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Revision 550 - (hide annotations) (download)
Sun Oct 10 16:24:11 2010 UTC (3 years, 11 months ago) by ph10
File size: 190018 byte(s)
Fix problem with (*THEN) not backing up far enough.

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
3    
4 ph10 550 Version 8.11 10-Oct-2010
5     ------------------------
6    
7     1. (*THEN) was not working properly if there were untried alternatives prior
8     to it in the current branch. For example, in ((a|b)(*THEN)(*F)|c..) it
9     backtracked to try for "b" instead of moving to the next alternative branch
10     at the same level (in this case, to look for "c"). The Perl documentation
11     is clear that when (*THEN) is backtracked onto, it goes to the "next
12     alternative in the innermost enclosing group".
13    
14    
15 ph10 548 Version 8.10 25-Jun-2010
16 ph10 510 ------------------------
17    
18 ph10 512 1. Added support for (*MARK:ARG) and for ARG additions to PRUNE, SKIP, and
19 ph10 510 THEN.
20    
21 ph10 512 2. (*ACCEPT) was not working when inside an atomic group.
22 ph10 510
23 ph10 535 3. Inside a character class, \B is treated as a literal by default, but
24     faulted if PCRE_EXTRA is set. This mimics Perl's behaviour (the -w option
25 ph10 513 causes the error). The code is unchanged, but I tidied the documentation.
26 ph10 535
27     4. Inside a character class, PCRE always treated \R and \X as literals,
28 ph10 513 whereas Perl faults them if its -w option is set. I have changed PCRE so
29     that it faults them when PCRE_EXTRA is set.
30 ph10 535
31 ph10 514 5. Added support for \N, which always matches any character other than
32     newline. (It is the same as "." when PCRE_DOTALL is not set.)
33 ph10 535
34 ph10 515 6. When compiling pcregrep with newer versions of gcc which may have
35 ph10 535 FORTIFY_SOURCE set, several warnings "ignoring return value of 'fwrite',
36 ph10 515 declared with attribute warn_unused_result" were given. Just casting the
37 ph10 535 result to (void) does not stop the warnings; a more elaborate fudge is
38     needed. I've used a macro to implement this.
39 ph10 512
40 ph10 535 7. Minor change to pcretest.c to avoid a compiler warning.
41    
42 ph10 517 8. Added four artifical Unicode properties to help with an option to make
43 ph10 518 \s etc use properties (see next item). The new properties are: Xan
44     (alphanumeric), Xsp (Perl space), Xps (POSIX space), and Xwd (word).
45 ph10 535
46 ph10 518 9. Added PCRE_UCP to make \b, \d, \s, \w, and certain POSIX character classes
47 ph10 535 use Unicode properties. (*UCP) at the start of a pattern can be used to set
48 ph10 518 this option. Modified pcretest to add /W to test this facility. Added
49     REG_UCP to make it available via the POSIX interface.
50 ph10 513
51 ph10 535 10. Added --line-buffered to pcregrep.
52    
53     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a pattern that was compiled with PCRE_CASELESS was
54     studied, and the match started with a letter with a code point greater than
55 ph10 520 127 whose first byte was different to the first byte of the other case of
56 ph10 545 the letter, the other case of this starting letter was not recognized
57 ph10 536 (#976).
58 ph10 535
59 ph10 536 12. If a pattern that was studied started with a repeated Unicode property
60 ph10 523 test, for example, \p{Nd}+, there was the theoretical possibility of
61 ph10 535 setting up an incorrect bitmap of starting bytes, but fortunately it could
62     not have actually happened in practice until change 8 above was made (it
63 ph10 523 added property types that matched character-matching opcodes).
64 ph10 535
65 ph10 536 13. pcre_study() now recognizes \h, \v, and \R when constructing a bit map of
66 ph10 535 possible starting bytes for non-anchored patterns.
67    
68 ph10 536 14. Extended the "auto-possessify" feature of pcre_compile(). It now recognizes
69 ph10 535 \R, and also a number of cases that involve Unicode properties, both
70 ph10 532 explicit and implicit when PCRE_UCP is set.
71 ph10 529
72 ph10 536 15. If a repeated Unicode property match (e.g. \p{Lu}*) was used with non-UTF-8
73 ph10 535 input, it could crash or give wrong results if characters with values
74     greater than 0xc0 were present in the subject string. (Detail: it assumed
75 ph10 529 UTF-8 input when processing these items.)
76 ph10 535
77 ph10 536 16. Added a lot of (int) casts to avoid compiler warnings in systems where
78     size_t is 64-bit (#991).
79 ph10 535
80 ph10 536 17. Added a check for running out of memory when PCRE is compiled with
81     --disable-stack-for-recursion (#990).
82 ph10 545
83 ph10 537 18. If the last data line in a file for pcretest does not have a newline on
84 ph10 545 the end, a newline was missing in the output.
85    
86     19. The default pcre_chartables.c file recognizes only ASCII characters (values
87     less than 128) in its various bitmaps. However, there is a facility for
88     generating tables according to the current locale when PCRE is compiled. It
89     turns out that in some environments, 0x85 and 0xa0, which are Unicode space
90     characters, are recognized by isspace() and therefore were getting set in
91 ph10 541 these tables, and indeed these tables seem to approximate to ISO 8859. This
92     caused a problem in UTF-8 mode when pcre_study() was used to create a list
93     of bytes that can start a match. For \s, it was including 0x85 and 0xa0,
94     which of course cannot start UTF-8 characters. I have changed the code so
95     that only real ASCII characters (less than 128) and the correct starting
96 ph10 545 bytes for UTF-8 encodings are set for characters greater than 127 when in
97 ph10 541 UTF-8 mode. (When PCRE_UCP is set - see 9 above - the code is different
98     altogether.)
99 ph10 545
100 ph10 541 20. Added the /T option to pcretest so as to be able to run tests with non-
101     standard character tables, thus making it possible to include the tests
102 ph10 545 used for 19 above in the standard set of tests.
103    
104     21. A pattern such as (?&t)(?#()(?(DEFINE)(?<t>a)) which has a forward
105     reference to a subpattern the other side of a comment that contains an
106     opening parenthesis caused either an internal compiling error, or a
107 ph10 544 reference to the wrong subpattern.
108 ph10 517
109 ph10 520
110 ph10 508 Version 8.02 19-Mar-2010
111 ph10 491 ------------------------
112    
113     1. The Unicode data tables have been updated to Unicode 5.2.0.
114    
115 ph10 492 2. Added the option --libs-cpp to pcre-config, but only when C++ support is
116     configured.
117 ph10 507
118 ph10 493 3. Updated the licensing terms in the pcregexp.pas file, as agreed with the
119 ph10 507 original author of that file, following a query about its status.
120    
121     4. On systems that do not have stdint.h (e.g. Solaris), check for and include
122 ph10 494 inttypes.h instead. This fixes a bug that was introduced by change 8.01/8.
123 ph10 507
124 ph10 496 5. A pattern such as (?&t)*+(?(DEFINE)(?<t>.)) which has a possessive
125     quantifier applied to a forward-referencing subroutine call, could compile
126     incorrect code or give the error "internal error: previously-checked
127     referenced subpattern not found".
128 ph10 507
129     6. Both MS Visual Studio and Symbian OS have problems with initializing
130 ph10 497 variables to point to external functions. For these systems, therefore,
131     pcre_malloc etc. are now initialized to local functions that call the
132     relevant global functions.
133 ph10 507
134 ph10 498 7. There were two entries missing in the vectors called coptable and poptable
135     in pcre_dfa_exec.c. This could lead to memory accesses outsize the vectors.
136 ph10 507 I've fixed the data, and added a kludgy way of testing at compile time that
137     the lengths are correct (equal to the number of opcodes).
138    
139     8. Following on from 7, I added a similar kludge to check the length of the
140     eint vector in pcreposix.c.
141    
142     9. Error texts for pcre_compile() are held as one long string to avoid too
143     much relocation at load time. To find a text, the string is searched,
144 ph10 499 counting zeros. There was no check for running off the end of the string,
145     which could happen if a new error number was added without updating the
146 ph10 507 string.
147    
148     10. \K gave a compile-time error if it appeared in a lookbehind assersion.
149    
150 ph10 500 11. \K was not working if it appeared in an atomic group or in a group that
151 ph10 507 was called as a "subroutine", or in an assertion. Perl 5.11 documents that
152     \K is "not well defined" if used in an assertion. PCRE now accepts it if
153     the assertion is positive, but not if it is negative.
154    
155 ph10 501 12. Change 11 fortuitously reduced the size of the stack frame used in the
156 ph10 507 "match()" function of pcre_exec.c by one pointer. Forthcoming
157     implementation of support for (*MARK) will need an extra pointer on the
158 ph10 501 stack; I have reserved it now, so that the stack frame size does not
159     decrease.
160 ph10 507
161     13. A pattern such as (?P<L1>(?P<L2>0)|(?P>L2)(?P>L1)) in which the only other
162     item in branch that calls a recursion is a subroutine call - as in the
163 ph10 503 second branch in the above example - was incorrectly given the compile-
164     time error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" because pcre_compile()
165 ph10 507 was not correctly checking the subroutine for matching a non-empty string.
166    
167 ph10 505 14. The checks for overrunning compiling workspace could trigger after an
168 ph10 507 overrun had occurred. This is a "should never occur" error, but it can be
169 ph10 505 triggered by pathological patterns such as hundreds of nested parentheses.
170 ph10 507 The checks now trigger 100 bytes before the end of the workspace.
171 ph10 491
172 ph10 507 15. Fix typo in configure.ac: "srtoq" should be "strtoq".
173 ph10 492
174 ph10 507
175 ph10 489 Version 8.01 19-Jan-2010
176     ------------------------
177 ph10 471
178     1. If a pattern contained a conditional subpattern with only one branch (in
179 ph10 489 particular, this includes all (*DEFINE) patterns), a call to pcre_study()
180 ph10 473 computed the wrong minimum data length (which is of course zero for such
181 ph10 489 subpatterns). This could cause incorrect "no match" results.
182 ph10 473
183     2. For patterns such as (?i)a(?-i)b|c where an option setting at the start of
184 ph10 472 the pattern is reset in the first branch, pcre_compile() failed with
185     "internal error: code overflow at offset...". This happened only when
186 ph10 473 the reset was to the original external option setting. (An optimization
187     abstracts leading options settings into an external setting, which was the
188 ph10 472 cause of this.)
189 ph10 471
190 ph10 473 3. A pattern such as ^(?!a(*SKIP)b) where a negative assertion contained one
191     of the verbs SKIP, PRUNE, or COMMIT, did not work correctly. When the
192     assertion pattern did not match (meaning that the assertion was true), it
193     was incorrectly treated as false if the SKIP had been reached during the
194     matching. This also applied to assertions used as conditions.
195 ph10 471
196 ph10 473 4. If an item that is not supported by pcre_dfa_exec() was encountered in an
197     assertion subpattern, including such a pattern used as a condition,
198     unpredictable results occurred, instead of the error return
199     PCRE_ERROR_DFA_UITEM.
200 ph10 478
201 ph10 474 5. The C++ GlobalReplace function was not working like Perl for the special
202     situation when an empty string is matched. It now does the fancy magic
203 ph10 478 stuff that is necessary.
204    
205     6. In pcre_internal.h, obsolete includes to setjmp.h and stdarg.h have been
206 ph10 475 removed. (These were left over from very, very early versions of PCRE.)
207 ph10 478
208 ph10 475 7. Some cosmetic changes to the code to make life easier when compiling it
209     as part of something else:
210 ph10 478
211     (a) Change DEBUG to PCRE_DEBUG.
212    
213     (b) In pcre_compile(), rename the member of the "branch_chain" structure
214     called "current" as "current_branch", to prevent a collision with the
215 ph10 475 Linux macro when compiled as a kernel module.
216 ph10 478
217     (c) In pcre_study(), rename the function set_bit() as set_table_bit(), to
218     prevent a collision with the Linux macro when compiled as a kernel
219 ph10 475 module.
220 ph10 478
221 ph10 475 8. In pcre_compile() there are some checks for integer overflows that used to
222     cast potentially large values to (double). This has been changed to that
223 ph10 478 when building, a check for int64_t is made, and if it is found, it is used
224     instead, thus avoiding the use of floating point arithmetic. (There is no
225     other use of FP in PCRE.) If int64_t is not found, the fallback is to
226     double.
227    
228     9. Added two casts to avoid signed/unsigned warnings from VS Studio Express
229 ph10 476 2005 (difference between two addresses compared to an unsigned value).
230 ph10 473
231 ph10 478 10. Change the standard AC_CHECK_LIB test for libbz2 in configure.ac to a
232     custom one, because of the following reported problem in Windows:
233 ph10 473
234 ph10 478 - libbz2 uses the Pascal calling convention (WINAPI) for the functions
235 ph10 489 under Win32.
236 ph10 478 - The standard autoconf AC_CHECK_LIB fails to include "bzlib.h",
237 ph10 489 therefore missing the function definition.
238 ph10 478 - The compiler thus generates a "C" signature for the test function.
239     - The linker fails to find the "C" function.
240     - PCRE fails to configure if asked to do so against libbz2.
241 ph10 486
242 ph10 479 11. When running libtoolize from libtool-2.2.6b as part of autogen.sh, these
243     messages were output:
244 ph10 478
245 ph10 479 Consider adding `AC_CONFIG_MACRO_DIR([m4])' to configure.ac and
246     rerunning libtoolize, to keep the correct libtool macros in-tree.
247     Consider adding `-I m4' to ACLOCAL_AMFLAGS in Makefile.am.
248 ph10 486
249 ph10 479 I have done both of these things.
250 ph10 486
251 ph10 480 12. Although pcre_dfa_exec() does not use nearly as much stack as pcre_exec()
252 ph10 486 most of the time, it *can* run out if it is given a pattern that contains a
253     runaway infinite recursion. I updated the discussion in the pcrestack man
254     page.
255    
256     13. Now that we have gone to the x.xx style of version numbers, the minor
257     version may start with zero. Using 08 or 09 is a bad idea because users
258     might check the value of PCRE_MINOR in their code, and 08 or 09 may be
259     interpreted as invalid octal numbers. I've updated the previous comment in
260     configure.ac, and also added a check that gives an error if 08 or 09 are
261 ph10 481 used.
262 ph10 486
263 ph10 482 14. Change 8.00/11 was not quite complete: code had been accidentally omitted,
264 ph10 483 causing partial matching to fail when the end of the subject matched \W
265     in a UTF-8 pattern where \W was quantified with a minimum of 3.
266 ph10 486
267 ph10 483 15. There were some discrepancies between the declarations in pcre_internal.h
268 ph10 486 of _pcre_is_newline(), _pcre_was_newline(), and _pcre_valid_utf8() and
269 ph10 483 their definitions. The declarations used "const uschar *" and the
270     definitions used USPTR. Even though USPTR is normally defined as "const
271     unsigned char *" (and uschar is typedeffed as "unsigned char"), it was
272     reported that: "This difference in casting confuses some C++ compilers, for
273     example, SunCC recognizes above declarations as different functions and
274 ph10 486 generates broken code for hbpcre." I have changed the declarations to use
275 ph10 483 USPTR.
276 ph10 486
277     16. GNU libtool is named differently on some systems. The autogen.sh script now
278 ph10 484 tries several variants such as glibtoolize (MacOSX) and libtoolize1x
279     (FreeBSD).
280 ph10 478
281 ph10 486 17. Applied Craig's patch that fixes an HP aCC compile error in pcre 8.00
282     (strtoXX undefined when compiling pcrecpp.cc). The patch contains this
283     comment: "Figure out how to create a longlong from a string: strtoll and
284     equivalent. It's not enough to call AC_CHECK_FUNCS: hpux has a strtoll, for
285     instance, but it only takes 2 args instead of 3!"
286 ph10 479
287 ph10 488 18. A subtle bug concerned with back references has been fixed by a change of
288     specification, with a corresponding code fix. A pattern such as
289     ^(xa|=?\1a)+$ which contains a back reference inside the group to which it
290     refers, was giving matches when it shouldn't. For example, xa=xaaa would
291     match that pattern. Interestingly, Perl (at least up to 5.11.3) has the
292     same bug. Such groups have to be quantified to be useful, or contained
293     inside another quantified group. (If there's no repetition, the reference
294     can never match.) The problem arises because, having left the group and
295     moved on to the rest of the pattern, a later failure that backtracks into
296     the group uses the captured value from the final iteration of the group
297     rather than the correct earlier one. I have fixed this in PCRE by forcing
298     any group that contains a reference to itself to be an atomic group; that
299     is, there cannot be any backtracking into it once it has completed. This is
300     similar to recursive and subroutine calls.
301 ph10 486
302 ph10 488
303 ph10 469 Version 8.00 19-Oct-09
304 ph10 418 ----------------------
305    
306     1. The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
307 ph10 461 was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
308     being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
309 ph10 418 error.
310 ph10 461
311     2. Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
312     "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
313     in a Windows environment.
314    
315 ph10 420 3. The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
316     zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
317     --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
318     counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
319 ph10 461 prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
320     more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
321 ph10 420 combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
322 ph10 461
323     4. The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
324     --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
325     but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
326     the old behaviour.
327    
328     5. The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
329 ph10 422 recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
330 ph10 461 (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
331 ph10 422 which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
332 ph10 461
333     6. No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
334 ph10 423 libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
335 ph10 461
336 ph10 425 7. Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
337 ph10 461 when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
338 ph10 425 generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
339     is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
340     unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
341     program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
342 ph10 461
343 ph10 426 8. A pattern such as /\x{123}{2,2}+/8 was incorrectly compiled; the trigger
344 ph10 461 was a minimum greater than 1 for a wide character in a possessive
345 ph10 431 repetition. The same bug could also affect patterns like /(\x{ff}{0,2})*/8
346     which had an unlimited repeat of a nested, fixed maximum repeat of a wide
347     character. Chaos in the form of incorrect output or a compiling loop could
348     result.
349 ph10 461
350 ph10 426 9. The restrictions on what a pattern can contain when partial matching is
351 ph10 461 requested for pcre_exec() have been removed. All patterns can now be
352 ph10 426 partially matched by this function. In addition, if there are at least two
353 ph10 435 slots in the offset vector, the offset of the earliest inspected character
354     for the match and the offset of the end of the subject are set in them when
355 ph10 461 PCRE_ERROR_PARTIAL is returned.
356    
357 ph10 428 10. Partial matching has been split into two forms: PCRE_PARTIAL_SOFT, which is
358     synonymous with PCRE_PARTIAL, for backwards compatibility, and
359     PCRE_PARTIAL_HARD, which causes a partial match to supersede a full match,
360 ph10 462 and may be more useful for multi-segment matching.
361 ph10 461
362     11. Partial matching with pcre_exec() is now more intuitive. A partial match
363     used to be given if ever the end of the subject was reached; now it is
364     given only if matching could not proceed because another character was
365     needed. This makes a difference in some odd cases such as Z(*FAIL) with the
366     string "Z", which now yields "no match" instead of "partial match". In the
367     case of pcre_dfa_exec(), "no match" is given if every matching path for the
368     final character ended with (*FAIL).
369    
370 ph10 428 12. Restarting a match using pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match did not work
371 ph10 461 if the pattern had a "must contain" character that was already found in the
372 ph10 428 earlier partial match, unless partial matching was again requested. For
373     example, with the pattern /dog.(body)?/, the "must contain" character is
374     "g". If the first part-match was for the string "dog", restarting with
375 ph10 435 "sbody" failed. This bug has been fixed.
376 ph10 461
377     13. The string returned by pcre_dfa_exec() after a partial match has been
378     changed so that it starts at the first inspected character rather than the
379     first character of the match. This makes a difference only if the pattern
380     starts with a lookbehind assertion or \b or \B (\K is not supported by
381     pcre_dfa_exec()). It's an incompatible change, but it makes the two
382 ph10 435 matching functions compatible, and I think it's the right thing to do.
383 ph10 461
384 ph10 435 14. Added a pcredemo man page, created automatically from the pcredemo.c file,
385 ph10 461 so that the demonstration program is easily available in environments where
386     PCRE has not been installed from source.
387    
388 ph10 435 15. Arranged to add -DPCRE_STATIC to cflags in libpcre.pc, libpcreposix.cp,
389 ph10 430 libpcrecpp.pc and pcre-config when PCRE is not compiled as a shared
390     library.
391 ph10 461
392 ph10 435 16. Added REG_UNGREEDY to the pcreposix interface, at the request of a user.
393 ph10 432 It maps to PCRE_UNGREEDY. It is not, of course, POSIX-compatible, but it
394 ph10 461 is not the first non-POSIX option to be added. Clearly some people find
395 ph10 433 these options useful.
396 ph10 461
397     17. If a caller to the POSIX matching function regexec() passes a non-zero
398 ph10 438 value for nmatch with a NULL value for pmatch, the value of
399 ph10 461 nmatch is forced to zero.
400    
401 ph10 437 18. RunGrepTest did not have a test for the availability of the -u option of
402 ph10 461 the diff command, as RunTest does. It now checks in the same way as
403 ph10 437 RunTest, and also checks for the -b option.
404 ph10 461
405 ph10 438 19. If an odd number of negated classes containing just a single character
406     interposed, within parentheses, between a forward reference to a named
407 ph10 461 subpattern and the definition of the subpattern, compilation crashed with
408     an internal error, complaining that it could not find the referenced
409 ph10 438 subpattern. An example of a crashing pattern is /(?&A)(([^m])(?<A>))/.
410 ph10 461 [The bug was that it was starting one character too far in when skipping
411     over the character class, thus treating the ] as data rather than
412     terminating the class. This meant it could skip too much.]
413    
414 ph10 442 20. Added PCRE_NOTEMPTY_ATSTART in order to be able to correctly implement the
415 ph10 461 /g option in pcretest when the pattern contains \K, which makes it possible
416 ph10 442 to have an empty string match not at the start, even when the pattern is
417 ph10 461 anchored. Updated pcretest and pcredemo to use this option.
418    
419 ph10 446 21. If the maximum number of capturing subpatterns in a recursion was greater
420 ph10 461 than the maximum at the outer level, the higher number was returned, but
421     with unset values at the outer level. The correct (outer level) value is
422 ph10 446 now given.
423 ph10 461
424 ph10 447 22. If (*ACCEPT) appeared inside capturing parentheses, previous releases of
425     PCRE did not set those parentheses (unlike Perl). I have now found a way to
426     make it do so. The string so far is captured, making this feature
427     compatible with Perl.
428 ph10 461
429     23. The tests have been re-organized, adding tests 11 and 12, to make it
430 ph10 448 possible to check the Perl 5.10 features against Perl 5.10.
431 ph10 461
432 ph10 454 24. Perl 5.10 allows subroutine calls in lookbehinds, as long as the subroutine
433 ph10 461 pattern matches a fixed length string. PCRE did not allow this; now it
434     does. Neither allows recursion.
435    
436     25. I finally figured out how to implement a request to provide the minimum
437     length of subject string that was needed in order to match a given pattern.
438     (It was back references and recursion that I had previously got hung up
439     on.) This code has now been added to pcre_study(); it finds a lower bound
440 ph10 455 to the length of subject needed. It is not necessarily the greatest lower
441     bound, but using it to avoid searching strings that are too short does give
442     some useful speed-ups. The value is available to calling programs via
443     pcre_fullinfo().
444 ph10 461
445 ph10 455 26. While implementing 25, I discovered to my embarrassment that pcretest had
446     not been passing the result of pcre_study() to pcre_dfa_exec(), so the
447     study optimizations had never been tested with that matching function.
448     Oops. What is worse, even when it was passed study data, there was a bug in
449     pcre_dfa_exec() that meant it never actually used it. Double oops. There
450     were also very few tests of studied patterns with pcre_dfa_exec().
451 ph10 461
452 ph10 457 27. If (?| is used to create subpatterns with duplicate numbers, they are now
453     allowed to have the same name, even if PCRE_DUPNAMES is not set. However,
454     on the other side of the coin, they are no longer allowed to have different
455     names, because these cannot be distinguished in PCRE, and this has caused
456     confusion. (This is a difference from Perl.)
457 ph10 461
458     28. When duplicate subpattern names are present (necessarily with different
459     numbers, as required by 27 above), and a test is made by name in a
460     conditional pattern, either for a subpattern having been matched, or for
461     recursion in such a pattern, all the associated numbered subpatterns are
462 ph10 459 tested, and the overall condition is true if the condition is true for any
463     one of them. This is the way Perl works, and is also more like the way
464     testing by number works.
465 ph10 418
466 ph10 461
467 ph10 412 Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
468 ph10 376 ---------------------
469    
470 ph10 392 1. When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
471 ph10 376 (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
472     libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
473     libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
474 ph10 392 has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
475 ph10 376 pcretest is linked with readline.
476 ph10 392
477 ph10 376 2. The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
478     "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
479     moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
480     but BOOL is not.
481 ph10 392
482     3. The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
483 ph10 409 PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
484 ph10 392
485 ph10 376 4. The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
486     hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
487 ph10 392 lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
488 ph10 376 wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
489 ph10 392
490 ph10 378 5. In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
491     was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
492     the same.
493 ph10 392
494 ph10 378 6. When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
495 ph10 392 each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
496     of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
497    
498     7. A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
499     doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
500 ph10 379 locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
501     seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
502 ph10 392
503 ph10 380 8. The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
504 ph10 392 start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
505     correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
506     in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
507    
508 ph10 405 9. If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
509 ph10 399 condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
510     pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
511 ph10 392
512     10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
513     used for matching.
514    
515     11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
516 ph10 385 characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
517 ph10 388
518 ph10 392 12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
519    
520 ph10 388 14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
521 ph10 389
522     15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
523 ph10 390
524 ph10 392 16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
525 ph10 390 wrapper.
526 ph10 392
527 ph10 391 17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
528 ph10 392 from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
529 ph10 391 string constants.
530 ph10 405
531 ph10 393 18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
532     SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
533 ph10 405 SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
534     these, but not everybody uses configure.
535    
536     19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
537     recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
538     enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
539     (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
540     with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
541 ph10 396 nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
542 ph10 405
543 ph10 397 20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
544 ph10 405 exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
545    
546     21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
547     leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
548     is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
549     vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
550     when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
551 ph10 400 error, in fact).
552 ph10 405
553 ph10 402 22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
554 ph10 405 heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
555     problem, but was untidy.
556 ph10 376
557 ph10 405 23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
558     CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
559     included within another project.
560 ph10 411
561 ph10 407 24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
562     slightly modified by me:
563 ph10 411
564     (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
565     not building pcregrep.
566    
567 ph10 407 (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
568 ph10 411 if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
569    
570 ph10 408 25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
571     duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
572     because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
573     taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
574     ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
575 ph10 411
576     26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
577     the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
578 ph10 416
579 ph10 411 27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
580 ph10 416 pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
581     pre-defined.
582 ph10 392
583 ph10 416 28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
584    
585 ph10 413 29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
586     in the configuration summary.
587 ph10 405
588 ph10 411
589 ph10 374 Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
590 ph10 349 ---------------------
591    
592     1. Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
593     Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
594 ph10 351 stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
595     to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
596     distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
597     the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
598 ph10 349
599 ph10 351 2. Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
600     scripts.
601 ph10 358
602 ph10 353 3. Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
603     a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
604 ph10 358 or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
605    
606     4. Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
607 ph10 354 references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
608 ph10 358 It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
609    
610 ph10 355 5. In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
611     a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
612     non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
613 ph10 358 truncation.
614 ph10 349
615 ph10 358 6. Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
616    
617 ph10 357 7. Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
618     pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
619 ph10 371
620     8. Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
621     test 2 if it fails.
622    
623 ph10 359 9. Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
624 ph10 371 and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
625     allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
626    
627     10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
628 ph10 359 the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
629 ph10 371
630 ph10 360 11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
631     could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
632 ph10 371 some environments:
633    
634     printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
635    
636 ph10 360 This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
637 ph10 371
638 ph10 361 12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
639     after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
640 ph10 371 pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
641 ph10 361 no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
642     pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
643 ph10 371
644 ph10 364 13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
645 ph10 371 exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
646    
647 ph10 364 14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
648 ph10 371 the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
649     first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
650    
651 ph10 366 15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
652 ph10 371 /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
653 ph10 351
654 ph10 371 16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
655    
656     17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
657 ph10 368 pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
658 ph10 357
659 ph10 371 18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
660 ph10 368
661 ph10 373 19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
662     supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
663 ph10 374 there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
664     replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
665 ph10 371
666 ph10 373
667 ph10 347 Version 7.7 07-May-08
668 ph10 321 ---------------------
669    
670     1. Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
671 ph10 345 a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
672 ph10 321 done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
673 ph10 345
674 ph10 322 2. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
675     pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
676 ph10 332 it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
677 ph10 345
678     3. Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
679     Lopes.
680    
681 ph10 324 4. Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
682 ph10 321
683 ph10 324 (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
684 ph10 345 of files, instead of just to the final components.
685    
686 ph10 324 (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
687     skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
688     inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
689     pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
690     The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
691     apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
692 ph10 345
693 ph10 325 5. Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
694 ph10 345 --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
695    
696 ph10 326 6. Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
697 ph10 345 NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
698 ph10 326 doesn't support NULs in patterns.
699 ph10 345
700     7. Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
701     pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
702    
703 ph10 328 8. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
704 ph10 329 caused by fix #2 above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
705 ph10 345 first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
706 ph10 321
707 ph10 345 9. Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
708    
709 ph10 332 10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
710     matching function regexec().
711 ph10 345
712     11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
713     which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
714 ph10 333 references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
715     Oniguruma does).
716 ph10 345
717     12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
718 ph10 335 omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
719     was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
720 ph10 345 (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
721     pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
722 ph10 335 time.
723 ph10 345
724 ph10 341 13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
725     to the way PCRE behaves:
726 ph10 345
727 ph10 336 (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
728 ph10 345
729     (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
730 ph10 336 (Perl fails the current match path).
731 ph10 345
732 ph10 341 (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
733 ph10 345 first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
734 ph10 341 Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
735     never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
736     The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
737     of the DOTALL setting.
738 ph10 345
739     14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
740 ph10 340 non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
741     containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
742     non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
743 ph10 345 compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
744 ph10 340 existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
745 ph10 345 the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
746 ph10 340 was subsequently set up correctly.)
747 ph10 345
748 ph10 341 15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
749 ph10 345 it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
750     other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
751     (*FAIL).
752    
753 ph10 342 16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
754 ph10 345 OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
755     cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
756     improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
757     OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
758     on the OP_ANY path.
759    
760     17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
761 ph10 343 following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
762 ph10 345 HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
763    
764 ph10 344 18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
765 ph10 345 ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
766     requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
767     Daniel Bergström.
768 ph10 347
769 ph10 346 19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
770 ph10 347 as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
771     any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
772     spotting this.
773 ph10 324
774 ph10 332
775 ph10 319 Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
776 ph10 300 ---------------------
777    
778 ph10 302 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
779     codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
780     overflow.
781 ph10 309
782     2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
783     HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
784    
785 ph10 303 3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
786 ph10 304 bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
787 ph10 309
788 ph10 304 - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
789     - Fixed a problem with static linking.
790 ph10 312 - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
791 ph10 304 - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
792     - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
793     HAVE_LONG_LONG.
794     - Added readline support for pcretest.
795 ph10 309 - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
796    
797 ph10 314 4. A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
798     "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
799     Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
800     affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
801     the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
802     when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
803     Configure/Make.
804 ph10 309
805 ph10 308 5. Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
806     This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
807 ph10 309 exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
808     solves the problem, but it does no harm.
809 ph10 313
810 ph10 311 6. Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
811 ph10 319 NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
812 ph10 314 with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
813 ph10 313
814 ph10 312 7. Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
815 ph10 313 from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
816     of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
817     building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
818 ph10 312 trouble in some build environments.
819 ph10 300
820 ph10 319 8. Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
821 ph10 308
822 ph10 319
823 ph10 298 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
824 ph10 263 ---------------------
825    
826     1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
827     values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
828 ph10 286
829 ph10 264 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
830     Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
831     included.
832 ph10 286
833     3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
834 ph10 265 [:^space:].
835 ph10 286
836 ph10 267 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
837     defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
838 ph10 286 I have changed it.
839    
840 ph10 268 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
841 ph10 286 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
842     first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
843 ph10 272 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
844     expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
845     makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
846     was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
847 ph10 286
848 ph10 269 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
849 ph10 286 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
850 ph10 269 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
851 ph10 286
852 ph10 270 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
853     than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
854     This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
855     treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
856     seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
857 ph10 286
858 ph10 274 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
859 ph10 275 and messages.
860 ph10 286
861     9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
862     "backspace".
863    
864     10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
865     was moved elsewhere).
866    
867     11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
868     which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
869 ph10 277 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
870 ph10 286 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
871 ph10 277 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
872     thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
873 ph10 286
874 ph10 277 U+002b0 - U+002c1
875     U+0060c - U+0060d
876 ph10 286 U+0061e - U+00612
877 ph10 277 U+0064b - U+0065e
878     U+0074d - U+0076d
879     U+01800 - U+01805
880     U+01d00 - U+01d77
881     U+01d9b - U+01dbf
882     U+0200b - U+0200f
883     U+030fc - U+030fe
884     U+03260 - U+0327f
885     U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
886     U+10450 - U+1049d
887 ph10 286
888 ph10 279 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
889     compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
890     line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
891     GNU grep.
892 ph10 286
893     13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
894     line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
895     does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
896     non-matching lines.
897    
898 ph10 289 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
899    
900     15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
901 ph10 282 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
902 ph10 286 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
903     and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
904    
905 ph10 289 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
906 ph10 284 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
907     INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
908 ph10 263
909 ph10 289 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
910 ph10 286 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
911     runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
912     are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
913     caused the error; without that there was no problem.
914 ph10 263
915 ph10 289 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
916 ph10 286
917 ph10 289 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
918 ph10 286
919 ph10 289 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
920 ph10 288 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
921 ph10 298 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
922     later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
923     that check the return values (which was not done before).
924 ph10 292
925 ph10 291 21. Several CMake things:
926 ph10 287
927 ph10 291 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
928 ph10 292 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
929 ph10 288
930 ph10 292 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
931     linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
932 ph10 291
933 ph10 292 (3) Added PCRE_SUPPORT_LIBREADLINE, PCRE_SUPPORT_LIBZ, PCRE_SUPPORT_LIBBZ2.
934 ph10 298
935     22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
936     crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
937     UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
938     this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
939     newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
940     checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
941 ph10 294 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
942 ph10 298
943     23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
944     character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
945     character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
946     allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
947     unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
948     names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
949     for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
950     class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
951     closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
952     diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
953     treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
954     Perl does, and where it didn't before.
955    
956 ph10 296 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
957     Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
958 ph10 292
959    
960 ph10 260 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
961 ph10 230 ---------------------
962    
963     1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
964 ph10 231 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
965     LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
966     help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
967     the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
968 ph10 230 encountered.
969 ph10 231
970     2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
971     of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
972     Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
973     moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
974 ph10 230 bits.
975 ph10 231
976     3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
977     but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
978     control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
979     facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
980 ph10 230 start sets both bits.
981    
982 ph10 231 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
983     matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
984 ph10 230
985 ph10 243 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
986    
987     6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
988 ph10 233 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
989 ph10 243
990     7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
991 ph10 254 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
992 ph10 259 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
993 ph10 257 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
994 ph10 243
995     8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
996 ph10 236 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
997 ph10 243
998 ph10 239 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
999 ph10 243 sequence off the lines that it output.
1000    
1001     10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
1002     relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
1003     using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
1004     these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
1005 ph10 240 dramatic:
1006 ph10 243
1007 ph10 240 Originally: 290
1008     After changing UCP table: 187
1009 ph10 243 After changing error message table: 43
1010 ph10 240 After changing table of "verbs" 36
1011     After changing table of Posix names 22
1012 ph10 243
1013 ph10 240 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
1014 ph10 247
1015 ph10 244 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
1016 ph10 247 unicode-properties was also set.
1017    
1018 ph10 248 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
1019 ph10 231
1020 ph10 253 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
1021     checked only for CRLF.
1022 ph10 233
1023 ph10 259 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
1024    
1025 ph10 256 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
1026 ph10 253
1027 ph10 257 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
1028 ph10 259 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
1029     entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
1030 ph10 256
1031 ph10 261 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
1032     building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
1033 ph10 257
1034 ph10 261
1035 ph10 228 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
1036 ph10 157 ---------------------
1037    
1038 ph10 189 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
1039     line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
1040     brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
1041     installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
1042     compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
1043 ph10 197
1044 ph10 189 #include "pcre.h"
1045 ph10 197
1046     I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
1047     different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
1048     by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
1049    
1050 ph10 190 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
1051     when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
1052     character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
1053     characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
1054     of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
1055     not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
1056     characters when looking for a newline.
1057 ph10 197
1058     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
1059    
1060     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
1061     in debug output.
1062    
1063 ph10 201 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
1064     long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
1065 ph10 189
1066 ph10 197 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
1067 ph10 189
1068 ph10 197 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
1069     parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
1070     limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
1071     this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
1072     expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
1073     when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
1074     immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
1075     feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
1076     string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
1077     optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
1078     checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
1079     from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
1080     explicit limit, but more stack is used.
1081 ph10 189
1082 ph10 200 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
1083     syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
1084     pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
1085     problem was solved for the main library.
1086 ph10 197
1087 ph10 202 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
1088     the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
1089     limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
1090     set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
1091     32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
1092     are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
1093     Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
1094     made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
1095     dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
1096     length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
1097     the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
1098 ph10 208
1099     10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
1100     duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
1101     functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
1102     empty string.
1103    
1104     11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
1105     instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
1106     because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
1107     terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
1108     regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
1109     cause memory overwriting.
1110    
1111 ph10 206 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
1112     string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
1113 ph10 208 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
1114 ph10 206 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
1115 ph10 208 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
1116 ph10 206 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
1117 ph10 208
1118 ph10 207 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
1119     past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
1120     set, for example "\x8aBCD".
1121 ph10 211
1122 ph10 210 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
1123     (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
1124 ph10 200
1125 ph10 211 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
1126 ph10 202
1127 ph10 212 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
1128     This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
1129     the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
1130     full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
1131     does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
1132 ph10 220
1133     16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
1134     processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
1135     backslash processing.
1136    
1137 ph10 214 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
1138 ph10 220 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
1139    
1140 ph10 215 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
1141     caused an overrun.
1142 ph10 220
1143     19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
1144     something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
1145     unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
1146     whether the group could match an empty string).
1147    
1148 ph10 217 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
1149     [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
1150 ph10 210
1151 ph10 220 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
1152    
1153     22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
1154 ph10 218 reference during compilation.
1155 ph10 220
1156     23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
1157     expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
1158 ph10 218 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
1159 ph10 220 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
1160     with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
1161 ph10 218 the compiled data. Specifically:
1162 ph10 220
1163     (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
1164     length.
1165    
1166     (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
1167 ph10 218 loops.
1168 ph10 220
1169 ph10 218 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
1170 ph10 220 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
1171    
1172 ph10 221 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
1173    
1174 ph10 219 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
1175 ph10 220 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
1176 ph10 211
1177 ph10 222 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
1178 ph10 218
1179 ph10 227 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
1180 ph10 223 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
1181 ph10 227
1182 ph10 224 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
1183 ph10 227 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
1184    
1185 ph10 226 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
1186     break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
1187     "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
1188     characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
1189 ph10 227 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
1190     the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
1191     what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
1192     of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
1193     pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
1194     there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
1195     pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
1196 ph10 222
1197 ph10 227 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
1198 ph10 223
1199 ph10 227
1200 ph10 189 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
1201     ---------------------
1202    
1203 ph10 157 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
1204     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
1205 ph10 159
1206     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
1207     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
1208 ph10 157
1209 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
1210 ph10 165
1211 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
1212     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
1213 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
1214     usable with all link sizes.
1215    
1216 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
1217     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
1218 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
1219 ph10 164 in all cases.
1220 ph10 172
1221 ph10 166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
1222 ph10 172
1223 ph10 166 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
1224     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
1225 ph10 172
1226 ph10 166 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
1227 ph10 172 to be opened parentheses.
1228    
1229     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
1230 ph10 167 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
1231 ph10 172
1232 ph10 168 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
1233 ph10 172 is not part of it.
1234    
1235 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
1236 ph10 172
1237 ph10 171 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
1238 ph10 172 reference syntax.
1239 ph10 182
1240 ph10 175 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
1241 ph10 182 alternative starts with the same number.
1242 ph10 172
1243 ph10 182 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
1244    
1245 ph10 172 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
1246     PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED.
1247    
1248     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
1249     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
1250 ph10 170 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
1251 ph10 159
1252 ph10 172 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
1253     hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
1254     phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
1255     bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
1256     alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
1257     workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
1258 ph10 182
1259 ph10 176 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
1260 ph10 172
1261 ph10 179 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
1262     The report of the bug said:
1263 ph10 182
1264 ph10 179 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
1265     pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
1266 ph10 182 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
1267 ph10 185
1268 ph10 184 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
1269 ph10 185 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
1270 ph10 172
1271 ph10 179
1272 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
1273 ph10 98 ---------------------
1274    
1275 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
1276 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
1277 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
1278     on this.
1279 ph10 111
1280     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
1281     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
1282     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
1283     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
1284     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
1285 ph10 100 alternative.
1286 ph10 111
1287 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
1288 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
1289     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
1290     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
1291     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
1292 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
1293     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
1294     .br or .in.
1295 ph10 111
1296 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
1297 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
1298 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
1299     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
1300    
1301     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
1302     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
1303 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
1304 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
1305 ph10 111
1306     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
1307     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
1308 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
1309 ph10 111
1310 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
1311 ph10 111 that is needed.
1312    
1313 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
1314     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
1315     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
1316 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
1317     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
1318 ph10 105 re-created.
1319 ph10 111
1320     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
1321 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
1322 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
1323     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
1324 ph10 107 some applications.
1325 ph10 111
1326 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
1327 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
1328     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
1329     shared library.
1330    
1331 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
1332    
1333     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
1334    
1335 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
1336     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
1337    
1338 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
1339 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
1340 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
1341 ph10 123
1342 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
1343 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
1344     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
1345     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
1346     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
1347 ph10 111 before "make dist".
1348 ph10 123
1349 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
1350     with Unicode property support.
1351 ph10 123
1352     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
1353     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
1354     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
1355 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
1356     were both the same length.
1357 ph10 123
1358     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
1359     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
1360     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
1361     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
1362 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
1363     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
1364     character.
1365 ph10 123
1366 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
1367 ph10 98
1368 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
1369     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
1370 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
1371     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
1372     relevant variables.
1373    
1374 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
1375     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
1376     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
1377     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
1378     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
1379 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
1380     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
1381     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
1382 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
1383 ph10 123
1384     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
1385 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
1386 ph10 134
1387 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
1388 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
1389     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
1390     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
1391     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
1392     and then tried again after \r\n.
1393    
1394 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
1395 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
1396     compare equal. This works on Linux.
1397 ph10 142
1398 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
1399     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
1400 ph10 142
1401 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
1402 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
1403     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
1404 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
1405     it specially.
1406 ph10 150
1407     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
1408     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
1409 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
1410 ph10 150
1411 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
1412 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
1413 ph10 152
1414 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
1415 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
1416     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
1417 ph10 111
1418 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
1419 ph10 123
1420 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
1421 ph10 152
1422 ph10 153
1423 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
1424     ---------------------
1425    
1426     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
1427     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
1428    
1429     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
1430     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
1431     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
1432    
1433     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
1434     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
1435     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
1436     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
1437     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
1438    
1439     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
1440     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
1441    
1442     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
1443     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
1444     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
1445    
1446     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
1447     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
1448     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
1449     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
1450     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
1451     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
1452     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
1453     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
1454     pcretest format) are:
1455    
1456     /(?-x: )/x
1457     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
1458     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
1459     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
1460    
1461     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
1462     is now done differently.
1463    
1464     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
1465     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
1466     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
1467     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
1468     for the FullMatch() function.
1469    
1470     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
1471     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
1472     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
1473     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
1474    
1475     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
1476     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
1477     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
1478     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
1479     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
1480    
1481     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
1482     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
1483     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
1484     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
1485     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
1486     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
1487     avoid this problem.
1488    
1489     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
1490     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
1491     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
1492     of them did).
1493    
1494     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
1495     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
1496     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
1497     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
1498     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
1499     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
1500    
1501     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
1502    
1503     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
1504     of the options.
1505    
1506     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
1507     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
1508    
1509     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
1510    
1511     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
1512     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
1513     on Linux.
1514    
1515     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
1516     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
1517     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
1518     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
1519     than about 50K.
1520    
1521     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
1522     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
1523     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
1524     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
1525     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
1526     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
1527     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
1528     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
1529     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1530     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1531     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1532     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1533     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1534     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1535     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1536    
1537     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1538     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1539     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1540    
1541     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1542     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1543     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1544     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1545     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1546    
1547     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1548     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1549     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1550     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1551    
1552     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1553     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1554     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1555     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1556     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1557    
1558     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1559     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1560     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1561     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1562     is the same as /B/I).
1563    
1564     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1565     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1566     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1567     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1568     is automatically "possessified".
1569    
1570     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1571     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1572     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1573    
1574     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1575     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1576    
1577     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1578    
1579     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1580     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1581     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1582     from 23 above.
1583    
1584     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1585     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1586     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1587     numbered groups.
1588    
1589     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1590    
1591     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1592     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1593    
1594     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1595     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1596     loop, the loop is abandoned.
1597    
1598     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1599     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1600     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1601     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1602     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1603    
1604     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1605     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1606     been removed.
1607    
1608     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1609     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1610     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1611     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1612    
1613     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1614     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1615     also .NET compatible.
1616    
1617     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1618     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1619    
1620     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1621     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1622     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1623    
1624     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1625     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1626    
1627     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1628     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1629     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1630     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1631    
1632     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1633     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1634     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1635     through the entire recursion stack.
1636    
1637     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1638     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1639    
1640     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1641     some "unreachable code" warnings.
1642    
1643     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1644     things, this adds five new scripts.
1645    
1646     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1647     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1648     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1649     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1650    
1651     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1652     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1653     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
1654     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1655     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1656     fixed.
1657    
1658     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1659     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1660     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1661     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1662     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1663    
1664     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1665     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1666     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1667     mode.
1668    
1669     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1670     report.
1671    
1672     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1673     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1674    
1675     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1676     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1677     case.
1678    
1679     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1680     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1681     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1682    
1683     45. Arranged for dftables to add
1684    
1685     #include "pcre_internal.h"
1686    
1687     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1688     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1689     dead code stripping is activated.
1690    
1691     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1692     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1693     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1694    
1695    
1696 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1697     ---------------------
1698    
1699     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1700     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1701     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1702     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1703    
1704     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1705     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1706     won't be NULL.)
1707    
1708     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1709     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1710     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1711    
1712     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1713     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1714     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1715     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1716     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1717     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1718     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1719     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1720     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1721    
1722     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1723     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1724     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1725    
1726     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1727     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1728     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1729     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1730     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1731     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1732     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1733     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1734    
1735     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1736     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1737     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1738     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1739    
1740     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1741     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1742     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1743    
1744     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1745     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1746    
1747     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1748     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1749     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1750     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1751     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1752     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1753     to 10,000.
1754    
1755     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1756     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1757     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1758     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1759     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1760     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1761    
1762     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1763    
1764     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1765     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1766     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1767    
1768     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1769    
1770     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1771     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1772     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1773    
1774     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1775     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1776     or *.
1777    
1778     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1779     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1780     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1781    
1782     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1783     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1784     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1785     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1786     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1787     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1788    
1789     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1790     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1791     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1792     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1793    
1794     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
1795     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1796     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1797     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1798     data.
1799    
1800     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1801     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1802     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1803     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1804     Unicode string.
1805    
1806     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1807     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1808     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1809     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1810    
1811     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1812     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1813     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1814     a warning about an unused variable.
1815    
1816     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1817     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1818     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1819     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1820     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1821     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1822     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1823    
1824     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1825     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1826     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1827     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1828     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1829     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1830     the future.
1831    
1832     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1833     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1834     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1835     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1836    
1837     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1838     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1839    
1840     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1841     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1842    
1843     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1844     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1845     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1846     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1847     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1848     corruption" errors.
1849    
1850     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1851     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1852    
1853     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1854     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1855    
1856     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1857    
1858     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1859     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1860     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1861    
1862     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1863    
1864    
1865 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1866     ---------------------
1867    
1868     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1869     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1870    
1871     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1872     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1873    
1874     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1875     not normally included in the compiled code.
1876    
1877    
1878 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1879     ---------------------
1880    
1881     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1882     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1883     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1884     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1885    
1886     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1887    
1888     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1889     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1890     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1891     PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
1892     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1893     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1894     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1895    
1896     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1897     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1898     are now no different to any other data bytes.
1899    
1900     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1901     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1902     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1903     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1904    
1905     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1906     than they should have been.
1907    
1908     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1909    
1910     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1911     accidentally printed for the final match.
1912    
1913     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1914    
1915     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1916     that were found from directory arguments.
1917    
1918     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1919    
1920     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1921    
1922     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1923    
1924     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1925    
1926     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1927     is not present by default.
1928    
1929     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1930     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1931     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1932     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1933     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1934     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1935    
1936     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1937     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1938     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1939    
1940     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1941     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1942     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1943     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1944     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1945     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1946     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
1947     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
1948    
1949     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
1950     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
1951     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
1952     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
1953     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
1954     its own bitmap.
1955    
1956     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
1957     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
1958     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
1959     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
1960     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
1961     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
1962    
1963     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
1964    
1965     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
1966     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
1967    
1968     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
1969     regular expressions".
1970    
1971     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
1972     have it.
1973    
1974     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
1975     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
1976     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
1977    
1978     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
1979    
1980     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
1981    
1982     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
1983     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
1984     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
1985     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
1986    
1987     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
1988     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
1989     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
1990     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
1991    
1992     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
1993    
1994     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
1995     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
1996     ignored.
1997    
1998     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
1999     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
2000     strings.
2001    
2002     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
2003     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
2004    
2005     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
2006     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
2007     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
2008    
2009     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
2010     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
2011     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
2012    
2013     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
2014     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
2015     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
2016     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
2017     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
2018     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
2019     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
2020     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
2021     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
2022    
2023     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
2024     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
2025    
2026     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
2027     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
2028     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
2029     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
2030    
2031     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
2032     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
2033     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
2034     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
2035     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
2036     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
2037     this functionality to the C++ interface.
2038    
2039     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
2040    
2041     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
2042    
2043     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
2044    
2045     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
2046     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
2047     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
2048     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
2049     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
2050     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
2051     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
2052     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
2053     allow for more data.
2054    
2055     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
2056    
2057     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
2058     matching that character.
2059    
2060     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
2061     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
2062     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
2063     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
2064     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
2065    
2066     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
2067     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
2068     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
2069     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
2070    
2071     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
2072    
2073     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
2074     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
2075    
2076     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
2077     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
2078    
2079     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
2080     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
2081     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
2082     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
2083     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
2084     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
2085    
2086     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
2087     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
2088     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
2089     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
2090    
2091     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
2092    
2093    
2094 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
2095     ---------------------
2096    
2097     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
2098     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
2099     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
2100     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
2101    
2102     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
2103    
2104     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
2105     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
2106     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
2107     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
2108     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
2109    
2110     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
2111     file's purpose clearer.
2112    
2113     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
2114    
2115    
2116 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
2117     ---------------------
2118    
2119     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
2120    
2121     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
2122    
2123     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
2124     tried to test it.
2125    
2126     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
2127     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
2128    
2129     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
2130    
2131     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
2132     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
2133     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
2134     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
2135    
2136     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
2137     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
2138     necessary on certain architectures.
2139    
2140     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
2141     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
2142     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
2143     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
2144     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
2145     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
2146     find a way round (a) in the future.
2147    
2148    
2149 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
2150     ---------------------
2151    
2152     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
2153     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
2154     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
2155     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
2156     led to memory overwriting.
2157    
2158     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
2159    
2160     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
2161     operating environments where this matters.
2162    
2163     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
2164     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
2165    
2166     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
2167     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
2168     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
2169     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
2170     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
2171     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
2172     previous subpatterns.
2173    
2174     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
2175     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
2176    
2177    
2178 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
2179     ---------------------
2180    
2181     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
2182     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
2183    
2184     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
2185     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
2186     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
2187    
2188     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
2189     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
2190     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
2191     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
2192    
2193     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
2194     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
2195     compile command.
2196    
2197     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
2198     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
2199     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
2200     but no suitable headers.
2201    
2202     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
2203     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
2204     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
2205     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
2206    
2207     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
2208     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
2209     wrapper.
2210    
2211    
2212 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
2213     ---------------------
2214    
2215     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
2216    
2217     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
2218     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
2219     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
2220     not imported.
2221    
2222     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
2223     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
2224     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
2225     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
2226     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
2227     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
2228     one application and matched in another.
2229    
2230     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
2231     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
2232     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
2233     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
2234     with other external names.
2235    
2236     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
2237     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
2238     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
2239     problem.
2240    
2241     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
2242     including restarting after a partial match.
2243    
2244     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
2245     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
2246     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
2247    
2248     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
2249    
2250     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
2251     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
2252     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
2253    
2254     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
2255     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
2256    
2257     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
2258    
2259     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
2260     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
2261     something similar for -w.
2262    
2263     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
2264    
2265     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
2266     than one at a time available.
2267    
2268     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
2269    
2270     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
2271     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
2272     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
2273     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
2274    
2275     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
2276    
2277     -w, --word-regex(p)
2278    
2279     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
2280     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
2281     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
2282     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
2283    
2284     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
2285     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
2286     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
2287    
2288     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
2289    
2290     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
2291     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
2292     "<stdin>" was used.
2293    
2294     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
2295     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
2296    
2297     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
2298     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
2299     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
2300    
2301     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
2302     around matches be printed.
2303    
2304     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
2305     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
2306    
2307     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
2308     continue to scan other files.
2309    
2310     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
2311     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
2312     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
2313     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
2314     previously doing.
2315    
2316     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
2317     and exclusion when recursing.
2318    
2319     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
2320     Hopefully, it now does.
2321    
2322     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
2323    
2324     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
2325    
2326     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
2327     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
2328     world, but is set differently for Windows.
2329    
2330     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
2331     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
2332     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
2333     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
2334     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
2335     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
2336     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
2337     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
2338     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
2339    
2340     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
2341     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
2342     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
2343    
2344     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
2345     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
2346     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
2347     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
2348     both the P and the s flags.
2349    
2350     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
2351    
2352     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
2353    
2354     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
2355     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
2356    
2357     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
2358    
2359     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
2360     Electric Fence happy when testing.
2361    
2362    
2363    
2364 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
2365     ---------------------
2366    
2367     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
2368     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
2369     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
2370     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
2371    
2372     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
2373     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
2374     item, and its length, respectively.
2375    
2376     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
2377     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
2378     pcretest to make use of this.
2379    
2380     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
2381    
2382     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
2383     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
2384     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
2385    
2386     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
2387     magic in relation to line terminators.
2388    
2389     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
2390     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
2391    
2392     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
2393     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
2394     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
2395     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
2396     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
2397     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
2398     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
2399    
2400     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
2401     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
2402     this hack in configure.in.
2403    
2404     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
2405    
2406     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
2407     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
2408     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
2409     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
2410    
2411     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
2412     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
2413     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
2414     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
2415     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
2416     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
2417    
2418     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
2419     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
2420     string were read.
2421    
2422     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
2423     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
2424     enough.)
2425    
2426     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
2427     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
2428     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
2429     program that might have everything at different addresses.
2430    
2431     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
2432     -R library as well as a -L library.
2433    
2434     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
2435     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
2436     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
2437    
2438     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
2439     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
2440     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
2441     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
2442    
2443     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
2444     compiled pattern.
2445    
2446     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
2447     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
2448     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
2449     read-only.
2450    
2451     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
2452     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
2453     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
2454    
2455     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
2456     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
2457    
2458     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
2459    
2460     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
2461     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
2462     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
2463     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
2464     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
2465    
2466     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
2467     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
2468     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
2469     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
2470     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
2471     usual.
2472    
2473     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
2474     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
2475     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
2476    
2477     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
2478     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
2479    
2480     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
2481     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
2482     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
2483     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
2484    
2485     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
2486     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
2487     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
2488     NULL, a crash could occur.
2489    
2490     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
2491     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
2492     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
2493     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
2494     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
2495     workstation).
2496    
2497     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
2498    
2499    
2500 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
2501     ---------------------
2502    
2503     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
2504     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
2505     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
2506     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
2507     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
2508     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
2509     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
2510     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
2511     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
2512     operating.
2513    
2514     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
2515     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
2516     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
2517     and the size of block requested is always the same.
2518    
2519     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
2520     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
2521     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
2522    
2523     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
2524     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
2525     to the output.
2526    
2527     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
2528     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
2529    
2530     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
2531     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
2532     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
2533     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
2534     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
2535     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
2536     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
2537    
2538     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
2539     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
2540     containing "overlong sequences".
2541    
2542     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
2543     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
2544     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
2545     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
2546    
2547     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
2548     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
2549    
2550     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
2551     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
2552     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
2553    
2554     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
2555    
2556     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
2557     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
2558     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
2559    
2560     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
2561     special systems:
2562    
2563     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
2564     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
2565     is defined to be empty.
2566     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
2567     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
2568     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
2569    
2570     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
2571     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
2572     went into a loop.
2573    
2574     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
2575     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
2576     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
2577     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
2578     that was OK.
2579    
2580     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
2581     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
2582     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
2583    
2584     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
2585     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
2586     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
2587    
2588     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
2589     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
2590     work.
2591    
2592     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
2593     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
2594     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
2595     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
2596     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
2597    
2598    
2599 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
2600     ---------------------
2601    
2602     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
2603     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
2604     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
2605     classes (slightly).
2606    
2607     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
2608     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
2609    
2610     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
2611     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
2612    
2613     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
2614     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
2615     explicitly with libpcre.la.
2616    
2617     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
2618    
2619     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
2620    
2621     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
2622     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
2623     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
2624     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
2625     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
2626     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
2627     I have just removed it.
2628    
2629     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
2630     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
2631     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
2632    
2633     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
2634     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
2635     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
2636     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
2637     rid of the warnings.
2638    
2639     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
2640     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
2641     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
2642     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
2643    
2644     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
2645    
2646     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
2647     to
2648     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
2649    
2650     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
2651     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
2652     if it's wrong...
2653    
2654    
2655 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
2656     ---------------------
2657    
2658     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
2659     Makefile.
2660    
2661     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
2662    
2663     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
2664    
2665     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
2666     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
2667     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
2668     reasonable.
2669    
2670     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
2671     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
2672     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
2673     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
2674     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
2675     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
2676     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
2677     strings against \d.
2678    
2679     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
2680     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
2681    
2682     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
2683     defined as "const".
2684    
2685     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
2686     Electric Fenced for debugging.
2687    
2688     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
2689     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
2690     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
2691     provoke a segmentation fault.
2692    
2693     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
2694     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
2695    
2696     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
2697     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
2698     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
2699     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
2700     back over UTF-8 characters.)
2701    
2702    
2703 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
2704     ---------------------
2705    
2706     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
2707    
2708     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
2709     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
2710     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
2711     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
2712     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
2713     and BUILD_EXEEXT
2714     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
2715     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
2716     compile-time but not at link-time
2717     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
2718     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
2719     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
2720     libraries
2721     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
2722     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
2723     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
2724     <winshared>: new target
2725     <wininstall>: new target
2726     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
2727     <dftables>: use native linker
2728     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
2729     <clean>: ditto
2730     <check>: ditto
2731     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
2732    
2733     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
2734     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
2735     in any case.
2736    
2737     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
2738    
2739     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
2740     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
2741    
2742     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
2743     a void * provoked a warning.
2744    
2745     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
2746     and a few more missing casts.
2747    
2748     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2749     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
2750     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
2751    
2752     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2753     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
2754     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
2755    
2756    
2757 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
2758     ---------------------
2759 nigel 63
2760 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
2761     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
2762     required to support.
2763    
2764     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
2765     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
2766    
2767     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
2768     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
2769     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
2770     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
2771     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
2772    
2773     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
2774     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
2775     linking step for the pcreposix library.
2776    
2777     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
2778     name.
2779    
2780     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
2781     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
2782     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
2783     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
2784     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
2785     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
2786     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
2787    
2788     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
2789     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
2790     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
2791     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
2792     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
2793     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
2794     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
2795    
2796    
2797     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
2798     ---------------------
2799    
2800 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
2801     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
2802     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
2803    
2804     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2805    
2806     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2807     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2808     from a single perltest script.
2809    
2810     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2811     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2812     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2813     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2814    
2815     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2816     space and tab.
2817    
2818     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2819     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2820    
2821     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2822     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2823     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2824     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2825     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2826     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2827    
2828     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2829     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2830     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2831     interpolation. Note the following examples:
2832    
2833     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
2834    
2835     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2836     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
2837     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
2838    
2839     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2840     classes as well as outside them.
2841    
2842     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2843     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2844     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2845     signed/unsigned warnings.
2846    
2847     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2848     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2849     that job.
2850    
2851     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2852     "pcregrep -".
2853    
2854     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2855     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2856     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2857     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2858     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2859     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2860     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2861    
2862     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2863     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2864     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2865     was abstracted outside.
2866    
2867     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2868     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2869     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2870     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2871     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2872     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2873    
2874     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2875     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2876     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2877     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2878    
2879     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2880     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2881     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2882     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2883    
2884     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2885     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2886     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2887     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2888     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2889     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2890     future.
2891    
2892     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2893     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2894    
2895     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2896     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2897    
2898     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2899     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2900    
2901     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2902     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2903    
2904     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2905     outside the source tree.
2906    
2907     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2908     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2909     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2910    
2911     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2912     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2913     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2914     strange effects.
2915    
2916     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2917     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2918     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2919     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2920     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2921     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2922     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2923    
2924     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2925     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2926     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2927     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2928    
2929     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2930    
2931     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2932     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2933     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2934     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2935     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2936     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2937     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2938     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2939     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2940     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2941     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2942     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2943     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2944     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2945    
2946     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
2947     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
2948     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
2949     to vary what happens:
2950    
2951     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
2952     \C- do not supply a callout function
2953     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
2954     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
2955    
2956     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
2957     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
2958    
2959     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
2960     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
2961     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
2962     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
2963     when configuring.
2964    
2965     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
2966     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
2967     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
2968     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
2969     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
2970     debugging information about compiled patterns.
2971    
2972     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
2973    
2974     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
2975     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
2976     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
2977     separate copies.
2978    
2979     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
2980     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
2981    
2982     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
2983     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
2984     definition of the opcodes.
2985    
2986     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
2987     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
2988    
2989     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
2990     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
2991     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
2992    
2993     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
2994     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
2995     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
2996     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
2997     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
2998     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
2999    
3000     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
3001     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
3002     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
3003    
3004     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
3005     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
3006     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
3007     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
3008    
3009     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
3010     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
3011     means that the same test output works with both.
3012    
3013     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
3014     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
3015    
3016     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
3017     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
3018     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
3019     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
3020     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
3021     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
3022     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
3023    
3024     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
3025     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
3026     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
3027     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
3028     way).
3029    
3030     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
3031     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
3032     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
3033     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
3034    
3035     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
3036     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
3037     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
3038     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
3039     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
3040     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
3041     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
3042    
3043     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
3044     to set a default value for the compiled library.
3045    
3046     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
3047     a different value is set. See 45 below.
3048    
3049     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
3050    
3051     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
3052     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
3053     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
3054     The current list of available information is:
3055    
3056     PCRE_CONFIG_UTF8
3057    
3058     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
3059     otherwise it is set to zero.
3060    
3061     PCRE_CONFIG_NEWLINE
3062    
3063     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
3064     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
3065    
3066     PCRE_CONFIG_LINK_SIZE
3067    
3068     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
3069     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
3070    
3071     PCRE_CONFIG_POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD
3072    
3073     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
3074     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
3075    
3076     PCRE_CONFIG_MATCH_LIMIT
3077    
3078     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
3079     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
3080    
3081     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
3082     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
3083     output it. The program then exits immediately.
3084    
3085     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
3086     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
3087     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
3088     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
3089     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
3090     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
3091    
3092     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
3093     contains the following fields:
3094    
3095     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
3096     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
3097     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
3098     call to pcre_exec()
3099     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
3100    
3101     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
3102    
3103     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA
3104     PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT
3105     PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA
3106    
3107     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
3108     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
3109     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
3110     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
3111     change to existing code.
3112    
3113     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
3114     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
3115     block.
3116    
3117     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
3118     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
3119     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
3120     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
3121     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
3122     gets very large very quickly.
3123    
3124     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
3125     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
3126     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
3127     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
3128     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
3129     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
3130     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
3131    
3132     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
3133     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
3134     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
3135     components.)
3136    
3137     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
3138    
3139     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
3140    
3141     0 => success, carry on matching
3142     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
3143     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
3144    
3145     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
3146     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
3147     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
3148     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
3149    
3150     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
3151     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
3152     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
3153     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
3154     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
3155     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
3156     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
3157    
3158     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
3159    
3160     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
3161     callout_data, it returns that value.
3162    
3163     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
3164     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
3165     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
3166    
3167     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
3168     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
3169     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
3170     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
3171     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
3172     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
3173    
3174     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
3175     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
3176     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
3177     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
3178    
3179     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
3180     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
3181     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
3182    
3183     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
3184     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
3185    
3186     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
3187     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
3188     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
3189     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
3190     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
3191    
3192     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
3193     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
3194    
3195     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
3196     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
3197    
3198     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
3199     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
3200     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
3201     value.)
3202    
3203     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
3204     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
3205     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
3206     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
3207    
3208     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
3209    
3210     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
3211     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
3212     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
3213     are faulted.
3214    
3215     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
3216     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
3217     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
3218     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
3219     you will need to set these values.
3220    
3221     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
3222    
3223    
3224     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
3225 nigel 61 ---------------------
3226    
3227     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
3228    
3229     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
3230     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
3231     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
3232    
3233    
3234 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
3235     ---------------------
3236    
3237     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
3238     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
3239    
3240    
3241 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
3242     ---------------------
3243    
3244     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
3245     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
3246     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
3247    
3248 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
3249     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
3250     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
3251     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
3252 nigel 57
3253 nigel 59
3254 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
3255     ---------------------
3256    
3257     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
3258     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
3259    
3260     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
3261     the latest autoconf.
3262    
3263    
3264 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
3265     ---------------------
3266 nigel 5
3267 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
3268     had been forgotten.
3269    
3270     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
3271     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
3272     private.
3273    
3274     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
3275     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
3276     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
3277     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
3278     file.
3279    
3280     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
3281     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
3282     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
3283     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
3284    
3285     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
3286     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
3287     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
3288     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
3289     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
3290    
3291     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
3292     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
3293    
3294     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
3295     the source directory.
3296    
3297     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
3298     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
3299     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
3300    
3301     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
3302     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
3303     in several of the .c files.
3304    
3305     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
3306     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
3307     by using separate calls to printf().
3308    
3309     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
3310     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
3311     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
3312    
3313     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
3314     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
3315     likewise updated the man page.
3316    
3317     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
3318     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
3319    
3320    
3321 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
3322     ---------------------
3323    
3324     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
3325    
3326     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
3327    
3328    
3329 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
3330     ---------------------
3331    
3332     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
3333     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
3334     lead to crashes in some systems.
3335    
3336     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
3337     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
3338    
3339     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
3340     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
3341     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
3342     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
3343    
3344     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
3345     the Makefile.
3346    
3347     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
3348     Makefile.
3349    
3350     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
3351     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
3352    
3353     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
3354    
3355     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
3356     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
3357     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
3358     out for the ar command.)
3359    
3360    
3361 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
3362     ---------------------
3363    
3364     This is purely a bug fixing release.
3365    
3366     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
3367     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
3368     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
3369     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
3370     correctly.
3371    
3372     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
3373     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
3374     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
3375     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
3376    
3377     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
3378     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
3379     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
3380    
3381     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
3382     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
3383    
3384     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
3385     to
3386     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
3387    
3388     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
3389    
3390     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
3391     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
3392     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
3393     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
3394    
3395     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
3396     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
3397     faster code anyway.
3398    
3399    
3400 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
3401     ---------------------
3402    
3403     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
3404     the "install" target:
3405    
3406     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
3407    
3408     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
3409    
3410    
3411 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
3412     ---------------------
3413 nigel 41
3414     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
3415     pcretest).
3416    
3417     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
3418    
3419     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
3420     matches null strings.
3421    
3422     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
3423     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
3424     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
3425     effect.
3426    
3427     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
3428     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
3429     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
3430     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
3431    
3432 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
3433     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
3434     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
3435     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
3436     default.
3437 nigel 41
3438 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
3439     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
3440     less than 10.
3441    
3442     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
3443     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
3444     modification.
3445    
3446     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
3447     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
3448     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
3449    
3450     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
3451     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
3452    
3453     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
3454     adopting.
3455    
3456    
3457 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
3458     ----------------------
3459    
3460     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
3461     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
3462     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
3463    
3464     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
3465     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
3466     of the subject.
3467    
3468     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
3469     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
3470    
3471     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
3472     in GnuWin32 environments.
3473    
3474    
3475 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
3476     ----------------------
3477    
3478     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
3479     the form of man page sources.
3480    
3481     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
3482     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
3483     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
3484    
3485     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
3486     should be (const char *).
3487    
3488     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
3489     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
3490     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
3491     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
3492    
3493     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
3494     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
3495    
3496     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
3497    
3498     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
3499     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
3500    
3501     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
3502     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
3503     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
3504     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
3505     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
3506     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
3507     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
3508     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
3509    
3510     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
3511     other alternatives are tried instead.
3512    
3513    
3514 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
3515     ----------------------
3516    
3517     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
3518     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
3519     64-bit systems.
3520    
3521     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
3522     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
3523     occurrences in a string.
3524    
3525     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
3526    
3527     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
3528     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
3529     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
3530    
3531     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
3532     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
3533     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
3534     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
3535    
3536    
3537 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
3538     ----------------------
3539    
3540     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
3541     properly on 16-bit systems.
3542    
3543     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
3544     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
3545     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
3546     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
3547     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
3548     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
3549    
3550    
3551 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
3552     ----------------------
3553    
3554     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
3555     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
3556     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
3557     problem.
3558    
3559     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
3560     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
3561    
3562     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
3563     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
3564     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
3565     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
3566    
3567    
3568 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
3569     ----------------------
3570    
3571     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
3572    
3573 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
3574     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
3575 nigel 29
3576     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
3577     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
3578     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
3579     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
3580    
3581     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
3582     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
3583    
3584    
3585 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
3586     ----------------------
3587    
3588     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
3589     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
3590    
3591     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
3592     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
3593     fix the problem.
3594    
3595     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
3596     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
3597     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
3598     times.
3599    
3600     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
3601    
3602     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
3603     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
3604    
3605    
3606 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
3607     ----------------------
3608    
3609     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
3610     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
3611     is passed, the default tables are used.
3612    
3613    
3614 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
3615 nigel 21 ----------------------
3616    
3617 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
3618     it any more.
3619    
3620     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
3621    
3622     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
3623    
3624     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
3625     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
3626     very end of the subject.
3627    
3628     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
3629    
3630     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
3631     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
3632     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
3633    
3634     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
3635    
3636     $(?<= positive lookbehind
3637     $(?<! negative lookbehind
3638     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
3639     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
3640     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
3641     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
3642    
3643     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
3644     captured string.
3645    
3646     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
3647     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
3648    
3649     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
3650     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
3651     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
3652    
3653     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
3654    
3655     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
3656     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
3657     have now been fixed.
3658    
3659    
3660     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
3661     ----------------------
3662    
3663 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
3664     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
3665     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
3666     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
3667    
3668    
3669 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
3670     ----------------------
3671    
3672     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
3673    
3674     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
3675     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
3676    
3677    
3678 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
3679     ----------------------
3680    
3681     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
3682     repeat of a potentially empty string).
3683    
3684    
3685 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
3686     ----------------------
3687    
3688     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
3689    
3690     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
3691    
3692    
3693 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
3694     ----------------------
3695    
3696     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
3697     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
3698    
3699    
3700 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
3701     ----------------------
3702    
3703     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
3704    
3705     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
3706     input syntax.
3707    
3708     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
3709     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
3710     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
3711    
3712     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
3713    
3714     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
3715     vector was exactly big enough.
3716    
3717     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
3718    
3719     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
3720     setjmp(). Now fixed.
3721    
3722    
3723 nigel 9 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
3724     ----------------------
3725