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Revision 407 - (hide annotations) (download)
Mon Mar 23 15:29:18 2009 UTC (6 years ago) by ph10
File size: 164739 byte(s)
Upgrade CMake support to disable tests, pcregrep, and configuration listing.

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
4 ph10 376 Version 7.9 xx-xxx-09
5     ---------------------
7 ph10 392 1. When building with support for bzlib/zlib (pcregrep) and/or readline
8 ph10 376 (pcretest), all targets were linked against these libraries. This included
9     libpcre, libpcreposix, and libpcrecpp, even though they do not use these
10     libraries. This caused unwanted dependencies to be created. This problem
11 ph10 392 has been fixed, and now only pcregrep is linked with bzlib/zlib and only
12 ph10 376 pcretest is linked with readline.
13 ph10 392
14 ph10 376 2. The "typedef int BOOL" in pcre_internal.h that was included inside the
15     "#ifndef FALSE" condition by an earlier change (probably 7.8/18) has been
16     moved outside it again, because FALSE and TRUE are already defined in AIX,
17     but BOOL is not.
18 ph10 392
19     3. The pcre_config() function was treating the PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT and
20 ph10 376 PCRE_MATCH_LIMIT_RETURSION values as ints, when they should be long ints.
21 ph10 392
22 ph10 376 4. The pcregrep documentation said spaces were inserted as well as colons (or
23     hyphens) following file names and line numbers when outputting matching
24 ph10 392 lines. This is not true; no spaces are inserted. I have also clarified the
25 ph10 376 wording for the --colour (or --color) option.
26 ph10 392
27 ph10 378 5. In pcregrep, when --colour was used with -o, the list of matching strings
28     was not coloured; this is different to GNU grep, so I have changed it to be
29     the same.
30 ph10 392
31 ph10 378 6. When --colo(u)r was used in pcregrep, only the first matching substring in
32 ph10 392 each matching line was coloured. Now it goes on to look for further matches
33     of any of the test patterns, which is the same behaviour as GNU grep.
35     7. A pattern that could match an empty string could cause pcregrep to loop; it
36     doesn't make sense to accept an empty string match in pcregrep, so I have
37 ph10 379 locked it out (using PCRE's PCRE_NOTEMPTY option). By experiment, this
38     seems to be how GNU grep behaves.
39 ph10 392
40 ph10 380 8. The pattern (?(?=.*b)b|^) was incorrectly compiled as "match must be at
41 ph10 392 start or after a newline", because the conditional assertion was not being
42     correctly handled. The rule now is that both the assertion and what follows
43     in the first alternative must satisfy the test.
45 ph10 405 9. If auto-callout was enabled in a pattern with a conditional group whose
46 ph10 399 condition was an assertion, PCRE could crash during matching, both with
47     pcre_exec() and pcre_dfa_exec().
48 ph10 392
49     10. The PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY option was not working when pcre_dfa_exec() was
50     used for matching.
52     11. Unicode property support in character classes was not working for
53 ph10 385 characters (bytes) greater than 127 when not in UTF-8 mode.
54 ph10 388
55 ph10 392 12. Added the -M command line option to pcretest.
57 ph10 388 14. Added the non-standard REG_NOTEMPTY option to the POSIX interface.
58 ph10 389
59     15. Added the PCRE_NO_START_OPTIMIZE match-time option.
60 ph10 390
61 ph10 392 16. Added comments and documentation about mis-use of no_arg in the C++
62 ph10 390 wrapper.
63 ph10 392
64 ph10 391 17. Implemented support for UTF-8 encoding in EBCDIC environments, a patch
65 ph10 392 from Martin Jerabek that uses macro names for all relevant character and
66 ph10 391 string constants.
67 ph10 405
68 ph10 393 18. Added to pcre_internal.h two configuration checks: (a) If both EBCDIC and
69     SUPPORT_UTF8 are set, give an error; (b) If SUPPORT_UCP is set without
70 ph10 405 SUPPORT_UTF8, define SUPPORT_UTF8. The "configure" script handles both of
71     these, but not everybody uses configure.
73     19. A conditional group that had only one branch was not being correctly
74     recognized as an item that could match an empty string. This meant that an
75     enclosing group might also not be so recognized, causing infinite looping
76     (and probably a segfault) for patterns such as ^"((?(?=[a])[^"])|b)*"$
77     with the subject "ab", where knowledge that the repeated group can match
78 ph10 396 nothing is needed in order to break the loop.
79 ph10 405
80 ph10 397 20. If a pattern that was compiled with callouts was matched using pcre_dfa_
81 ph10 405 exec(), but without supplying a callout function, matching went wrong.
83     21. If PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT occurred during a recursion, there was a memory
84     leak if the size of the offset vector was greater than 30. When the vector
85     is smaller, the saved offsets during recursion go onto a local stack
86     vector, but for larger vectors malloc() is used. It was failing to free
87     when the recursion yielded PCRE_ERROR_MATCH_LIMIT (or any other "abnormal"
88 ph10 400 error, in fact).
89 ph10 405
90 ph10 402 22. There was a missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 round one of the variables in the
91 ph10 405 heapframe that is used only when UTF-8 support is enabled. This caused no
92     problem, but was untidy.
93 ph10 376
94 ph10 405 23. Steven Van Ingelgem's patch to CMakeLists.txt to change the name
95     CMAKE_BINARY_DIR to PROJECT_BINARY_DIR so that it works when PCRE is
96     included within another project.
97 ph10 407
98     24. Steven Van Ingelgem's patches to add more options to the CMake support,
99     slightly modified by me:
101     (a) PCRE_BUILD_TESTS can be set OFF not to build the tests, including
102     not building pcregrep.
104     (b) PCRE_BUILD_PCREGREP can be see OFF not to build pcregrep, but only
105     if PCRE_BUILD_TESTS is also set OFF, because the tests use pcregrep.
106 ph10 392
107 ph10 405
108 ph10 374 Version 7.8 05-Sep-08
109 ph10 349 ---------------------
111     1. Replaced UCP searching code with optimized version as implemented for Ad
112     Muncher (http://www.admuncher.com/) by Peter Kankowski. This uses a two-
113 ph10 351 stage table and inline lookup instead of a function, giving speed ups of 2
114     to 5 times on some simple patterns that I tested. Permission was given to
115     distribute the MultiStage2.py script that generates the tables (it's not in
116     the tarball, but is in the Subversion repository).
117 ph10 349
118 ph10 351 2. Updated the Unicode datatables to Unicode 5.1.0. This adds yet more
119     scripts.
120 ph10 358
121 ph10 353 3. Change 12 for 7.7 introduced a bug in pcre_study() when a pattern contained
122     a group with a zero qualifier. The result of the study could be incorrect,
123 ph10 358 or the function might crash, depending on the pattern.
125     4. Caseless matching was not working for non-ASCII characters in back
126 ph10 354 references. For example, /(\x{de})\1/8i was not matching \x{de}\x{fe}.
127 ph10 358 It now works when Unicode Property Support is available.
129 ph10 355 5. In pcretest, an escape such as \x{de} in the data was always generating
130     a UTF-8 string, even in non-UTF-8 mode. Now it generates a single byte in
131     non-UTF-8 mode. If the value is greater than 255, it gives a warning about
132 ph10 358 truncation.
133 ph10 349
134 ph10 358 6. Minor bugfix in pcrecpp.cc (change "" == ... to NULL == ...).
136 ph10 357 7. Added two (int) casts to pcregrep when printing the difference of two
137     pointers, in case they are 64-bit values.
138 ph10 371
139     8. Added comments about Mac OS X stack usage to the pcrestack man page and to
140     test 2 if it fails.
142 ph10 359 9. Added PCRE_CALL_CONVENTION just before the names of all exported functions,
143 ph10 371 and a #define of that name to empty if it is not externally set. This is to
144     allow users of MSVC to set it if necessary.
146     10. The PCRE_EXP_DEFN macro which precedes exported functions was missing from
147 ph10 359 the convenience functions in the pcre_get.c source file.
148 ph10 371
149 ph10 360 11. An option change at the start of a pattern that had top-level alternatives
150     could cause overwriting and/or a crash. This command provoked a crash in
151 ph10 371 some environments:
153     printf "/(?i)[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbd]|[\xc3\xa9\xc3\xbdA]/8\n" | pcretest
155 ph10 360 This potential security problem was recorded as CVE-2008-2371.
156 ph10 371
157 ph10 361 12. For a pattern where the match had to start at the beginning or immediately
158     after a newline (e.g /.*anything/ without the DOTALL flag), pcre_exec() and
159 ph10 371 pcre_dfa_exec() could read past the end of the passed subject if there was
160 ph10 361 no match. To help with detecting such bugs (e.g. with valgrind), I modified
161     pcretest so that it places the subject at the end of its malloc-ed buffer.
162 ph10 371
163 ph10 364 13. The change to pcretest in 12 above threw up a couple more cases when pcre_
164 ph10 371 exec() might read past the end of the data buffer in UTF-8 mode.
166 ph10 364 14. A similar bug to 7.3/2 existed when the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option was set and
167 ph10 371 the data contained the byte 0x85 as part of a UTF-8 character within its
168     first line. This applied both to normal and DFA matching.
170 ph10 366 15. Lazy qualifiers were not working in some cases in UTF-8 mode. For example,
171 ph10 371 /^[^d]*?$/8 failed to match "abc".
172 ph10 351
173 ph10 371 16. Added a missing copyright notice to pcrecpp_internal.h.
175     17. Make it more clear in the documentation that values returned from
176 ph10 368 pcre_exec() in ovector are byte offsets, not character counts.
177 ph10 357
178 ph10 371 18. Tidied a few places to stop certain compilers from issuing warnings.
179 ph10 368
180 ph10 373 19. Updated the Virtual Pascal + BCC files to compile the latest v7.7, as
181     supplied by Stefan Weber. I made a further small update for 7.8 because
182 ph10 374 there is a change of source arrangements: the pcre_searchfuncs.c module is
183     replaced by pcre_ucd.c.
184 ph10 371
185 ph10 373
186 ph10 347 Version 7.7 07-May-08
187 ph10 321 ---------------------
189     1. Applied Craig's patch to sort out a long long problem: "If we can't convert
190 ph10 345 a string to a long long, pretend we don't even have a long long." This is
191 ph10 321 done by checking for the strtoq, strtoll, and _strtoi64 functions.
192 ph10 345
193 ph10 322 2. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to restore ABI compatibility with
194     pre-7.6 versions, which defined a global no_arg variable instead of putting
195 ph10 332 it in the RE class. (See also #8 below.)
196 ph10 345
197     3. Remove a line of dead code, identified by coverity and reported by Nuno
198     Lopes.
200 ph10 324 4. Fixed two related pcregrep bugs involving -r with --include or --exclude:
201 ph10 321
202 ph10 324 (1) The include/exclude patterns were being applied to the whole pathnames
203 ph10 345 of files, instead of just to the final components.
205 ph10 324 (2) If there was more than one level of directory, the subdirectories were
206     skipped unless they satisfied the include/exclude conditions. This is
207     inconsistent with GNU grep (and could even be seen as contrary to the
208     pcregrep specification - which I improved to make it absolutely clear).
209     The action now is always to scan all levels of directory, and just
210     apply the include/exclude patterns to regular files.
211 ph10 345
212 ph10 325 5. Added the --include_dir and --exclude_dir patterns to pcregrep, and used
213 ph10 345 --exclude_dir in the tests to avoid scanning .svn directories.
215 ph10 326 6. Applied Craig's patch to the QuoteMeta function so that it escapes the
216 ph10 345 NUL character as backslash + 0 rather than backslash + NUL, because PCRE
217 ph10 326 doesn't support NULs in patterns.
218 ph10 345
219     7. Added some missing "const"s to declarations of static tables in
220     pcre_compile.c and pcre_dfa_exec.c.
222 ph10 328 8. Applied Craig's patch to pcrecpp.cc to fix a problem in OS X that was
223 ph10 329 caused by fix #2 above. (Subsequently also a second patch to fix the
224 ph10 345 first patch. And a third patch - this was a messy problem.)
225 ph10 321
226 ph10 345 9. Applied Craig's patch to remove the use of push_back().
228 ph10 332 10. Applied Alan Lehotsky's patch to add REG_STARTEND support to the POSIX
229     matching function regexec().
230 ph10 345
231     11. Added support for the Oniguruma syntax \g<name>, \g<n>, \g'name', \g'n',
232     which, however, unlike Perl's \g{...}, are subroutine calls, not back
233 ph10 333 references. PCRE supports relative numbers with this syntax (I don't think
234     Oniguruma does).
235 ph10 345
236     12. Previously, a group with a zero repeat such as (...){0} was completely
237 ph10 335 omitted from the compiled regex. However, this means that if the group
238     was called as a subroutine from elsewhere in the pattern, things went wrong
239 ph10 345 (an internal error was given). Such groups are now left in the compiled
240     pattern, with a new opcode that causes them to be skipped at execution
241 ph10 335 time.
242 ph10 345
243 ph10 341 13. Added the PCRE_JAVASCRIPT_COMPAT option. This makes the following changes
244     to the way PCRE behaves:
245 ph10 345
246 ph10 336 (a) A lone ] character is dis-allowed (Perl treats it as data).
247 ph10 345
248     (b) A back reference to an unmatched subpattern matches an empty string
249 ph10 336 (Perl fails the current match path).
250 ph10 345
251 ph10 341 (c) A data ] in a character class must be notated as \] because if the
252 ph10 345 first data character in a class is ], it defines an empty class. (In
253 ph10 341 Perl it is not possible to have an empty class.) The empty class []
254     never matches; it forces failure and is equivalent to (*FAIL) or (?!).
255     The negative empty class [^] matches any one character, independently
256     of the DOTALL setting.
257 ph10 345
258     14. A pattern such as /(?2)[]a()b](abc)/ which had a forward reference to a
259 ph10 340 non-existent subpattern following a character class starting with ']' and
260     containing () gave an internal compiling error instead of "reference to
261     non-existent subpattern". Fortunately, when the pattern did exist, the
262 ph10 345 compiled code was correct. (When scanning forwards to check for the
263 ph10 340 existencd of the subpattern, it was treating the data ']' as terminating
264 ph10 345 the class, so got the count wrong. When actually compiling, the reference
265 ph10 340 was subsequently set up correctly.)
266 ph10 345
267 ph10 341 15. The "always fail" assertion (?!) is optimzed to (*FAIL) by pcre_compile;
268 ph10 345 it was being rejected as not supported by pcre_dfa_exec(), even though
269     other assertions are supported. I have made pcre_dfa_exec() support
270     (*FAIL).
272 ph10 342 16. The implementation of 13c above involved the invention of a new opcode,
273 ph10 345 OP_ALLANY, which is like OP_ANY but doesn't check the /s flag. Since /s
274     cannot be changed at match time, I realized I could make a small
275     improvement to matching performance by compiling OP_ALLANY instead of
276     OP_ANY for "." when DOTALL was set, and then removing the runtime tests
277     on the OP_ANY path.
279     17. Compiling pcretest on Windows with readline support failed without the
280 ph10 343 following two fixes: (1) Make the unistd.h include conditional on
281 ph10 345 HAVE_UNISTD_H; (2) #define isatty and fileno as _isatty and _fileno.
283 ph10 344 18. Changed CMakeLists.txt and cmake/FindReadline.cmake to arrange for the
284 ph10 345 ncurses library to be included for pcretest when ReadLine support is
285     requested, but also to allow for it to be overridden. This patch came from
286     Daniel Bergström.
287 ph10 347
288 ph10 346 19. There was a typo in the file ucpinternal.h where f0_rangeflag was defined
289 ph10 347 as 0x00f00000 instead of 0x00800000. Luckily, this would not have caused
290     any errors with the current Unicode tables. Thanks to Peter Kankowski for
291     spotting this.
292 ph10 324
293 ph10 332
294 ph10 319 Version 7.6 28-Jan-08
295 ph10 300 ---------------------
297 ph10 302 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
298     codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
299     overflow.
300 ph10 309
301     2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
302     HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
304 ph10 303 3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
305 ph10 304 bring them up to date and include new features. This patch includes:
306 ph10 309
307 ph10 304 - Fixed PH's badly added libz and libbz2 support.
308     - Fixed a problem with static linking.
309 ph10 312 - Added pcredemo. [But later removed - see 7 below.]
310 ph10 304 - Fixed dftables problem and added an option.
311     - Added a number of HAVE_XXX tests, including HAVE_WINDOWS_H and
313     - Added readline support for pcretest.
314 ph10 309 - Added an listing of the option settings after cmake has run.
316 ph10 314 4. A user submitted a patch to Makefile that makes it easy to create
317     "pcre.dll" under mingw when using Configure/Make. I added stuff to
318     Makefile.am that cause it to include this special target, without
319     affecting anything else. Note that the same mingw target plus all
320     the other distribution libraries and programs are now supported
321     when configuring with CMake (see 6 below) instead of with
322     Configure/Make.
323 ph10 309
324 ph10 308 5. Applied Craig's patch that moves no_arg into the RE class in the C++ code.
325     This is an attempt to solve the reported problem "pcrecpp::no_arg is not
326 ph10 309 exported in the Windows port". It has not yet been confirmed that the patch
327     solves the problem, but it does no harm.
328 ph10 313
329 ph10 311 6. Applied Sheri's patch to CMakeLists.txt to add NON_STANDARD_LIB_PREFIX and
330 ph10 319 NON_STANDARD_LIB_SUFFIX for dll names built with mingw when configured
331 ph10 314 with CMake, and also correct the comment about stack recursion.
332 ph10 313
333 ph10 312 7. Remove the automatic building of pcredemo from the ./configure system and
334 ph10 313 from CMakeLists.txt. The whole idea of pcredemo.c is that it is an example
335     of a program that users should build themselves after PCRE is installed, so
336     building it automatically is not really right. What is more, it gave
337 ph10 312 trouble in some build environments.
338 ph10 300
339 ph10 319 8. Further tidies to CMakeLists.txt from Sheri and Christian.
340 ph10 308
341 ph10 319
342 ph10 298 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
343 ph10 263 ---------------------
345     1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
346     values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
347 ph10 286
348 ph10 264 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
349     Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
350     included.
351 ph10 286
352     3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
353 ph10 265 [:^space:].
354 ph10 286
355 ph10 267 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
356     defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
357 ph10 286 I have changed it.
359 ph10 268 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
360 ph10 286 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
361     first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
362 ph10 272 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
363     expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
364     makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
365     was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
366 ph10 286
367 ph10 269 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
368 ph10 286 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
369 ph10 269 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
370 ph10 286
371 ph10 270 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
372     than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
373     This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
374     treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
375     seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
376 ph10 286
377 ph10 274 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
378 ph10 275 and messages.
379 ph10 286
380     9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
381     "backspace".
383     10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
384     was moved elsewhere).
386     11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
387     which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
388 ph10 277 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
389 ph10 286 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
390 ph10 277 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
391     thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
392 ph10 286
393 ph10 277 U+002b0 - U+002c1
394     U+0060c - U+0060d
395 ph10 286 U+0061e - U+00612
396 ph10 277 U+0064b - U+0065e
397     U+0074d - U+0076d
398     U+01800 - U+01805
399     U+01d00 - U+01d77
400     U+01d9b - U+01dbf
401     U+0200b - U+0200f
402     U+030fc - U+030fe
403     U+03260 - U+0327f
404     U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
405     U+10450 - U+1049d
406 ph10 286
407 ph10 279 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
408     compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
409     line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
410     GNU grep.
411 ph10 286
412     13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
413     line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
414     does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
415     non-matching lines.
417 ph10 289 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
419     15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
420 ph10 282 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
421 ph10 286 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
422     and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
424 ph10 289 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
425 ph10 284 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
426     INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
427 ph10 263
428 ph10 289 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
429 ph10 286 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
430     runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
431     are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
432     caused the error; without that there was no problem.
433 ph10 263
434 ph10 289 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
435 ph10 286
436 ph10 289 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
437 ph10 286
438 ph10 289 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
439 ph10 288 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
440 ph10 298 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
441     later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
442     that check the return values (which was not done before).
443 ph10 292
444 ph10 291 21. Several CMake things:
445 ph10 287
446 ph10 291 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
447 ph10 292 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
448 ph10 288
449 ph10 292 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
450     linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
451 ph10 291
453 ph10 298
454     22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
455     crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
456     UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
457     this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
458     newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
459     checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
460 ph10 294 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
461 ph10 298
462     23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
463     character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
464     character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
465     allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
466     unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
467     names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
468     for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
469     class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
470     closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
471     diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
472     treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
473     Perl does, and where it didn't before.
475 ph10 296 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
476     Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
477 ph10 292
479 ph10 260 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
480 ph10 230 ---------------------
482     1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
483 ph10 231 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
484     LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
485     help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
486     the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
487 ph10 230 encountered.
488 ph10 231
489     2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
490     of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
491     Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
492     moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
493 ph10 230 bits.
494 ph10 231
495     3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
496     but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
497     control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
498     facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
499 ph10 230 start sets both bits.
501 ph10 231 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
502     matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
503 ph10 230
504 ph10 243 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
506     6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
507 ph10 233 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
508 ph10 243
509     7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
510 ph10 254 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
511 ph10 259 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
512 ph10 257 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
513 ph10 243
514     8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
515 ph10 236 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
516 ph10 243
517 ph10 239 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
518 ph10 243 sequence off the lines that it output.
520     10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
521     relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
522     using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
523     these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
524 ph10 240 dramatic:
525 ph10 243
526 ph10 240 Originally: 290
527     After changing UCP table: 187
528 ph10 243 After changing error message table: 43
529 ph10 240 After changing table of "verbs" 36
530     After changing table of Posix names 22
531 ph10 243
532 ph10 240 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
533 ph10 247
534 ph10 244 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
535 ph10 247 unicode-properties was also set.
537 ph10 248 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
538 ph10 231
539 ph10 253 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
540     checked only for CRLF.
541 ph10 233
542 ph10 259 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
544 ph10 256 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
545 ph10 253
546 ph10 257 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
547 ph10 259 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
548     entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
549 ph10 256
550 ph10 261 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
551     building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
552 ph10 257
553 ph10 261
554 ph10 228 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
555 ph10 157 ---------------------
557 ph10 189 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
558     line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
559     brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
560     installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
561     compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
562 ph10 197
563 ph10 189 #include "pcre.h"
564 ph10 197
565     I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
566     different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
567     by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
569 ph10 190 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
570     when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
571     character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
572     characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
573     of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
574     not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
575     characters when looking for a newline.
576 ph10 197
577     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
579     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
580     in debug output.
582 ph10 201 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
583     long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
584 ph10 189
585 ph10 197 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
586 ph10 189
587 ph10 197 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
588     parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
589     limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
590     this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
591     expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
592     when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
593     immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
594     feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
595     string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
596     optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
597     checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
598     from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
599     explicit limit, but more stack is used.
600 ph10 189
601 ph10 200 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
602     syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
603     pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
604     problem was solved for the main library.
605 ph10 197
606 ph10 202 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
607     the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
608     limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
609     set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
610     32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
611     are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
612     Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
613     made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
614     dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
615     length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
616     the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
617 ph10 208
618     10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
619     duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
620     functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
621     empty string.
623     11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
624     instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
625     because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
626     terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
627     regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
628     cause memory overwriting.
630 ph10 206 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
631     string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
632 ph10 208 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
633 ph10 206 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
634 ph10 208 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
635 ph10 206 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
636 ph10 208
637 ph10 207 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
638     past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
639     set, for example "\x8aBCD".
640 ph10 211
641 ph10 210 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
642     (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
643 ph10 200
644 ph10 211 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
645 ph10 202
646 ph10 212 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
647     This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
648     the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
649     full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
650     does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
651 ph10 220
652     16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
653     processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
654     backslash processing.
656 ph10 214 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
657 ph10 220 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
659 ph10 215 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
660     caused an overrun.
661 ph10 220
662     19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
663     something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
664     unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
665     whether the group could match an empty string).
667 ph10 217 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
668     [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
669 ph10 210
670 ph10 220 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
672     22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
673 ph10 218 reference during compilation.
674 ph10 220
675     23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
676     expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
677 ph10 218 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
678 ph10 220 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
679     with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
680 ph10 218 the compiled data. Specifically:
681 ph10 220
682     (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
683     length.
685     (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
686 ph10 218 loops.
687 ph10 220
688 ph10 218 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
689 ph10 220 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
691 ph10 221 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
693 ph10 219 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
694 ph10 220 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
695 ph10 211
696 ph10 222 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
697 ph10 218
698 ph10 227 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
699 ph10 223 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
700 ph10 227
701 ph10 224 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
702 ph10 227 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
704 ph10 226 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
705     break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
706     "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
707     characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
708 ph10 227 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
709     the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
710     what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
711     of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
712     pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
713     there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
714     pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
715 ph10 222
716 ph10 227 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
717 ph10 223
718 ph10 227
719 ph10 189 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
720     ---------------------
722 ph10 157 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
723     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
724 ph10 159
725     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
726     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
727 ph10 157
728 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
729 ph10 165
730 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
731     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
732 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
733     usable with all link sizes.
735 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
736     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
737 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
738 ph10 164 in all cases.
739 ph10 172
740 ph10 166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
741 ph10 172
742 ph10 166 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
743     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
744 ph10 172
745 ph10 166 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
746 ph10 172 to be opened parentheses.
748     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
749 ph10 167 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
750 ph10 172
751 ph10 168 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
752 ph10 172 is not part of it.
754 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
755 ph10 172
756 ph10 171 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
757 ph10 172 reference syntax.
758 ph10 182
759 ph10 175 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
760 ph10 182 alternative starts with the same number.
761 ph10 172
762 ph10 182 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
764 ph10 172 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
767     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
768     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
769 ph10 170 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
770 ph10 159
771 ph10 172 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
772     hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
773     phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
774     bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
775     alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
776     workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
777 ph10 182
778 ph10 176 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
779 ph10 172
780 ph10 179 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
781     The report of the bug said:
782 ph10 182
783 ph10 179 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
784     pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
785 ph10 182 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
786 ph10 185
787 ph10 184 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
788 ph10 185 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
789 ph10 172
790 ph10 179
791 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
792 ph10 98 ---------------------
794 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
795 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
796 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
797     on this.
798 ph10 111
799     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
800     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
801     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
802     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
803     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
804 ph10 100 alternative.
805 ph10 111
806 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
807 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
808     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
809     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
810     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
811 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
812     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
813     .br or .in.
814 ph10 111
815 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
816 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
817 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
818     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
820     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
821     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
822 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
823 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
824 ph10 111
825     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
826     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
827 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
828 ph10 111
829 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
830 ph10 111 that is needed.
832 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
833     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
834     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
835 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
836     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
837 ph10 105 re-created.
838 ph10 111
839     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
840 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
841 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
842     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
843 ph10 107 some applications.
844 ph10 111
845 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
846 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
847     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
848     shared library.
850 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
852     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
854 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
855     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
857 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
858 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
859 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
860 ph10 123
861 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
862 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
863     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
864     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
865     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
866 ph10 111 before "make dist".
867 ph10 123
868 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
869     with Unicode property support.
870 ph10 123
871     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
872     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
873     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
874 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
875     were both the same length.
876 ph10 123
877     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
878     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
879     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
880     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
881 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
882     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
883     character.
884 ph10 123
885 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
886 ph10 98
887 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
888     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
889 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
890     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
891     relevant variables.
893 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
894     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
895     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
896     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
897     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
898 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
899     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
900     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
901 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
902 ph10 123
903     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
904 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
905 ph10 134
906 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
907 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
908     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
909     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
910     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
911     and then tried again after \r\n.
913 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
914 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
915     compare equal. This works on Linux.
916 ph10 142
917 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
918     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
919 ph10 142
920 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
921 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
922     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
923 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
924     it specially.
925 ph10 150
926     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
927     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
928 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
929 ph10 150
930 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
931 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
932 ph10 152
933 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
934 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
935     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
936 ph10 111
937 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
938 ph10 123
939 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
940 ph10 152
941 ph10 153
942 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
943     ---------------------
945     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
946     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
948     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
949     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
950     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
952     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
953     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
954     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
955     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
956     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
958     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
959     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
961     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
962     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
963     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
965     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
966     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
967     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
968     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
969     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
970     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
971     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
972     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
973     pcretest format) are:
975     /(?-x: )/x
976     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
977     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
978     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
980     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
981     is now done differently.
983     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
984     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
985     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
986     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
987     for the FullMatch() function.
989     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
990     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
991     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
992     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
994     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
995     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
996     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
997     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
998     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
1000     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
1001     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
1002     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
1003     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
1004     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
1005     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
1006     avoid this problem.
1008     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
1009     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
1010     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
1011     of them did).
1013     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
1014     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
1015     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
1016     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
1017     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
1018     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
1020     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
1022     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
1023     of the options.
1025     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
1026     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
1028     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
1030     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
1031     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
1032     on Linux.
1034     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
1035     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
1036     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
1037     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
1038     than about 50K.
1040     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
1041     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
1042     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
1043     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
1044     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
1045     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
1046     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
1047     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
1048     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
1049     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
1050     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
1051     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
1052     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
1053     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
1054     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
1056     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
1057     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
1058     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
1060     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
1061     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
1062     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
1063     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
1064     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
1066     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
1067     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
1068     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
1069     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
1071     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
1072     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
1073     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
1074     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
1075     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
1077     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
1078     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
1079     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
1080     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
1081     is the same as /B/I).
1083     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
1084     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
1085     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
1086     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
1087     is automatically "possessified".
1089     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
1090     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
1091     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
1093     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
1094     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
1096     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
1098     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
1099     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
1100     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
1101     from 23 above.
1103     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
1104     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
1105     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
1106     numbered groups.
1108     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
1110     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
1111     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
1113     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
1114     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
1115     loop, the loop is abandoned.
1117     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
1118     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
1119     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
1120     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
1121     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
1123     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
1124     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
1125     been removed.
1127     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
1128     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
1129     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
1130     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
1132     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
1133     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
1134     also .NET compatible.
1136     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
1137     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
1139     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
1140     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
1141     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
1143     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
1144     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
1146     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
1147     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
1148     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
1149     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
1151     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
1152     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
1153     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
1154     through the entire recursion stack.
1156     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
1157     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
1159     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
1160     some "unreachable code" warnings.
1162     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
1163     things, this adds five new scripts.
1165     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
1166     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
1167     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
1168     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
1170     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
1171     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
1172     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
1173     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
1174     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
1175     fixed.
1177     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
1178     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
1179     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
1180     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
1181     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
1183     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
1184     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
1185     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
1186     mode.
1188     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
1189     report.
1191     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
1192     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
1194     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
1195     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
1196     case.
1198     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
1199     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
1200     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
1202     45. Arranged for dftables to add
1204     #include "pcre_internal.h"
1206     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
1207     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
1208     dead code stripping is activated.
1210     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
1211     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
1212     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
1215 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
1216     ---------------------
1218     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
1219     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
1220     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
1221     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
1223     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
1224     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
1225     won't be NULL.)
1227     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
1228     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
1229     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
1231     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
1232     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
1233     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
1234     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
1235     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
1236     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
1237     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
1238     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
1239     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
1241     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
1242     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
1243     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
1245     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
1246     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
1247     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
1248     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
1249     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
1250     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
1251     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
1252     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
1254     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
1255     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
1256     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
1257     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
1259     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
1260     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
1261     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
1263     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
1264     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
1266     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
1267     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
1268     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
1269     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
1270     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
1271     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
1272     to 10,000.
1274     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
1275     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
1276     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
1277     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
1278     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
1279     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
1281     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
1283     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
1284     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
1285     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
1287     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
1289     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
1290     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
1291     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
1293     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
1294     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
1295     or *.
1297     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
1298     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
1299     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
1301     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
1302     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
1303     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
1304     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
1305     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
1306     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
1308     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
1309     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
1310     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
1311     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
1313     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
1314     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
1315     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
1316     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
1317     data.
1319     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
1320     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
1321     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
1322     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
1323     Unicode string.
1325     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1326     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1327     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1328     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1330     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1331     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1332     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1333     a warning about an unused variable.
1335     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1336     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1337     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1338     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1339     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1340     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1341     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1343     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1344     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1345     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1346     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1347     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1348     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1349     the future.
1351     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1352     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1353     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1354     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1356     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1357     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1359     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1360     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1362     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1363     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1364     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1365     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1366     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1367     corruption" errors.
1369     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1370     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1372     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1373     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1375     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1377     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1378     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1379     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1381     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1384 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1385     ---------------------
1387     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1388     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1390     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1391     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1393     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1394     not normally included in the compiled code.
1397 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1398     ---------------------
1400     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1401     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1402     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1403     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1405     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1407     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1408     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1409     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1411     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1412     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1413     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1415     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1416     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1417     are now no different to any other data bytes.
1419     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1420     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1421     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1422     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1424     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1425     than they should have been.
1427     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1429     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1430     accidentally printed for the final match.
1432     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1434     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1435     that were found from directory arguments.
1437     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1439     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1441     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1443     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1445     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1446     is not present by default.
1448     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1449     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1450     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1451     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1452     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1453     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1455     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1456     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1457     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1459     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1460     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1461     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1462     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1463     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1464     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1465     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
1466     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
1468     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
1469     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
1470     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
1471     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
1472     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
1473     its own bitmap.
1475     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
1476     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
1477     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
1478     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
1479     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
1480     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
1482     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
1484     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
1485     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
1487     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
1488     regular expressions".
1490     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
1491     have it.
1493     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
1494     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
1495     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
1497     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
1499     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
1501     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
1502     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
1503     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
1504     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
1506     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
1507     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
1508     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
1509     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
1511     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
1513     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
1514     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
1515     ignored.
1517     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
1518     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
1519     strings.
1521     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
1522     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
1524     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
1525     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
1526     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
1528     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
1529     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
1530     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
1532     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
1533     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
1534     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
1535     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
1536     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
1537     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
1538     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
1539     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
1540     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
1542     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
1543     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
1545     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
1546     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
1547     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
1548     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
1550     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
1551     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
1552     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
1553     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
1554     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
1555     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
1556     this functionality to the C++ interface.
1558     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
1560     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
1562     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
1564     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
1565     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
1566     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
1567     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
1568     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
1569     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
1570     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
1571     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
1572     allow for more data.
1574     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
1576     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
1577     matching that character.
1579     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
1580     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
1581     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
1582     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
1583     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
1585     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
1586     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
1587     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
1588     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
1590     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
1592     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
1593     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
1595     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
1596     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
1598     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
1599     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
1600     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
1601     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
1602     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
1603     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
1605     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
1606     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
1607     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
1608     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
1610     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
1613 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
1614     ---------------------
1616     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
1617     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
1618     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
1619     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
1621     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
1623     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
1624     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
1625     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
1626     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
1627     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
1629     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
1630     file's purpose clearer.
1632     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
1635 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
1636     ---------------------
1638     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
1640     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
1642     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
1643     tried to test it.
1645     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
1646     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
1648     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
1650     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
1651     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
1652     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
1653     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
1655     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
1656     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
1657     necessary on certain architectures.
1659     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
1660     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
1661     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
1662     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
1663     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
1664     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
1665     find a way round (a) in the future.
1668 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
1669     ---------------------
1671     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
1672     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
1673     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
1674     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
1675     led to memory overwriting.
1677     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
1679     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
1680     operating environments where this matters.
1682     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
1683     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
1685     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
1686     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
1687     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1688     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1689     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1690     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1691     previous subpatterns.
1693     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1694     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1697 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1698     ---------------------
1700     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1701     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1703     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1704     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1705     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1707     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1708     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1709     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1710     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1712     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1713     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1714     compile command.
1716     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1717     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1718     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1719     but no suitable headers.
1721     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1722     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1723     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1724     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1726     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1727     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1728     wrapper.
1731 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1732     ---------------------
1734     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1736     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1737     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1738     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1739     not imported.
1741     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1742     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1743     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1744     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1745     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1746     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1747     one application and matched in another.
1749     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1750     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1751     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1752     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1753     with other external names.
1755     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1756     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1757     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1758     problem.
1760     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1761     including restarting after a partial match.
1763     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1764     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1765     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1767     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1769     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1770     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1771     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1773     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1774     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1776     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1778     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1779     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1780     something similar for -w.
1782     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1784     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1785     than one at a time available.
1787     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1789     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1790     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1791     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1792     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1794     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1796     -w, --word-regex(p)
1798     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1799     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1800     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1801     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1803     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1804     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1805     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1807     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1809     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1810     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1811     "<stdin>" was used.
1813     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1814     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1816     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1817     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1818     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1820     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1821     around matches be printed.
1823     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1824     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1826     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1827     continue to scan other files.
1829     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1830     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1831     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1832     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1833     previously doing.
1835     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1836     and exclusion when recursing.
1838     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1839     Hopefully, it now does.
1841     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1843     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1845     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1846     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1847     world, but is set differently for Windows.
1849     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1850     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1851     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1852     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1853     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1854     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1855     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1856     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1857     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1859     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1860     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1861     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1863     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1864     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1865     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1866     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1867     both the P and the s flags.
1869     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1871     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1873     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1874     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1876     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1878     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1879     Electric Fence happy when testing.
1883 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1884     ---------------------
1886     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1887     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1888     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1889     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1891     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1892     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1893     item, and its length, respectively.
1895     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1896     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1897     pcretest to make use of this.
1899     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1901     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1902     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1903     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1905     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1906     magic in relation to line terminators.
1908     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1909     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1911     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1912     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1913     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1914     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1915     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1916     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1917     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1919     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1920     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1921     this hack in configure.in.
1923     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1925     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1926     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1927     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1928     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1930     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1931     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1932     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1933     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1934     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1935     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1937     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1938     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1939     string were read.
1941     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1942     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1943     enough.)
1945     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1946     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1947     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1948     program that might have everything at different addresses.
1950     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1951     -R library as well as a -L library.
1953     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1954     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1955     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1957     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1958     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1959     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1960     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1962     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1963     compiled pattern.
1965     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1966     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1967     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1968     read-only.
1970     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1971     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1972     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1974     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1975     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1977     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1979     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1980     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1981     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1982     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1983     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1985     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1986     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1987     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1988     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1989     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1990     usual.
1992     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1993     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1994     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1996     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1997     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1999     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
2000     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
2001     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
2002     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
2004     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
2005     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
2006     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
2007     NULL, a crash could occur.
2009     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
2010     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
2011     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
2012     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
2013     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
2014     workstation).
2016     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
2019 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
2020     ---------------------
2022     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
2023     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
2024     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
2025     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
2026     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
2027     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
2028     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
2029     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
2030     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
2031     operating.
2033     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
2034     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
2035     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
2036     and the size of block requested is always the same.
2038     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
2039     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
2040     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
2042     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
2043     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
2044     to the output.
2046     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
2047     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
2049     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
2050     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
2051     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
2052     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
2053     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
2054     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
2055     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
2057     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
2058     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
2059     containing "overlong sequences".
2061     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
2062     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
2063     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
2064     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
2066     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
2067     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
2069     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
2070     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
2071     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
2073     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
2075     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
2076     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
2077     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
2079     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
2080     special systems:
2082     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
2083     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
2084     is defined to be empty.
2085     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
2086     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
2087     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
2089     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
2090     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
2091     went into a loop.
2093     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
2094     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
2095     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
2096     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
2097     that was OK.
2099     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
2100     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
2101     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
2103     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
2104     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
2105     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
2107     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
2108     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
2109     work.
2111     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
2112     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
2113     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
2114     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
2115     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
2118 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
2119     ---------------------
2121     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
2122     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
2123     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
2124     classes (slightly).
2126     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
2127     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
2129     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
2130     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
2132     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
2133     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
2134     explicitly with libpcre.la.
2136     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
2138     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
2140     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
2141     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
2142     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
2143     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
2144     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
2145     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
2146     I have just removed it.
2148     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
2149     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
2150     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
2152     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
2153     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
2154     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
2155     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
2156     rid of the warnings.
2158     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
2159     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
2160     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
2161     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
2163     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
2165     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
2166     to
2167     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
2169     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
2170     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
2171     if it's wrong...
2174 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
2175     ---------------------
2177     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
2178     Makefile.
2180     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
2182     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
2184     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
2185     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
2186     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
2187     reasonable.
2189     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
2190     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
2191     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
2192     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
2193     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
2194     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
2195     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
2196     strings against \d.
2198     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
2199     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
2201     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
2202     defined as "const".
2204     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
2205     Electric Fenced for debugging.
2207     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
2208     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
2209     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
2210     provoke a segmentation fault.
2212     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
2213     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
2215     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
2216     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
2217     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
2218     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
2219     back over UTF-8 characters.)
2222 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
2223     ---------------------
2225     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
2227     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
2228     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
2229     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
2230     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
2231     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
2232     and BUILD_EXEEXT
2233     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
2234     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
2235     compile-time but not at link-time
2236     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
2237     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
2238     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
2239     libraries
2240     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
2241     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
2242     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
2243     <winshared>: new target
2244     <wininstall>: new target
2245     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
2246     <dftables>: use native linker
2247     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
2248     <clean>: ditto
2249     <check>: ditto
2250     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
2252     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
2253     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
2254     in any case.
2256     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
2258     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
2259     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
2261     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
2262     a void * provoked a warning.
2264     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
2265     and a few more missing casts.
2267     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2268     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
2269     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
2271     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
2272     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
2273     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
2276 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
2277     ---------------------
2278 nigel 63
2279 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
2280     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
2281     required to support.
2283     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
2284     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
2286     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
2287     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
2288     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
2289     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
2290     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
2292     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
2293     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
2294     linking step for the pcreposix library.
2296     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
2297     name.
2299     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
2300     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
2301     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
2302     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
2303     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
2304     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
2305     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
2307     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
2308     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
2309     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
2310     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
2311     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
2312     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
2313     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
2316     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
2317     ---------------------
2319 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
2320     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
2321     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
2323     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2325     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2326     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2327     from a single perltest script.
2329     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2330     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2331     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2332     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2334     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2335     space and tab.
2337     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2338     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2340     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2341     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2342     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2343     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2344     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2345     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2347     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2348     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2349     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2350     interpolation. Note the following examples:
2352     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
2354     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2355     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
2356     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
2358     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2359     classes as well as outside them.
2361     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2362     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2363     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2364     signed/unsigned warnings.
2366     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2367     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2368     that job.
2370     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2371     "pcregrep -".
2373     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2374     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2375     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2376     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2377     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2378     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2379     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2381     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2382     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2383     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2384     was abstracted outside.
2386     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2387     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2388     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2389     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2390     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2391     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2393     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2394     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2395     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2396     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2398     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2399     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2400     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2401     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2403     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2404     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2405     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2406     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2407     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2408     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2409     future.
2411     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2412     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2414     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2415     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2417     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2418     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2420     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2421     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2423     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2424     outside the source tree.
2426     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2427     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2428     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2430     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2431     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2432     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2433     strange effects.
2435     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2436     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2437     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2438     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2439     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2440     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2441     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2443     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2444     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2445     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2446     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2448     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2450     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2451     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2452     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2453     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2454     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2455     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2456     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2457     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2458     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2459     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2460     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2461     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2462     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2463     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2465     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
2466     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
2467     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
2468     to vary what happens:
2470     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
2471     \C- do not supply a callout function
2472     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
2473     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
2475     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
2476     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
2478     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
2479     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
2480     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
2481     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
2482     when configuring.
2484     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
2485     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
2486     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
2487     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
2488     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
2489     debugging information about compiled patterns.
2491     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
2493     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
2494     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
2495     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
2496     separate copies.
2498     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
2499     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
2501     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
2502     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
2503     definition of the opcodes.
2505     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
2506     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
2508     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
2509     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
2510     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
2512     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
2513     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
2514     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
2515     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
2516     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
2517     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
2519     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
2520     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
2521     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
2523     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
2524     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
2525     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
2526     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
2528     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
2529     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
2530     means that the same test output works with both.
2532     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
2533     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
2535     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
2536     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
2537     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
2538     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
2539     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
2540     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
2541     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
2543     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
2544     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
2545     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
2546     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
2547     way).
2549     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
2550     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
2551     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
2552     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
2554     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
2555     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
2556     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
2557     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
2558     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
2559     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
2560     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
2562     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
2563     to set a default value for the compiled library.
2565     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
2566     a different value is set. See 45 below.
2568     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
2570     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
2571     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
2572     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
2573     The current list of available information is:
2577     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
2578     otherwise it is set to zero.
2582     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
2583     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
2587     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
2588     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
2592     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
2593     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
2597     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
2598     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
2600     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
2601     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
2602     output it. The program then exits immediately.
2604     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
2605     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
2606     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
2607     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
2608     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
2609     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
2611     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
2612     contains the following fields:
2614     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
2615     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
2616     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
2617     call to pcre_exec()
2618     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
2620     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
2626     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
2627     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
2628     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
2629     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
2630     change to existing code.
2632     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
2633     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
2634     block.
2636     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
2637     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
2638     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
2639     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
2640     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
2641     gets very large very quickly.
2643     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
2644     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
2645     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
2646     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
2647     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
2648     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
2649     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
2651     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
2652     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
2653     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
2654     components.)
2656     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
2658     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
2660     0 => success, carry on matching
2661     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
2662     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
2664     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
2665     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
2666     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
2667     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
2669     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
2670     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
2671     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
2672     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
2673     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
2674     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
2675     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
2677     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
2679     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
2680     callout_data, it returns that value.
2682     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
2683     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
2684     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
2686     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
2687     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
2688     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
2689     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
2690     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
2691     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
2693     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
2694     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
2695     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
2696     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
2698     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
2699     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
2700     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
2702     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
2703     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
2705     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
2706     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
2707     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
2708     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
2709     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
2711     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
2712     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
2714     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
2715     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
2717     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
2718     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
2719     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
2720     value.)
2722     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
2723     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
2724     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
2725     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
2727     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
2729     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
2730     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
2731     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
2732     are faulted.
2734     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
2735     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
2736     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
2737     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
2738     you will need to set these values.
2740     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2743     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2744 nigel 61 ---------------------
2746     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2748     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2749     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2750     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2753 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2754     ---------------------
2756     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2757     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2760 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2761     ---------------------
2763     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2764     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2765     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2767 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2768     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2769     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2770     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2771 nigel 57
2772 nigel 59
2773 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2774     ---------------------
2776     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2777     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2779     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2780     the latest autoconf.
2783 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2784     ---------------------
2785 nigel 5
2786 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2787     had been forgotten.
2789     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2790     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2791     private.
2793     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2794     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2795     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2796     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2797     file.
2799     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2800     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2801     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2802     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2804     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2805     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2806     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2807     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2808     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2810     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2811     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2813     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2814     the source directory.
2816     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2817     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2818     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2820     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2821     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2822     in several of the .c files.
2824     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2825     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2826     by using separate calls to printf().
2828     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2829     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2830     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2832     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2833     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2834     likewise updated the man page.
2836     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2837     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2840 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2841     ---------------------
2843     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2845     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2848 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2849     ---------------------
2851     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2852     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2853     lead to crashes in some systems.
2855     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2856     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2858     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
2859     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
2860     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
2861     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
2863     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
2864     the Makefile.
2866     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
2867     Makefile.
2869     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
2870     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
2872     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
2874     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
2875     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
2876     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
2877     out for the ar command.)
2880 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
2881     ---------------------
2883     This is purely a bug fixing release.
2885     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
2886     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
2887     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
2888     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
2889     correctly.
2891     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
2892     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
2893     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
2894     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
2896     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
2897     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
2898     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
2900     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
2901     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
2903     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
2904     to
2905     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
2907     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
2909     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
2910     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
2911     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
2912     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
2914     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
2915     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
2916     faster code anyway.
2919 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
2920     ---------------------
2922     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
2923     the "install" target:
2925     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
2927     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
2930 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
2931     ---------------------
2932 nigel 41
2933     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
2934     pcretest).
2936     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
2938     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
2939     matches null strings.
2941     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
2942     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
2943     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
2944     effect.
2946     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
2947     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
2948     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
2949     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
2951 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
2952     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
2953     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
2954     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
2955     default.
2956 nigel 41
2957 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
2958     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
2959     less than 10.
2961     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
2962     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
2963     modification.
2965     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
2966     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
2967     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
2969     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
2970     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
2972     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
2973     adopting.
2976 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
2977     ----------------------
2979     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
2980     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
2981     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
2983     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
2984     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
2985     of the subject.
2987     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
2988     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
2990     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
2991     in GnuWin32 environments.
2994 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
2995     ----------------------
2997     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
2998     the form of man page sources.
3000     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
3001     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
3002     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
3004     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
3005     should be (const char *).
3007     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
3008     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
3009     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
3010     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
3012     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
3013     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
3015     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
3017     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
3018     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
3020     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
3021     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
3022     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
3023     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
3024     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
3025     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
3026     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
3027     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
3029     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
3030     other alternatives are tried instead.
3033 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
3034     ----------------------
3036     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
3037     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
3038     64-bit systems.
3040     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
3041     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
3042     occurrences in a string.
3044     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
3046     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
3047     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
3048     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
3050     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
3051     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
3052     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
3053     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
3056 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
3057     ----------------------
3059     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
3060     properly on 16-bit systems.
3062     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
3063     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
3064     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
3065     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
3066     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
3067     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
3070 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
3071     ----------------------
3073     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
3074     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
3075     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
3076     problem.
3078     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
3079     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
3081     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
3082     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
3083     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
3084     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
3087 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
3088     ----------------------
3090     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
3092 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
3093     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
3094 nigel 29
3095     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
3096     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
3097     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
3098     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
3100     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
3101     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
3104 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
3105     ----------------------
3107     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
3108     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
3110     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
3111     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
3112     fix the problem.
3114     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
3115     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
3116     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
3117     times.
3119     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
3121     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
3122     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
3125 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
3126     ----------------------
3128     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
3129     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
3130     is passed, the default tables are used.
3133 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
3134 nigel 21 ----------------------
3136 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
3137     it any more.
3139     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
3141     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
3143     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
3144     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
3145     very end of the subject.
3147     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
3149     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
3150     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
3151     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
3153     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
3155     $(?<= positive lookbehind
3156     $(?<! negative lookbehind
3157     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
3158     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
3159     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
3160     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
3162     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
3163     captured string.
3165     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
3166     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
3168     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
3169     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
3170     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
3172     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
3174     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
3175     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
3176     have now been fixed.
3179     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
3180     ----------------------
3182 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
3183     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
3184     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
3185     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
3188 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
3189     ----------------------
3191     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
3193     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
3194     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
3197 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
3198     ----------------------
3200     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
3201     repeat of a potentially empty string).
3204 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
3205     ----------------------
3207     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
3209     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
3212 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
3213     ----------------------
3215     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
3216     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
3219 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
3220     ----------------------
3222     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
3224     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
3225     input syntax.
3227     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
3228     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
3229     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
3231     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
3233     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
3234     vector was exactly big enough.
3236     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
3238     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
3239     setjmp(). Now fixed.
3242 nigel 9 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
3243     ----------------------
3245     1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
3246     diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
3247     on some systems.
3249     2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
3250     it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
3251     also an independent variable.
3253     3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
3255     4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
3256     fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
3257     the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
3258     optimized code for single-character negative classes.
3260     5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
3262     + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
3264     + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
3265     the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
3266     it does no harm).
3268     + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
3269     most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
3270     allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
3272     + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
3273     pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
3275     6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
3276     from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
3278     7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
3279 nigel 11 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
3280 nigel 9 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
3281     which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
3283     8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
3284     form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
3285     curly-bracketed repeats.
3288 nigel 7 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
3289     ----------------------
3291     1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
3293     2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
3294     'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
3295     variable warnings.
3297     3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
3299     4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
3302 nigel 5 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
3303     ----------------------
3305     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
3306     like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
3308     2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
3309     as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
3312     Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
3313     ----------------------
3315     1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
3316     memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
3318     2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
3321 nigel 3 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
3322     ----------------------
3324     1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
3325     initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
3326     of the memory it had got.
3328     2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
3331     Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
3332     ----------------------
3334     1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
3335     back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
3338     Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
3339     ----------------------
3341     1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
3343     2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
3345     3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
3346     fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
3347     escape sequence".
3349     4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
3351     5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
3353     6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
3354     pcretest.
3357     Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
3358     ----------------------
3360     1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
3362     2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
3363     unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
3364     where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
3366     3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
3367     pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
3368     identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
3369     of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
3370     the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
3371     backreferences always work.
3373     4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
3375     (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
3376     to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
3378     (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
3379     PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
3380     mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
3382     (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
3383     the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
3384     or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
3385     escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
3386     even if it is a single digit.
3388     (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
3389     unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
3390     escapes.
3392     (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
3393     pattern).
3395     5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
3396     than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
3398     6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
3399     bit map always.
3401     7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
3402     internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
3405     Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
3406     ----------------------
3408     1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
3409     \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
3410     real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
3413     Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
3414     ----------------------
3416     1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
3417     containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
3418     same for all threads.
3420     2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
3421     anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
3424     Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
3425     ----------------------
3427     1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
3429     2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
3430     but not actually doing anything yet.
3432     3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
3433     as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
3435     4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
3436     all possible positions.
3438     5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
3439     compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
3440     function is split off.
3442     6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
3443     by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
3444     now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
3445     toupper() in the code.
3447     7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
3448     make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
3449     set them directly.
3452     Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
3453     ----------------------
3455     1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
3456     (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
3458     2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
3459     the pattern were in upper case.
3461     3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
3463     4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
3465     5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
3466     PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
3467     pass them.
3469     6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
3471     7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
3472     pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
3474     8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
3475     options, and the first character, if set.
3477     9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
3480     Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
3481     ----------------------
3483     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
3484     match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
3486     2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
3487     a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
3488     Perl does - treats the match as successful.
3490     ****


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