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Revision 425 - (hide annotations) (download)
Mon Aug 17 14:48:48 2009 UTC (5 years, 8 months ago) by ph10
File size: 167752 byte(s)
Add #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP to pcre_ucd.c

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
4 ph10 418 Version 8.00 ??-???-??
5     ----------------------
7     1. The table for translating pcre_compile() error codes into POSIX error codes
8     was out-of-date, and there was no check on the pcre_compile() error code
9     being within the table. This could lead to an OK return being given in
10     error.
11 ph10 419
12     2. Changed the call to open a subject file in pcregrep from fopen(pathname,
13     "r") to fopen(pathname, "rb"), which fixed a problem with some of the tests
14     in a Windows environment.
15 ph10 420
16     3. The pcregrep --count option prints the count for each file even when it is
17     zero, as does GNU grep. However, pcregrep was also printing all files when
18     --files-with-matches was added. Now, when both options are given, it prints
19     counts only for those files that have at least one match. (GNU grep just
20     prints the file name in this circumstance, but including the count seems
21     more useful - otherwise, why use --count?) Also ensured that the
22     combination -clh just lists non-zero counts, with no names.
24 ph10 421 4. The long form of the pcregrep -F option was incorrectly implemented as
25     --fixed_strings instead of --fixed-strings. This is an incompatible change,
26     but it seems right to fix it, and I didn't think it was worth preserving
27     the old behaviour.
29 ph10 422 5. The command line items --regex=pattern and --regexp=pattern were not
30     recognized by pcregrep, which required --regex pattern or --regexp pattern
31     (with a space rather than an '='). The man page documented the '=' forms,
32     which are compatible with GNU grep; these now work.
34 ph10 423 6. No libpcreposix.pc file was created for pkg-config; there was just
35     libpcre.pc and libpcrecpp.pc. The omission has been rectified.
37 ph10 425 7. Added #ifndef SUPPORT_UCP into the pcre_ucd.c module, to reduce its size
38     when UCP support is not needed, by modifying the Python script that
39     generates it from Unicode data files. This should not matter if the module
40     is correctly used as a library, but I received one complaint about 50K of
41     unwanted data. My guess is that the person linked everything into his
42     program rather than using a library. Anyway, it does no harm.
44 ph10 418
45 ph10 412 Version 7.9 11-Apr-09
46 ph10 376 ---------------------
48 ph10 392 1. When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
49 ph10 376 (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
50     libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
51     libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
52 ph10 392 has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
53 ph10 376 pcretest is linked with readline.
54 ph10 392
55 ph10 376 2. The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
56     "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
57     moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
58     but BOOL is not.
59 ph10 392
60     3. The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
61 ph10 409 PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
62 ph10 392
63 ph10 376 4. The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
64     hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
65 ph10 392 lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
66 ph10 376 wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
67 ph10 392
68 ph10 378 5. In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
69     was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
70     the same.
71 ph10 392
72 ph10 378 6. When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
73 ph10 392 each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
74     of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
76     7. A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
77     doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
78 ph10 379 locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
79     seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
80 ph10 392
81 ph10 380 8. The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
82 ph10 392 start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
83     correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
84     in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
86 ph10 405 9. If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
87 ph10 399 condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
88     pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
89 ph10 392
90     10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
91     used for matching.
93     11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
94 ph10 385 characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
95 ph10 388
96 ph10 392 12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
98 ph10 388 14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
99 ph10 389
100     15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
101 ph10 390
102 ph10 392 16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
103 ph10 390 wrapper.
104 ph10 392
105 ph10 391 17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
106 ph10 392 from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
107 ph10 391 string constants.
108 ph10 405
109 ph10 393 18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
110     SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
111 ph10 405 SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
112     these, but not everybody uses configure.
114     19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
115     recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
116     enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
117     (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
118     with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
119 ph10 396 nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
120 ph10 405
121 ph10 397 20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
122 ph10 405 exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
124     21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
125     leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
126     is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
127     vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
128     when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
129 ph10 400 error, in fact).
130 ph10 405
131 ph10 402 22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
132 ph10 405 heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
133     problem, but was untidy.
134 ph10 376
135 ph10 405 23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
136     CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
137     included within another project.
138 ph10 411
139 ph10 407 24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
140     slightly modified by me:
141 ph10 411
142     (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
143     not building pcregrep.
145 ph10 407 (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
146 ph10 411 if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
148 ph10 408 25. Forward references, both numeric and by name, in patterns that made use of
149     duplicate group numbers, could behave incorrectly or give incorrect errors,
150     because when scanning forward to find the reference group, PCRE was not
151     taking into account the duplicate group numbers. A pattern such as
152     ^X(?3)(a)(?|(b)|(q))(Y) is an example.
153 ph10 411
154     26. Changed a few more instances of "const unsigned char *" to USPTR, making
155     the feature of a custom pointer more persuasive (as requested by a user).
156 ph10 416
157 ph10 411 27. Wrapped the definitions of fileno and isatty for Windows, which appear in
158 ph10 416 pcretest.c, inside #ifndefs, because it seems they are sometimes already
159     pre-defined.
160 ph10 392
161 ph10 416 28. Added support for (*UTF8) at the start of a pattern.
163 ph10 413 29. Arrange for flags added by the "release type" setting in CMake to be shown
164     in the configuration summary.
165 ph10 405
166 ph10 411
167 ph10 374 Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
168 ph10 349 ---------------------
170     1. Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
171     Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
172 ph10 351 stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
173     to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
174     distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
175     the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
176 ph10 349
177 ph10 351 2. Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
178     scripts.
179 ph10 358
180 ph10 353 3. Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
181     a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
182 ph10 358 or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
184     4. Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
185 ph10 354 references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
186 ph10 358 It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
188 ph10 355 5. In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
189     a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
190     non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
191 ph10 358 truncation.
192 ph10 349
193 ph10 358 6. Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
195 ph10 357 7. Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
196     pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
197 ph10 371
198     8. Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
199     test 2 if it fails.
201 ph10 359 9. Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
202 ph10 371 and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
203     allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
205     10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
206 ph10 359 the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
207 ph10 371
208 ph10 360 11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
209     could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
210 ph10 371 some environments:
212     printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
214 ph10 360 This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
215 ph10 371
216 ph10 361 12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
217     after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
218 ph10 371 pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
219 ph10 361 no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
220     pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
221 ph10 371
222 ph10 364 13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
223 ph10 371 exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
225 ph10 364 14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
226 ph10 371 the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
227     first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
229 ph10 366 15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
230 ph10 371 /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
231 ph10 351
232 ph10 371 16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
234     17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
235 ph10 368 pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
236 ph10 357
237 ph10 371 18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
238 ph10 368
239 ph10 373 19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
240     supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
241 ph10 374 there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
242     replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
243 ph10 371
244 ph10 373
245 ph10 347 Version 7.7 07-May-08
246 ph10 321 ---------------------
248     1. Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
249 ph10 345 a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
250 ph10 321 done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
251 ph10 345
252 ph10 322 2. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
253     pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
254 ph10 332 it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
255 ph10 345
256     3. Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
257     Lopes.
259 ph10 324 4. Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
260 ph10 321
261 ph10 324 (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
262 ph10 345 of files, instead of just to the final components.
264 ph10 324 (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
265     skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
266     inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
267     pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
268     The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
269     apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
270 ph10 345
271 ph10 325 5. Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
272 ph10 345 --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
274 ph10 326 6. Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
275 ph10 345 NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
276 ph10 326 doesn't support NULs in patterns.
277 ph10 345
278     7. Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
279     pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
281 ph10 328 8. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
282 ph10 329 caused by fix #2 above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
283 ph10 345 first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
284 ph10 321
285 ph10 345 9. Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
287 ph10 332 10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
288     matching function regexec().
289 ph10 345
290     11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
291     which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
292 ph10 333 references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
293     Oniguruma does).
294 ph10 345
295     12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
296 ph10 335 omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
297     was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
298 ph10 345 (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
299     pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
300 ph10 335 time.
301 ph10 345
302 ph10 341 13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
303     to the way PCRE behaves:
304 ph10 345
305 ph10 336 (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
306 ph10 345
307     (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
308 ph10 336 (Perl fails the current match path).
309 ph10 345
310 ph10 341 (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
311 ph10 345 first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
312 ph10 341 Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
313     never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
314     The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
315     of the DOTALL setting.
316 ph10 345
317     14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
318 ph10 340 non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
319     containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
320     non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
321 ph10 345 compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
322 ph10 340 existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
323 ph10 345 the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
324 ph10 340 was subsequently set up correctly.)
325 ph10 345
326 ph10 341 15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
327 ph10 345 it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
328     other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
329     (*FAIL).
331 ph10 342 16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
332 ph10 345 OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
333     cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
334     improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
335     OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
336     on the OP_ANY path.
338     17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
339 ph10 343 following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
340 ph10 345 HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
342 ph10 344 18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
343 ph10 345 ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
344     requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
345     Daniel Bergström.
346 ph10 347
347 ph10 346 19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
348 ph10 347 as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
349     any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
350     spotting this.
351 ph10 324
352 ph10 332
353 ph10 319 Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
354 ph10 300 ---------------------
356 ph10 302 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
357     codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
358     overflow.
359 ph10 309
360     2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
361     HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
363 ph10 303 3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
364 ph10 304 bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
365 ph10 309
366 ph10 304 - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
367     - Fixed a problem with static linking.
368 ph10 312 - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
369 ph10 304 - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
370     - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
372     - Added readline support for pcretest.
373 ph10 309 - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
375 ph10 314 4. A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
376     "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
377     Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
378     affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
379     the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
380     when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
381     Configure/Make.
382 ph10 309
383 ph10 308 5. Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
384     This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
385 ph10 309 exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
386     solves the problem, but it does no harm.
387 ph10 313
388 ph10 311 6. Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
389 ph10 319 NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
390 ph10 314 with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
391 ph10 313
392 ph10 312 7. Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
393 ph10 313 from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
394     of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
395     building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
396 ph10 312 trouble in some build environments.
397 ph10 300
398 ph10 319 8. Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
399 ph10 308
400 ph10 319
401 ph10 298 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
402 ph10 263 ---------------------
404     1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
405     values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
406 ph10 286
407 ph10 264 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
408     Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
409     included.
410 ph10 286
411     3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
412 ph10 265 [:^space:].
413 ph10 286
414 ph10 267 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
415     defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
416 ph10 286 I have changed it.
418 ph10 268 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
419 ph10 286 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
420     first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
421 ph10 272 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
422     expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
423     makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
424     was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
425 ph10 286
426 ph10 269 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
427 ph10 286 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
428 ph10 269 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
429 ph10 286
430 ph10 270 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
431     than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
432     This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
433     treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
434     seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
435 ph10 286
436 ph10 274 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
437 ph10 275 and messages.
438 ph10 286
439     9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
440     "backspace".
442     10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
443     was moved elsewhere).
445     11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
446     which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
447 ph10 277 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
448 ph10 286 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
449 ph10 277 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
450     thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
451 ph10 286
452 ph10 277 U+002b0 - U+002c1
453     U+0060c - U+0060d
454 ph10 286 U+0061e - U+00612
455 ph10 277 U+0064b - U+0065e
456     U+0074d - U+0076d
457     U+01800 - U+01805
458     U+01d00 - U+01d77
459     U+01d9b - U+01dbf
460     U+0200b - U+0200f
461     U+030fc - U+030fe
462     U+03260 - U+0327f
463     U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
464     U+10450 - U+1049d
465 ph10 286
466 ph10 279 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
467     compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
468     line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
469     GNU grep.
470 ph10 286
471     13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
472     line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
473     does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
474     non-matching lines.
476 ph10 289 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
478     15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
479 ph10 282 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
480 ph10 286 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
481     and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
483 ph10 289 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
484 ph10 284 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
485     INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
486 ph10 263
487 ph10 289 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
488 ph10 286 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
489     runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
490     are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
491     caused the error; without that there was no problem.
492 ph10 263
493 ph10 289 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
494 ph10 286
495 ph10 289 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
496 ph10 286
497 ph10 289 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
498 ph10 288 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
499 ph10 298 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
500     later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
501     that check the return values (which was not done before).
502 ph10 292
503 ph10 291 21. Several CMake things:
504 ph10 287
505 ph10 291 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
506 ph10 292 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
507 ph10 288
508 ph10 292 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
509     linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
510 ph10 291
512 ph10 298
513     22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
514     crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
515     UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
516     this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
517     newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
518     checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
519 ph10 294 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
520 ph10 298
521     23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
522     character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
523     character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
524     allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
525     unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
526     names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
527     for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
528     class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
529     closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
530     diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
531     treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
532     Perl does, and where it didn't before.
534 ph10 296 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
535     Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
536 ph10 292
538 ph10 260 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
539 ph10 230 ---------------------
541     1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
542 ph10 231 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
543     LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
544     help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
545     the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
546 ph10 230 encountered.
547 ph10 231
548     2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
549     of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
550     Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
551     moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
552 ph10 230 bits.
553 ph10 231
554     3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
555     but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
556     control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
557     facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
558 ph10 230 start sets both bits.
560 ph10 231 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
561     matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
562 ph10 230
563 ph10 243 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
565     6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
566 ph10 233 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
567 ph10 243
568     7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
569 ph10 254 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
570 ph10 259 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
571 ph10 257 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
572 ph10 243
573     8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
574 ph10 236 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
575 ph10 243
576 ph10 239 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
577 ph10 243 sequence off the lines that it output.
579     10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
580     relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
581     using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
582     these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
583 ph10 240 dramatic:
584 ph10 243
585 ph10 240 Originally: 290
586     After changing UCP table: 187
587 ph10 243 After changing error message table: 43
588 ph10 240 After changing table of "verbs" 36
589     After changing table of Posix names 22
590 ph10 243
591 ph10 240 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
592 ph10 247
593 ph10 244 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
594 ph10 247 unicode-properties was also set.
596 ph10 248 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
597 ph10 231
598 ph10 253 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
599     checked only for CRLF.
600 ph10 233
601 ph10 259 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
603 ph10 256 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
604 ph10 253
605 ph10 257 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
606 ph10 259 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
607     entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
608 ph10 256
609 ph10 261 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
610     building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
611 ph10 257
612 ph10 261
613 ph10 228 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
614 ph10 157 ---------------------
616 ph10 189 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
617     line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
618     brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
619     installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
620     compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
621 ph10 197
622 ph10 189 #include "pcre.h"
623 ph10 197
624     I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
625     different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
626     by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
628 ph10 190 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
629     when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
630     character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
631     characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
632     of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
633     not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
634     characters when looking for a newline.
635 ph10 197
636     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
638     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
639     in debug output.
641 ph10 201 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
642     long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
643 ph10 189
644 ph10 197 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
645 ph10 189
646 ph10 197 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
647     parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
648     limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
649     this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
650     expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
651     when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
652     immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
653     feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
654     string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
655     optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
656     checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
657     from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
658     explicit limit, but more stack is used.
659 ph10 189
660 ph10 200 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
661     syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
662     pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
663     problem was solved for the main library.
664 ph10 197
665 ph10 202 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
666     the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
667     limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
668     set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
669     32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
670     are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
671     Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
672     made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
673     dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
674     length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
675     the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
676 ph10 208
677     10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
678     duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
679     functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
680     empty string.
682     11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
683     instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
684     because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
685     terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
686     regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
687     cause memory overwriting.
689 ph10 206 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
690     string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
691 ph10 208 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
692 ph10 206 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
693 ph10 208 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
694 ph10 206 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
695 ph10 208
696 ph10 207 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
697     past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
698     set, for example "\x8aBCD".
699 ph10 211
700 ph10 210 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
701     (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
702 ph10 200
703 ph10 211 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
704 ph10 202
705 ph10 212 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
706     This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
707     the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
708     full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
709     does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
710 ph10 220
711     16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
712     processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
713     backslash processing.
715 ph10 214 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
716 ph10 220 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
718 ph10 215 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
719     caused an overrun.
720 ph10 220
721     19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
722     something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
723     unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
724     whether the group could match an empty string).
726 ph10 217 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
727     [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
728 ph10 210
729 ph10 220 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
731     22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
732 ph10 218 reference during compilation.
733 ph10 220
734     23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
735     expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
736 ph10 218 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
737 ph10 220 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
738     with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
739 ph10 218 the compiled data. Specifically:
740 ph10 220
741     (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
742     length.
744     (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
745 ph10 218 loops.
746 ph10 220
747 ph10 218 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
748 ph10 220 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
750 ph10 221 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
752 ph10 219 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
753 ph10 220 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
754 ph10 211
755 ph10 222 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
756 ph10 218
757 ph10 227 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
758 ph10 223 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
759 ph10 227
760 ph10 224 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
761 ph10 227 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
763 ph10 226 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
764     break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
765     "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
766     characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
767 ph10 227 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
768     the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
769     what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
770     of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
771     pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
772     there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
773     pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
774 ph10 222
775 ph10 227 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
776 ph10 223
777 ph10 227
778 ph10 189 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
779     ---------------------
781 ph10 157 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
782     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
783 ph10 159
784     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
785     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
786 ph10 157
787 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
788 ph10 165
789 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
790     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
791 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
792     usable with all link sizes.
794 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
795     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
796 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
797 ph10 164 in all cases.
798 ph10 172
799 ph10 166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
800 ph10 172
801 ph10 166 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
802     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
803 ph10 172
804 ph10 166 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
805 ph10 172 to be opened parentheses.
807     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
808 ph10 167 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
809 ph10 172
810 ph10 168 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
811 ph10 172 is not part of it.
813 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
814 ph10 172
815 ph10 171 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
816 ph10 172 reference syntax.
817 ph10 182
818 ph10 175 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
819 ph10 182 alternative starts with the same number.
820 ph10 172
821 ph10 182 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
823 ph10 172 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
826     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
827     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
828 ph10 170 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
829 ph10 159
830 ph10 172 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
831     hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
832     phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
833     bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
834     alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
835     workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
836 ph10 182
837 ph10 176 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
838 ph10 172
839 ph10 179 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
840     The report of the bug said:
841 ph10 182
842 ph10 179 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
843     pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
844 ph10 182 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
845 ph10 185
846 ph10 184 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
847 ph10 185 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
848 ph10 172
849 ph10 179
850 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
851 ph10 98 ---------------------
853 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
854 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
855 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
856     on this.
857 ph10 111
858     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
859     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
860     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
861     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
862     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
863 ph10 100 alternative.
864 ph10 111
865 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
866 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
867     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
868     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
869     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
870 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
871     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
872     .br or .in.
873 ph10 111
874 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
875 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
876 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
877     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
879     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
880     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
881 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
882 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
883 ph10 111
884     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
885     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
886 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
887 ph10 111
888 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
889 ph10 111 that is needed.
891 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
892     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
893     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
894 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
895     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
896 ph10 105 re-created.
897 ph10 111
898     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
899 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
900 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
901     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
902 ph10 107 some applications.
903 ph10 111
904 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
905 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
906     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
907     shared library.
909 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
911     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
913 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
914     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
916 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
917 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
918 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
919 ph10 123
920 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
921 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
922     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
923     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
924     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
925 ph10 111 before "make dist".
926 ph10 123
927 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
928     with Unicode property support.
929 ph10 123
930     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
931     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
932     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
933 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
934     were both the same length.
935 ph10 123
936     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
937     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
938     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
939     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
940 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
941     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
942     character.
943 ph10 123
944 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
945 ph10 98
946 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
947     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
948 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
949     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
950     relevant variables.
952 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
953     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
954     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
955     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
956     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
957 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
958     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
959     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
960 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
961 ph10 123
962     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
963 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
964 ph10 134
965 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
966 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
967     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
968     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
969     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
970     and then tried again after \r\n.
972 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
973 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
974     compare equal. This works on Linux.
975 ph10 142
976 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
977     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
978 ph10 142
979 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
980 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
981     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
982 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
983     it specially.
984 ph10 150
985     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
986     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
987 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
988 ph10 150
989 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
990 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
991 ph10 152
992 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
993 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
994     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
995 ph10 111
996 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
997 ph10 123
998 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
999 ph10 152
1000 ph10 153
1001 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
1002     ---------------------
1004     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
1005     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
1007     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
1008     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
1009     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
1011     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
1012     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
1013     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
1014     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
1015     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
1017     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
1018     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
1020     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
1021     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
1022     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
1024     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
1025     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
1026     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
1027     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
1028     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
1029     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
1030     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
1031     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
1032     pcretest format) are:
1034     /(?-x: )/x
1035     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
1036     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
1037     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
1039     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
1040     is now done differently.
1042     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
1043     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
1044     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
1045     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
1046     for the FullMatch() function.
1048     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
1049     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
1050     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
1051     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
1053     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
1054     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
1055     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
1056     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
1057     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
1059     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
1060     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
1061     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
1062     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
1063     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
1064     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
1065     avoid this problem.
1067     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
1068     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
1069     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
1070     of them did).
1072     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
1073     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
1074     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
1075     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
1076     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
1077     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
1079     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
1081     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
1082     of the options.
1084     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
1085     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
1087     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
1089     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
1090     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
1091     on Linux.
1093     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
1094     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
1095     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
1096     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
1097     than about 50K.
1099     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
1100     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
1101     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
1102     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
1103     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
1104     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
1105     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
1106     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
1107     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1108     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1109     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1110     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1111     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1112     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1113     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1115     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1116     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1117     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1119     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1120     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1121     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1122     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1123     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1125     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1126     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1127     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1128     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1130     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1131     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1132     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1133     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1134     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1136     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1137     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1138     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1139     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1140     is the same as /B/I).
1142     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1143     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1144     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1145     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1146     is automatically "possessified".
1148     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1149     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1150     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1152     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1153     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1155     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1157     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1158     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1159     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1160     from 23 above.
1162     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1163     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1164     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1165     numbered groups.
1167     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1169     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1170     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1172     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1173     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1174     loop, the loop is abandoned.
1176     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1177     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1178     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1179     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1180     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1182     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1183     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1184     been removed.
1186     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1187     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1188     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1189     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1191     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1192     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1193     also .NET compatible.
1195     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1196     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1198     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1199     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1200     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1202     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1203     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1205     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1206     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1207     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1208     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1210     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1211     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1212     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1213     through the entire recursion stack.
1215     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1216     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1218     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1219     some "unreachable code" warnings.
1221     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1222     things, this adds five new scripts.
1224     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1225     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1226     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1227     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1229     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1230     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1231     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
1232     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1233     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1234     fixed.
1236     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1237     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1238     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1239     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1240     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1242     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1243     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1244     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1245     mode.
1247     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1248     report.
1250     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1251     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1253     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1254     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1255     case.
1257     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1258     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1259     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1261     45. Arranged for dftables to add
1263     #include "pcre_internal.h"
1265     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1266     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1267     dead code stripping is activated.
1269     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1270     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1271     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1274 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1275     ---------------------
1277     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1278     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1279     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1280     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1282     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1283     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1284     won't be NULL.)
1286     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1287     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1288     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1290     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1291     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1292     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1293     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1294     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1295     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1296     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1297     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1298     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1300     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1301     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1302     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1304     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1305     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1306     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1307     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1308     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1309     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1310     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1311     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1313     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1314     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1315     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1316     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1318     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1319     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1320     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1322     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1323     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1325     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1326     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1327     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1328     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1329     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1330     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1331     to 10,000.
1333     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1334     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1335     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1336     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1337     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1338     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1340     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1342     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1343     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1344     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1346     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1348     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1349     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1350     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1352     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1353     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1354     or *.
1356     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1357     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1358     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1360     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1361     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1362     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1363     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1364     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1365     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1367     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1368     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1369     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1370     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1372     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
1373     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1374     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1375     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1376     data.
1378     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1379     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1380     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1381     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1382     Unicode string.
1384     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1385     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1386     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1387     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1389     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1390     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1391     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1392     a warning about an unused variable.
1394     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1395     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1396     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1397     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1398     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1399     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1400     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1402     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1403     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1404     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1405     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1406     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1407     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1408     the future.
1410     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1411     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1412     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1413     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1415     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1416     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1418     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1419     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1421     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1422     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1423     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1424     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1425     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1426     corruption" errors.
1428     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1429     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1431     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1432     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1434     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1436     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1437     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1438     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1440     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1443 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1444     ---------------------
1446     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1447     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1449     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1450     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1452     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1453     not normally included in the compiled code.
1456 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1457     ---------------------
1459     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1460     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1461     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1462     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1464     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1466     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1467     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1468     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1470     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1471     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1472     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1474     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1475     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1476     are now no different to any other data bytes.
1478     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1479     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1480     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1481     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1483     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1484     than they should have been.
1486     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1488     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1489     accidentally printed for the final match.
1491     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1493     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1494     that were found from directory arguments.
1496     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1498     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1500     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1502     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1504     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1505     is not present by default.
1507     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1508     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1509     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1510     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1511     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1512     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1514     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1515     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1516     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1518     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1519     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1520     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1521     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1522     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1523     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1524     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
1525     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
1527     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
1528     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
1529     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
1530     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
1531     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
1532     its own bitmap.
1534     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
1535     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
1536     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
1537     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
1538     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
1539     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
1541     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
1543     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
1544     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
1546     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
1547     regular expressions".
1549     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
1550     have it.
1552     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
1553     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
1554     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
1556     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
1558     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
1560     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
1561     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
1562     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
1563     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
1565     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
1566     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
1567     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
1568     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
1570     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
1572     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
1573     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
1574     ignored.
1576     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
1577     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
1578     strings.
1580     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
1581     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
1583     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
1584     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
1585     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
1587     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
1588     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
1589     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
1591     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
1592     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
1593     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
1594     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
1595     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
1596     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
1597     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
1598     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
1599     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
1601     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
1602     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
1604     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
1605     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
1606     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
1607     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
1609     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
1610     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
1611     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
1612     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
1613     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
1614     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
1615     this functionality to the C++ interface.
1617     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
1619     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
1621     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
1623     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
1624     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
1625     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
1626     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
1627     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
1628     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
1629     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
1630     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
1631     allow for more data.
1633     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
1635     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
1636     matching that character.
1638     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
1639     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
1640     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
1641     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
1642     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
1644     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
1645     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
1646     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
1647     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
1649     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
1651     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
1652     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
1654     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
1655     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
1657     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
1658     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
1659     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
1660     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
1661     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
1662     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
1664     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
1665     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
1666     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
1667     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
1669     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
1672 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
1673     ---------------------
1675     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
1676     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
1677     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
1678     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
1680     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
1682     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
1683     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
1684     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
1685     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
1686     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
1688     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
1689     file's purpose clearer.
1691     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
1694 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
1695     ---------------------
1697     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
1699     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
1701     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
1702     tried to test it.
1704     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
1705     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
1707     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
1709     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
1710     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
1711     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
1712     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
1714     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
1715     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
1716     necessary on certain architectures.
1718     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
1719     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
1720     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
1721     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
1722     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
1723     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
1724     find a way round (a) in the future.
1727 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
1728     ---------------------
1730     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
1731     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
1732     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
1733     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
1734     led to memory overwriting.
1736     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
1738     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
1739     operating environments where this matters.
1741     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
1742     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
1744     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
1745     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
1746     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1747     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1748     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1749     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1750     previous subpatterns.
1752     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1753     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1756 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1757     ---------------------
1759     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1760     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1762     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1763     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1764     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1766     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1767     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1768     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1769     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1771     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1772     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1773     compile command.
1775     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1776     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1777     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1778     but no suitable headers.
1780     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1781     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1782     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1783     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1785     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1786     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1787     wrapper.
1790 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1791     ---------------------
1793     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1795     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1796     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1797     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1798     not imported.
1800     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1801     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1802     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1803     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1804     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1805     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1806     one application and matched in another.
1808     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1809     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1810     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1811     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1812     with other external names.
1814     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1815     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1816     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1817     problem.
1819     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1820     including restarting after a partial match.
1822     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1823     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1824     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1826     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1828     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1829     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1830     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1832     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1833     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1835     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1837     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1838     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1839     something similar for -w.
1841     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1843     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1844     than one at a time available.
1846     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1848     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1849     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1850     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1851     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1853     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1855     -w, --word-regex(p)
1857     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1858     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1859     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1860     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1862     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1863     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1864     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1866     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1868     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1869     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1870     "<stdin>" was used.
1872     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1873     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1875     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1876     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1877     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1879     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1880     around matches be printed.
1882     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1883     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1885     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1886     continue to scan other files.
1888     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1889     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1890     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1891     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1892     previously doing.
1894     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1895     and exclusion when recursing.
1897     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1898     Hopefully, it now does.
1900     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1902     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1904     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1905     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1906     world, but is set differently for Windows.
1908     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1909     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1910     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1911     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1912     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1913     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1914     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1915     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1916     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1918     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1919     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1920     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1922     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1923     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1924     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1925     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1926     both the P and the s flags.
1928     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1930     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1932     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1933     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1935     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1937     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1938     Electric Fence happy when testing.
1942 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1943     ---------------------
1945     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1946     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1947     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1948     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1950     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1951     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1952     item, and its length, respectively.
1954     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1955     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1956     pcretest to make use of this.
1958     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1960     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1961     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1962     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1964     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1965     magic in relation to line terminators.
1967     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1968     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1970     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1971     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1972     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1973     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1974     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1975     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1976     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1978     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1979     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1980     this hack in configure.in.
1982     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1984     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1985     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1986     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1987     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1989     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1990     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1991     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1992     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1993     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1994     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1996     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1997     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1998     string were read.
2000     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
2001     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
2002     enough.)
2004     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
2005     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
2006     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
2007     program that might have everything at different addresses.
2009     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
2010     -R library as well as a -L library.
2012     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
2013     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
2014     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
2016     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
2017     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
2018     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
2019     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
2021     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
2022     compiled pattern.
2024     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
2025     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
2026     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
2027     read-only.
2029     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
2030     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
2031     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
2033     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
2034     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
2036     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
2038     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
2039     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
2040     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
2041     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
2042     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
2044     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
2045     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
2046     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
2047     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
2048     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
2049     usual.
2051     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
2052     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
2053     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
2055     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
2056     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
2058     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
2059     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
2060     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
2061     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
2063     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
2064     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
2065     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
2066     NULL, a crash could occur.
2068     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
2069     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
2070     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
2071     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
2072     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
2073     workstation).
2075     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
2078 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
2079     ---------------------
2081     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
2082     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
2083     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
2084     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
2085     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
2086     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
2087     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
2088     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
2089     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
2090     operating.
2092     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
2093     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
2094     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
2095     and the size of block requested is always the same.
2097     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
2098     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
2099     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
2101     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
2102     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
2103     to the output.
2105     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
2106     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
2108     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
2109     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
2110     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
2111     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
2112     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
2113     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
2114     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
2116     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
2117     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
2118     containing "overlong sequences".
2120     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
2121     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
2122     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
2123     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
2125     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
2126     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
2128     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
2129     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
2130     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
2132     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
2134     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
2135     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
2136     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
2138     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
2139     special systems:
2141     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
2142     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
2143     is defined to be empty.
2144     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
2145     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
2146     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
2148     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
2149     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
2150     went into a loop.
2152     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
2153     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
2154     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
2155     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
2156     that was OK.
2158     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
2159     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
2160     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
2162     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
2163     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
2164     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
2166     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
2167     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
2168     work.
2170     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
2171     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
2172     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
2173     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
2174     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
2177 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
2178     ---------------------
2180     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
2181     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
2182     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
2183     classes (slightly).
2185     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
2186     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
2188     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
2189     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
2191     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
2192     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
2193     explicitly with libpcre.la.
2195     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
2197     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
2199     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
2200     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
2201     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
2202     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
2203     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
2204     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
2205     I have just removed it.
2207     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
2208     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
2209     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
2211     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
2212     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
2213     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
2214     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
2215     rid of the warnings.
2217     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
2218     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
2219     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
2220     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
2222     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
2224     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
2225     to
2226     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
2228     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
2229     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
2230     if it's wrong...
2233 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
2234     ---------------------
2236     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
2237     Makefile.
2239     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
2241     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
2243     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
2244     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
2245     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
2246     reasonable.
2248     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
2249     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
2250     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
2251     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
2252     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
2253     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
2254     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
2255     strings against \d.
2257     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
2258     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
2260     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
2261     defined as "const".
2263     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
2264     Electric Fenced for debugging.
2266     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
2267     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
2268     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
2269     provoke a segmentation fault.
2271     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
2272     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
2274     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
2275     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
2276     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
2277     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
2278     back over UTF-8 characters.)
2281 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
2282     ---------------------
2284     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
2286     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
2287     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
2288     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
2289     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
2290     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
2291     and BUILD_EXEEXT
2292     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
2293     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
2294     compile-time but not at link-time
2295     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
2296     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
2297     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
2298     libraries
2299     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
2300     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
2301     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
2302     <winshared>: new target
2303     <wininstall>: new target
2304     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
2305     <dftables>: use native linker
2306     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
2307     <clean>: ditto
2308     <check>: ditto
2309     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
2311     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
2312     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
2313     in any case.
2315     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
2317     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
2318     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
2320     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
2321     a void * provoked a warning.
2323     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
2324     and a few more missing casts.
2326     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2327     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
2328     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
2330     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2331     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
2332     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
2335 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
2336     ---------------------
2337 nigel 63
2338 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
2339     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
2340     required to support.
2342     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
2343     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
2345     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
2346     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
2347     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
2348     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
2349     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
2351     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
2352     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
2353     linking step for the pcreposix library.
2355     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
2356     name.
2358     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
2359     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
2360     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
2361     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
2362     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
2363     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
2364     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
2366     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
2367     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
2368     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
2369     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
2370     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
2371     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
2372     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
2375     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
2376     ---------------------
2378 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
2379     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
2380     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
2382     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2384     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2385     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2386     from a single perltest script.
2388     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2389     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2390     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2391     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2393     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2394     space and tab.
2396     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2397     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2399     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2400     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2401     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2402     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2403     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2404     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2406     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2407     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2408     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2409     interpolation. Note the following examples:
2411     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
2413     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2414     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
2415     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
2417     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2418     classes as well as outside them.
2420     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2421     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2422     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2423     signed/unsigned warnings.
2425     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2426     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2427     that job.
2429     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2430     "pcregrep -".
2432     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2433     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2434     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2435     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2436     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2437     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2438     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2440     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2441     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2442     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2443     was abstracted outside.
2445     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2446     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2447     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2448     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2449     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2450     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2452     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2453     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2454     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2455     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2457     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2458     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2459     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2460     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2462     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2463     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2464     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2465     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2466     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2467     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2468     future.
2470     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2471     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2473     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2474     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2476     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2477     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2479     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2480     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2482     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2483     outside the source tree.
2485     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2486     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2487     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2489     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2490     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2491     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2492     strange effects.
2494     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2495     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2496     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2497     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2498     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2499     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2500     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2502     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2503     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2504     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2505     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2507     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2509     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2510     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2511     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2512     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2513     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2514     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2515     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2516     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2517     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2518     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2519     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2520     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2521     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2522     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2524     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
2525     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
2526     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
2527     to vary what happens:
2529     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
2530     \C- do not supply a callout function
2531     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
2532     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
2534     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
2535     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
2537     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
2538     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
2539     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
2540     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
2541     when configuring.
2543     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
2544     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
2545     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
2546     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
2547     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
2548     debugging information about compiled patterns.
2550     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
2552     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
2553     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
2554     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
2555     separate copies.
2557     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
2558     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
2560     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
2561     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
2562     definition of the opcodes.
2564     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
2565     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
2567     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
2568     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
2569     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
2571     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
2572     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
2573     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
2574     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
2575     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
2576     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
2578     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
2579     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
2580     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
2582     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
2583     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
2584     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
2585     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
2587     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
2588     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
2589     means that the same test output works with both.
2591     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
2592     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
2594     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
2595     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
2596     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
2597     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
2598     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
2599     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
2600     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
2602     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
2603     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
2604     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
2605     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
2606     way).
2608     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
2609     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
2610     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
2611     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
2613     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
2614     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
2615     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
2616     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
2617     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
2618     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
2619     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
2621     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
2622     to set a default value for the compiled library.
2624     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
2625     a different value is set. See 45 below.
2627     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
2629     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
2630     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
2631     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
2632     The current list of available information is:
2636     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
2637     otherwise it is set to zero.
2641     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
2642     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
2646     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
2647     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
2651     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
2652     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
2656     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
2657     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
2659     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
2660     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
2661     output it. The program then exits immediately.
2663     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
2664     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
2665     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
2666     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
2667     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
2668     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
2670     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
2671     contains the following fields:
2673     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
2674     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
2675     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
2676     call to pcre_exec()
2677     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
2679     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
2685     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
2686     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
2687     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
2688     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
2689     change to existing code.
2691     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
2692     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
2693     block.
2695     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
2696     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
2697     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
2698     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
2699     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
2700     gets very large very quickly.
2702     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
2703     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
2704     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
2705     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
2706     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
2707     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
2708     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
2710     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
2711     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
2712     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
2713     components.)
2715     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
2717     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
2719     0 => success, carry on matching
2720     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
2721     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
2723     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
2724     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
2725     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
2726     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
2728     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
2729     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
2730     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
2731     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
2732     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
2733     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
2734     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
2736     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
2738     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
2739     callout_data, it returns that value.
2741     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
2742     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
2743     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
2745     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
2746     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
2747     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
2748     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
2749     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
2750     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
2752     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
2753     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
2754     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
2755     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
2757     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
2758     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
2759     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
2761     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
2762     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
2764     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
2765     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
2766     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
2767     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
2768     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
2770     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
2771     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
2773     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
2774     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
2776     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
2777     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
2778     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
2779     value.)
2781     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
2782     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
2783     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
2784     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
2786     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
2788     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
2789     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
2790     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
2791     are faulted.
2793     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
2794     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
2795     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
2796     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
2797     you will need to set these values.
2799     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2802     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2803 nigel 61 ---------------------
2805     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2807     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2808     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2809     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2812 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2813     ---------------------
2815     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2816     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2819 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2820     ---------------------
2822     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2823     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2824     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2826 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2827     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2828     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2829     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2830 nigel 57
2831 nigel 59
2832 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2833     ---------------------
2835     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2836     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2838     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2839     the latest autoconf.
2842 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2843     ---------------------
2844 nigel 5
2845 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2846     had been forgotten.
2848     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2849     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2850     private.
2852     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2853     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2854     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2855     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2856     file.
2858     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2859     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2860     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2861     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2863     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2864     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2865     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2866     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2867     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2869     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2870     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2872     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2873     the source directory.
2875     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2876     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2877     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2879     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2880     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2881     in several of the .c files.
2883     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2884     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2885     by using separate calls to printf().
2887     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2888     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2889     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2891     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2892     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2893     likewise updated the man page.
2895     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2896     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2899 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2900     ---------------------
2902     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2904     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2907 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2908     ---------------------
2910     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2911     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2912     lead to crashes in some systems.
2914     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2915     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2917     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
2918     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
2919     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
2920     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
2922     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
2923     the Makefile.
2925     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
2926     Makefile.
2928     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
2929     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
2931     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
2933     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
2934     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
2935     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
2936     out for the ar command.)
2939 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
2940     ---------------------
2942     This is purely a bug fixing release.
2944     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
2945     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
2946     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
2947     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
2948     correctly.
2950     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
2951     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
2952     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
2953     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
2955     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
2956     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
2957     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
2959     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
2960     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
2962     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
2963     to
2964     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
2966     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
2968     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
2969     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
2970     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
2971     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
2973     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
2974     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
2975     faster code anyway.
2978 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
2979     ---------------------
2981     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
2982     the "install" target:
2984     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
2986     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
2989 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
2990     ---------------------
2991 nigel 41
2992     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
2993     pcretest).
2995     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
2997     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
2998     matches null strings.
3000     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
3001     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
3002     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
3003     effect.
3005     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
3006     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
3007     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
3008     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
3010 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
3011     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
3012     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
3013     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
3014     default.
3015 nigel 41
3016 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
3017     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
3018     less than 10.
3020     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
3021     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
3022     modification.
3024     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
3025     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
3026     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
3028     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
3029     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
3031     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
3032     adopting.
3035 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
3036     ----------------------
3038     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
3039     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
3040     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
3042     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
3043     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
3044     of the subject.
3046     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
3047     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
3049     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
3050     in GnuWin32 environments.
3053 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
3054     ----------------------
3056     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
3057     the form of man page sources.
3059     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
3060     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
3061     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
3063     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
3064     should be (const char *).
3066     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
3067     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
3068     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
3069     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
3071     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
3072     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
3074     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
3076     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
3077     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
3079     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
3080     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
3081     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
3082     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
3083     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
3084     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
3085     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
3086     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
3088     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
3089     other alternatives are tried instead.
3092 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
3093     ----------------------
3095     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
3096     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
3097     64-bit systems.
3099     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
3100     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
3101     occurrences in a string.
3103     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
3105     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
3106     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
3107     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
3109     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
3110     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
3111     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
3112     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
3115 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
3116     ----------------------
3118     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
3119     properly on 16-bit systems.
3121     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
3122     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
3123     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
3124     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
3125     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
3126     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
3129 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
3130     ----------------------
3132     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
3133     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
3134     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
3135     problem.
3137     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
3138     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
3140     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
3141     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
3142     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
3143     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
3146 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
3147     ----------------------
3149     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
3151 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
3152     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
3153 nigel 29
3154     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
3155     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
3156     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
3157     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
3159     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
3160     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
3163 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
3164     ----------------------
3166     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
3167     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
3169     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
3170     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
3171     fix the problem.
3173     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
3174     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
3175     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
3176     times.
3178     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
3180     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
3181     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
3184 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
3185     ----------------------
3187     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
3188     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
3189     is passed, the default tables are used.
3192 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
3193 nigel 21 ----------------------
3195 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
3196     it any more.
3198     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
3200     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
3202     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
3203     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
3204     very end of the subject.
3206     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
3208     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
3209     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
3210     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
3212     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
3214     $(?<= positive lookbehind
3215     $(?<! negative lookbehind
3216     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
3217     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
3218     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
3219     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
3221     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
3222     captured string.
3224     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
3225     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
3227     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
3228     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
3229     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
3231     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
3233     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
3234     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
3235     have now been fixed.
3238     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
3239     ----------------------
3241 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
3242     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
3243     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
3244     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
3247 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
3248     ----------------------
3250     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
3252     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
3253     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
3256 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
3257     ----------------------
3259     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
3260     repeat of a potentially empty string).
3263 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
3264     ----------------------
3266     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
3268     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
3271 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
3272     ----------------------
3274     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
3275     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
3278 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
3279     ----------------------
3281     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
3283     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
3284     input syntax.
3286     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
3287     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
3288     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
3290     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
3292     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
3293     vector was exactly big enough.
3295     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
3297     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
3298     setjmp(). Now fixed.
3301 nigel 9 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
3302     ----------------------
3304     1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
3305     diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
3306     on some systems.
3308     2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
3309     it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
3310     also an independent variable.
3312     3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
3314     4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
3315     fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
3316     the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
3317     optimized code for single-character negative classes.
3319     5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
3321     + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
3323     + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
3324     the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
3325     it does no harm).
3327     + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
3328     most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
3329     allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
3331     + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
3332     pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
3334     6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
3335     from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
3337     7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
3338 nigel 11 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
3339 nigel 9 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
3340     which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
3342     8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
3343     form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
3344     curly-bracketed repeats.
3347 nigel 7 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
3348     ----------------------
3350     1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
3352     2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
3353     'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
3354     variable warnings.
3356     3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
3358     4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
3361 nigel 5 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
3362     ----------------------
3364     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
3365     like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
3367     2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
3368     as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
3371     Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
3372     ----------------------
3374     1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
3375     memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
3377     2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
3380 nigel 3 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
3381     ----------------------
3383     1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
3384     initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
3385     of the memory it had got.
3387     2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
3390     Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
3391     ----------------------
3393     1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
3394     back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
3397     Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
3398     ----------------------
3400     1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
3402     2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
3404     3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
3405     fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
3406     escape sequence".
3408     4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
3410     5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
3412     6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
3413     pcretest.
3416     Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
3417     ----------------------
3419     1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
3421     2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
3422     unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
3423     where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
3425     3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
3426     pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
3427     identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
3428     of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
3429     the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
3430     backreferences always work.
3432     4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
3434     (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
3435     to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
3437     (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
3438     PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
3439     mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
3441     (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
3442     the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
3443     or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
3444     escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
3445     even if it is a single digit.
3447     (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
3448     unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
3449     escapes.
3451     (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
3452     pattern).
3454     5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
3455     than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
3457     6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
3458     bit map always.
3460     7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
3461     internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
3464     Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
3465     ----------------------
3467     1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
3468     \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
3469     real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
3472     Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
3473     ----------------------
3475     1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
3476     containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
3477     same for all threads.
3479     2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
3480     anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
3483     Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
3484     ----------------------
3486     1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
3488     2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
3489     but not actually doing anything yet.
3491     3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
3492     as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
3494     4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
3495     all possible positions.
3497     5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
3498     compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
3499     function is split off.
3501     6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
3502     by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
3503     now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
3504     toupper() in the code.
3506     7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
3507     make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
3508     set them directly.
3511     Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
3512     ----------------------
3514     1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
3515     (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
3517     2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
3518     the pattern were in upper case.
3520     3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
3522     4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
3524     5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
3525     PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
3526     pass them.
3528     6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
3530     7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
3531     pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
3533     8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
3534     options, and the first character, if set.
3536     9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
3539     Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
3540     ----------------------
3542     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
3543     match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
3545     2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
3546     a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
3547     Perl does - treats the match as successful.
3549     ****


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