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Revision 303 - (hide annotations) (download)
Sun Jan 20 19:39:43 2008 UTC (7 years, 3 months ago) by ph10
File size: 148975 byte(s)
Apply Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake files.

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
4 ph10 302 Version 7.6 19-Jan-08
5 ph10 300 ---------------------
7 ph10 302 1. A character class containing a very large number of characters with
8     codepoints greater than 255 (in UTF-8 mode, of course) caused a buffer
9     overflow.
11     2. Patch to cut out the "long long" test in pcrecpp_unittest when
12     HAVE_LONG_LONG is not defined.
13 ph10 303
14     3. Applied Christian Ehrlicher's patch to update the CMake build files to
15     bring them up to date and include new features.
16 ph10 300
18 ph10 298 Version 7.5 10-Jan-08
19 ph10 263 ---------------------
21     1. Applied a patch from Craig: "This patch makes it possible to 'ignore'
22     values in parens when parsing an RE using the C++ wrapper."
23 ph10 286
24 ph10 264 2. Negative specials like \S did not work in character classes in UTF-8 mode.
25     Characters greater than 255 were excluded from the class instead of being
26     included.
27 ph10 286
28     3. The same bug as (2) above applied to negated POSIX classes such as
29 ph10 265 [:^space:].
30 ph10 286
31 ph10 267 4. PCRECPP_STATIC was referenced in pcrecpp_internal.h, but nowhere was it
32     defined or documented. It seems to have been a typo for PCRE_STATIC, so
33 ph10 286 I have changed it.
35 ph10 268 5. The construct (?&) was not diagnosed as a syntax error (it referenced the
36 ph10 286 first named subpattern) and a construct such as (?&a) would reference the
37     first named subpattern whose name started with "a" (in other words, the
38 ph10 272 length check was missing). Both these problems are fixed. "Subpattern name
39     expected" is now given for (?&) (a zero-length name), and this patch also
40     makes it give the same error for \k'' (previously it complained that that
41     was a reference to a non-existent subpattern).
42 ph10 286
43 ph10 269 6. The erroneous patterns (?+-a) and (?-+a) give different error messages;
44 ph10 286 this is right because (?- can be followed by option settings as well as by
45 ph10 269 digits. I have, however, made the messages clearer.
46 ph10 286
47 ph10 270 7. Patterns such as (?(1)a|b) (a pattern that contains fewer subpatterns
48     than the number used in the conditional) now cause a compile-time error.
49     This is actually not compatible with Perl, which accepts such patterns, but
50     treats the conditional as always being FALSE (as PCRE used to), but it
51     seems to me that giving a diagnostic is better.
52 ph10 286
53 ph10 274 8. Change "alphameric" to the more common word "alphanumeric" in comments
54 ph10 275 and messages.
55 ph10 286
56     9. Fix two occurrences of "backslash" in comments that should have been
57     "backspace".
59     10. Remove two redundant lines of code that can never be obeyed (their function
60     was moved elsewhere).
62     11. The program that makes PCRE's Unicode character property table had a bug
63     which caused it to generate incorrect table entries for sequences of
64 ph10 277 characters that have the same character type, but are in different scripts.
65 ph10 286 It amalgamated them into a single range, with the script of the first of
66 ph10 277 them. In other words, some characters were in the wrong script. There were
67     thirteen such cases, affecting characters in the following ranges:
68 ph10 286
69 ph10 277 U+002b0 - U+002c1
70     U+0060c - U+0060d
71 ph10 286 U+0061e - U+00612
72 ph10 277 U+0064b - U+0065e
73     U+0074d - U+0076d
74     U+01800 - U+01805
75     U+01d00 - U+01d77
76     U+01d9b - U+01dbf
77     U+0200b - U+0200f
78     U+030fc - U+030fe
79     U+03260 - U+0327f
80     U+0fb46 - U+0fbb1
81     U+10450 - U+1049d
82 ph10 286
83 ph10 279 12. The -o option (show only the matching part of a line) for pcregrep was not
84     compatible with GNU grep in that, if there was more than one match in a
85     line, it showed only the first of them. It now behaves in the same way as
86     GNU grep.
87 ph10 286
88     13. If the -o and -v options were combined for pcregrep, it printed a blank
89     line for every non-matching line. GNU grep prints nothing, and pcregrep now
90     does the same. The return code can be used to tell if there were any
91     non-matching lines.
93 ph10 289 14. Added --file-offsets and --line-offsets to pcregrep.
95     15. The pattern (?=something)(?R) was not being diagnosed as a potentially
96 ph10 282 infinitely looping recursion. The bug was that positive lookaheads were not
97 ph10 286 being skipped when checking for a possible empty match (negative lookaheads
98     and both kinds of lookbehind were skipped).
100 ph10 289 16. Fixed two typos in the Windows-only code in pcregrep.c, and moved the
101 ph10 284 inclusion of <windows.h> to before rather than after the definition of
102     INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES (patch from David Byron).
103 ph10 263
104 ph10 289 17. Specifying a possessive quantifier with a specific limit for a Unicode
105 ph10 286 character property caused pcre_compile() to compile bad code, which led at
106     runtime to PCRE_ERROR_INTERNAL (-14). Examples of patterns that caused this
107     are: /\p{Zl}{2,3}+/8 and /\p{Cc}{2}+/8. It was the possessive "+" that
108     caused the error; without that there was no problem.
109 ph10 263
110 ph10 289 18. Added --enable-pcregrep-libz and --enable-pcregrep-libbz2.
111 ph10 286
112 ph10 289 19. Added --enable-pcretest-libreadline.
113 ph10 286
114 ph10 289 20. In pcrecpp.cc, the variable 'count' was incremented twice in
115 ph10 288 RE::GlobalReplace(). As a result, the number of replacements returned was
116 ph10 298 double what it should be. I removed one of the increments, but Craig sent a
117     later patch that removed the other one (the right fix) and added unit tests
118     that check the return values (which was not done before).
119 ph10 292
120 ph10 291 21. Several CMake things:
121 ph10 287
122 ph10 291 (1) Arranged that, when cmake is used on Unix, the libraries end up with
123 ph10 292 the names libpcre and libpcreposix, not just pcre and pcreposix.
124 ph10 288
125 ph10 292 (2) The above change means that pcretest and pcregrep are now correctly
126     linked with the newly-built libraries, not previously installed ones.
127 ph10 291
129 ph10 298
130     22. In UTF-8 mode, with newline set to "any", a pattern such as .*a.*=.b.*
131     crashed when matching a string such as a\x{2029}b (note that \x{2029} is a
132     UTF-8 newline character). The key issue is that the pattern starts .*;
133     this means that the match must be either at the beginning, or after a
134     newline. The bug was in the code for advancing after a failed match and
135     checking that the new position followed a newline. It was not taking
136 ph10 294 account of UTF-8 characters correctly.
137 ph10 298
138     23. PCRE was behaving differently from Perl in the way it recognized POSIX
139     character classes. PCRE was not treating the sequence [:...:] as a
140     character class unless the ... were all letters. Perl, however, seems to
141     allow any characters between [: and :], though of course it rejects as
142     unknown any "names" that contain non-letters, because all the known class
143     names consist only of letters. Thus, Perl gives an error for [[:1234:]],
144     for example, whereas PCRE did not - it did not recognize a POSIX character
145     class. This seemed a bit dangerous, so the code has been changed to be
146     closer to Perl. The behaviour is not identical to Perl, because PCRE will
147     diagnose an unknown class for, for example, [[:l\ower:]] where Perl will
148     treat it as [[:lower:]]. However, PCRE does now give "unknown" errors where
149     Perl does, and where it didn't before.
151 ph10 296 24. Rewrite so as to remove the single use of %n from pcregrep because in some
152     Windows environments %n is disabled by default.
153 ph10 292
155 ph10 260 Version 7.4 21-Sep-07
156 ph10 230 ---------------------
158     1. Change 7.3/28 was implemented for classes by looking at the bitmap. This
159 ph10 231 means that a class such as [\s] counted as "explicit reference to CR or
160     LF". That isn't really right - the whole point of the change was to try to
161     help when there was an actual mention of one of the two characters. So now
162     the change happens only if \r or \n (or a literal CR or LF) character is
163 ph10 230 encountered.
164 ph10 231
165     2. The 32-bit options word was also used for 6 internal flags, but the numbers
166     of both had grown to the point where there were only 3 bits left.
167     Fortunately, there was spare space in the data structure, and so I have
168     moved the internal flags into a new 16-bit field to free up more option
169 ph10 230 bits.
170 ph10 231
171     3. The appearance of (?J) at the start of a pattern set the DUPNAMES option,
172     but did not set the internal JCHANGED flag - either of these is enough to
173     control the way the "get" function works - but the PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED
174     facility is supposed to tell if (?J) was ever used, so now (?J) at the
175 ph10 230 start sets both bits.
177 ph10 231 4. Added options (at build time, compile time, exec time) to change \R from
178     matching any Unicode line ending sequence to just matching CR, LF, or CRLF.
179 ph10 230
180 ph10 243 5. doc/pcresyntax.html was missing from the distribution.
182     6. Put back the definition of PCRE_ERROR_NULLWSLIMIT, for backward
183 ph10 233 compatibility, even though it is no longer used.
184 ph10 243
185     7. Added macro for snprintf to pcrecpp_unittest.cc and also for strtoll and
186 ph10 254 strtoull to pcrecpp.cc to select the available functions in WIN32 when the
187 ph10 259 windows.h file is present (where different names are used). [This was
188 ph10 257 reversed later after testing - see 16 below.]
189 ph10 243
190     8. Changed all #include <config.h> to #include "config.h". There were also
191 ph10 236 some further <pcre.h> cases that I changed to "pcre.h".
192 ph10 243
193 ph10 239 9. When pcregrep was used with the --colour option, it missed the line ending
194 ph10 243 sequence off the lines that it output.
196     10. It was pointed out to me that arrays of string pointers cause lots of
197     relocations when a shared library is dynamically loaded. A technique of
198     using a single long string with a table of offsets can drastically reduce
199     these. I have refactored PCRE in four places to do this. The result is
200 ph10 240 dramatic:
201 ph10 243
202 ph10 240 Originally: 290
203     After changing UCP table: 187
204 ph10 243 After changing error message table: 43
205 ph10 240 After changing table of "verbs" 36
206     After changing table of Posix names 22
207 ph10 243
208 ph10 240 Thanks to the folks working on Gregex for glib for this insight.
209 ph10 247
210 ph10 244 11. --disable-stack-for-recursion caused compiling to fail unless -enable-
211 ph10 247 unicode-properties was also set.
213 ph10 248 12. Updated the tests so that they work when \R is defaulted to ANYCRLF.
214 ph10 231
215 ph10 253 13. Added checks for ANY and ANYCRLF to pcrecpp.cc where it previously
216     checked only for CRLF.
217 ph10 233
218 ph10 259 14. Added casts to pcretest.c to avoid compiler warnings.
220 ph10 256 15. Added Craig's patch to various pcrecpp modules to avoid compiler warnings.
221 ph10 253
222 ph10 257 16. Added Craig's patch to remove the WINDOWS_H tests, that were not working,
223 ph10 259 and instead check for _strtoi64 explicitly, and avoid the use of snprintf()
224     entirely. This removes changes made in 7 above.
225 ph10 256
226 ph10 261 17. The CMake files have been updated, and there is now more information about
227     building with CMake in the NON-UNIX-USE document.
228 ph10 257
229 ph10 261
230 ph10 228 Version 7.3 28-Aug-07
231 ph10 157 ---------------------
233 ph10 189 1. In the rejigging of the build system that eventually resulted in 7.1, the
234     line "#include <pcre.h>" was included in pcre_internal.h. The use of angle
235     brackets there is not right, since it causes compilers to look for an
236     installed pcre.h, not the version that is in the source that is being
237     compiled (which of course may be different). I have changed it back to:
238 ph10 197
239 ph10 189 #include "pcre.h"
240 ph10 197
241     I have a vague recollection that the change was concerned with compiling in
242     different directories, but in the new build system, that is taken care of
243     by the VPATH setting the Makefile.
245 ph10 190 2. The pattern .*$ when run in not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode with newline=any failed
246     when the subject happened to end in the byte 0x85 (e.g. if the last
247     character was \x{1ec5}). *Character* 0x85 is one of the "any" newline
248     characters but of course it shouldn't be taken as a newline when it is part
249     of another character. The bug was that, for an unlimited repeat of . in
250     not-DOTALL UTF-8 mode, PCRE was advancing by bytes rather than by
251     characters when looking for a newline.
252 ph10 197
253     3. A small performance improvement in the DOTALL UTF-8 mode .* case.
255     4. Debugging: adjusted the names of opcodes for different kinds of parentheses
256     in debug output.
258 ph10 201 5. Arrange to use "%I64d" instead of "%lld" and "%I64u" instead of "%llu" for
259     long printing in the pcrecpp unittest when running under MinGW.
260 ph10 189
261 ph10 197 6. ESC_K was left out of the EBCDIC table.
262 ph10 189
263 ph10 197 7. Change 7.0/38 introduced a new limit on the number of nested non-capturing
264     parentheses; I made it 1000, which seemed large enough. Unfortunately, the
265     limit also applies to "virtual nesting" when a pattern is recursive, and in
266     this case 1000 isn't so big. I have been able to remove this limit at the
267     expense of backing off one optimization in certain circumstances. Normally,
268     when pcre_exec() would call its internal match() function recursively and
269     immediately return the result unconditionally, it uses a "tail recursion"
270     feature to save stack. However, when a subpattern that can match an empty
271     string has an unlimited repetition quantifier, it no longer makes this
272     optimization. That gives it a stack frame in which to save the data for
273     checking that an empty string has been matched. Previously this was taken
274     from the 1000-entry workspace that had been reserved. So now there is no
275     explicit limit, but more stack is used.
276 ph10 189
277 ph10 200 8. Applied Daniel's patches to solve problems with the import/export magic
278     syntax that is required for Windows, and which was going wrong for the
279     pcreposix and pcrecpp parts of the library. These were overlooked when this
280     problem was solved for the main library.
281 ph10 197
282 ph10 202 9. There were some crude static tests to avoid integer overflow when computing
283     the size of patterns that contain repeated groups with explicit upper
284     limits. As the maximum quantifier is 65535, the maximum group length was
285     set at 30,000 so that the product of these two numbers did not overflow a
286     32-bit integer. However, it turns out that people want to use groups that
287     are longer than 30,000 bytes (though not repeat them that many times).
288     Change 7.0/17 (the refactoring of the way the pattern size is computed) has
289     made it possible to implement the integer overflow checks in a much more
290     dynamic way, which I have now done. The artificial limitation on group
291     length has been removed - we now have only the limit on the total length of
292     the compiled pattern, which depends on the LINK_SIZE setting.
293 ph10 208
294     10. Fixed a bug in the documentation for get/copy named substring when
295     duplicate names are permitted. If none of the named substrings are set, the
296     functions return PCRE_ERROR_NOSUBSTRING (7); the doc said they returned an
297     empty string.
299     11. Because Perl interprets \Q...\E at a high level, and ignores orphan \E
300     instances, patterns such as [\Q\E] or [\E] or even [^\E] cause an error,
301     because the ] is interpreted as the first data character and the
302     terminating ] is not found. PCRE has been made compatible with Perl in this
303     regard. Previously, it interpreted [\Q\E] as an empty class, and [\E] could
304     cause memory overwriting.
306 ph10 206 10. Like Perl, PCRE automatically breaks an unlimited repeat after an empty
307     string has been matched (to stop an infinite loop). It was not recognizing
308 ph10 208 a conditional subpattern that could match an empty string if that
309 ph10 206 subpattern was within another subpattern. For example, it looped when
310 ph10 208 trying to match (((?(1)X|))*) but it was OK with ((?(1)X|)*) where the
311 ph10 206 condition was not nested. This bug has been fixed.
312 ph10 208
313 ph10 207 12. A pattern like \X?\d or \P{L}?\d in non-UTF-8 mode could cause a backtrack
314     past the start of the subject in the presence of bytes with the top bit
315     set, for example "\x8aBCD".
316 ph10 211
317 ph10 210 13. Added Perl 5.10 experimental backtracking controls (*FAIL), (*F), (*PRUNE),
318     (*SKIP), (*THEN), (*COMMIT), and (*ACCEPT).
319 ph10 200
320 ph10 211 14. Optimized (?!) to (*FAIL).
321 ph10 202
322 ph10 212 15. Updated the test for a valid UTF-8 string to conform to the later RFC 3629.
323     This restricts code points to be within the range 0 to 0x10FFFF, excluding
324     the "low surrogate" sequence 0xD800 to 0xDFFF. Previously, PCRE allowed the
325     full range 0 to 0x7FFFFFFF, as defined by RFC 2279. Internally, it still
326     does: it's just the validity check that is more restrictive.
327 ph10 220
328     16. Inserted checks for integer overflows during escape sequence (backslash)
329     processing, and also fixed erroneous offset values for syntax errors during
330     backslash processing.
332 ph10 214 17. Fixed another case of looking too far back in non-UTF-8 mode (cf 12 above)
333 ph10 220 for patterns like [\PPP\x8a]{1,}\x80 with the subject "A\x80".
335 ph10 215 18. An unterminated class in a pattern like (?1)\c[ with a "forward reference"
336     caused an overrun.
337 ph10 220
338     19. A pattern like (?:[\PPa*]*){8,} which had an "extended class" (one with
339     something other than just ASCII characters) inside a group that had an
340     unlimited repeat caused a loop at compile time (while checking to see
341     whether the group could match an empty string).
343 ph10 217 20. Debugging a pattern containing \p or \P could cause a crash. For example,
344     [\P{Any}] did so. (Error in the code for printing property names.)
345 ph10 210
346 ph10 220 21. An orphan \E inside a character class could cause a crash.
348     22. A repeated capturing bracket such as (A)? could cause a wild memory
349 ph10 218 reference during compilation.
350 ph10 220
351     23. There are several functions in pcre_compile() that scan along a compiled
352     expression for various reasons (e.g. to see if it's fixed length for look
353 ph10 218 behind). There were bugs in these functions when a repeated \p or \P was
354 ph10 220 present in the pattern. These operators have additional parameters compared
355     with \d, etc, and these were not being taken into account when moving along
356 ph10 218 the compiled data. Specifically:
357 ph10 220
358     (a) A item such as \p{Yi}{3} in a lookbehind was not treated as fixed
359     length.
361     (b) An item such as \pL+ within a repeated group could cause crashes or
362 ph10 218 loops.
363 ph10 220
364 ph10 218 (c) A pattern such as \p{Yi}+(\P{Yi}+)(?1) could give an incorrect
365 ph10 220 "reference to non-existent subpattern" error.
367 ph10 221 (d) A pattern like (\P{Yi}{2}\277)? could loop at compile time.
369 ph10 219 24. A repeated \S or \W in UTF-8 mode could give wrong answers when multibyte
370 ph10 220 characters were involved (for example /\S{2}/8g with "A\x{a3}BC").
371 ph10 211
372 ph10 222 25. Using pcregrep in multiline, inverted mode (-Mv) caused it to loop.
373 ph10 218
374 ph10 227 26. Patterns such as [\P{Yi}A] which include \p or \P and just one other
375 ph10 223 character were causing crashes (broken optimization).
376 ph10 227
377 ph10 224 27. Patterns such as (\P{Yi}*\277)* (group with possible zero repeat containing
378 ph10 227 \p or \P) caused a compile-time loop.
380 ph10 226 28. More problems have arisen in unanchored patterns when CRLF is a valid line
381     break. For example, the unstudied pattern [\r\n]A does not match the string
382     "\r\nA" because change 7.0/46 below moves the current point on by two
383     characters after failing to match at the start. However, the pattern \nA
384 ph10 227 *does* match, because it doesn't start till \n, and if [\r\n]A is studied,
385     the same is true. There doesn't seem any very clean way out of this, but
386     what I have chosen to do makes the common cases work: PCRE now takes note
387     of whether there can be an explicit match for \r or \n anywhere in the
388     pattern, and if so, 7.0/46 no longer applies. As part of this change,
389     there's a new PCRE_INFO_HASCRORLF option for finding out whether a compiled
390     pattern has explicit CR or LF references.
391 ph10 222
392 ph10 227 29. Added (*CR) etc for changing newline setting at start of pattern.
393 ph10 223
394 ph10 227
395 ph10 189 Version 7.2 19-Jun-07
396     ---------------------
398 ph10 157 1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
399     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
400 ph10 159
401     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
402     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
403 ph10 157
404 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
405 ph10 165
406 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
407     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
408 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
409     usable with all link sizes.
411 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
412     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
413 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
414 ph10 164 in all cases.
415 ph10 172
416 ph10 166 6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
417 ph10 172
418 ph10 166 (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
419     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
420 ph10 172
421 ph10 166 (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
422 ph10 172 to be opened parentheses.
424     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
425 ph10 167 relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
426 ph10 172
427 ph10 168 (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
428 ph10 172 is not part of it.
430 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
431 ph10 172
432 ph10 171 (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
433 ph10 172 reference syntax.
434 ph10 182
435 ph10 175 (g) (?| introduces a group in which the numbering of parentheses in each
436 ph10 182 alternative starts with the same number.
437 ph10 172
438 ph10 182 (h) \h, \H, \v, and \V match horizontal and vertical whitespace.
440 ph10 172 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
443     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
444     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
445 ph10 170 for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
446 ph10 159
447 ph10 172 9. A pattern with a very large number of alternatives (more than several
448     hundred) was running out of internal workspace during the pre-compile
449     phase, where pcre_compile() figures out how much memory will be needed. A
450     bit of new cunning has reduced the workspace needed for groups with
451     alternatives. The 1000-alternative test pattern now uses 12 bytes of
452     workspace instead of running out of the 4096 that are available.
453 ph10 182
454 ph10 176 10. Inserted some missing (unsigned int) casts to get rid of compiler warnings.
455 ph10 172
456 ph10 179 11. Applied patch from Google to remove an optimization that didn't quite work.
457     The report of the bug said:
458 ph10 182
459 ph10 179 pcrecpp::RE("a*").FullMatch("aaa") matches, while
460     pcrecpp::RE("a*?").FullMatch("aaa") does not, and
461 ph10 182 pcrecpp::RE("a*?\\z").FullMatch("aaa") does again.
462 ph10 185
463 ph10 184 12. If \p or \P was used in non-UTF-8 mode on a character greater than 127
464 ph10 185 it matched the wrong number of bytes.
465 ph10 172
466 ph10 179
467 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
468 ph10 98 ---------------------
470 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
471 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
472 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
473     on this.
474 ph10 111
475     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
476     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
477     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
478     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
479     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
480 ph10 100 alternative.
481 ph10 111
482 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
483 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
484     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
485     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
486     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
487 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
488     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
489     .br or .in.
490 ph10 111
491 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
492 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
493 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
494     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
496     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
497     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
498 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
499 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
500 ph10 111
501     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
502     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
503 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
504 ph10 111
505 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
506 ph10 111 that is needed.
508 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
509     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
510     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
511 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
512     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
513 ph10 105 re-created.
514 ph10 111
515     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
516 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
517 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
518     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
519 ph10 107 some applications.
520 ph10 111
521 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
522 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
523     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
524     shared library.
526 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
528     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
530 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
531     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
533 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
534 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
535 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
536 ph10 123
537 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
538 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
539     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
540     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
541     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
542 ph10 111 before "make dist".
543 ph10 123
544 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
545     with Unicode property support.
546 ph10 123
547     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
548     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
549     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
550 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
551     were both the same length.
552 ph10 123
553     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
554     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
555     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
556     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
557 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
558     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
559     character.
560 ph10 123
561 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
562 ph10 98
563 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
564     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
565 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
566     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
567     relevant variables.
569 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
570     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
571     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
572     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
573     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
574 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
575     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
576     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
577 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
578 ph10 123
579     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
580 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
581 ph10 134
582 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
583 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
584     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
585     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
586     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
587     and then tried again after \r\n.
589 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
590 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
591     compare equal. This works on Linux.
592 ph10 142
593 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
594     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
595 ph10 142
596 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
597 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
598     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
599 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
600     it specially.
601 ph10 150
602     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
603     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
604 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
605 ph10 150
606 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
607 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
608 ph10 152
609 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
610 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
611     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
612 ph10 111
613 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
614 ph10 123
615 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
616 ph10 152
617 ph10 153
618 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
619     ---------------------
621     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
622     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
624     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
625     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
626     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
628     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
629     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
630     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
631     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
632     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
634     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
635     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
637     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
638     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
639     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
641     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
642     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
643     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
644     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
645     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
646     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
647     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
648     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
649     pcretest format) are:
651     /(?-x: )/x
652     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
653     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
654     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
656     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
657     is now done differently.
659     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
660     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
661     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
662     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
663     for the FullMatch() function.
665     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
666     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
667     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
668     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
670     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
671     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
672     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
673     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
674     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
676     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
677     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
678     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
679     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
680     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
681     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
682     avoid this problem.
684     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
685     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
686     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
687     of them did).
689     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
690     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
691     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
692     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
693     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
694     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
696     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
698     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
699     of the options.
701     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
702     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
704     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
706     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
707     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
708     on Linux.
710     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
711     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
712     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
713     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
714     than about 50K.
716     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
717     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
718     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
719     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
720     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
721     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
722     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
723     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
724     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
725     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
726     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
727     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
728     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
729     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
730     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
732     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
733     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
734     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
736     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
737     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
738     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
739     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
740     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
742     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
743     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
744     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
745     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
747     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
748     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
749     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
750     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
751     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
753     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
754     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
755     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
756     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
757     is the same as /B/I).
759     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
760     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
761     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
762     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
763     is automatically "possessified".
765     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
766     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
767     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
769     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
770     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
772     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
774     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
775     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
776     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
777     from 23 above.
779     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
780     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
781     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
782     numbered groups.
784     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
786     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
787     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
789     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
790     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
791     loop, the loop is abandoned.
793     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
794     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
795     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
796     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
797     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
799     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
800     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
801     been removed.
803     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
804     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
805     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
806     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
808     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
809     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
810     also .NET compatible.
812     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
813     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
815     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
816     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
817     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
819     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
820     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
822     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
823     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
824     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
825     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
827     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
828     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
829     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
830     through the entire recursion stack.
832     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
833     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
835     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
836     some "unreachable code" warnings.
838     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
839     things, this adds five new scripts.
841     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
842     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
843     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
844     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
846     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
847     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
848     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
849     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
850     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
851     fixed.
853     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
854     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
855     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
856     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
857     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
859     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
860     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
861     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
862     mode.
864     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
865     report.
867     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
868     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
870     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
871     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
872     case.
874     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
875     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
876     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
878     45. Arranged for dftables to add
880     #include "pcre_internal.h"
882     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
883     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
884     dead code stripping is activated.
886     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
887     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
888     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
891 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
892     ---------------------
894     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
895     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
896     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
897     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
899     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
900     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
901     won't be NULL.)
903     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
904     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
905     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
907     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
908     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
909     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
910     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
911     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
912     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
913     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
914     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
915     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
917     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
918     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
919     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
921     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
922     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
923     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
924     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
925     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
926     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
927     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
928     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
930     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
931     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
932     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
933     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
935     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
936     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
937     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
939     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
940     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
942     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
943     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
944     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
945     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
946     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
947     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
948     to 10,000.
950     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
951     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
952     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
953     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
954     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
955     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
957     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
959     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
960     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
961     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
963     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
965     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
966     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
967     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
969     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
970     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
971     or *.
973     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
974     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
975     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
977     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
978     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
979     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
980     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
981     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
982     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
984     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
985     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
986     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
987     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
989     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
990     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
991     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
992     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
993     data.
995     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
996     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
997     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
998     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
999     Unicode string.
1001     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
1002     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
1003     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
1004     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
1006     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
1007     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
1008     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
1009     a warning about an unused variable.
1011     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
1012     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
1013     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
1014     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
1015     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
1016     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
1017     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
1019     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
1020     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
1021     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
1022     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
1023     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
1024     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
1025     the future.
1027     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
1028     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
1029     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
1030     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
1032     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
1033     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
1035     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
1036     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
1038     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
1039     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
1040     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
1041     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
1042     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
1043     corruption" errors.
1045     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
1046     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
1048     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
1049     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
1051     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
1053     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
1054     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
1055     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
1057     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
1060 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
1061     ---------------------
1063     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
1064     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
1066     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
1067     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
1069     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
1070     not normally included in the compiled code.
1073 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
1074     ---------------------
1076     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
1077     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
1078     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
1079     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
1081     2. Changes to pcregrep:
1083     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
1084     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
1085     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
1087     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
1088     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
1089     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
1091     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
1092     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
1093     are now no different to any other data bytes.
1095     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
1096     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
1097     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
1098     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
1100     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
1101     than they should have been.
1103     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
1105     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
1106     accidentally printed for the final match.
1108     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
1110     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
1111     that were found from directory arguments.
1113     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
1115     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
1117     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
1119     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
1121     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
1122     is not present by default.
1124     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
1125     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
1126     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
1127     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
1128     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
1129     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
1131     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
1132     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
1133     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
1135     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
1136     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
1137     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
1138     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
1139     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
1140     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
1141     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
1142     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
1144     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
1145     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
1146     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
1147     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
1148     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
1149     its own bitmap.
1151     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
1152     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
1153     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
1154     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
1155     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
1156     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
1158     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
1160     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
1161     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
1163     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
1164     regular expressions".
1166     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
1167     have it.
1169     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
1170     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
1171     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
1173     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
1175     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
1177     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
1178     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
1179     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
1180     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
1182     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
1183     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
1184     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
1185     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
1187     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
1189     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
1190     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
1191     ignored.
1193     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
1194     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
1195     strings.
1197     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
1198     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
1200     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
1201     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
1202     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
1204     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
1205     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
1206     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
1208     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
1209     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
1210     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
1211     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
1212     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
1213     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
1214     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
1215     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
1216     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
1218     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
1219     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
1221     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
1222     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
1223     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
1224     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
1226     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
1227     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
1228     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
1229     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
1230     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
1231     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
1232     this functionality to the C++ interface.
1234     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
1236     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
1238     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
1240     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
1241     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
1242     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
1243     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
1244     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
1245     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
1246     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
1247     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
1248     allow for more data.
1250     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
1252     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
1253     matching that character.
1255     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
1256     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
1257     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
1258     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
1259     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
1261     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
1262     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
1263     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
1264     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
1266     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
1268     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
1269     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
1271     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
1272     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
1274     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
1275     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
1276     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
1277     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
1278     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
1279     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
1281     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
1282     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
1283     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
1284     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
1286     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
1289 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
1290     ---------------------
1292     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
1293     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
1294     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
1295     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
1297     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
1299     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
1300     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
1301     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
1302     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
1303     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
1305     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
1306     file's purpose clearer.
1308     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
1311 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
1312     ---------------------
1314     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
1316     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
1318     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
1319     tried to test it.
1321     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
1322     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
1324     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
1326     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
1327     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
1328     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
1329     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
1331     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
1332     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
1333     necessary on certain architectures.
1335     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
1336     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
1337     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
1338     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
1339     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
1340     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
1341     find a way round (a) in the future.
1344 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
1345     ---------------------
1347     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
1348     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
1349     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
1350     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
1351     led to memory overwriting.
1353     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
1355     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
1356     operating environments where this matters.
1358     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
1359     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
1361     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
1362     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
1363     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
1364     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
1365     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
1366     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
1367     previous subpatterns.
1369     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
1370     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
1373 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
1374     ---------------------
1376     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
1377     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
1379     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
1380     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
1381     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
1383     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
1384     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
1385     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
1386     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
1388     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
1389     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
1390     compile command.
1392     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
1393     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
1394     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
1395     but no suitable headers.
1397     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
1398     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
1399     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
1400     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
1402     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
1403     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
1404     wrapper.
1407 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
1408     ---------------------
1410     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
1412     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
1413     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
1414     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1415     not imported.
1417     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1418     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1419     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1420     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1421     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1422     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1423     one application and matched in another.
1425     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1426     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1427     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1428     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1429     with other external names.
1431     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1432     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1433     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1434     problem.
1436     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1437     including restarting after a partial match.
1439     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1440     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1441     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1443     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1445     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1446     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1447     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1449     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1450     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1452     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1454     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1455     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1456     something similar for -w.
1458     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1460     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1461     than one at a time available.
1463     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1465     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1466     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1467     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1468     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1470     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1472     -w, --word-regex(p)
1474     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1475     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1476     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1477     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1479     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1480     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1481     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1483     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1485     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1486     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1487     "<stdin>" was used.
1489     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1490     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1492     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1493     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1494     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1496     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1497     around matches be printed.
1499     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1500     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1502     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1503     continue to scan other files.
1505     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1506     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1507     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1508     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1509     previously doing.
1511     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1512     and exclusion when recursing.
1514     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1515     Hopefully, it now does.
1517     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1519     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1521     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1522     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1523     world, but is set differently for Windows.
1525     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1526     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1527     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1528     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1529     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1530     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1531     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1532     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1533     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1535     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1536     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1537     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1539     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1540     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1541     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1542     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1543     both the P and the s flags.
1545     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1547     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1549     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1550     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1552     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1554     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1555     Electric Fence happy when testing.
1559 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1560     ---------------------
1562     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1563     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1564     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1565     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1567     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1568     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1569     item, and its length, respectively.
1571     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1572     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1573     pcretest to make use of this.
1575     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1577     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1578     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1579     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1581     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1582     magic in relation to line terminators.
1584     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1585     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1587     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1588     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1589     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1590     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1591     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1592     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1593     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1595     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1596     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1597     this hack in configure.in.
1599     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1601     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1602     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1603     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1604     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1606     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1607     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1608     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1609     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1610     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1611     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1613     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1614     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1615     string were read.
1617     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1618     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1619     enough.)
1621     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1622     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1623     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1624     program that might have everything at different addresses.
1626     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1627     -R library as well as a -L library.
1629     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1630     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1631     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1633     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1634     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1635     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1636     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1638     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1639     compiled pattern.
1641     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1642     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1643     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1644     read-only.
1646     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1647     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1648     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1650     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1651     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1653     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1655     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1656     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1657     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1658     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1659     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1661     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1662     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1663     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1664     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1665     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1666     usual.
1668     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1669     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1670     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1672     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1673     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1675     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
1676     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
1677     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
1678     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
1680     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
1681     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
1682     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
1683     NULL, a crash could occur.
1685     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
1686     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
1687     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
1688     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
1689     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
1690     workstation).
1692     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
1695 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
1696     ---------------------
1698     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
1699     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
1700     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
1701     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
1702     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
1703     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
1704     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
1705     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
1706     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
1707     operating.
1709     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
1710     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
1711     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
1712     and the size of block requested is always the same.
1714     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
1715     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
1716     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
1718     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
1719     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
1720     to the output.
1722     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
1723     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
1725     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
1726     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
1727     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
1728     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
1729     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
1730     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
1731     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
1733     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
1734     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
1735     containing "overlong sequences".
1737     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
1738     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
1739     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
1740     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
1742     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
1743     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
1745     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
1746     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
1747     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
1749     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
1751     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
1752     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
1753     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
1755     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
1756     special systems:
1758     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
1759     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
1760     is defined to be empty.
1761     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
1762     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
1763     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
1765     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
1766     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
1767     went into a loop.
1769     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
1770     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
1771     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
1772     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
1773     that was OK.
1775     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
1776     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
1777     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
1779     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
1780     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
1781     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
1783     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
1784     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
1785     work.
1787     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
1788     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
1789     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
1790     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
1791     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
1794 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
1795     ---------------------
1797     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
1798     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
1799     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
1800     classes (slightly).
1802     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
1803     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
1805     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
1806     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
1808     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
1809     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
1810     explicitly with libpcre.la.
1812     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
1814     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
1816     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
1817     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
1818     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
1819     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
1820     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
1821     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
1822     I have just removed it.
1824     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
1825     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
1826     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
1828     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
1829     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
1830     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
1831     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
1832     rid of the warnings.
1834     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
1835     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
1836     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
1837     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
1839     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
1841     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
1842     to
1843     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
1845     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
1846     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
1847     if it's wrong...
1850 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
1851     ---------------------
1853     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
1854     Makefile.
1856     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
1858     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
1860     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
1861     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
1862     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
1863     reasonable.
1865     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
1866     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
1867     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
1868     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
1869     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
1870     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
1871     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
1872     strings against \d.
1874     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
1875     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
1877     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
1878     defined as "const".
1880     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
1881     Electric Fenced for debugging.
1883     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
1884     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
1885     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
1886     provoke a segmentation fault.
1888     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
1889     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
1891     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
1892     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
1893     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
1894     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
1895     back over UTF-8 characters.)
1898 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
1899     ---------------------
1901     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
1903     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
1904     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
1905     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
1906     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
1907     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
1908     and BUILD_EXEEXT
1909     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
1910     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
1911     compile-time but not at link-time
1912     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
1913     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
1914     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
1915     libraries
1916     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
1917     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
1918     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
1919     <winshared>: new target
1920     <wininstall>: new target
1921     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
1922     <dftables>: use native linker
1923     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
1924     <clean>: ditto
1925     <check>: ditto
1926     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
1928     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
1929     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
1930     in any case.
1932     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
1934     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
1935     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
1937     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
1938     a void * provoked a warning.
1940     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
1941     and a few more missing casts.
1943     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1944     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
1945     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
1947     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1948     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
1949     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
1952 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
1953     ---------------------
1954 nigel 63
1955 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
1956     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
1957     required to support.
1959     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
1960     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
1962     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
1963     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
1964     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
1965     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
1966     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
1968     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
1969     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
1970     linking step for the pcreposix library.
1972     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
1973     name.
1975     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
1976     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
1977     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
1978     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
1979     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
1980     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
1981     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
1983     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
1984     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
1985     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
1986     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
1987     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
1988     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
1989     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
1992     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
1993     ---------------------
1995 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
1996     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
1997     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
1999     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
2001     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
2002     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
2003     from a single perltest script.
2005     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
2006     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
2007     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
2008     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
2010     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
2011     space and tab.
2013     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
2014     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
2016     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
2017     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
2018     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
2019     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
2020     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
2021     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
2023     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
2024     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
2025     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
2026     interpolation. Note the following examples:
2028     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
2030     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
2031     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
2032     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
2034     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
2035     classes as well as outside them.
2037     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
2038     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
2039     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
2040     signed/unsigned warnings.
2042     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
2043     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
2044     that job.
2046     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
2047     "pcregrep -".
2049     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
2050     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
2051     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
2052     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
2053     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
2054     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
2055     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
2057     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
2058     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
2059     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
2060     was abstracted outside.
2062     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
2063     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
2064     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
2065     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
2066     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
2067     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
2069     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
2070     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
2071     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
2072     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
2074     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
2075     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
2076     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
2077     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
2079     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
2080     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
2081     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
2082     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
2083     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
2084     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
2085     future.
2087     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
2088     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
2090     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
2091     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
2093     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
2094     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
2096     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
2097     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
2099     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
2100     outside the source tree.
2102     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
2103     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
2104     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
2106     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
2107     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
2108     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
2109     strange effects.
2111     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
2112     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
2113     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
2114     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
2115     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
2116     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
2117     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
2119     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
2120     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
2121     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
2122     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
2124     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
2126     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
2127     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
2128     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
2129     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
2130     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
2131     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
2132     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
2133     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
2134     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
2135     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
2136     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
2137     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
2138     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
2139     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
2141     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
2142     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
2143     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
2144     to vary what happens:
2146     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
2147     \C- do not supply a callout function
2148     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
2149     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
2151     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
2152     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
2154     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
2155     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
2156     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
2157     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
2158     when configuring.
2160     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
2161     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
2162     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
2163     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
2164     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
2165     debugging information about compiled patterns.
2167     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
2169     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
2170     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
2171     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
2172     separate copies.
2174     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
2175     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
2177     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
2178     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
2179     definition of the opcodes.
2181     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
2182     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
2184     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
2185     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
2186     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
2188     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
2189     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
2190     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
2191     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
2192     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
2193     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
2195     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
2196     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
2197     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
2199     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
2200     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
2201     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
2202     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
2204     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
2205     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
2206     means that the same test output works with both.
2208     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
2209     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
2211     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
2212     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
2213     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
2214     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
2215     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
2216     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
2217     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
2219     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
2220     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
2221     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
2222     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
2223     way).
2225     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
2226     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
2227     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
2228     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
2230     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
2231     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
2232     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
2233     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
2234     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
2235     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
2236     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
2238     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
2239     to set a default value for the compiled library.
2241     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
2242     a different value is set. See 45 below.
2244     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
2246     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
2247     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
2248     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
2249     The current list of available information is:
2253     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
2254     otherwise it is set to zero.
2258     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
2259     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
2263     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
2264     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
2268     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
2269     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
2273     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
2274     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
2276     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
2277     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
2278     output it. The program then exits immediately.
2280     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
2281     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
2282     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
2283     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
2284     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
2285     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
2287     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
2288     contains the following fields:
2290     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
2291     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
2292     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
2293     call to pcre_exec()
2294     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
2296     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
2302     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
2303     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
2304     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
2305     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
2306     change to existing code.
2308     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
2309     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
2310     block.
2312     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
2313     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
2314     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
2315     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
2316     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
2317     gets very large very quickly.
2319     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
2320     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
2321     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
2322     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
2323     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
2324     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
2325     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
2327     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
2328     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
2329     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
2330     components.)
2332     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
2334     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
2336     0 => success, carry on matching
2337     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
2338     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
2340     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
2341     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
2342     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
2343     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
2345     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
2346     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
2347     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
2348     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
2349     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
2350     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
2351     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
2353     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
2355     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
2356     callout_data, it returns that value.
2358     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
2359     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
2360     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
2362     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
2363     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
2364     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
2365     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
2366     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
2367     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
2369     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
2370     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
2371     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
2372     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
2374     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
2375     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
2376     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
2378     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
2379     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
2381     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
2382     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
2383     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
2384     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
2385     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
2387     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
2388     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
2390     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
2391     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
2393     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
2394     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
2395     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
2396     value.)
2398     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
2399     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
2400     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
2401     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
2403     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
2405     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
2406     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
2407     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
2408     are faulted.
2410     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
2411     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
2412     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
2413     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
2414     you will need to set these values.
2416     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2419     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2420 nigel 61 ---------------------
2422     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2424     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2425     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2426     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2429 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2430     ---------------------
2432     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2433     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2436 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2437     ---------------------
2439     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2440     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2441     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2443 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2444     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2445     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2446     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2447 nigel 57
2448 nigel 59
2449 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2450     ---------------------
2452     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2453     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2455     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2456     the latest autoconf.
2459 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2460     ---------------------
2461 nigel 5
2462 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2463     had been forgotten.
2465     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2466     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2467     private.
2469     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2470     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2471     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2472     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2473     file.
2475     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2476     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2477     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2478     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2480     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2481     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2482     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2483     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2484     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2486     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2487     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2489     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2490     the source directory.
2492     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2493     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2494     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2496     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2497     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2498     in several of the .c files.
2500     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2501     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2502     by using separate calls to printf().
2504     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2505     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2506     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2508     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2509     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2510     likewise updated the man page.
2512     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2513     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2516 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2517     ---------------------
2519     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2521     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2524 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2525     ---------------------
2527     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2528     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2529     lead to crashes in some systems.
2531     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2532     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2534     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
2535     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
2536     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
2537     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
2539     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
2540     the Makefile.
2542     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
2543     Makefile.
2545     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
2546     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
2548     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
2550     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
2551     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
2552     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
2553     out for the ar command.)
2556 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
2557     ---------------------
2559     This is purely a bug fixing release.
2561     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
2562     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
2563     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
2564     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
2565     correctly.
2567     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
2568     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
2569     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
2570     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
2572     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
2573     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
2574     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
2576     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
2577     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
2579     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
2580     to
2581     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
2583     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
2585     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
2586     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
2587     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
2588     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
2590     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
2591     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
2592     faster code anyway.
2595 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
2596     ---------------------
2598     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
2599     the "install" target:
2601     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
2603     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
2606 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
2607     ---------------------
2608 nigel 41
2609     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
2610     pcretest).
2612     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
2614     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
2615     matches null strings.
2617     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
2618     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
2619     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
2620     effect.
2622     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
2623     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
2624     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
2625     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
2627 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
2628     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
2629     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
2630     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
2631     default.
2632 nigel 41
2633 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
2634     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
2635     less than 10.
2637     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
2638     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
2639     modification.
2641     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
2642     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
2643     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
2645     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
2646     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
2648     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
2649     adopting.
2652 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
2653     ----------------------
2655     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
2656     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
2657     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
2659     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
2660     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
2661     of the subject.
2663     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
2664     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
2666     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
2667     in GnuWin32 environments.
2670 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
2671     ----------------------
2673     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
2674     the form of man page sources.
2676     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
2677     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
2678     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
2680     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
2681     should be (const char *).
2683     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
2684     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
2685     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
2686     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
2688     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
2689     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
2691     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
2693     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
2694     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
2696     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
2697     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
2698     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
2699     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
2700     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
2701     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
2702     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
2703     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
2705     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
2706     other alternatives are tried instead.
2709 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
2710     ----------------------
2712     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
2713     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
2714     64-bit systems.
2716     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
2717     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
2718     occurrences in a string.
2720     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
2722     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
2723     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
2724     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
2726     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
2727     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
2728     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
2729     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
2732 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
2733     ----------------------
2735     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
2736     properly on 16-bit systems.
2738     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
2739     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
2740     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
2741     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
2742     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
2743     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
2746 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
2747     ----------------------
2749     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
2750     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
2751     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
2752     problem.
2754     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
2755     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
2757     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
2758     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
2759     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
2760     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
2763 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
2764     ----------------------
2766     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
2768 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
2769     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
2770 nigel 29
2771     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
2772     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
2773     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
2774     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
2776     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
2777     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
2780 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
2781     ----------------------
2783     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
2784     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
2786     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
2787     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
2788     fix the problem.
2790     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
2791     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
2792     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
2793     times.
2795     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
2797     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
2798     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
2801 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
2802     ----------------------
2804     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
2805     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
2806     is passed, the default tables are used.
2809 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
2810 nigel 21 ----------------------
2812 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
2813     it any more.
2815     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
2817     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
2819     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
2820     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
2821     very end of the subject.
2823     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
2825     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
2826     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
2827     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
2829     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
2831     $(?<= positive lookbehind
2832     $(?<! negative lookbehind
2833     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
2834     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
2835     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
2836     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
2838     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
2839     captured string.
2841     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
2842     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
2844     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
2845     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
2846     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
2848     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
2850     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
2851     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
2852     have now been fixed.
2855     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
2856     ----------------------
2858 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
2859     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
2860     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
2861     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
2864 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
2865     ----------------------
2867     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
2869     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
2870     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
2873 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
2874     ----------------------
2876     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
2877     repeat of a potentially empty string).
2880 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
2881     ----------------------
2883     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
2885     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
2888 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
2889     ----------------------
2891     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
2892     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
2895 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
2896     ----------------------
2898     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
2900     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
2901     input syntax.
2903     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
2904     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
2905     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
2907     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
2909     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
2910     vector was exactly big enough.
2912     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
2914     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
2915     setjmp(). Now fixed.
2918 nigel 9 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
2919     ----------------------
2921     1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
2922     diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
2923     on some systems.
2925     2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
2926     it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
2927     also an independent variable.
2929     3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
2931     4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
2932     fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
2933     the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
2934     optimized code for single-character negative classes.
2936     5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
2938     + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
2940     + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
2941     the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
2942     it does no harm).
2944     + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
2945     most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
2946     allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
2948     + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
2949     pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
2951     6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
2952     from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
2954     7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
2955 nigel 11 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
2956 nigel 9 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
2957     which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
2959     8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
2960     form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
2961     curly-bracketed repeats.
2964 nigel 7 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
2965     ----------------------
2967     1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
2969     2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
2970     'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
2971     variable warnings.
2973     3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
2975     4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
2978 nigel 5 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
2979     ----------------------
2981     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
2982     like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
2984     2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
2985     as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
2988     Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
2989     ----------------------
2991     1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
2992     memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
2994     2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
2997 nigel 3 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
2998     ----------------------
3000     1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
3001     initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
3002     of the memory it had got.
3004     2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
3007     Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
3008     ----------------------
3010     1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
3011     back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
3014     Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
3015     ----------------------
3017     1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
3019     2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
3021     3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
3022     fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
3023     escape sequence".
3025     4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
3027     5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
3029     6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
3030     pcretest.
3033     Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
3034     ----------------------
3036     1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
3038     2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
3039     unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
3040     where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
3042     3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
3043     pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
3044     identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
3045     of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
3046     the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
3047     backreferences always work.
3049     4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
3051     (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
3052     to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
3054     (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
3055     PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
3056     mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
3058     (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
3059     the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
3060     or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
3061     escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
3062     even if it is a single digit.
3064     (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
3065     unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
3066     escapes.
3068     (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
3069     pattern).
3071     5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
3072     than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
3074     6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
3075     bit map always.
3077     7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
3078     internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
3081     Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
3082     ----------------------
3084     1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
3085     \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
3086     real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
3089     Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
3090     ----------------------
3092     1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
3093     containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
3094     same for all threads.
3096     2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
3097     anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
3100     Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
3101     ----------------------
3103     1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
3105     2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
3106     but not actually doing anything yet.
3108     3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
3109     as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
3111     4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
3112     all possible positions.
3114     5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
3115     compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
3116     function is split off.
3118     6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
3119     by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
3120     now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
3121     toupper() in the code.
3123     7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
3124     make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
3125     set them directly.
3128     Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
3129     ----------------------
3131     1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
3132     (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
3134     2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
3135     the pattern were in upper case.
3137     3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
3139     4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
3141     5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
3142     PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
3143     pass them.
3145     6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
3147     7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
3148     pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
3150     8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
3151     options, and the first character, if set.
3153     9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
3156     Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
3157     ----------------------
3159     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
3160     match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
3162     2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
3163     a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
3164     Perl does - treats the match as successful.
3166     ****


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