
2701 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
2702     ---------------------
2704     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
2705     Makefile.
2707     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
2709     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
2711     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
2712     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
2713     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
2714     reasonable.
2716     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
2717     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
2718     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
2719     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
2720     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
2721     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
2722     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
2723     strings against \d.
2725     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
2726     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
2728     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
2729     defined as "const".
2731     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
2732     Electric Fenced for debugging.
2734     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
2735     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
2736     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
2737     provoke a segmentation fault.
2739     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
2740     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
2742     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
2743     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
2744     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
2745     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
2746     back over UTF-8 characters.)
2749 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
2750     ---------------------
2752     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
2754     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
2755     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
2756     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
2757     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
2758     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
2759     and BUILD_EXEEXT
2760     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
2761     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
2762     compile-time but not at link-time
2763     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
2764     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
2765     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
2766     libraries
2767     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
2768     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
2769     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
2770     <winshared>: new target
2771     <wininstall>: new target
2772     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
2773     <dftables>: use native linker
2774     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
2775     <clean>: ditto
2776     <check>: ditto
2777     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
2779     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
2780     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
2781     in any case.
2783     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
2785     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
2786     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
2788     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
2789     a void * provoked a warning.
2791     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
2792     and a few more missing casts.
2794     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2795     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
2796     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
2798     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2799     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
2800     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
2803 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
2804     ---------------------
2805 nigel 63
2806 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
2807     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
2808     required to support.
2810     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
2811     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
2813     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
2814     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
2815     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
2816     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
2817     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
2819     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
2820     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
2821     linking step for the pcreposix library.
2823     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
2824     name.
2826     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
2827     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
2828     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
2829     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
2830     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
2831     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
2832     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
2834     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
2835     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
2836     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
2837     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
2838     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
2839     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
2840     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
2843     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
2844     ---------------------
2846 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
2847     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
2848     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
2850     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2852     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2853     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2854     from a single perltest script.
2856     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2857     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2858     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2859     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2861     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2862     space and tab.
2864     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2865     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2867     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2868     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2869     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2870     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2871     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2872     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2874     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2875     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2876     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2877     interpolation. Note the following examples:
2879     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
2881     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2882     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
2883     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
2885     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2886     classes as well as outside them.
2888     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2889     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2890     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2891     signed/unsigned warnings.
2893     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2894     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2895     that job.
2897     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2898     "pcregrep -".
2900     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2901     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2902     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2903     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2904     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2905     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2906     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2908     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2909     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2910     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2911     was abstracted outside.
2913     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2914     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2915     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2916     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2917     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2918     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2920     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2921     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2922     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2923     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2925     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2926     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2927     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2928     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2930     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2931     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2932     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2933     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2934     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2935     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2936     future.
2938     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2939     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2941     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2942     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2944     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2945     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2947     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2948     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2950     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2951     outside the source tree.
2953     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2954     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2955     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2957     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2958     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2959     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2960     strange effects.
2962     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2963     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2964     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2965     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2966     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2967     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2968     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2970     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2971     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2972     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2973     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2975     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2977     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2978     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2979     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2980     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2981     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2982     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2983     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2984     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2985     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2986     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2987     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2988     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2989     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2990     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2992     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
2993     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
2994     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
2995     to vary what happens:
2997     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
2998     \C- do not supply a callout function
2999     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
3000     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
3002     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
3003     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
3005     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
3006     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
3007     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
3008     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
3009     when configuring.
3011     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
3012     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
3013     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
3014     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
3015     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
3016     debugging information about compiled patterns.
3018     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
3020     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
3021     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
3022     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
3023     separate copies.
3025     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
3026     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
3028     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
3029     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
3030     definition of the opcodes.
3032     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
3033     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
3035     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
3036     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
3037     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
3039     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
3040     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
3041     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
3042     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
3043     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
3044     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
3046     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
3047     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
3048     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
3050     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
3051     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
3052     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
3053     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
3055     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
3056     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
3057     means that the same test output works with both.
3059     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
3060     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
3062     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
3063     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
3064     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
3065     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
3066     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
3067     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
3068     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
3070     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
3071     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
3072     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
3073     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
3074     way).
3076     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
3077     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
3078     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
3079     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
3081     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
3082     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
3083     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
3084     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
3085     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
3086     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
3087     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
3089     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
3090     to set a default value for the compiled library.
3092     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
3093     a different value is set. See 45 below.
3095     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
3097     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
3098     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
3099     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
3100     The current list of available information is:
3104     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
3105     otherwise it is set to zero.
3109     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
3110     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
3114     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
3115     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
3119     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
3120     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
3124     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
3125     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
3127     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
3128     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
3129     output it. The program then exits immediately.
3131     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
3132     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
3133     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
3134     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
3135     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
3136     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
3138     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
3139     contains the following fields:
3141     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
3142     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
3143     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
3144     call to pcre_exec()
3145     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
3147     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
3153     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
3154     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
3155     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
3156     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
3157     change to existing code.
3159     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
3160     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
3161     block.
3163     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
3164     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
3165     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
3166     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
3167     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
3168     gets very large very quickly.
3170     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
3171     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
3172     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
3173     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
3174     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
3175     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
3176     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
3178     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
3179     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
3180     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
3181     components.)
3183     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
3185     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
3187     0 => success, carry on matching
3188     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
3189     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
3191     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
3192     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
3193     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
3194     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
3196     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
3197     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
3198     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
3199     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
3200     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
3201     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
3202     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
3204     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
3206     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
3207     callout_data, it returns that value.
3209     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
3210     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
3211     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
3213     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
3214     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
3215     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
3216     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
3217     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
3218     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
3220     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
3221     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
3222     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
3223     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
3225     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
3226     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
3227     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
3229     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
3230     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
3232     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
3233     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
3234     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
3235     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
3236     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
3238     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
3239     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
3241     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
3242     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
3244     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
3245     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
3246     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
3247     value.)
3249     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
3250     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
3251     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
3252     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
3254     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
3256     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
3257     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
3258     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
3259     are faulted.
3261     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
3262     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
3263     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
3264     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
3265     you will need to set these values.
3267     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
3270     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
3271 nigel 61 ---------------------
3273     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
3275     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
3276     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
3277     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
3280 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
3281     ---------------------
3283     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
3284     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
3287 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
3288     ---------------------
3290     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
3291     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
3292     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
3294 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
3295     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
3296     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
3297     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
3298 nigel 57
3299 nigel 59
3300 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
3301     ---------------------
3303     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
3304     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
3306     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
3307     the latest autoconf.
3310 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
3311     ---------------------
3312 nigel 5
3313 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
3314     had been forgotten.
3316     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
3317     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
3318     private.
3320     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
3321     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
3322     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
3323     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
3324     file.
3326     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
3327     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
3328     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
3329     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
3331     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
3332     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
3333     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
3334     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
3335     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
3337     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
3338     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
3340     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
3341     the source directory.
3343     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
3344     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
3345     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
3347     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
3348     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
3349     in several of the .c files.
3351     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
3352     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
3353     by using separate calls to printf().
3355     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
3356     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
3357     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
3359     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
3360     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
3361     likewise updated the man page.
3363     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
3364     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
3367 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
3368     ---------------------
3370     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
3372     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
3375 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
3376     ---------------------
3378     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
3379     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
3380     lead to crashes in some systems.
3382     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
3383     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
3385     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
3386     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
3387     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
3388     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
3390     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
3391     the Makefile.
3393     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
3394     Makefile.
3396     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
3397     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
3399     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
3401     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
3402     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
3403     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
3404     out for the ar command.)
3407 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
3408     ---------------------
3410     This is purely a bug fixing release.
3412     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
3413     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
3414     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
3415     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
3416     correctly.
3418     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
3419     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
3420     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
3421     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
3423     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
3424     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
3425     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
3427     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
3428     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
3430     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
3431     to
3432     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
3434     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
3436     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
3437     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
3438     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
3439     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
3441     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
3442     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
3443     faster code anyway.
3446 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
3447     ---------------------
3449     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
3450     the "install" target:
3452     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
3454     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
3457 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
3458     ---------------------
3459 nigel 41
3460     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
3461     pcretest).
3463     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
3465     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
3466     matches null strings.
3468     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
3469     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
3470     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
3471     effect.
3473     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
3474     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
3475     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
3476     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
3478 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
3479     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
3480     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
3481     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
3482     default.
3483 nigel 41
3484 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
3485     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
3486     less than 10.
3488     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
3489     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
3490     modification.
3492     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
3493     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
3494     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
3496     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
3497     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
3499     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
3500     adopting.
3503 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
3504     ----------------------
3506     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
3507     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
3508     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
3510     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
3511     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
3512     of the subject.
3514     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
3515     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
3517     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
3518     in GnuWin32 environments.
3521 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
3522     ----------------------
3524     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
3525     the form of man page sources.
3527     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
3528     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
3529     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
3531     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
3532     should be (const char *).
3534     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
3535     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
3536     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
3537     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
3539     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
3540     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
3542     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
3544     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
3545     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
3547     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
3548     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
3549     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
3550     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
3551     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
3552     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
3553     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
3554     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
3556     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
3557     other alternatives are tried instead.
3560 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
3561     ----------------------
3563     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
3564     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
3565     64-bit systems.
3567     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
3568     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
3569     occurrences in a string.
3571     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
3573     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
3574     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
3575     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
3577     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
3578     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
3579     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
3580     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
3583 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
3584     ----------------------
3586     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
3587     properly on 16-bit systems.
3589     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
3590     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
3591     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
3592     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
3593     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
3594     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
3597 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
3598     ----------------------
3600     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
3601     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
3602     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
3603     problem.
3605     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
3606     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
3608     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
3609     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
3610     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
3611     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
3614 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
3615     ----------------------
3617     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
3619 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
3620     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
3621 nigel 29
3622     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
3623     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
3624     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
3625     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
3627     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
3628     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
3631 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
3632     ----------------------
3634     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
3635     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
3637     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
3638     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
3639     fix the problem.
3641     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
3642     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
3643     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
3644     times.
3646     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
3648     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
3649     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
3652 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
3653     ----------------------
3655     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
3656     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
3657     is passed, the default tables are used.
3660 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
3661 nigel 21 ----------------------
3663 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
3664     it any more.
3666     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
3668     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
3670     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
3671     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
3672     very end of the subject.
3674     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
3676     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
3677     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
3678     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
3680     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
3682     $(?<= positive lookbehind
3683     $(?<! negative lookbehind
3684     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
3685     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
3686     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
3687     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
3689     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
3690     captured string.
3692     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
3693     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
3695     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
3696     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
3697     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
3699     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
3701     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
3702     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
3703     have now been fixed.
3706     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
3707     ----------------------