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Revision 171 - (hide annotations) (download)
Mon Jun 4 14:28:58 2007 UTC (7 years, 5 months ago) by ph10
File size: 128864 byte(s)
Support \k{name} and \g{name} a la Perl 5.10.

1 nigel 3 ChangeLog for PCRE
2     ------------------
3    
4 ph10 157 Version 7.2 01-May-07
5     ---------------------
6    
7     1. If the fr_FR locale cannot be found for test 3, try the "french" locale,
8     which is apparently normally available under Windows.
9 ph10 159
10     2. Re-jig the pcregrep tests with different newline settings in an attempt
11     to make them independent of the local environment's newline setting.
12 ph10 157
13 ph10 160 3. Add code to configure.ac to remove -g from the CFLAGS default settings.
14 ph10 165
15 ph10 161 4. Some of the "internals" tests were previously cut out when the link size
16     was not 2, because the output contained actual offsets. The recent new
17 ph10 165 "Z" feature of pcretest means that these can be cut out, making the tests
18     usable with all link sizes.
19    
20 ph10 164 5. Implemented Stan Switzer's goto replacement for longjmp() when not using
21     stack recursion. This gives a massive performance boost under BSD, but just
22 ph10 165 a small improvement under Linux. However, it saves one field in the frame
23 ph10 164 in all cases.
24 ph10 166
25     6. Added more features from the forthcoming Perl 5.10:
26    
27     (a) (?-n) (where n is a string of digits) is a relative subroutine or
28     recursion call. It refers to the nth most recently opened parentheses.
29    
30     (b) (?+n) is also a relative subroutine call; it refers to the nth next
31     to be opened parentheses.
32 ph10 167
33     (c) Conditions that refer to capturing parentheses can be specified
34     relatively, for example, (?(-2)... or (?(+3)...
35 ph10 168
36     (d) \K resets the start of the current match so that everything before
37     is not part of it.
38 ph10 169
39 ph10 171 (e) \k{name} is synonymous with \k<name> and \k'name' (.NET compatible).
40    
41     (f) \g{name} is another synonym - part of Perl 5.10's unification of
42     reference syntax.
43    
44 ph10 169 7. Added two new calls to pcre_fullinfo(): PCRE_INFO_OKPARTIAL and
45     PCRE_INFO_JCHANGED.
46 ph10 170
47     8. A pattern such as (.*(.)?)* caused pcre_exec() to fail by either not
48     terminating or by crashing. Diagnosed by Viktor Griph; it was in the code
49     for detecting groups that can match an empty string.
50 ph10 171
51 ph10 159
52 ph10 155 Version 7.1 24-Apr-07
53 ph10 98 ---------------------
54    
55 ph10 111 1. Applied Bob Rossi and Daniel G's patches to convert the build system to one
56 ph10 122 that is more "standard", making use of automake and other Autotools. There
57 ph10 99 is some re-arrangement of the files and adjustment of comments consequent
58     on this.
59 ph10 111
60     2. Part of the patch fixed a problem with the pcregrep tests. The test of -r
61     for recursive directory scanning broke on some systems because the files
62     are not scanned in any specific order and on different systems the order
63     was different. A call to "sort" has been inserted into RunGrepTest for the
64     approprate test as a short-term fix. In the longer term there may be an
65 ph10 100 alternative.
66 ph10 111
67 ph10 100 3. I had an email from Eric Raymond about problems translating some of PCRE's
68 ph10 111 man pages to HTML (despite the fact that I distribute HTML pages, some
69     people do their own conversions for various reasons). The problems
70     concerned the use of low-level troff macros .br and .in. I have therefore
71     removed all such uses from the man pages (some were redundant, some could
72 ph10 113 be replaced by .nf/.fi pairs). The 132html script that I use to generate
73     HTML has been updated to handle .nf/.fi and to complain if it encounters
74     .br or .in.
75 ph10 111
76 ph10 100 4. Updated comments in configure.ac that get placed in config.h.in and also
77 ph10 123 arranged for config.h to be included in the distribution, with the name
78 ph10 111 config.h.generic, for the benefit of those who have to compile without
79     Autotools (compare pcre.h, which is now distributed as pcre.h.generic).
80    
81     5. Updated the support (such as it is) for Virtual Pascal, thanks to Stefan
82     Weber: (1) pcre_internal.h was missing some function renames; (2) updated
83 ph10 127 makevp.bat for the current PCRE, using the additional files
84 ph10 135 makevp_c.txt, makevp_l.txt, and pcregexp.pas.
85 ph10 111
86     6. A Windows user reported a minor discrepancy with test 2, which turned out
87     to be caused by a trailing space on an input line that had got lost in his
88 ph10 102 copy. The trailing space was an accident, so I've just removed it.
89 ph10 111
90 ph10 104 7. Add -Wl,-R... flags in pcre-config.in for *BSD* systems, as I'm told
91 ph10 111 that is needed.
92    
93 ph10 105 8. Mark ucp_table (in ucptable.h) and ucp_gentype (in pcre_ucp_searchfuncs.c)
94     as "const" (a) because they are and (b) because it helps the PHP
95     maintainers who have recently made a script to detect big data structures
96 ph10 111 in the php code that should be moved to the .rodata section. I remembered
97     to update Builducptable as well, so it won't revert if ucptable.h is ever
98 ph10 105 re-created.
99 ph10 111
100     9. Added some extra #ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8 conditionals into pcretest.c,
101 ph10 107 pcre_printint.src, pcre_compile.c, pcre_study.c, and pcre_tables.c, in
102 ph10 111 order to be able to cut out the UTF-8 tables in the latter when UTF-8
103     support is not required. This saves 1.5-2K of code, which is important in
104 ph10 107 some applications.
105 ph10 111
106 ph10 110 Later: more #ifdefs are needed in pcre_ord2utf8.c and pcre_valid_utf8.c
107 ph10 111 so as not to refer to the tables, even though these functions will never be
108     called when UTF-8 support is disabled. Otherwise there are problems with a
109     shared library.
110    
111 ph10 118 10. Fixed two bugs in the emulated memmove() function in pcre_internal.h:
112    
113     (a) It was defining its arguments as char * instead of void *.
114    
115 ph10 123 (b) It was assuming that all moves were upwards in memory; this was true
116     a long time ago when I wrote it, but is no longer the case.
117    
118 ph10 118 The emulated memove() is provided for those environments that have neither
119 ph10 123 memmove() nor bcopy(). I didn't think anyone used it these days, but that
120 ph10 118 is clearly not the case, as these two bugs were recently reported.
121 ph10 123
122 ph10 111 11. The script PrepareRelease is now distributed: it calls 132html, CleanTxt,
123 ph10 123 and Detrail to create the HTML documentation, the .txt form of the man
124     pages, and it removes trailing spaces from listed files. It also creates
125     pcre.h.generic and config.h.generic from pcre.h and config.h. In the latter
126     case, it wraps all the #defines with #ifndefs. This script should be run
127 ph10 111 before "make dist".
128 ph10 123
129 ph10 115 12. Fixed two fairly obscure bugs concerned with quantified caseless matching
130     with Unicode property support.
131 ph10 123
132     (a) For a maximizing quantifier, if the two different cases of the
133     character were of different lengths in their UTF-8 codings (there are
134     some cases like this - I found 11), and the matching function had to
135 ph10 115 back up over a mixture of the two cases, it incorrectly assumed they
136     were both the same length.
137 ph10 123
138     (b) When PCRE was configured to use the heap rather than the stack for
139     recursion during matching, it was not correctly preserving the data for
140     the other case of a UTF-8 character when checking ahead for a match
141     while processing a minimizing repeat. If the check also involved
142 ph10 115 matching a wide character, but failed, corruption could cause an
143     erroneous result when trying to check for a repeat of the original
144     character.
145 ph10 123
146 ph10 116 13. Some tidying changes to the testing mechanism:
147 ph10 98
148 ph10 116 (a) The RunTest script now detects the internal link size and whether there
149     is UTF-8 and UCP support by running ./pcretest -C instead of relying on
150 ph10 123 values substituted by "configure". (The RunGrepTest script already did
151     this for UTF-8.) The configure.ac script no longer substitutes the
152     relevant variables.
153    
154 ph10 116 (b) The debugging options /B and /D in pcretest show the compiled bytecode
155     with length and offset values. This means that the output is different
156     for different internal link sizes. Test 2 is skipped for link sizes
157     other than 2 because of this, bypassing the problem. Unfortunately,
158     there was also a test in test 3 (the locale tests) that used /B and
159 ph10 123 failed for link sizes other than 2. Rather than cut the whole test out,
160     I have added a new /Z option to pcretest that replaces the length and
161     offset values with spaces. This is now used to make test 3 independent
162 ph10 122 of link size. (Test 2 will be tidied up later.)
163 ph10 123
164     14. If erroroffset was passed as NULL to pcre_compile, it provoked a
165 ph10 122 segmentation fault instead of returning the appropriate error message.
166 ph10 134
167 ph10 131 15. In multiline mode when the newline sequence was set to "any", the pattern
168 ph10 134 ^$ would give a match between the \r and \n of a subject such as "A\r\nB".
169     This doesn't seem right; it now treats the CRLF combination as the line
170     ending, and so does not match in that case. It's only a pattern such as ^$
171     that would hit this one: something like ^ABC$ would have failed after \r
172     and then tried again after \r\n.
173    
174 ph10 131 16. Changed the comparison command for RunGrepTest from "diff -u" to "diff -ub"
175 ph10 134 in an attempt to make files that differ only in their line terminators
176     compare equal. This works on Linux.
177 ph10 142
178 ph10 141 17. Under certain error circumstances pcregrep might try to free random memory
179     as it exited. This is now fixed, thanks to valgrind.
180 ph10 142
181 ph10 141 19. In pcretest, if the pattern /(?m)^$/g<any> was matched against the string
182 ph10 142 "abc\r\n\r\n", it found an unwanted second match after the second \r. This
183     was because its rules for how to advance for /g after matching an empty
184 ph10 143 string at the end of a line did not allow for this case. They now check for
185     it specially.
186 ph10 150
187     20. pcretest is supposed to handle patterns and data of any length, by
188     extending its buffers when necessary. It was getting this wrong when the
189 ph10 147 buffer for a data line had to be extended.
190 ph10 150
191 ph10 149 21. Added PCRE_NEWLINE_ANYCRLF which is like ANY, but matches only CR, LF, or
192 ph10 150 CRLF as a newline sequence.
193 ph10 152
194 ph10 151 22. Code for handling Unicode properties in pcre_dfa_exec() wasn't being cut
195 ph10 152 out by #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP. This did no harm, as it could never be used, but
196     I have nevertheless tidied it up.
197 ph10 111
198 ph10 152 23. Added some casts to kill warnings from HP-UX ia64 compiler.
199 ph10 123
200 ph10 153 24. Added a man page for pcre-config.
201 ph10 152
202 ph10 153
203 nigel 93 Version 7.0 19-Dec-06
204     ---------------------
205    
206     1. Fixed a signed/unsigned compiler warning in pcre_compile.c, shown up by
207     moving to gcc 4.1.1.
208    
209     2. The -S option for pcretest uses setrlimit(); I had omitted to #include
210     sys/time.h, which is documented as needed for this function. It doesn't
211     seem to matter on Linux, but it showed up on some releases of OS X.
212    
213     3. It seems that there are systems where bytes whose values are greater than
214     127 match isprint() in the "C" locale. The "C" locale should be the
215     default when a C program starts up. In most systems, only ASCII printing
216     characters match isprint(). This difference caused the output from pcretest
217     to vary, making some of the tests fail. I have changed pcretest so that:
218    
219     (a) When it is outputting text in the compiled version of a pattern, bytes
220     other than 32-126 are always shown as hex escapes.
221    
222     (b) When it is outputting text that is a matched part of a subject string,
223     it does the same, unless a different locale has been set for the match
224     (using the /L modifier). In this case, it uses isprint() to decide.
225    
226     4. Fixed a major bug that caused incorrect computation of the amount of memory
227     required for a compiled pattern when options that changed within the
228     pattern affected the logic of the preliminary scan that determines the
229     length. The relevant options are -x, and -i in UTF-8 mode. The result was
230     that the computed length was too small. The symptoms of this bug were
231     either the PCRE error "internal error: code overflow" from pcre_compile(),
232     or a glibc crash with a message such as "pcretest: free(): invalid next
233     size (fast)". Examples of patterns that provoked this bug (shown in
234     pcretest format) are:
235    
236     /(?-x: )/x
237     /(?x)(?-x: \s*#\s*)/
238     /((?i)[\x{c0}])/8
239     /(?i:[\x{c0}])/8
240    
241     HOWEVER: Change 17 below makes this fix obsolete as the memory computation
242     is now done differently.
243    
244     5. Applied patches from Google to: (a) add a QuoteMeta function to the C++
245     wrapper classes; (b) implement a new function in the C++ scanner that is
246     more efficient than the old way of doing things because it avoids levels of
247     recursion in the regex matching; (c) add a paragraph to the documentation
248     for the FullMatch() function.
249    
250     6. The escape sequence \n was being treated as whatever was defined as
251     "newline". Not only was this contrary to the documentation, which states
252     that \n is character 10 (hex 0A), but it also went horribly wrong when
253     "newline" was defined as CRLF. This has been fixed.
254    
255     7. In pcre_dfa_exec.c the value of an unsigned integer (the variable called c)
256     was being set to -1 for the "end of line" case (supposedly a value that no
257     character can have). Though this value is never used (the check for end of
258     line is "zero bytes in current character"), it caused compiler complaints.
259     I've changed it to 0xffffffff.
260    
261     8. In pcre_version.c, the version string was being built by a sequence of
262     C macros that, in the event of PCRE_PRERELEASE being defined as an empty
263     string (as it is for production releases) called a macro with an empty
264     argument. The C standard says the result of this is undefined. The gcc
265     compiler treats it as an empty string (which was what was wanted) but it is
266     reported that Visual C gives an error. The source has been hacked around to
267     avoid this problem.
268    
269     9. On the advice of a Windows user, included <io.h> and <fcntl.h> in Windows
270     builds of pcretest, and changed the call to _setmode() to use _O_BINARY
271     instead of 0x8000. Made all the #ifdefs test both _WIN32 and WIN32 (not all
272     of them did).
273    
274     10. Originally, pcretest opened its input and output without "b"; then I was
275     told that "b" was needed in some environments, so it was added for release
276     5.0 to both the input and output. (It makes no difference on Unix-like
277     systems.) Later I was told that it is wrong for the input on Windows. I've
278     now abstracted the modes into two macros, to make it easier to fiddle with
279     them, and removed "b" from the input mode under Windows.
280    
281     11. Added pkgconfig support for the C++ wrapper library, libpcrecpp.
282    
283     12. Added -help and --help to pcretest as an official way of being reminded
284     of the options.
285    
286     13. Removed some redundant semicolons after macro calls in pcrecpparg.h.in
287     and pcrecpp.cc because they annoy compilers at high warning levels.
288    
289     14. A bit of tidying/refactoring in pcre_exec.c in the main bumpalong loop.
290    
291     15. Fixed an occurrence of == in configure.ac that should have been = (shell
292     scripts are not C programs :-) and which was not noticed because it works
293     on Linux.
294    
295     16. pcretest is supposed to handle any length of pattern and data line (as one
296     line or as a continued sequence of lines) by extending its input buffer if
297     necessary. This feature was broken for very long pattern lines, leading to
298     a string of junk being passed to pcre_compile() if the pattern was longer
299     than about 50K.
300    
301     17. I have done a major re-factoring of the way pcre_compile() computes the
302     amount of memory needed for a compiled pattern. Previously, there was code
303     that made a preliminary scan of the pattern in order to do this. That was
304     OK when PCRE was new, but as the facilities have expanded, it has become
305     harder and harder to keep it in step with the real compile phase, and there
306     have been a number of bugs (see for example, 4 above). I have now found a
307     cunning way of running the real compile function in a "fake" mode that
308     enables it to compute how much memory it would need, while actually only
309     ever using a few hundred bytes of working memory and without too many
310     tests of the mode. This should make future maintenance and development
311     easier. A side effect of this work is that the limit of 200 on the nesting
312     depth of parentheses has been removed (though this was never a serious
313     limitation, I suspect). However, there is a downside: pcre_compile() now
314     runs more slowly than before (30% or more, depending on the pattern). I
315     hope this isn't a big issue. There is no effect on runtime performance.
316    
317     18. Fixed a minor bug in pcretest: if a pattern line was not terminated by a
318     newline (only possible for the last line of a file) and it was a
319     pattern that set a locale (followed by /Lsomething), pcretest crashed.
320    
321     19. Added additional timing features to pcretest. (1) The -tm option now times
322     matching only, not compiling. (2) Both -t and -tm can be followed, as a
323     separate command line item, by a number that specifies the number of
324     repeats to use when timing. The default is 50000; this gives better
325     precision, but takes uncomfortably long for very large patterns.
326    
327     20. Extended pcre_study() to be more clever in cases where a branch of a
328     subpattern has no definite first character. For example, (a*|b*)[cd] would
329     previously give no result from pcre_study(). Now it recognizes that the
330     first character must be a, b, c, or d.
331    
332     21. There was an incorrect error "recursive call could loop indefinitely" if
333     a subpattern (or the entire pattern) that was being tested for matching an
334     empty string contained only one non-empty item after a nested subpattern.
335     For example, the pattern (?>\x{100}*)\d(?R) provoked this error
336     incorrectly, because the \d was being skipped in the check.
337    
338     22. The pcretest program now has a new pattern option /B and a command line
339     option -b, which is equivalent to adding /B to every pattern. This causes
340     it to show the compiled bytecode, without the additional information that
341     -d shows. The effect of -d is now the same as -b with -i (and similarly, /D
342     is the same as /B/I).
343    
344     23. A new optimization is now able automatically to treat some sequences such
345     as a*b as a*+b. More specifically, if something simple (such as a character
346     or a simple class like \d) has an unlimited quantifier, and is followed by
347     something that cannot possibly match the quantified thing, the quantifier
348     is automatically "possessified".
349    
350     24. A recursive reference to a subpattern whose number was greater than 39
351     went wrong under certain circumstances in UTF-8 mode. This bug could also
352     have affected the operation of pcre_study().
353    
354     25. Realized that a little bit of performance could be had by replacing
355     (c & 0xc0) == 0xc0 with c >= 0xc0 when processing UTF-8 characters.
356    
357     26. Timing data from pcretest is now shown to 4 decimal places instead of 3.
358    
359     27. Possessive quantifiers such as a++ were previously implemented by turning
360     them into atomic groups such as ($>a+). Now they have their own opcodes,
361     which improves performance. This includes the automatically created ones
362     from 23 above.
363    
364     28. A pattern such as (?=(\w+))\1: which simulates an atomic group using a
365     lookahead was broken if it was not anchored. PCRE was mistakenly expecting
366     the first matched character to be a colon. This applied both to named and
367     numbered groups.
368    
369     29. The ucpinternal.h header file was missing its idempotency #ifdef.
370    
371     30. I was sent a "project" file called libpcre.a.dev which I understand makes
372     building PCRE on Windows easier, so I have included it in the distribution.
373    
374     31. There is now a check in pcretest against a ridiculously large number being
375     returned by pcre_exec() or pcre_dfa_exec(). If this happens in a /g or /G
376     loop, the loop is abandoned.
377    
378     32. Forward references to subpatterns in conditions such as (?(2)...) where
379     subpattern 2 is defined later cause pcre_compile() to search forwards in
380     the pattern for the relevant set of parentheses. This search went wrong
381     when there were unescaped parentheses in a character class, parentheses
382     escaped with \Q...\E, or parentheses in a #-comment in /x mode.
383    
384     33. "Subroutine" calls and backreferences were previously restricted to
385     referencing subpatterns earlier in the regex. This restriction has now
386     been removed.
387    
388     34. Added a number of extra features that are going to be in Perl 5.10. On the
389     whole, these are just syntactic alternatives for features that PCRE had
390     previously implemented using the Python syntax or my own invention. The
391     other formats are all retained for compatibility.
392    
393     (a) Named groups can now be defined as (?<name>...) or (?'name'...) as well
394     as (?P<name>...). The new forms, as well as being in Perl 5.10, are
395     also .NET compatible.
396    
397     (b) A recursion or subroutine call to a named group can now be defined as
398     (?&name) as well as (?P>name).
399    
400     (c) A backreference to a named group can now be defined as \k<name> or
401     \k'name' as well as (?P=name). The new forms, as well as being in Perl
402     5.10, are also .NET compatible.
403    
404     (d) A conditional reference to a named group can now use the syntax
405     (?(<name>) or (?('name') as well as (?(name).
406    
407     (e) A "conditional group" of the form (?(DEFINE)...) can be used to define
408     groups (named and numbered) that are never evaluated inline, but can be
409     called as "subroutines" from elsewhere. In effect, the DEFINE condition
410     is always false. There may be only one alternative in such a group.
411    
412     (f) A test for recursion can be given as (?(R1).. or (?(R&name)... as well
413     as the simple (?(R). The condition is true only if the most recent
414     recursion is that of the given number or name. It does not search out
415     through the entire recursion stack.
416    
417     (g) The escape \gN or \g{N} has been added, where N is a positive or
418     negative number, specifying an absolute or relative reference.
419    
420     35. Tidied to get rid of some further signed/unsigned compiler warnings and
421     some "unreachable code" warnings.
422    
423     36. Updated the Unicode property tables to Unicode version 5.0.0. Amongst other
424     things, this adds five new scripts.
425    
426     37. Perl ignores orphaned \E escapes completely. PCRE now does the same.
427     There were also incompatibilities regarding the handling of \Q..\E inside
428     character classes, for example with patterns like [\Qa\E-\Qz\E] where the
429     hyphen was adjacent to \Q or \E. I hope I've cleared all this up now.
430    
431     38. Like Perl, PCRE detects when an indefinitely repeated parenthesized group
432     matches an empty string, and forcibly breaks the loop. There were bugs in
433     this code in non-simple cases. For a pattern such as ^(a()*)* matched
434     against aaaa the result was just "a" rather than "aaaa", for example. Two
435     separate and independent bugs (that affected different cases) have been
436     fixed.
437    
438     39. Refactored the code to abolish the use of different opcodes for small
439     capturing bracket numbers. This is a tidy that I avoided doing when I
440     removed the limit on the number of capturing brackets for 3.5 back in 2001.
441     The new approach is not only tidier, it makes it possible to reduce the
442     memory needed to fix the previous bug (38).
443    
444     40. Implemented PCRE_NEWLINE_ANY to recognize any of the Unicode newline
445     sequences (http://unicode.org/unicode/reports/tr18/) as "newline" when
446     processing dot, circumflex, or dollar metacharacters, or #-comments in /x
447     mode.
448    
449     41. Add \R to match any Unicode newline sequence, as suggested in the Unicode
450     report.
451    
452     42. Applied patch, originally from Ari Pollak, modified by Google, to allow
453     copy construction and assignment in the C++ wrapper.
454    
455     43. Updated pcregrep to support "--newline=any". In the process, I fixed a
456     couple of bugs that could have given wrong results in the "--newline=crlf"
457     case.
458    
459     44. Added a number of casts and did some reorganization of signed/unsigned int
460     variables following suggestions from Dair Grant. Also renamed the variable
461     "this" as "item" because it is a C++ keyword.
462    
463     45. Arranged for dftables to add
464    
465     #include "pcre_internal.h"
466    
467     to pcre_chartables.c because without it, gcc 4.x may remove the array
468     definition from the final binary if PCRE is built into a static library and
469     dead code stripping is activated.
470    
471     46. For an unanchored pattern, if a match attempt fails at the start of a
472     newline sequence, and the newline setting is CRLF or ANY, and the next two
473     characters are CRLF, advance by two characters instead of one.
474    
475    
476 nigel 91 Version 6.7 04-Jul-06
477     ---------------------
478    
479     1. In order to handle tests when input lines are enormously long, pcretest has
480     been re-factored so that it automatically extends its buffers when
481     necessary. The code is crude, but this _is_ just a test program. The
482     default size has been increased from 32K to 50K.
483    
484     2. The code in pcre_study() was using the value of the re argument before
485     testing it for NULL. (Of course, in any sensible call of the function, it
486     won't be NULL.)
487    
488     3. The memmove() emulation function in pcre_internal.h, which is used on
489     systems that lack both memmove() and bcopy() - that is, hardly ever -
490     was missing a "static" storage class specifier.
491    
492     4. When UTF-8 mode was not set, PCRE looped when compiling certain patterns
493     containing an extended class (one that cannot be represented by a bitmap
494     because it contains high-valued characters or Unicode property items, e.g.
495     [\pZ]). Almost always one would set UTF-8 mode when processing such a
496     pattern, but PCRE should not loop if you do not (it no longer does).
497     [Detail: two cases were found: (a) a repeated subpattern containing an
498     extended class; (b) a recursive reference to a subpattern that followed a
499     previous extended class. It wasn't skipping over the extended class
500     correctly when UTF-8 mode was not set.]
501    
502     5. A negated single-character class was not being recognized as fixed-length
503     in lookbehind assertions such as (?<=[^f]), leading to an incorrect
504     compile error "lookbehind assertion is not fixed length".
505    
506     6. The RunPerlTest auxiliary script was showing an unexpected difference
507     between PCRE and Perl for UTF-8 tests. It turns out that it is hard to
508     write a Perl script that can interpret lines of an input file either as
509     byte characters or as UTF-8, which is what "perltest" was being required to
510     do for the non-UTF-8 and UTF-8 tests, respectively. Essentially what you
511     can't do is switch easily at run time between having the "use utf8;" pragma
512     or not. In the end, I fudged it by using the RunPerlTest script to insert
513     "use utf8;" explicitly for the UTF-8 tests.
514    
515     7. In multiline (/m) mode, PCRE was matching ^ after a terminating newline at
516     the end of the subject string, contrary to the documentation and to what
517     Perl does. This was true of both matching functions. Now it matches only at
518     the start of the subject and immediately after *internal* newlines.
519    
520     8. A call of pcre_fullinfo() from pcretest to get the option bits was passing
521     a pointer to an int instead of a pointer to an unsigned long int. This
522     caused problems on 64-bit systems.
523    
524     9. Applied a patch from the folks at Google to pcrecpp.cc, to fix "another
525     instance of the 'standard' template library not being so standard".
526    
527     10. There was no check on the number of named subpatterns nor the maximum
528     length of a subpattern name. The product of these values is used to compute
529     the size of the memory block for a compiled pattern. By supplying a very
530     long subpattern name and a large number of named subpatterns, the size
531     computation could be caused to overflow. This is now prevented by limiting
532     the length of names to 32 characters, and the number of named subpatterns
533     to 10,000.
534    
535     11. Subpatterns that are repeated with specific counts have to be replicated in
536     the compiled pattern. The size of memory for this was computed from the
537     length of the subpattern and the repeat count. The latter is limited to
538     65535, but there was no limit on the former, meaning that integer overflow
539     could in principle occur. The compiled length of a repeated subpattern is
540     now limited to 30,000 bytes in order to prevent this.
541    
542     12. Added the optional facility to have named substrings with the same name.
543    
544     13. Added the ability to use a named substring as a condition, using the
545     Python syntax: (?(name)yes|no). This overloads (?(R)... and names that
546     are numbers (not recommended). Forward references are permitted.
547    
548     14. Added forward references in named backreferences (if you see what I mean).
549    
550     15. In UTF-8 mode, with the PCRE_DOTALL option set, a quantified dot in the
551     pattern could run off the end of the subject. For example, the pattern
552     "(?s)(.{1,5})"8 did this with the subject "ab".
553    
554     16. If PCRE_DOTALL or PCRE_MULTILINE were set, pcre_dfa_exec() behaved as if
555     PCRE_CASELESS was set when matching characters that were quantified with ?
556     or *.
557    
558     17. A character class other than a single negated character that had a minimum
559     but no maximum quantifier - for example [ab]{6,} - was not handled
560     correctly by pce_dfa_exec(). It would match only one character.
561    
562     18. A valid (though odd) pattern that looked like a POSIX character
563     class but used an invalid character after [ (for example [[,abc,]]) caused
564     pcre_compile() to give the error "Failed: internal error: code overflow" or
565     in some cases to crash with a glibc free() error. This could even happen if
566     the pattern terminated after [[ but there just happened to be a sequence of
567     letters, a binary zero, and a closing ] in the memory that followed.
568    
569     19. Perl's treatment of octal escapes in the range \400 to \777 has changed
570     over the years. Originally (before any Unicode support), just the bottom 8
571     bits were taken. Thus, for example, \500 really meant \100. Nowadays the
572     output from "man perlunicode" includes this:
573    
574     The regular expression compiler produces polymorphic opcodes. That
575     is, the pattern adapts to the data and automatically switches to
576     the Unicode character scheme when presented with Unicode data--or
577     instead uses a traditional byte scheme when presented with byte
578     data.
579    
580     Sadly, a wide octal escape does not cause a switch, and in a string with
581     no other multibyte characters, these octal escapes are treated as before.
582     Thus, in Perl, the pattern /\500/ actually matches \100 but the pattern
583     /\500|\x{1ff}/ matches \500 or \777 because the whole thing is treated as a
584     Unicode string.
585    
586     I have not perpetrated such confusion in PCRE. Up till now, it took just
587     the bottom 8 bits, as in old Perl. I have now made octal escapes with
588     values greater than \377 illegal in non-UTF-8 mode. In UTF-8 mode they
589     translate to the appropriate multibyte character.
590    
591     29. Applied some refactoring to reduce the number of warnings from Microsoft
592     and Borland compilers. This has included removing the fudge introduced
593     seven years ago for the OS/2 compiler (see 2.02/2 below) because it caused
594     a warning about an unused variable.
595    
596     21. PCRE has not included VT (character 0x0b) in the set of whitespace
597     characters since release 4.0, because Perl (from release 5.004) does not.
598     [Or at least, is documented not to: some releases seem to be in conflict
599     with the documentation.] However, when a pattern was studied with
600     pcre_study() and all its branches started with \s, PCRE still included VT
601     as a possible starting character. Of course, this did no harm; it just
602     caused an unnecessary match attempt.
603    
604     22. Removed a now-redundant internal flag bit that recorded the fact that case
605     dependency changed within the pattern. This was once needed for "required
606     byte" processing, but is no longer used. This recovers a now-scarce options
607     bit. Also moved the least significant internal flag bit to the most-
608     significant bit of the word, which was not previously used (hangover from
609     the days when it was an int rather than a uint) to free up another bit for
610     the future.
611    
612     23. Added support for CRLF line endings as well as CR and LF. As well as the
613     default being selectable at build time, it can now be changed at runtime
614     via the PCRE_NEWLINE_xxx flags. There are now options for pcregrep to
615     specify that it is scanning data with non-default line endings.
616    
617     24. Changed the definition of CXXLINK to make it agree with the definition of
618     LINK in the Makefile, by replacing LDFLAGS to CXXFLAGS.
619    
620     25. Applied Ian Taylor's patches to avoid using another stack frame for tail
621     recursions. This makes a big different to stack usage for some patterns.
622    
623     26. If a subpattern containing a named recursion or subroutine reference such
624     as (?P>B) was quantified, for example (xxx(?P>B)){3}, the calculation of
625     the space required for the compiled pattern went wrong and gave too small a
626     value. Depending on the environment, this could lead to "Failed: internal
627     error: code overflow at offset 49" or "glibc detected double free or
628     corruption" errors.
629    
630     27. Applied patches from Google (a) to support the new newline modes and (b) to
631     advance over multibyte UTF-8 characters in GlobalReplace.
632    
633     28. Change free() to pcre_free() in pcredemo.c. Apparently this makes a
634     difference for some implementation of PCRE in some Windows version.
635    
636     29. Added some extra testing facilities to pcretest:
637    
638     \q<number> in a data line sets the "match limit" value
639     \Q<number> in a data line sets the "match recursion limt" value
640     -S <number> sets the stack size, where <number> is in megabytes
641    
642     The -S option isn't available for Windows.
643    
644    
645 nigel 89 Version 6.6 06-Feb-06
646     ---------------------
647    
648     1. Change 16(a) for 6.5 broke things, because PCRE_DATA_SCOPE was not defined
649     in pcreposix.h. I have copied the definition from pcre.h.
650    
651     2. Change 25 for 6.5 broke compilation in a build directory out-of-tree
652     because pcre.h is no longer a built file.
653    
654     3. Added Jeff Friedl's additional debugging patches to pcregrep. These are
655     not normally included in the compiled code.
656    
657    
658 nigel 87 Version 6.5 01-Feb-06
659     ---------------------
660    
661     1. When using the partial match feature with pcre_dfa_exec(), it was not
662     anchoring the second and subsequent partial matches at the new starting
663     point. This could lead to incorrect results. For example, with the pattern
664     /1234/, partially matching against "123" and then "a4" gave a match.
665    
666     2. Changes to pcregrep:
667    
668     (a) All non-match returns from pcre_exec() were being treated as failures
669     to match the line. Now, unless the error is PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH, an
670     error message is output. Some extra information is given for the
671     PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT and PCRE_ERROR_RECURSIONLIMIT errors, which are
672     probably the only errors that are likely to be caused by users (by
673     specifying a regex that has nested indefinite repeats, for instance).
674     If there are more than 20 of these errors, pcregrep is abandoned.
675    
676     (b) A binary zero was treated as data while matching, but terminated the
677     output line if it was written out. This has been fixed: binary zeroes
678     are now no different to any other data bytes.
679    
680     (c) Whichever of the LC_ALL or LC_CTYPE environment variables is set is
681     used to set a locale for matching. The --locale=xxxx long option has
682     been added (no short equivalent) to specify a locale explicitly on the
683     pcregrep command, overriding the environment variables.
684    
685     (d) When -B was used with -n, some line numbers in the output were one less
686     than they should have been.
687    
688     (e) Added the -o (--only-matching) option.
689    
690     (f) If -A or -C was used with -c (count only), some lines of context were
691     accidentally printed for the final match.
692    
693     (g) Added the -H (--with-filename) option.
694    
695     (h) The combination of options -rh failed to suppress file names for files
696     that were found from directory arguments.
697    
698     (i) Added the -D (--devices) and -d (--directories) options.
699    
700     (j) Added the -F (--fixed-strings) option.
701    
702     (k) Allow "-" to be used as a file name for -f as well as for a data file.
703    
704     (l) Added the --colo(u)r option.
705    
706     (m) Added Jeffrey Friedl's -S testing option, but within #ifdefs so that it
707     is not present by default.
708    
709     3. A nasty bug was discovered in the handling of recursive patterns, that is,
710     items such as (?R) or (?1), when the recursion could match a number of
711     alternatives. If it matched one of the alternatives, but subsequently,
712     outside the recursion, there was a failure, the code tried to back up into
713     the recursion. However, because of the way PCRE is implemented, this is not
714     possible, and the result was an incorrect result from the match.
715    
716     In order to prevent this happening, the specification of recursion has
717     been changed so that all such subpatterns are automatically treated as
718     atomic groups. Thus, for example, (?R) is treated as if it were (?>(?R)).
719    
720     4. I had overlooked the fact that, in some locales, there are characters for
721     which isalpha() is true but neither isupper() nor islower() are true. In
722     the fr_FR locale, for instance, the \xAA and \xBA characters (ordmasculine
723     and ordfeminine) are like this. This affected the treatment of \w and \W
724     when they appeared in character classes, but not when they appeared outside
725     a character class. The bit map for "word" characters is now created
726     separately from the results of isalnum() instead of just taking it from the
727     upper, lower, and digit maps. (Plus the underscore character, of course.)
728    
729     5. The above bug also affected the handling of POSIX character classes such as
730     [[:alpha:]] and [[:alnum:]]. These do not have their own bit maps in PCRE's
731     permanent tables. Instead, the bit maps for such a class were previously
732     created as the appropriate unions of the upper, lower, and digit bitmaps.
733     Now they are created by subtraction from the [[:word:]] class, which has
734     its own bitmap.
735    
736     6. The [[:blank:]] character class matches horizontal, but not vertical space.
737     It is created by subtracting the vertical space characters (\x09, \x0a,
738     \x0b, \x0c) from the [[:space:]] bitmap. Previously, however, the
739     subtraction was done in the overall bitmap for a character class, meaning
740     that a class such as [\x0c[:blank:]] was incorrect because \x0c would not
741     be recognized. This bug has been fixed.
742    
743     7. Patches from the folks at Google:
744    
745     (a) pcrecpp.cc: "to handle a corner case that may or may not happen in
746     real life, but is still worth protecting against".
747    
748     (b) pcrecpp.cc: "corrects a bug when negative radixes are used with
749     regular expressions".
750    
751     (c) pcre_scanner.cc: avoid use of std::count() because not all systems
752     have it.
753    
754     (d) Split off pcrecpparg.h from pcrecpp.h and had the former built by
755     "configure" and the latter not, in order to fix a problem somebody had
756     with compiling the Arg class on HP-UX.
757    
758     (e) Improve the error-handling of the C++ wrapper a little bit.
759    
760     (f) New tests for checking recursion limiting.
761    
762     8. The pcre_memmove() function, which is used only if the environment does not
763     have a standard memmove() function (and is therefore rarely compiled),
764     contained two bugs: (a) use of int instead of size_t, and (b) it was not
765     returning a result (though PCRE never actually uses the result).
766    
767     9. In the POSIX regexec() interface, if nmatch is specified as a ridiculously
768     large number - greater than INT_MAX/(3*sizeof(int)) - REG_ESPACE is
769     returned instead of calling malloc() with an overflowing number that would
770     most likely cause subsequent chaos.
771    
772     10. The debugging option of pcretest was not showing the NO_AUTO_CAPTURE flag.
773    
774     11. The POSIX flag REG_NOSUB is now supported. When a pattern that was compiled
775     with this option is matched, the nmatch and pmatch options of regexec() are
776     ignored.
777    
778     12. Added REG_UTF8 to the POSIX interface. This is not defined by POSIX, but is
779     provided in case anyone wants to the the POSIX interface with UTF-8
780     strings.
781    
782     13. Added CXXLDFLAGS to the Makefile parameters to provide settings only on the
783     C++ linking (needed for some HP-UX environments).
784    
785     14. Avoid compiler warnings in get_ucpname() when compiled without UCP support
786     (unused parameter) and in the pcre_printint() function (omitted "default"
787     switch label when the default is to do nothing).
788    
789     15. Added some code to make it possible, when PCRE is compiled as a C++
790     library, to replace subject pointers for pcre_exec() with a smart pointer
791     class, thus making it possible to process discontinuous strings.
792    
793     16. The two macros PCRE_EXPORT and PCRE_DATA_SCOPE are confusing, and perform
794     much the same function. They were added by different people who were trying
795     to make PCRE easy to compile on non-Unix systems. It has been suggested
796     that PCRE_EXPORT be abolished now that there is more automatic apparatus
797     for compiling on Windows systems. I have therefore replaced it with
798     PCRE_DATA_SCOPE. This is set automatically for Windows; if not set it
799     defaults to "extern" for C or "extern C" for C++, which works fine on
800     Unix-like systems. It is now possible to override the value of PCRE_DATA_
801     SCOPE with something explicit in config.h. In addition:
802    
803     (a) pcreposix.h still had just "extern" instead of either of these macros;
804     I have replaced it with PCRE_DATA_SCOPE.
805    
806     (b) Functions such as _pcre_xclass(), which are internal to the library,
807     but external in the C sense, all had PCRE_EXPORT in their definitions.
808     This is apparently wrong for the Windows case, so I have removed it.
809     (It makes no difference on Unix-like systems.)
810    
811     17. Added a new limit, MATCH_LIMIT_RECURSION, which limits the depth of nesting
812     of recursive calls to match(). This is different to MATCH_LIMIT because
813     that limits the total number of calls to match(), not all of which increase
814     the depth of recursion. Limiting the recursion depth limits the amount of
815     stack (or heap if NO_RECURSE is set) that is used. The default can be set
816     when PCRE is compiled, and changed at run time. A patch from Google adds
817     this functionality to the C++ interface.
818    
819     18. Changes to the handling of Unicode character properties:
820    
821     (a) Updated the table to Unicode 4.1.0.
822    
823     (b) Recognize characters that are not in the table as "Cn" (undefined).
824    
825     (c) I revised the way the table is implemented to a much improved format
826     which includes recognition of ranges. It now supports the ranges that
827     are defined in UnicodeData.txt, and it also amalgamates other
828     characters into ranges. This has reduced the number of entries in the
829     table from around 16,000 to around 3,000, thus reducing its size
830     considerably. I realized I did not need to use a tree structure after
831     all - a binary chop search is just as efficient. Having reduced the
832     number of entries, I extended their size from 6 bytes to 8 bytes to
833     allow for more data.
834    
835     (d) Added support for Unicode script names via properties such as \p{Han}.
836    
837     19. In UTF-8 mode, a backslash followed by a non-Ascii character was not
838     matching that character.
839    
840     20. When matching a repeated Unicode property with a minimum greater than zero,
841     (for example \pL{2,}), PCRE could look past the end of the subject if it
842     reached it while seeking the minimum number of characters. This could
843     happen only if some of the characters were more than one byte long, because
844     there is a check for at least the minimum number of bytes.
845    
846     21. Refactored the implementation of \p and \P so as to be more general, to
847     allow for more different types of property in future. This has changed the
848     compiled form incompatibly. Anybody with saved compiled patterns that use
849     \p or \P will have to recompile them.
850    
851     22. Added "Any" and "L&" to the supported property types.
852    
853     23. Recognize \x{...} as a code point specifier, even when not in UTF-8 mode,
854     but give a compile time error if the value is greater than 0xff.
855    
856     24. The man pages for pcrepartial, pcreprecompile, and pcre_compile2 were
857     accidentally not being installed or uninstalled.
858    
859     25. The pcre.h file was built from pcre.h.in, but the only changes that were
860     made were to insert the current release number. This seemed silly, because
861     it made things harder for people building PCRE on systems that don't run
862     "configure". I have turned pcre.h into a distributed file, no longer built
863     by "configure", with the version identification directly included. There is
864     no longer a pcre.h.in file.
865    
866     However, this change necessitated a change to the pcre-config script as
867     well. It is built from pcre-config.in, and one of the substitutions was the
868     release number. I have updated configure.ac so that ./configure now finds
869     the release number by grepping pcre.h.
870    
871     26. Added the ability to run the tests under valgrind.
872    
873    
874 nigel 85 Version 6.4 05-Sep-05
875     ---------------------
876    
877     1. Change 6.0/10/(l) to pcregrep introduced a bug that caused separator lines
878     "--" to be printed when multiple files were scanned, even when none of the
879     -A, -B, or -C options were used. This is not compatible with Gnu grep, so I
880     consider it to be a bug, and have restored the previous behaviour.
881    
882     2. A couple of code tidies to get rid of compiler warnings.
883    
884     3. The pcretest program used to cheat by referring to symbols in the library
885     whose names begin with _pcre_. These are internal symbols that are not
886     really supposed to be visible externally, and in some environments it is
887     possible to suppress them. The cheating is now confined to including
888     certain files from the library's source, which is a bit cleaner.
889    
890     4. Renamed pcre.in as pcre.h.in to go with pcrecpp.h.in; it also makes the
891     file's purpose clearer.
892    
893     5. Reorganized pcre_ucp_findchar().
894    
895    
896 nigel 83 Version 6.3 15-Aug-05
897     ---------------------
898    
899     1. The file libpcre.pc.in did not have general read permission in the tarball.
900    
901     2. There were some problems when building without C++ support:
902    
903     (a) If C++ support was not built, "make install" and "make test" still
904     tried to test it.
905    
906     (b) There were problems when the value of CXX was explicitly set. Some
907     changes have been made to try to fix these, and ...
908    
909     (c) --disable-cpp can now be used to explicitly disable C++ support.
910    
911     (d) The use of @CPP_OBJ@ directly caused a blank line preceded by a
912     backslash in a target when C++ was disabled. This confuses some
913     versions of "make", apparently. Using an intermediate variable solves
914     this. (Same for CPP_LOBJ.)
915    
916     3. $(LINK_FOR_BUILD) now includes $(CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD) and $(LINK)
917     (non-Windows) now includes $(CFLAGS) because these flags are sometimes
918     necessary on certain architectures.
919    
920     4. Added a setting of -export-symbols-regex to the link command to remove
921     those symbols that are exported in the C sense, but actually are local
922     within the library, and not documented. Their names all begin with
923     "_pcre_". This is not a perfect job, because (a) we have to except some
924     symbols that pcretest ("illegally") uses, and (b) the facility isn't always
925     available (and never for static libraries). I have made a note to try to
926     find a way round (a) in the future.
927    
928    
929 nigel 81 Version 6.2 01-Aug-05
930     ---------------------
931    
932     1. There was no test for integer overflow of quantifier values. A construction
933     such as {1111111111111111} would give undefined results. What is worse, if
934     a minimum quantifier for a parenthesized subpattern overflowed and became
935     negative, the calculation of the memory size went wrong. This could have
936     led to memory overwriting.
937    
938     2. Building PCRE using VPATH was broken. Hopefully it is now fixed.
939    
940     3. Added "b" to the 2nd argument of fopen() in dftables.c, for non-Unix-like
941     operating environments where this matters.
942    
943     4. Applied Giuseppe Maxia's patch to add additional features for controlling
944     PCRE options from within the C++ wrapper.
945    
946     5. Named capturing subpatterns were not being correctly counted when a pattern
947     was compiled. This caused two problems: (a) If there were more than 100
948     such subpatterns, the calculation of the memory needed for the whole
949     compiled pattern went wrong, leading to an overflow error. (b) Numerical
950     back references of the form \12, where the number was greater than 9, were
951     not recognized as back references, even though there were sufficient
952     previous subpatterns.
953    
954     6. Two minor patches to pcrecpp.cc in order to allow it to compile on older
955     versions of gcc, e.g. 2.95.4.
956    
957    
958 nigel 79 Version 6.1 21-Jun-05
959     ---------------------
960    
961     1. There was one reference to the variable "posix" in pcretest.c that was not
962     surrounded by "#if !defined NOPOSIX".
963    
964     2. Make it possible to compile pcretest without DFA support, UTF8 support, or
965     the cross-check on the old pcre_info() function, for the benefit of the
966     cut-down version of PCRE that is currently imported into Exim.
967    
968     3. A (silly) pattern starting with (?i)(?-i) caused an internal space
969     allocation error. I've done the easy fix, which wastes 2 bytes for sensible
970     patterns that start (?i) but I don't think that matters. The use of (?i) is
971     just an example; this all applies to the other options as well.
972    
973     4. Since libtool seems to echo the compile commands it is issuing, the output
974     from "make" can be reduced a bit by putting "@" in front of each libtool
975     compile command.
976    
977     5. Patch from the folks at Google for configure.in to be a bit more thorough
978     in checking for a suitable C++ installation before trying to compile the
979     C++ stuff. This should fix a reported problem when a compiler was present,
980     but no suitable headers.
981    
982     6. The man pages all had just "PCRE" as their title. I have changed them to
983     be the relevant file name. I have also arranged that these names are
984     retained in the file doc/pcre.txt, which is a concatenation in text format
985     of all the man pages except the little individual ones for each function.
986    
987     7. The NON-UNIX-USE file had not been updated for the different set of source
988     files that come with release 6. I also added a few comments about the C++
989     wrapper.
990    
991    
992 nigel 77 Version 6.0 07-Jun-05
993     ---------------------
994    
995     1. Some minor internal re-organization to help with my DFA experiments.
996    
997     2. Some missing #ifdef SUPPORT_UCP conditionals in pcretest and printint that
998     didn't matter for the library itself when fully configured, but did matter
999     when compiling without UCP support, or within Exim, where the ucp files are
1000     not imported.
1001    
1002     3. Refactoring of the library code to split up the various functions into
1003     different source modules. The addition of the new DFA matching code (see
1004     below) to a single monolithic source would have made it really too
1005     unwieldy, quite apart from causing all the code to be include in a
1006     statically linked application, when only some functions are used. This is
1007     relevant even without the DFA addition now that patterns can be compiled in
1008     one application and matched in another.
1009    
1010     The downside of splitting up is that there have to be some external
1011     functions and data tables that are used internally in different modules of
1012     the library but which are not part of the API. These have all had their
1013     names changed to start with "_pcre_" so that they are unlikely to clash
1014     with other external names.
1015    
1016     4. Added an alternate matching function, pcre_dfa_exec(), which matches using
1017     a different (DFA) algorithm. Although it is slower than the original
1018     function, it does have some advantages for certain types of matching
1019     problem.
1020    
1021     5. Upgrades to pcretest in order to test the features of pcre_dfa_exec(),
1022     including restarting after a partial match.
1023    
1024     6. A patch for pcregrep that defines INVALID_FILE_ATTRIBUTES if it is not
1025     defined when compiling for Windows was sent to me. I have put it into the
1026     code, though I have no means of testing or verifying it.
1027    
1028     7. Added the pcre_refcount() auxiliary function.
1029    
1030     8. Added the PCRE_FIRSTLINE option. This constrains an unanchored pattern to
1031     match before or at the first newline in the subject string. In pcretest,
1032     the /f option on a pattern can be used to set this.
1033    
1034     9. A repeated \w when used in UTF-8 mode with characters greater than 256
1035     would behave wrongly. This has been present in PCRE since release 4.0.
1036    
1037     10. A number of changes to the pcregrep command:
1038    
1039     (a) Refactored how -x works; insert ^(...)$ instead of setting
1040     PCRE_ANCHORED and checking the length, in preparation for adding
1041     something similar for -w.
1042    
1043     (b) Added the -w (match as a word) option.
1044    
1045     (c) Refactored the way lines are read and buffered so as to have more
1046     than one at a time available.
1047    
1048     (d) Implemented a pcregrep test script.
1049    
1050     (e) Added the -M (multiline match) option. This allows patterns to match
1051     over several lines of the subject. The buffering ensures that at least
1052     8K, or the rest of the document (whichever is the shorter) is available
1053     for matching (and similarly the previous 8K for lookbehind assertions).
1054    
1055     (f) Changed the --help output so that it now says
1056    
1057     -w, --word-regex(p)
1058    
1059     instead of two lines, one with "regex" and the other with "regexp"
1060     because that confused at least one person since the short forms are the
1061     same. (This required a bit of code, as the output is generated
1062     automatically from a table. It wasn't just a text change.)
1063    
1064     (g) -- can be used to terminate pcregrep options if the next thing isn't an
1065     option but starts with a hyphen. Could be a pattern or a path name
1066     starting with a hyphen, for instance.
1067    
1068     (h) "-" can be given as a file name to represent stdin.
1069    
1070     (i) When file names are being printed, "(standard input)" is used for
1071     the standard input, for compatibility with GNU grep. Previously
1072     "<stdin>" was used.
1073    
1074     (j) The option --label=xxx can be used to supply a name to be used for
1075     stdin when file names are being printed. There is no short form.
1076    
1077     (k) Re-factored the options decoding logic because we are going to add
1078     two more options that take data. Such options can now be given in four
1079     different ways, e.g. "-fname", "-f name", "--file=name", "--file name".
1080    
1081     (l) Added the -A, -B, and -C options for requesting that lines of context
1082     around matches be printed.
1083    
1084     (m) Added the -L option to print the names of files that do not contain
1085     any matching lines, that is, the complement of -l.
1086    
1087     (n) The return code is 2 if any file cannot be opened, but pcregrep does
1088     continue to scan other files.
1089    
1090     (o) The -s option was incorrectly implemented. For compatibility with other
1091     greps, it now suppresses the error message for a non-existent or non-
1092     accessible file (but not the return code). There is a new option called
1093     -q that suppresses the output of matching lines, which was what -s was
1094     previously doing.
1095    
1096     (p) Added --include and --exclude options to specify files for inclusion
1097     and exclusion when recursing.
1098    
1099     11. The Makefile was not using the Autoconf-supported LDFLAGS macro properly.
1100     Hopefully, it now does.
1101    
1102     12. Missing cast in pcre_study().
1103    
1104     13. Added an "uninstall" target to the makefile.
1105    
1106     14. Replaced "extern" in the function prototypes in Makefile.in with
1107     "PCRE_DATA_SCOPE", which defaults to 'extern' or 'extern "C"' in the Unix
1108     world, but is set differently for Windows.
1109    
1110     15. Added a second compiling function called pcre_compile2(). The only
1111     difference is that it has an extra argument, which is a pointer to an
1112     integer error code. When there is a compile-time failure, this is set
1113     non-zero, in addition to the error test pointer being set to point to an
1114     error message. The new argument may be NULL if no error number is required
1115     (but then you may as well call pcre_compile(), which is now just a
1116     wrapper). This facility is provided because some applications need a
1117     numeric error indication, but it has also enabled me to tidy up the way
1118     compile-time errors are handled in the POSIX wrapper.
1119    
1120     16. Added VPATH=.libs to the makefile; this should help when building with one
1121     prefix path and installing with another. (Or so I'm told by someone who
1122     knows more about this stuff than I do.)
1123    
1124     17. Added a new option, REG_DOTALL, to the POSIX function regcomp(). This
1125     passes PCRE_DOTALL to the pcre_compile() function, making the "." character
1126     match everything, including newlines. This is not POSIX-compatible, but
1127     somebody wanted the feature. From pcretest it can be activated by using
1128     both the P and the s flags.
1129    
1130     18. AC_PROG_LIBTOOL appeared twice in Makefile.in. Removed one.
1131    
1132     19. libpcre.pc was being incorrectly installed as executable.
1133    
1134     20. A couple of places in pcretest check for end-of-line by looking for '\n';
1135     it now also looks for '\r' so that it will work unmodified on Windows.
1136    
1137     21. Added Google's contributed C++ wrapper to the distribution.
1138    
1139     22. Added some untidy missing memory free() calls in pcretest, to keep
1140     Electric Fence happy when testing.
1141    
1142    
1143    
1144 nigel 75 Version 5.0 13-Sep-04
1145     ---------------------
1146    
1147     1. Internal change: literal characters are no longer packed up into items
1148     containing multiple characters in a single byte-string. Each character
1149     is now matched using a separate opcode. However, there may be more than one
1150     byte in the character in UTF-8 mode.
1151    
1152     2. The pcre_callout_block structure has two new fields: pattern_position and
1153     next_item_length. These contain the offset in the pattern to the next match
1154     item, and its length, respectively.
1155    
1156     3. The PCRE_AUTO_CALLOUT option for pcre_compile() requests the automatic
1157     insertion of callouts before each pattern item. Added the /C option to
1158     pcretest to make use of this.
1159    
1160     4. On the advice of a Windows user, the lines
1161    
1162     #if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
1163     _setmode( _fileno( stdout ), 0x8000 );
1164     #endif /* defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32) */
1165    
1166     have been added to the source of pcretest. This apparently does useful
1167     magic in relation to line terminators.
1168    
1169     5. Changed "r" and "w" in the calls to fopen() in pcretest to "rb" and "wb"
1170     for the benefit of those environments where the "b" makes a difference.
1171    
1172     6. The icc compiler has the same options as gcc, but "configure" doesn't seem
1173     to know about it. I have put a hack into configure.in that adds in code
1174     to set GCC=yes if CC=icc. This seems to end up at a point in the
1175     generated configure script that is early enough to affect the setting of
1176     compiler options, which is what is needed, but I have no means of testing
1177     whether it really works. (The user who reported this had patched the
1178     generated configure script, which of course I cannot do.)
1179    
1180     LATER: After change 22 below (new libtool files), the configure script
1181     seems to know about icc (and also ecc). Therefore, I have commented out
1182     this hack in configure.in.
1183    
1184     7. Added support for pkg-config (2 patches were sent in).
1185    
1186     8. Negated POSIX character classes that used a combination of internal tables
1187     were completely broken. These were [[:^alpha:]], [[:^alnum:]], and
1188     [[:^ascii]]. Typically, they would match almost any characters. The other
1189     POSIX classes were not broken in this way.
1190    
1191     9. Matching the pattern "\b.*?" against "ab cd", starting at offset 1, failed
1192     to find the match, as PCRE was deluded into thinking that the match had to
1193     start at the start point or following a newline. The same bug applied to
1194     patterns with negative forward assertions or any backward assertions
1195     preceding ".*" at the start, unless the pattern required a fixed first
1196     character. This was a failing pattern: "(?!.bcd).*". The bug is now fixed.
1197    
1198     10. In UTF-8 mode, when moving forwards in the subject after a failed match
1199     starting at the last subject character, bytes beyond the end of the subject
1200     string were read.
1201    
1202     11. Renamed the variable "class" as "classbits" to make life easier for C++
1203     users. (Previously there was a macro definition, but it apparently wasn't
1204     enough.)
1205    
1206     12. Added the new field "tables" to the extra data so that tables can be passed
1207     in at exec time, or the internal tables can be re-selected. This allows
1208     a compiled regex to be saved and re-used at a later time by a different
1209     program that might have everything at different addresses.
1210    
1211     13. Modified the pcre-config script so that, when run on Solaris, it shows a
1212     -R library as well as a -L library.
1213    
1214     14. The debugging options of pcretest (-d on the command line or D on a
1215     pattern) showed incorrect output for anything following an extended class
1216     that contained multibyte characters and which was followed by a quantifier.
1217    
1218     15. Added optional support for general category Unicode character properties
1219     via the \p, \P, and \X escapes. Unicode property support implies UTF-8
1220     support. It adds about 90K to the size of the library. The meanings of the
1221     inbuilt class escapes such as \d and \s have NOT been changed.
1222    
1223     16. Updated pcredemo.c to include calls to free() to release the memory for the
1224     compiled pattern.
1225    
1226     17. The generated file chartables.c was being created in the source directory
1227     instead of in the building directory. This caused the build to fail if the
1228     source directory was different from the building directory, and was
1229     read-only.
1230    
1231     18. Added some sample Win commands from Mark Tetrode into the NON-UNIX-USE
1232     file. No doubt somebody will tell me if they don't make sense... Also added
1233     Dan Mooney's comments about building on OpenVMS.
1234    
1235     19. Added support for partial matching via the PCRE_PARTIAL option for
1236     pcre_exec() and the \P data escape in pcretest.
1237    
1238     20. Extended pcretest with 3 new pattern features:
1239    
1240     (i) A pattern option of the form ">rest-of-line" causes pcretest to
1241     write the compiled pattern to the file whose name is "rest-of-line".
1242     This is a straight binary dump of the data, with the saved pointer to
1243     the character tables forced to be NULL. The study data, if any, is
1244     written too. After writing, pcretest reads a new pattern.
1245    
1246     (ii) If, instead of a pattern, "<rest-of-line" is given, pcretest reads a
1247     compiled pattern from the given file. There must not be any
1248     occurrences of "<" in the file name (pretty unlikely); if there are,
1249     pcretest will instead treat the initial "<" as a pattern delimiter.
1250     After reading in the pattern, pcretest goes on to read data lines as
1251     usual.
1252    
1253     (iii) The F pattern option causes pcretest to flip the bytes in the 32-bit
1254     and 16-bit fields in a compiled pattern, to simulate a pattern that
1255     was compiled on a host of opposite endianness.
1256    
1257     21. The pcre-exec() function can now cope with patterns that were compiled on
1258     hosts of opposite endianness, with this restriction:
1259    
1260     As for any compiled expression that is saved and used later, the tables
1261     pointer field cannot be preserved; the extra_data field in the arguments
1262     to pcre_exec() should be used to pass in a tables address if a value
1263     other than the default internal tables were used at compile time.
1264    
1265     22. Calling pcre_exec() with a negative value of the "ovecsize" parameter is
1266     now diagnosed as an error. Previously, most of the time, a negative number
1267     would have been treated as zero, but if in addition "ovector" was passed as
1268     NULL, a crash could occur.
1269    
1270     23. Updated the files ltmain.sh, config.sub, config.guess, and aclocal.m4 with
1271     new versions from the libtool 1.5 distribution (the last one is a copy of
1272     a file called libtool.m4). This seems to have fixed the need to patch
1273     "configure" to support Darwin 1.3 (which I used to do). However, I still
1274     had to patch ltmain.sh to ensure that ${SED} is set (it isn't on my
1275     workstation).
1276    
1277     24. Changed the PCRE licence to be the more standard "BSD" licence.
1278    
1279    
1280 nigel 73 Version 4.5 01-Dec-03
1281     ---------------------
1282    
1283     1. There has been some re-arrangement of the code for the match() function so
1284     that it can be compiled in a version that does not call itself recursively.
1285     Instead, it keeps those local variables that need separate instances for
1286     each "recursion" in a frame on the heap, and gets/frees frames whenever it
1287     needs to "recurse". Keeping track of where control must go is done by means
1288     of setjmp/longjmp. The whole thing is implemented by a set of macros that
1289     hide most of the details from the main code, and operates only if
1290     NO_RECURSE is defined while compiling pcre.c. If PCRE is built using the
1291     "configure" mechanism, "--disable-stack-for-recursion" turns on this way of
1292     operating.
1293    
1294     To make it easier for callers to provide specially tailored get/free
1295     functions for this usage, two new functions, pcre_stack_malloc, and
1296     pcre_stack_free, are used. They are always called in strict stacking order,
1297     and the size of block requested is always the same.
1298    
1299     The PCRE_CONFIG_STACKRECURSE info parameter can be used to find out whether
1300     PCRE has been compiled to use the stack or the heap for recursion. The
1301     -C option of pcretest uses this to show which version is compiled.
1302    
1303     A new data escape \S, is added to pcretest; it causes the amounts of store
1304     obtained and freed by both kinds of malloc/free at match time to be added
1305     to the output.
1306    
1307     2. Changed the locale test to use "fr_FR" instead of "fr" because that's
1308     what's available on my current Linux desktop machine.
1309    
1310     3. When matching a UTF-8 string, the test for a valid string at the start has
1311     been extended. If start_offset is not zero, PCRE now checks that it points
1312     to a byte that is the start of a UTF-8 character. If not, it returns
1313     PCRE_ERROR_BADUTF8_OFFSET (-11). Note: the whole string is still checked;
1314     this is necessary because there may be backward assertions in the pattern.
1315     When matching the same subject several times, it may save resources to use
1316     PCRE_NO_UTF8_CHECK on all but the first call if the string is long.
1317    
1318     4. The code for checking the validity of UTF-8 strings has been tightened so
1319     that it rejects (a) strings containing 0xfe or 0xff bytes and (b) strings
1320     containing "overlong sequences".
1321    
1322     5. Fixed a bug (appearing twice) that I could not find any way of exploiting!
1323     I had written "if ((digitab[*p++] && chtab_digit) == 0)" where the "&&"
1324     should have been "&", but it just so happened that all the cases this let
1325     through by mistake were picked up later in the function.
1326    
1327     6. I had used a variable called "isblank" - this is a C99 function, causing
1328     some compilers to warn. To avoid this, I renamed it (as "blankclass").
1329    
1330     7. Cosmetic: (a) only output another newline at the end of pcretest if it is
1331     prompting; (b) run "./pcretest /dev/null" at the start of the test script
1332     so the version is shown; (c) stop "make test" echoing "./RunTest".
1333    
1334     8. Added patches from David Burgess to enable PCRE to run on EBCDIC systems.
1335    
1336     9. The prototype for memmove() for systems that don't have it was using
1337     size_t, but the inclusion of the header that defines size_t was later. I've
1338     moved the #includes for the C headers earlier to avoid this.
1339    
1340     10. Added some adjustments to the code to make it easier to compiler on certain
1341     special systems:
1342    
1343     (a) Some "const" qualifiers were missing.
1344     (b) Added the macro EXPORT before all exported functions; by default this
1345     is defined to be empty.
1346     (c) Changed the dftables auxiliary program (that builds chartables.c) so
1347     that it reads its output file name as an argument instead of writing
1348     to the standard output and assuming this can be redirected.
1349    
1350     11. In UTF-8 mode, if a recursive reference (e.g. (?1)) followed a character
1351     class containing characters with values greater than 255, PCRE compilation
1352     went into a loop.
1353    
1354     12. A recursive reference to a subpattern that was within another subpattern
1355     that had a minimum quantifier of zero caused PCRE to crash. For example,
1356     (x(y(?2))z)? provoked this bug with a subject that got as far as the
1357     recursion. If the recursively-called subpattern itself had a zero repeat,
1358     that was OK.
1359    
1360     13. In pcretest, the buffer for reading a data line was set at 30K, but the
1361     buffer into which it was copied (for escape processing) was still set at
1362     1024, so long lines caused crashes.
1363    
1364     14. A pattern such as /[ab]{1,3}+/ failed to compile, giving the error
1365     "internal error: code overflow...". This applied to any character class
1366     that was followed by a possessive quantifier.
1367    
1368     15. Modified the Makefile to add libpcre.la as a prerequisite for
1369     libpcreposix.la because I was told this is needed for a parallel build to
1370     work.
1371    
1372     16. If a pattern that contained .* following optional items at the start was
1373     studied, the wrong optimizing data was generated, leading to matching
1374     errors. For example, studying /[ab]*.*c/ concluded, erroneously, that any
1375     matching string must start with a or b or c. The correct conclusion for
1376     this pattern is that a match can start with any character.
1377    
1378    
1379 nigel 71 Version 4.4 13-Aug-03
1380     ---------------------
1381    
1382     1. In UTF-8 mode, a character class containing characters with values between
1383     127 and 255 was not handled correctly if the compiled pattern was studied.
1384     In fixing this, I have also improved the studying algorithm for such
1385     classes (slightly).
1386    
1387     2. Three internal functions had redundant arguments passed to them. Removal
1388     might give a very teeny performance improvement.
1389    
1390     3. Documentation bug: the value of the capture_top field in a callout is *one
1391     more than* the number of the hightest numbered captured substring.
1392    
1393     4. The Makefile linked pcretest and pcregrep with -lpcre, which could result
1394     in incorrectly linking with a previously installed version. They now link
1395     explicitly with libpcre.la.
1396    
1397     5. configure.in no longer needs to recognize Cygwin specially.
1398    
1399     6. A problem in pcre.in for Windows platforms is fixed.
1400    
1401     7. If a pattern was successfully studied, and the -d (or /D) flag was given to
1402     pcretest, it used to include the size of the study block as part of its
1403     output. Unfortunately, the structure contains a field that has a different
1404     size on different hardware architectures. This meant that the tests that
1405     showed this size failed. As the block is currently always of a fixed size,
1406     this information isn't actually particularly useful in pcretest output, so
1407     I have just removed it.
1408    
1409     8. Three pre-processor statements accidentally did not start in column 1.
1410     Sadly, there are *still* compilers around that complain, even though
1411     standard C has not required this for well over a decade. Sigh.
1412    
1413     9. In pcretest, the code for checking callouts passed small integers in the
1414     callout_data field, which is a void * field. However, some picky compilers
1415     complained about the casts involved for this on 64-bit systems. Now
1416     pcretest passes the address of the small integer instead, which should get
1417     rid of the warnings.
1418    
1419     10. By default, when in UTF-8 mode, PCRE now checks for valid UTF-8 strings at
1420     both compile and run time, and gives an error if an invalid UTF-8 sequence
1421     is found. There is a option for disabling this check in cases where the
1422     string is known to be correct and/or the maximum performance is wanted.
1423    
1424     11. In response to a bug report, I changed one line in Makefile.in from
1425    
1426     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/lib@WIN_PREFIX@pcreposix.dll.a \
1427     to
1428     -Wl,--out-implib,.libs/@WIN_PREFIX@libpcreposix.dll.a \
1429    
1430     to look similar to other lines, but I have no way of telling whether this
1431     is the right thing to do, as I do not use Windows. No doubt I'll get told
1432     if it's wrong...
1433    
1434    
1435 nigel 69 Version 4.3 21-May-03
1436     ---------------------
1437    
1438     1. Two instances of @WIN_PREFIX@ omitted from the Windows targets in the
1439     Makefile.
1440    
1441     2. Some refactoring to improve the quality of the code:
1442    
1443     (i) The utf8_table... variables are now declared "const".
1444    
1445     (ii) The code for \cx, which used the "case flipping" table to upper case
1446     lower case letters, now just substracts 32. This is ASCII-specific,
1447     but the whole concept of \cx is ASCII-specific, so it seems
1448     reasonable.
1449    
1450     (iii) PCRE was using its character types table to recognize decimal and
1451     hexadecimal digits in the pattern. This is silly, because it handles
1452     only 0-9, a-f, and A-F, but the character types table is locale-
1453     specific, which means strange things might happen. A private
1454     table is now used for this - though it costs 256 bytes, a table is
1455     much faster than multiple explicit tests. Of course, the standard
1456     character types table is still used for matching digits in subject
1457     strings against \d.
1458    
1459     (iv) Strictly, the identifier ESC_t is reserved by POSIX (all identifiers
1460     ending in _t are). So I've renamed it as ESC_tee.
1461    
1462     3. The first argument for regexec() in the POSIX wrapper should have been
1463     defined as "const".
1464    
1465     4. Changed pcretest to use malloc() for its buffers so that they can be
1466     Electric Fenced for debugging.
1467    
1468     5. There were several places in the code where, in UTF-8 mode, PCRE would try
1469     to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string. Often this
1470     had no effect on PCRE's behaviour, but in some circumstances it could
1471     provoke a segmentation fault.
1472    
1473     6. A lookbehind at the start of a pattern in UTF-8 mode could also cause PCRE
1474     to try to read one or more bytes before the start of the subject string.
1475    
1476     7. A lookbehind in a pattern matched in non-UTF-8 mode on a PCRE compiled with
1477     UTF-8 support could misbehave in various ways if the subject string
1478     contained bytes with the 0x80 bit set and the 0x40 bit unset in a lookbehind
1479     area. (PCRE was not checking for the UTF-8 mode flag, and trying to move
1480     back over UTF-8 characters.)
1481    
1482    
1483 nigel 67 Version 4.2 14-Apr-03
1484     ---------------------
1485    
1486     1. Typo "#if SUPPORT_UTF8" instead of "#ifdef SUPPORT_UTF8" fixed.
1487    
1488     2. Changes to the building process, supplied by Ronald Landheer-Cieslak
1489     [ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on non-Windows platforms
1490     [NOT_ON_WINDOWS]: new variable, "#" on Windows platforms
1491     [WIN_PREFIX]: new variable, "cyg" for Cygwin
1492     * Makefile.in: use autoconf substitution for OBJEXT, EXEEXT, BUILD_OBJEXT
1493     and BUILD_EXEEXT
1494     Note: automatic setting of the BUILD variables is not yet working
1495     set CPPFLAGS and BUILD_CPPFLAGS (but don't use yet) - should be used at
1496     compile-time but not at link-time
1497     [LINK]: use for linking executables only
1498     make different versions for Windows and non-Windows
1499     [LINKLIB]: new variable, copy of UNIX-style LINK, used for linking
1500     libraries
1501     [LINK_FOR_BUILD]: new variable
1502     [OBJEXT]: use throughout
1503     [EXEEXT]: use throughout
1504     <winshared>: new target
1505     <wininstall>: new target
1506     <dftables.o>: use native compiler
1507     <dftables>: use native linker
1508     <install>: handle Windows platform correctly
1509     <clean>: ditto
1510     <check>: ditto
1511     copy DLL to top builddir before testing
1512    
1513     As part of these changes, -no-undefined was removed again. This was reported
1514     to give trouble on HP-UX 11.0, so getting rid of it seems like a good idea
1515     in any case.
1516    
1517     3. Some tidies to get rid of compiler warnings:
1518    
1519     . In the match_data structure, match_limit was an unsigned long int, whereas
1520     match_call_count was an int. I've made them both unsigned long ints.
1521    
1522     . In pcretest the fact that a const uschar * doesn't automatically cast to
1523     a void * provoked a warning.
1524    
1525     . Turning on some more compiler warnings threw up some "shadow" variables
1526     and a few more missing casts.
1527    
1528     4. If PCRE was complied with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1529     option, a class that contained a single character with a value between 128
1530     and 255 (e.g. /[\xFF]/) caused PCRE to crash.
1531    
1532     5. If PCRE was compiled with UTF-8 support, but called without the PCRE_UTF8
1533     option, a class that contained several characters, but with at least one
1534     whose value was between 128 and 255 caused PCRE to crash.
1535    
1536    
1537 nigel 65 Version 4.1 12-Mar-03
1538     ---------------------
1539 nigel 63
1540 nigel 65 1. Compiling with gcc -pedantic found a couple of places where casts were
1541     needed, and a string in dftables.c that was longer than standard compilers are
1542     required to support.
1543    
1544     2. Compiling with Sun's compiler found a few more places where the code could
1545     be tidied up in order to avoid warnings.
1546    
1547     3. The variables for cross-compiling were called HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS; the
1548     first of these names is deprecated in the latest Autoconf in favour of the name
1549     CC_FOR_BUILD, because "host" is typically used to mean the system on which the
1550     compiled code will be run. I can't find a reference for HOST_CFLAGS, but by
1551     analogy I have changed it to CFLAGS_FOR_BUILD.
1552    
1553     4. Added -no-undefined to the linking command in the Makefile, because this is
1554     apparently helpful for Windows. To make it work, also added "-L. -lpcre" to the
1555     linking step for the pcreposix library.
1556    
1557     5. PCRE was failing to diagnose the case of two named groups with the same
1558     name.
1559    
1560     6. A problem with one of PCRE's optimizations was discovered. PCRE remembers a
1561     literal character that is needed in the subject for a match, and scans along to
1562     ensure that it is present before embarking on the full matching process. This
1563     saves time in cases of nested unlimited repeats that are never going to match.
1564     Problem: the scan can take a lot of time if the subject is very long (e.g.
1565     megabytes), thus penalizing straightforward matches. It is now done only if the
1566     amount of subject to be scanned is less than 1000 bytes.
1567    
1568     7. A lesser problem with the same optimization is that it was recording the
1569     first character of an anchored pattern as "needed", thus provoking a search
1570     right along the subject, even when the first match of the pattern was going to
1571     fail. The "needed" character is now not set for anchored patterns, unless it
1572     follows something in the pattern that is of non-fixed length. Thus, it still
1573     fulfils its original purpose of finding quick non-matches in cases of nested
1574     unlimited repeats, but isn't used for simple anchored patterns such as /^abc/.
1575    
1576    
1577     Version 4.0 17-Feb-03
1578     ---------------------
1579    
1580 nigel 63 1. If a comment in an extended regex that started immediately after a meta-item
1581     extended to the end of string, PCRE compiled incorrect data. This could lead to
1582     all kinds of weird effects. Example: /#/ was bad; /()#/ was bad; /a#/ was not.
1583    
1584     2. Moved to autoconf 2.53 and libtool 1.4.2.
1585    
1586     3. Perl 5.8 no longer needs "use utf8" for doing UTF-8 things. Consequently,
1587     the special perltest8 script is no longer needed - all the tests can be run
1588     from a single perltest script.
1589    
1590     4. From 5.004, Perl has not included the VT character (0x0b) in the set defined
1591     by \s. It has now been removed in PCRE. This means it isn't recognized as
1592     whitespace in /x regexes too, which is the same as Perl. Note that the POSIX
1593     class [:space:] *does* include VT, thereby creating a mess.
1594    
1595     5. Added the class [:blank:] (a GNU extension from Perl 5.8) to match only
1596     space and tab.
1597    
1598     6. Perl 5.005 was a long time ago. It's time to amalgamate the tests that use
1599     its new features into the main test script, reducing the number of scripts.
1600    
1601     7. Perl 5.8 has changed the meaning of patterns like /a(?i)b/. Earlier versions
1602     were backward compatible, and made the (?i) apply to the whole pattern, as if
1603     /i were given. Now it behaves more logically, and applies the option setting
1604     only to what follows. PCRE has been changed to follow suit. However, if it
1605     finds options settings right at the start of the pattern, it extracts them into
1606     the global options, as before. Thus, they show up in the info data.
1607    
1608     8. Added support for the \Q...\E escape sequence. Characters in between are
1609     treated as literals. This is slightly different from Perl in that $ and @ are
1610     also handled as literals inside the quotes. In Perl, they will cause variable
1611     interpolation. Note the following examples:
1612    
1613     Pattern PCRE matches Perl matches
1614    
1615     \Qabc$xyz\E abc$xyz abc followed by the contents of $xyz
1616     \Qabc\$xyz\E abc\$xyz abc\$xyz
1617     \Qabc\E\$\Qxyz\E abc$xyz abc$xyz
1618    
1619     For compatibility with Perl, \Q...\E sequences are recognized inside character
1620     classes as well as outside them.
1621    
1622     9. Re-organized 3 code statements in pcretest to avoid "overflow in
1623     floating-point constant arithmetic" warnings from a Microsoft compiler. Added a
1624     (size_t) cast to one statement in pcretest and one in pcreposix to avoid
1625     signed/unsigned warnings.
1626    
1627     10. SunOS4 doesn't have strtoul(). This was used only for unpicking the -o
1628     option for pcretest, so I've replaced it by a simple function that does just
1629     that job.
1630    
1631     11. pcregrep was ending with code 0 instead of 2 for the commands "pcregrep" or
1632     "pcregrep -".
1633    
1634     12. Added "possessive quantifiers" ?+, *+, ++, and {,}+ which come from Sun's
1635     Java package. This provides some syntactic sugar for simple cases of what my
1636     documentation calls "once-only subpatterns". A pattern such as x*+ is the same
1637     as (?>x*). In other words, if what is inside (?>...) is just a single repeated
1638     item, you can use this simplified notation. Note that only makes sense with
1639     greedy quantifiers. Consequently, the use of the possessive quantifier forces
1640     greediness, whatever the setting of the PCRE_UNGREEDY option.
1641    
1642     13. A change of greediness default within a pattern was not taking effect at
1643     the current level for patterns like /(b+(?U)a+)/. It did apply to parenthesized
1644     subpatterns that followed. Patterns like /b+(?U)a+/ worked because the option
1645     was abstracted outside.
1646    
1647     14. PCRE now supports the \G assertion. It is true when the current matching
1648     position is at the start point of the match. This differs from \A when the
1649     starting offset is non-zero. Used with the /g option of pcretest (or similar
1650     code), it works in the same way as it does for Perl's /g option. If all
1651     alternatives of a regex begin with \G, the expression is anchored to the start
1652     match position, and the "anchored" flag is set in the compiled expression.
1653    
1654     15. Some bugs concerning the handling of certain option changes within patterns
1655     have been fixed. These applied to options other than (?ims). For example,
1656     "a(?x: b c )d" did not match "XabcdY" but did match "Xa b c dY". It should have
1657     been the other way round. Some of this was related to change 7 above.
1658    
1659     16. PCRE now gives errors for /[.x.]/ and /[=x=]/ as unsupported POSIX
1660     features, as Perl does. Previously, PCRE gave the warnings only for /[[.x.]]/
1661     and /[[=x=]]/. PCRE now also gives an error for /[:name:]/ because it supports
1662     POSIX classes only within a class (e.g. /[[:alpha:]]/).
1663    
1664     17. Added support for Perl's \C escape. This matches one byte, even in UTF8
1665     mode. Unlike ".", it always matches newline, whatever the setting of
1666     PCRE_DOTALL. However, PCRE does not permit \C to appear in lookbehind
1667     assertions. Perl allows it, but it doesn't (in general) work because it can't
1668     calculate the length of the lookbehind. At least, that's the case for Perl
1669     5.8.0 - I've been told they are going to document that it doesn't work in
1670     future.
1671    
1672     18. Added an error diagnosis for escapes that PCRE does not support: these are
1673     \L, \l, \N, \P, \p, \U, \u, and \X.
1674    
1675     19. Although correctly diagnosing a missing ']' in a character class, PCRE was
1676     reading past the end of the pattern in cases such as /[abcd/.
1677    
1678     20. PCRE was getting more memory than necessary for patterns with classes that
1679     contained both POSIX named classes and other characters, e.g. /[[:space:]abc/.
1680    
1681     21. Added some code, conditional on #ifdef VPCOMPAT, to make life easier for
1682     compiling PCRE for use with Virtual Pascal.
1683    
1684     22. Small fix to the Makefile to make it work properly if the build is done
1685     outside the source tree.
1686    
1687     23. Added a new extension: a condition to go with recursion. If a conditional
1688     subpattern starts with (?(R) the "true" branch is used if recursion has
1689     happened, whereas the "false" branch is used only at the top level.
1690    
1691     24. When there was a very long string of literal characters (over 255 bytes
1692     without UTF support, over 250 bytes with UTF support), the computation of how
1693     much memory was required could be incorrect, leading to segfaults or other
1694     strange effects.
1695    
1696     25. PCRE was incorrectly assuming anchoring (either to start of subject or to
1697     start of line for a non-DOTALL pattern) when a pattern started with (.*) and
1698     there was a subsequent back reference to those brackets. This meant that, for
1699     example, /(.*)\d+\1/ failed to match "abc123bc". Unfortunately, it isn't
1700     possible to check for precisely this case. All we can do is abandon the
1701     optimization if .* occurs inside capturing brackets when there are any back
1702     references whatsoever. (See below for a better fix that came later.)
1703    
1704     26. The handling of the optimization for finding the first character of a
1705     non-anchored pattern, and for finding a character that is required later in the
1706     match were failing in some cases. This didn't break the matching; it just
1707     failed to optimize when it could. The way this is done has been re-implemented.
1708    
1709     27. Fixed typo in error message for invalid (?R item (it said "(?p").
1710    
1711     28. Added a new feature that provides some of the functionality that Perl
1712     provides with (?{...}). The facility is termed a "callout". The way it is done
1713     in PCRE is for the caller to provide an optional function, by setting
1714     pcre_callout to its entry point. Like pcre_malloc and pcre_free, this is a
1715     global variable. By default it is unset, which disables all calling out. To get
1716     the function called, the regex must include (?C) at appropriate points. This
1717     is, in fact, equivalent to (?C0), and any number <= 255 may be given with (?C).
1718     This provides a means of identifying different callout points. When PCRE
1719     reaches such a point in the regex, if pcre_callout has been set, the external
1720     function is called. It is provided with data in a structure called
1721     pcre_callout_block, which is defined in pcre.h. If the function returns 0,
1722     matching continues; if it returns a non-zero value, the match at the current
1723     point fails. However, backtracking will occur if possible. [This was changed
1724     later and other features added - see item 49 below.]
1725    
1726     29. pcretest is upgraded to test the callout functionality. It provides a
1727     callout function that displays information. By default, it shows the start of
1728     the match and the current position in the text. There are some new data escapes
1729     to vary what happens:
1730    
1731     \C+ in addition, show current contents of captured substrings
1732     \C- do not supply a callout function
1733     \C!n return 1 when callout number n is reached
1734     \C!n!m return 1 when callout number n is reached for the mth time
1735    
1736     30. If pcregrep was called with the -l option and just a single file name, it
1737     output "<stdin>" if a match was found, instead of the file name.
1738    
1739     31. Improve the efficiency of the POSIX API to PCRE. If the number of capturing
1740     slots is less than POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD, use a block on the stack to pass to
1741     pcre_exec(). This saves a malloc/free per call. The default value of
1742     POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD is 10; it can be changed by --with-posix-malloc-threshold
1743     when configuring.
1744    
1745     32. The default maximum size of a compiled pattern is 64K. There have been a
1746     few cases of people hitting this limit. The code now uses macros to handle the
1747     storing of links as offsets within the compiled pattern. It defaults to 2-byte
1748     links, but this can be changed to 3 or 4 bytes by --with-link-size when
1749     configuring. Tests 2 and 5 work only with 2-byte links because they output
1750     debugging information about compiled patterns.
1751    
1752     33. Internal code re-arrangements:
1753    
1754     (a) Moved the debugging function for printing out a compiled regex into
1755     its own source file (printint.c) and used #include to pull it into
1756     pcretest.c and, when DEBUG is defined, into pcre.c, instead of having two
1757     separate copies.
1758    
1759     (b) Defined the list of op-code names for debugging as a macro in
1760     internal.h so that it is next to the definition of the opcodes.
1761    
1762     (c) Defined a table of op-code lengths for simpler skipping along compiled
1763     code. This is again a macro in internal.h so that it is next to the
1764     definition of the opcodes.
1765    
1766     34. Added support for recursive calls to individual subpatterns, along the
1767     lines of Robin Houston's patch (but implemented somewhat differently).
1768    
1769     35. Further mods to the Makefile to help Win32. Also, added code to pcregrep to
1770     allow it to read and process whole directories in Win32. This code was
1771     contributed by Lionel Fourquaux; it has not been tested by me.
1772    
1773     36. Added support for named subpatterns. The Python syntax (?P<name>...) is
1774     used to name a group. Names consist of alphanumerics and underscores, and must
1775     be unique. Back references use the syntax (?P=name) and recursive calls use
1776     (?P>name) which is a PCRE extension to the Python extension. Groups still have
1777     numbers. The function pcre_fullinfo() can be used after compilation to extract
1778     a name/number map. There are three relevant calls:
1779    
1780     PCRE_INFO_NAMEENTRYSIZE yields the size of each entry in the map
1781     PCRE_INFO_NAMECOUNT yields the number of entries
1782     PCRE_INFO_NAMETABLE yields a pointer to the map.
1783    
1784     The map is a vector of fixed-size entries. The size of each entry depends on
1785     the length of the longest name used. The first two bytes of each entry are the
1786     group number, most significant byte first. There follows the corresponding
1787     name, zero terminated. The names are in alphabetical order.
1788    
1789     37. Make the maximum literal string in the compiled code 250 for the non-UTF-8
1790     case instead of 255. Making it the same both with and without UTF-8 support
1791     means that the same test output works with both.
1792    
1793     38. There was a case of malloc(0) in the POSIX testing code in pcretest. Avoid
1794     calling malloc() with a zero argument.
1795    
1796     39. Change 25 above had to resort to a heavy-handed test for the .* anchoring
1797     optimization. I've improved things by keeping a bitmap of backreferences with
1798     numbers 1-31 so that if .* occurs inside capturing brackets that are not in
1799     fact referenced, the optimization can be applied. It is unlikely that a
1800     relevant occurrence of .* (i.e. one which might indicate anchoring or forcing
1801     the match to follow \n) will appear inside brackets with a number greater than
1802     31, but if it does, any back reference > 31 suppresses the optimization.
1803    
1804     40. Added a new compile-time option PCRE_NO_AUTO_CAPTURE. This has the effect
1805     of disabling numbered capturing parentheses. Any opening parenthesis that is
1806     not followed by ? behaves as if it were followed by ?: but named parentheses
1807     can still be used for capturing (and they will acquire numbers in the usual
1808     way).
1809    
1810     41. Redesigned the return codes from the match() function into yes/no/error so
1811     that errors can be passed back from deep inside the nested calls. A malloc
1812     failure while inside a recursive subpattern call now causes the
1813     PCRE_ERROR_NOMEMORY return instead of quietly going wrong.
1814    
1815     42. It is now possible to set a limit on the number of times the match()
1816     function is called in a call to pcre_exec(). This facility makes it possible to
1817     limit the amount of recursion and backtracking, though not in a directly
1818     obvious way, because the match() function is used in a number of different
1819     circumstances. The count starts from zero for each position in the subject
1820     string (for non-anchored patterns). The default limit is, for compatibility, a
1821     large number, namely 10 000 000. You can change this in two ways:
1822    
1823     (a) When configuring PCRE before making, you can use --with-match-limit=n
1824     to set a default value for the compiled library.
1825    
1826     (b) For each call to pcre_exec(), you can pass a pcre_extra block in which
1827     a different value is set. See 45 below.
1828    
1829     If the limit is exceeded, pcre_exec() returns PCRE_ERROR_MATCHLIMIT.
1830    
1831     43. Added a new function pcre_config(int, void *) to enable run-time extraction
1832     of things that can be changed at compile time. The first argument specifies
1833     what is wanted and the second points to where the information is to be placed.
1834     The current list of available information is:
1835    
1836     PCRE_CONFIG_UTF8
1837    
1838     The output is an integer that is set to one if UTF-8 support is available;
1839     otherwise it is set to zero.
1840    
1841     PCRE_CONFIG_NEWLINE
1842    
1843     The output is an integer that it set to the value of the code that is used for
1844     newline. It is either LF (10) or CR (13).
1845    
1846     PCRE_CONFIG_LINK_SIZE
1847    
1848     The output is an integer that contains the number of bytes used for internal
1849     linkage in compiled expressions. The value is 2, 3, or 4. See item 32 above.
1850    
1851     PCRE_CONFIG_POSIX_MALLOC_THRESHOLD
1852    
1853     The output is an integer that contains the threshold above which the POSIX
1854     interface uses malloc() for output vectors. See item 31 above.
1855    
1856     PCRE_CONFIG_MATCH_LIMIT
1857    
1858     The output is an unsigned integer that contains the default limit of the number
1859     of match() calls in a pcre_exec() execution. See 42 above.
1860    
1861     44. pcretest has been upgraded by the addition of the -C option. This causes it
1862     to extract all the available output from the new pcre_config() function, and to
1863     output it. The program then exits immediately.
1864    
1865     45. A need has arisen to pass over additional data with calls to pcre_exec() in
1866     order to support additional features. One way would have been to define
1867     pcre_exec2() (for example) with extra arguments, but this would not have been
1868     extensible, and would also have required all calls to the original function to
1869     be mapped to the new one. Instead, I have chosen to extend the mechanism that
1870     is used for passing in "extra" data from pcre_study().
1871    
1872     The pcre_extra structure is now exposed and defined in pcre.h. It currently
1873     contains the following fields:
1874    
1875     flags a bitmap indicating which of the following fields are set
1876     study_data opaque data from pcre_study()
1877     match_limit a way of specifying a limit on match() calls for a specific
1878     call to pcre_exec()
1879     callout_data data for callouts (see 49 below)
1880    
1881     The flag bits are also defined in pcre.h, and are
1882    
1883     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA
1884     PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT
1885     PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA
1886    
1887     The pcre_study() function now returns one of these new pcre_extra blocks, with
1888     the actual study data pointed to by the study_data field, and the
1889     PCRE_EXTRA_STUDY_DATA flag set. This can be passed directly to pcre_exec() as
1890     before. That is, this change is entirely upwards-compatible and requires no
1891     change to existing code.
1892    
1893     If you want to pass in additional data to pcre_exec(), you can either place it
1894     in a pcre_extra block provided by pcre_study(), or create your own pcre_extra
1895     block.
1896    
1897     46. pcretest has been extended to test the PCRE_EXTRA_MATCH_LIMIT feature. If a
1898     data string contains the escape sequence \M, pcretest calls pcre_exec() several
1899     times with different match limits, until it finds the minimum value needed for
1900     pcre_exec() to complete. The value is then output. This can be instructive; for
1901     most simple matches the number is quite small, but for pathological cases it
1902     gets very large very quickly.
1903    
1904     47. There's a new option for pcre_fullinfo() called PCRE_INFO_STUDYSIZE. It
1905     returns the size of the data block pointed to by the study_data field in a
1906     pcre_extra block, that is, the value that was passed as the argument to
1907     pcre_malloc() when PCRE was getting memory in which to place the information
1908     created by pcre_study(). The fourth argument should point to a size_t variable.
1909     pcretest has been extended so that this information is shown after a successful
1910     pcre_study() call when information about the compiled regex is being displayed.
1911    
1912     48. Cosmetic change to Makefile: there's no need to have / after $(DESTDIR)
1913     because what follows is always an absolute path. (Later: it turns out that this
1914     is more than cosmetic for MinGW, because it doesn't like empty path
1915     components.)
1916    
1917     49. Some changes have been made to the callout feature (see 28 above):
1918    
1919     (i) A callout function now has three choices for what it returns:
1920    
1921     0 => success, carry on matching
1922     > 0 => failure at this point, but backtrack if possible
1923     < 0 => serious error, return this value from pcre_exec()
1924    
1925     Negative values should normally be chosen from the set of PCRE_ERROR_xxx
1926     values. In particular, returning PCRE_ERROR_NOMATCH forces a standard
1927     "match failed" error. The error number PCRE_ERROR_CALLOUT is reserved for
1928     use by callout functions. It will never be used by PCRE itself.
1929    
1930     (ii) The pcre_extra structure (see 45 above) has a void * field called
1931     callout_data, with corresponding flag bit PCRE_EXTRA_CALLOUT_DATA. The
1932     pcre_callout_block structure has a field of the same name. The contents of
1933     the field passed in the pcre_extra structure are passed to the callout
1934     function in the corresponding field in the callout block. This makes it
1935     easier to use the same callout-containing regex from multiple threads. For
1936     testing, the pcretest program has a new data escape
1937    
1938     \C*n pass the number n (may be negative) as callout_data
1939    
1940     If the callout function in pcretest receives a non-zero value as
1941     callout_data, it returns that value.
1942    
1943     50. Makefile wasn't handling CFLAGS properly when compiling dftables. Also,
1944     there were some redundant $(CFLAGS) in commands that are now specified as
1945     $(LINK), which already includes $(CFLAGS).
1946    
1947     51. Extensions to UTF-8 support are listed below. These all apply when (a) PCRE
1948     has been compiled with UTF-8 support *and* pcre_compile() has been compiled
1949     with the PCRE_UTF8 flag. Patterns that are compiled without that flag assume
1950     one-byte characters throughout. Note that case-insensitive matching applies
1951     only to characters whose values are less than 256. PCRE doesn't support the
1952     notion of cases for higher-valued characters.
1953    
1954     (i) A character class whose characters are all within 0-255 is handled as
1955     a bit map, and the map is inverted for negative classes. Previously, a
1956     character > 255 always failed to match such a class; however it should
1957     match if the class was a negative one (e.g. [^ab]). This has been fixed.
1958    
1959     (ii) A negated character class with a single character < 255 is coded as
1960     "not this character" (OP_NOT). This wasn't working properly when the test
1961     character was multibyte, either singly or repeated.
1962    
1963     (iii) Repeats of multibyte characters are now handled correctly in UTF-8
1964     mode, for example: \x{100}{2,3}.
1965    
1966     (iv) The character escapes \b, \B, \d, \D, \s, \S, \w, and \W (either
1967     singly or repeated) now correctly test multibyte characters. However,
1968     PCRE doesn't recognize any characters with values greater than 255 as
1969     digits, spaces, or word characters. Such characters always match \D, \S,
1970     and \W, and never match \d, \s, or \w.
1971    
1972     (v) Classes may now contain characters and character ranges with values
1973     greater than 255. For example: [ab\x{100}-\x{400}].
1974    
1975     (vi) pcregrep now has a --utf-8 option (synonym -u) which makes it call
1976     PCRE in UTF-8 mode.
1977    
1978     52. The info request value PCRE_INFO_FIRSTCHAR has been renamed
1979     PCRE_INFO_FIRSTBYTE because it is a byte value. However, the old name is
1980     retained for backwards compatibility. (Note that LASTLITERAL is also a byte
1981     value.)
1982    
1983     53. The single man page has become too large. I have therefore split it up into
1984     a number of separate man pages. These also give rise to individual HTML pages;
1985     these are now put in a separate directory, and there is an index.html page that
1986     lists them all. Some hyperlinking between the pages has been installed.
1987    
1988     54. Added convenience functions for handling named capturing parentheses.
1989    
1990     55. Unknown escapes inside character classes (e.g. [\M]) and escapes that
1991     aren't interpreted therein (e.g. [\C]) are literals in Perl. This is now also
1992     true in PCRE, except when the PCRE_EXTENDED option is set, in which case they
1993     are faulted.
1994    
1995     56. Introduced HOST_CC and HOST_CFLAGS which can be set in the environment when
1996     calling configure. These values are used when compiling the dftables.c program
1997     which is run to generate the source of the default character tables. They
1998     default to the values of CC and CFLAGS. If you are cross-compiling PCRE,
1999     you will need to set these values.
2000    
2001     57. Updated the building process for Windows DLL, as provided by Fred Cox.
2002    
2003    
2004     Version 3.9 02-Jan-02
2005 nigel 61 ---------------------
2006    
2007     1. A bit of extraneous text had somehow crept into the pcregrep documentation.
2008    
2009     2. If --disable-static was given, the building process failed when trying to
2010     build pcretest and pcregrep. (For some reason it was using libtool to compile
2011     them, which is not right, as they aren't part of the library.)
2012    
2013    
2014 nigel 59 Version 3.8 18-Dec-01
2015     ---------------------
2016    
2017     1. The experimental UTF-8 code was completely screwed up. It was packing the
2018     bytes in the wrong order. How dumb can you get?
2019    
2020    
2021 nigel 57 Version 3.7 29-Oct-01
2022     ---------------------
2023    
2024     1. In updating pcretest to check change 1 of version 3.6, I screwed up.
2025     This caused pcretest, when used on the test data, to segfault. Unfortunately,
2026     this didn't happen under Solaris 8, where I normally test things.
2027    
2028 nigel 59 2. The Makefile had to be changed to make it work on BSD systems, where 'make'
2029     doesn't seem to recognize that ./xxx and xxx are the same file. (This entry
2030     isn't in ChangeLog distributed with 3.7 because I forgot when I hastily made
2031     this fix an hour or so after the initial 3.7 release.)
2032 nigel 57
2033 nigel 59
2034 nigel 55 Version 3.6 23-Oct-01
2035     ---------------------
2036    
2037     1. Crashed with /(sens|respons)e and \1ibility/ and "sense and sensibility" if
2038     offsets passed as NULL with zero offset count.
2039    
2040     2. The config.guess and config.sub files had not been updated when I moved to
2041     the latest autoconf.
2042    
2043    
2044 nigel 53 Version 3.5 15-Aug-01
2045     ---------------------
2046 nigel 5
2047 nigel 53 1. Added some missing #if !defined NOPOSIX conditionals in pcretest.c that
2048     had been forgotten.
2049    
2050     2. By using declared but undefined structures, we can avoid using "void"
2051     definitions in pcre.h while keeping the internal definitions of the structures
2052     private.
2053    
2054     3. The distribution is now built using autoconf 2.50 and libtool 1.4. From a
2055     user point of view, this means that both static and shared libraries are built
2056     by default, but this can be individually controlled. More of the work of
2057     handling this static/shared cases is now inside libtool instead of PCRE's make
2058     file.
2059    
2060     4. The pcretest utility is now installed along with pcregrep because it is
2061     useful for users (to test regexs) and by doing this, it automatically gets
2062     relinked by libtool. The documentation has been turned into a man page, so
2063     there are now .1, .txt, and .html versions in /doc.
2064    
2065     5. Upgrades to pcregrep:
2066     (i) Added long-form option names like gnu grep.
2067     (ii) Added --help to list all options with an explanatory phrase.
2068     (iii) Added -r, --recursive to recurse into sub-directories.
2069     (iv) Added -f, --file to read patterns from a file.
2070    
2071     6. pcre_exec() was referring to its "code" argument before testing that
2072     argument for NULL (and giving an error if it was NULL).
2073    
2074     7. Upgraded Makefile.in to allow for compiling in a different directory from
2075     the source directory.
2076    
2077     8. Tiny buglet in pcretest: when pcre_fullinfo() was called to retrieve the
2078     options bits, the pointer it was passed was to an int instead of to an unsigned
2079     long int. This mattered only on 64-bit systems.
2080    
2081     9. Fixed typo (3.4/1) in pcre.h again. Sigh. I had changed pcre.h (which is
2082     generated) instead of pcre.in, which it its source. Also made the same change
2083     in several of the .c files.
2084    
2085     10. A new release of gcc defines printf() as a macro, which broke pcretest
2086     because it had an ifdef in the middle of a string argument for printf(). Fixed
2087     by using separate calls to printf().
2088    
2089     11. Added --enable-newline-is-cr and --enable-newline-is-lf to the configure
2090     script, to force use of CR or LF instead of \n in the source. On non-Unix
2091     systems, the value can be set in config.h.
2092    
2093     12. The limit of 200 on non-capturing parentheses is a _nesting_ limit, not an
2094     absolute limit. Changed the text of the error message to make this clear, and
2095     likewise updated the man page.
2096    
2097     13. The limit of 99 on the number of capturing subpatterns has been removed.
2098     The new limit is 65535, which I hope will not be a "real" limit.
2099    
2100    
2101 nigel 51 Version 3.4 22-Aug-00
2102     ---------------------
2103    
2104     1. Fixed typo in pcre.h: unsigned const char * changed to const unsigned char *.
2105    
2106     2. Diagnose condition (?(0) as an error instead of crashing on matching.
2107    
2108    
2109 nigel 49 Version 3.3 01-Aug-00
2110     ---------------------
2111    
2112     1. If an octal character was given, but the value was greater than \377, it
2113     was not getting masked to the least significant bits, as documented. This could
2114     lead to crashes in some systems.
2115    
2116     2. Perl 5.6 (if not earlier versions) accepts classes like [a-\d] and treats
2117     the hyphen as a literal. PCRE used to give an error; it now behaves like Perl.
2118    
2119     3. Added the functions pcre_free_substring() and pcre_free_substring_list().
2120     These just pass their arguments on to (pcre_free)(), but they are provided
2121     because some uses of PCRE bind it to non-C systems that can call its functions,
2122     but cannot call free() or pcre_free() directly.
2123    
2124     4. Add "make test" as a synonym for "make check". Corrected some comments in
2125     the Makefile.
2126    
2127     5. Add $(DESTDIR)/ in front of all the paths in the "install" target in the
2128     Makefile.
2129    
2130     6. Changed the name of pgrep to pcregrep, because Solaris has introduced a
2131     command called pgrep for grepping around the active processes.
2132    
2133     7. Added the beginnings of support for UTF-8 character strings.
2134    
2135     8. Arranged for the Makefile to pass over the settings of CC, CFLAGS, and
2136     RANLIB to ./ltconfig so that they are used by libtool. I think these are all
2137     the relevant ones. (AR is not passed because ./ltconfig does its own figuring
2138     out for the ar command.)
2139    
2140    
2141 nigel 47 Version 3.2 12-May-00
2142     ---------------------
2143    
2144     This is purely a bug fixing release.
2145    
2146     1. If the pattern /((Z)+|A)*/ was matched agained ZABCDEFG it matched Z instead
2147     of ZA. This was just one example of several cases that could provoke this bug,
2148     which was introduced by change 9 of version 2.00. The code for breaking
2149     infinite loops after an iteration that matches an empty string was't working
2150     correctly.
2151    
2152     2. The pcretest program was not imitating Perl correctly for the pattern /a*/g
2153     when matched against abbab (for example). After matching an empty string, it
2154     wasn't forcing anchoring when setting PCRE_NOTEMPTY for the next attempt; this
2155     caused it to match further down the string than it should.
2156    
2157     3. The code contained an inclusion of sys/types.h. It isn't clear why this
2158     was there because it doesn't seem to be needed, and it causes trouble on some
2159     systems, as it is not a Standard C header. It has been removed.
2160    
2161     4. Made 4 silly changes to the source to avoid stupid compiler warnings that
2162     were reported on the Macintosh. The changes were from
2163    
2164     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n');
2165     to
2166     while ((c = *(++ptr)) != 0 && c != '\n') ;
2167    
2168     Totally extraordinary, but if that's what it takes...
2169    
2170     5. PCRE is being used in one environment where neither memmove() nor bcopy() is
2171     available. Added HAVE_BCOPY and an autoconf test for it; if neither
2172     HAVE_MEMMOVE nor HAVE_BCOPY is set, use a built-in emulation function which
2173     assumes the way PCRE uses memmove() (always moving upwards).
2174    
2175     6. PCRE is being used in one environment where strchr() is not available. There
2176     was only one use in pcre.c, and writing it out to avoid strchr() probably gives
2177     faster code anyway.
2178    
2179    
2180 nigel 45 Version 3.1 09-Feb-00
2181     ---------------------
2182    
2183     The only change in this release is the fixing of some bugs in Makefile.in for
2184     the "install" target:
2185    
2186     (1) It was failing to install pcreposix.h.
2187    
2188     (2) It was overwriting the pcre.3 man page with the pcreposix.3 man page.
2189    
2190    
2191 nigel 43 Version 3.0 01-Feb-00
2192     ---------------------
2193 nigel 41
2194     1. Add support for the /+ modifier to perltest (to output $` like it does in
2195     pcretest).
2196    
2197     2. Add support for the /g modifier to perltest.
2198    
2199     3. Fix pcretest so that it behaves even more like Perl for /g when the pattern
2200     matches null strings.
2201    
2202     4. Fix perltest so that it doesn't do unwanted things when fed an empty
2203     pattern. Perl treats empty patterns specially - it reuses the most recent
2204     pattern, which is not what we want. Replace // by /(?#)/ in order to avoid this
2205     effect.
2206    
2207     5. The POSIX interface was broken in that it was just handing over the POSIX
2208     captured string vector to pcre_exec(), but (since release 2.00) PCRE has
2209     required a bigger vector, with some working space on the end. This means that
2210     the POSIX wrapper now has to get and free some memory, and copy the results.
2211    
2212 nigel 43 6. Added some simple autoconf support, placing the test data and the
2213     documentation in separate directories, re-organizing some of the
2214     information files, and making it build pcre-config (a GNU standard). Also added
2215     libtool support for building PCRE as a shared library, which is now the
2216     default.
2217 nigel 41
2218 nigel 43 7. Got rid of the leading zero in the definition of PCRE_MINOR because 08 and
2219     09 are not valid octal constants. Single digits will be used for minor values
2220     less than 10.
2221    
2222     8. Defined REG_EXTENDED and REG_NOSUB as zero in the POSIX header, so that
2223     existing programs that set these in the POSIX interface can use PCRE without
2224     modification.
2225    
2226     9. Added a new function, pcre_fullinfo() with an extensible interface. It can
2227     return all that pcre_info() returns, plus additional data. The pcre_info()
2228     function is retained for compatibility, but is considered to be obsolete.
2229    
2230     10. Added experimental recursion feature (?R) to handle one common case that
2231     Perl 5.6 will be able to do with (?p{...}).
2232    
2233     11. Added support for POSIX character classes like [:alpha:], which Perl is
2234     adopting.
2235    
2236    
2237 nigel 39 Version 2.08 31-Aug-99
2238     ----------------------
2239    
2240     1. When startoffset was not zero and the pattern began with ".*", PCRE was not
2241     trying to match at the startoffset position, but instead was moving forward to
2242     the next newline as if a previous match had failed.
2243    
2244     2. pcretest was not making use of PCRE_NOTEMPTY when repeating for /g and /G,
2245     and could get into a loop if a null string was matched other than at the start
2246     of the subject.
2247    
2248     3. Added definitions of PCRE_MAJOR and PCRE_MINOR to pcre.h so the version can
2249     be distinguished at compile time, and for completeness also added PCRE_DATE.
2250    
2251     5. Added Paul Sokolovsky's minor changes to make it easy to compile a Win32 DLL
2252     in GnuWin32 environments.
2253    
2254    
2255 nigel 37 Version 2.07 29-Jul-99
2256     ----------------------
2257    
2258     1. The documentation is now supplied in plain text form and HTML as well as in
2259     the form of man page sources.
2260    
2261     2. C++ compilers don't like assigning (void *) values to other pointer types.
2262     In particular this affects malloc(). Although there is no problem in Standard
2263     C, I've put in casts to keep C++ compilers happy.
2264    
2265     3. Typo on pcretest.c; a cast of (unsigned char *) in the POSIX regexec() call
2266     should be (const char *).
2267    
2268     4. If NOPOSIX is defined, pcretest.c compiles without POSIX support. This may
2269     be useful for non-Unix systems who don't want to bother with the POSIX stuff.
2270     However, I haven't made this a standard facility. The documentation doesn't
2271     mention it, and the Makefile doesn't support it.
2272    
2273     5. The Makefile now contains an "install" target, with editable destinations at
2274     the top of the file. The pcretest program is not installed.
2275    
2276     6. pgrep -V now gives the PCRE version number and date.
2277    
2278     7. Fixed bug: a zero repetition after a literal string (e.g. /abcde{0}/) was
2279     causing the entire string to be ignored, instead of just the last character.
2280    
2281     8. If a pattern like /"([^\\"]+|\\.)*"/ is applied in the normal way to a
2282     non-matching string, it can take a very, very long time, even for strings of
2283     quite modest length, because of the nested recursion. PCRE now does better in
2284     some of these cases. It does this by remembering the last required literal
2285     character in the pattern, and pre-searching the subject to ensure it is present
2286     before running the real match. In other words, it applies a heuristic to detect
2287     some types of certain failure quickly, and in the above example, if presented
2288     with a string that has no trailing " it gives "no match" very quickly.
2289    
2290     9. A new runtime option PCRE_NOTEMPTY causes null string matches to be ignored;
2291     other alternatives are tried instead.
2292    
2293    
2294 nigel 35 Version 2.06 09-Jun-99
2295     ----------------------
2296    
2297     1. Change pcretest's output for amount of store used to show just the code
2298     space, because the remainder (the data block) varies in size between 32-bit and
2299     64-bit systems.
2300    
2301     2. Added an extra argument to pcre_exec() to supply an offset in the subject to
2302     start matching at. This allows lookbehinds to work when searching for multiple
2303     occurrences in a string.
2304    
2305     3. Added additional options to pcretest for testing multiple occurrences:
2306    
2307     /+ outputs the rest of the string that follows a match
2308     /g loops for multiple occurrences, using the new startoffset argument
2309     /G loops for multiple occurrences by passing an incremented pointer
2310    
2311     4. PCRE wasn't doing the "first character" optimization for patterns starting
2312     with \b or \B, though it was doing it for other lookbehind assertions. That is,
2313     it wasn't noticing that a match for a pattern such as /\bxyz/ has to start with
2314     the letter 'x'. On long subject strings, this gives a significant speed-up.
2315    
2316    
2317 nigel 33 Version 2.05 21-Apr-99
2318     ----------------------
2319    
2320     1. Changed the type of magic_number from int to long int so that it works
2321     properly on 16-bit systems.
2322    
2323     2. Fixed a bug which caused patterns starting with .* not to work correctly
2324     when the subject string contained newline characters. PCRE was assuming
2325     anchoring for such patterns in all cases, which is not correct because .* will
2326     not pass a newline unless PCRE_DOTALL is set. It now assumes anchoring only if
2327     DOTALL is set at top level; otherwise it knows that patterns starting with .*
2328     must be retried after every newline in the subject.
2329    
2330    
2331 nigel 31 Version 2.04 18-Feb-99
2332     ----------------------
2333    
2334     1. For parenthesized subpatterns with repeats whose minimum was zero, the
2335     computation of the store needed to hold the pattern was incorrect (too large).
2336     If such patterns were nested a few deep, this could multiply and become a real
2337     problem.
2338    
2339     2. Added /M option to pcretest to show the memory requirement of a specific
2340     pattern. Made -m a synonym of -s (which does this globally) for compatibility.
2341    
2342     3. Subpatterns of the form (regex){n,m} (i.e. limited maximum) were being
2343     compiled in such a way that the backtracking after subsequent failure was
2344     pessimal. Something like (a){0,3} was compiled as (a)?(a)?(a)? instead of
2345     ((a)((a)(a)?)?)? with disastrous performance if the maximum was of any size.
2346    
2347    
2348 nigel 29 Version 2.03 02-Feb-99
2349     ----------------------
2350    
2351     1. Fixed typo and small mistake in man page.
2352    
2353 nigel 31 2. Added 4th condition (GPL supersedes if conflict) and created separate
2354     LICENCE file containing the conditions.
2355 nigel 29
2356     3. Updated pcretest so that patterns such as /abc\/def/ work like they do in
2357     Perl, that is the internal \ allows the delimiter to be included in the
2358     pattern. Locked out the use of \ as a delimiter. If \ immediately follows
2359     the final delimiter, add \ to the end of the pattern (to test the error).
2360    
2361     4. Added the convenience functions for extracting substrings after a successful
2362     match. Updated pcretest to make it able to test these functions.
2363    
2364    
2365 nigel 27 Version 2.02 14-Jan-99
2366     ----------------------
2367    
2368     1. Initialized the working variables associated with each extraction so that
2369     their saving and restoring doesn't refer to uninitialized store.
2370    
2371     2. Put dummy code into study.c in order to trick the optimizer of the IBM C
2372     compiler for OS/2 into generating correct code. Apparently IBM isn't going to
2373     fix the problem.
2374    
2375     3. Pcretest: the timing code wasn't using LOOPREPEAT for timing execution
2376     calls, and wasn't printing the correct value for compiling calls. Increased the
2377     default value of LOOPREPEAT, and the number of significant figures in the
2378     times.
2379    
2380     4. Changed "/bin/rm" in the Makefile to "-rm" so it works on Windows NT.
2381    
2382     5. Renamed "deftables" as "dftables" to get it down to 8 characters, to avoid
2383     a building problem on Windows NT with a FAT file system.
2384    
2385    
2386 nigel 25 Version 2.01 21-Oct-98
2387     ----------------------
2388    
2389     1. Changed the API for pcre_compile() to allow for the provision of a pointer
2390     to character tables built by pcre_maketables() in the current locale. If NULL
2391     is passed, the default tables are used.
2392    
2393    
2394 nigel 23 Version 2.00 24-Sep-98
2395 nigel 21 ----------------------
2396    
2397 nigel 23 1. Since the (>?) facility is in Perl 5.005, don't require PCRE_EXTRA to enable
2398     it any more.
2399    
2400     2. Allow quantification of (?>) groups, and make it work correctly.
2401    
2402     3. The first character computation wasn't working for (?>) groups.
2403    
2404     4. Correct the implementation of \Z (it is permitted to match on the \n at the
2405     end of the subject) and add 5.005's \z, which really does match only at the
2406     very end of the subject.
2407    
2408     5. Remove the \X "cut" facility; Perl doesn't have it, and (?> is neater.
2409    
2410     6. Remove the ability to specify CASELESS, MULTILINE, DOTALL, and
2411     DOLLAR_END_ONLY at runtime, to make it possible to implement the Perl 5.005
2412     localized options. All options to pcre_study() were also removed.
2413    
2414     7. Add other new features from 5.005:
2415    
2416     $(?<= positive lookbehind
2417     $(?<! negative lookbehind
2418     (?imsx-imsx) added the unsetting capability
2419     such a setting is global if at outer level; local otherwise
2420     (?imsx-imsx:) non-capturing groups with option setting
2421     (?(cond)re|re) conditional pattern matching
2422    
2423     A backreference to itself in a repeated group matches the previous
2424     captured string.
2425    
2426     8. General tidying up of studying (both automatic and via "study")
2427     consequential on the addition of new assertions.
2428    
2429     9. As in 5.005, unlimited repeated groups that could match an empty substring
2430     are no longer faulted at compile time. Instead, the loop is forcibly broken at
2431     runtime if any iteration does actually match an empty substring.
2432    
2433     10. Include the RunTest script in the distribution.
2434    
2435     11. Added tests from the Perl 5.005_02 distribution. This showed up a few
2436     discrepancies, some of which were old and were also with respect to 5.004. They
2437     have now been fixed.
2438    
2439    
2440     Version 1.09 28-Apr-98
2441     ----------------------
2442    
2443 nigel 21 1. A negated single character class followed by a quantifier with a minimum
2444     value of one (e.g. [^x]{1,6} ) was not compiled correctly. This could lead to
2445     program crashes, or just wrong answers. This did not apply to negated classes
2446     containing more than one character, or to minima other than one.
2447    
2448    
2449 nigel 19 Version 1.08 27-Mar-98
2450     ----------------------
2451    
2452     1. Add PCRE_UNGREEDY to invert the greediness of quantifiers.
2453    
2454     2. Add (?U) and (?X) to set PCRE_UNGREEDY and PCRE_EXTRA respectively. The
2455     latter must appear before anything that relies on it in the pattern.
2456    
2457    
2458 nigel 17 Version 1.07 16-Feb-98
2459     ----------------------
2460    
2461     1. A pattern such as /((a)*)*/ was not being diagnosed as in error (unlimited
2462     repeat of a potentially empty string).
2463    
2464    
2465 nigel 15 Version 1.06 23-Jan-98
2466     ----------------------
2467    
2468     1. Added Markus Oberhumer's little patches for C++.
2469    
2470     2. Literal strings longer than 255 characters were broken.
2471    
2472    
2473 nigel 13 Version 1.05 23-Dec-97
2474     ----------------------
2475    
2476     1. Negated character classes containing more than one character were failing if
2477     PCRE_CASELESS was set at run time.
2478    
2479    
2480 nigel 11 Version 1.04 19-Dec-97
2481     ----------------------
2482    
2483     1. Corrected the man page, where some "const" qualifiers had been omitted.
2484    
2485     2. Made debugging output print "{0,xxx}" instead of just "{,xxx}" to agree with
2486     input syntax.
2487    
2488     3. Fixed memory leak which occurred when a regex with back references was
2489     matched with an offsets vector that wasn't big enough. The temporary memory
2490     that is used in this case wasn't being freed if the match failed.
2491    
2492     4. Tidied pcretest to ensure it frees memory that it gets.
2493    
2494     5. Temporary memory was being obtained in the case where the passed offsets
2495     vector was exactly big enough.
2496    
2497     6. Corrected definition of offsetof() from change 5 below.
2498    
2499     7. I had screwed up change 6 below and broken the rules for the use of
2500     setjmp(). Now fixed.
2501    
2502    
2503 nigel 9 Version 1.03 18-Dec-97
2504     ----------------------
2505    
2506     1. A erroneous regex with a missing opening parenthesis was correctly
2507     diagnosed, but PCRE attempted to access brastack[-1], which could cause crashes
2508     on some systems.
2509    
2510     2. Replaced offsetof(real_pcre, code) by offsetof(real_pcre, code[0]) because
2511     it was reported that one broken compiler failed on the former because "code" is
2512     also an independent variable.
2513    
2514     3. The erroneous regex a[]b caused an array overrun reference.
2515    
2516     4. A regex ending with a one-character negative class (e.g. /[^k]$/) did not
2517     fail on data ending with that character. (It was going on too far, and checking
2518     the next character, typically a binary zero.) This was specific to the
2519     optimized code for single-character negative classes.
2520    
2521     5. Added a contributed patch from the TIN world which does the following:
2522    
2523     + Add an undef for memmove, in case the the system defines a macro for it.
2524    
2525     + Add a definition of offsetof(), in case there isn't one. (I don't know
2526     the reason behind this - offsetof() is part of the ANSI standard - but
2527     it does no harm).
2528    
2529     + Reduce the ifdef's in pcre.c using macro DPRINTF, thereby eliminating
2530     most of the places where whitespace preceded '#'. I have given up and
2531     allowed the remaining 2 cases to be at the margin.
2532    
2533     + Rename some variables in pcre to eliminate shadowing. This seems very
2534     pedantic, but does no harm, of course.
2535    
2536     6. Moved the call to setjmp() into its own function, to get rid of warnings
2537     from gcc -Wall, and avoided calling it at all unless PCRE_EXTRA is used.
2538    
2539     7. Constructs such as \d{8,} were compiling into the equivalent of
2540 nigel 11 \d{8}\d{0,65527} instead of \d{8}\d* which didn't make much difference to the
2541 nigel 9 outcome, but in this particular case used more store than had been allocated,
2542     which caused the bug to be discovered because it threw up an internal error.
2543    
2544     8. The debugging code in both pcre and pcretest for outputting the compiled
2545     form of a regex was going wrong in the case of back references followed by
2546     curly-bracketed repeats.
2547    
2548    
2549 nigel 7 Version 1.02 12-Dec-97
2550     ----------------------
2551    
2552     1. Typos in pcre.3 and comments in the source fixed.
2553    
2554     2. Applied a contributed patch to get rid of places where it used to remove
2555     'const' from variables, and fixed some signed/unsigned and uninitialized
2556     variable warnings.
2557    
2558     3. Added the "runtest" target to Makefile.
2559    
2560     4. Set default compiler flag to -O2 rather than just -O.
2561    
2562    
2563 nigel 5 Version 1.01 19-Nov-97
2564     ----------------------
2565    
2566     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeat of empty string for patterns
2567     like /([ab]*)*/, that is, for classes with more than one character in them.
2568    
2569     2. Likewise, it wasn't diagnosing patterns with "once-only" subpatterns, such
2570     as /((?>a*))*/ (a PCRE_EXTRA facility).
2571    
2572    
2573     Version 1.00 18-Nov-97
2574     ----------------------
2575    
2576     1. Added compile-time macros to support systems such as SunOS4 which don't have
2577     memmove() or strerror() but have other things that can be used instead.
2578    
2579     2. Arranged that "make clean" removes the executables.
2580    
2581    
2582 nigel 3 Version 0.99 27-Oct-97
2583     ----------------------
2584    
2585     1. Fixed bug in code for optimizing classes with only one character. It was
2586     initializing a 32-byte map regardless, which could cause it to run off the end
2587     of the memory it had got.
2588    
2589     2. Added, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA, the proposed (?>REGEX) construction.
2590    
2591    
2592     Version 0.98 22-Oct-97
2593     ----------------------
2594    
2595     1. Fixed bug in code for handling temporary memory usage when there are more
2596     back references than supplied space in the ovector. This could cause segfaults.
2597    
2598    
2599     Version 0.97 21-Oct-97
2600     ----------------------
2601    
2602     1. Added the \X "cut" facility, conditional on PCRE_EXTRA.
2603    
2604     2. Optimized negated single characters not to use a bit map.
2605    
2606     3. Brought error texts together as macro definitions; clarified some of them;
2607     fixed one that was wrong - it said "range out of order" when it meant "invalid
2608     escape sequence".
2609    
2610     4. Changed some char * arguments to const char *.
2611    
2612     5. Added PCRE_NOTBOL and PCRE_NOTEOL (from POSIX).
2613    
2614     6. Added the POSIX-style API wrapper in pcreposix.a and testing facilities in
2615     pcretest.
2616    
2617    
2618     Version 0.96 16-Oct-97
2619     ----------------------
2620    
2621     1. Added a simple "pgrep" utility to the distribution.
2622    
2623     2. Fixed an incompatibility with Perl: "{" is now treated as a normal character
2624     unless it appears in one of the precise forms "{ddd}", "{ddd,}", or "{ddd,ddd}"
2625     where "ddd" means "one or more decimal digits".
2626    
2627     3. Fixed serious bug. If a pattern had a back reference, but the call to
2628     pcre_exec() didn't supply a large enough ovector to record the related
2629     identifying subpattern, the match always failed. PCRE now remembers the number
2630     of the largest back reference, and gets some temporary memory in which to save
2631     the offsets during matching if necessary, in order to ensure that
2632     backreferences always work.
2633    
2634     4. Increased the compatibility with Perl in a number of ways:
2635    
2636     (a) . no longer matches \n by default; an option PCRE_DOTALL is provided
2637     to request this handling. The option can be set at compile or exec time.
2638    
2639     (b) $ matches before a terminating newline by default; an option
2640     PCRE_DOLLAR_ENDONLY is provided to override this (but not in multiline
2641     mode). The option can be set at compile or exec time.
2642    
2643     (c) The handling of \ followed by a digit other than 0 is now supposed to be
2644     the same as Perl's. If the decimal number it represents is less than 10
2645     or there aren't that many previous left capturing parentheses, an octal
2646     escape is read. Inside a character class, it's always an octal escape,
2647     even if it is a single digit.
2648    
2649     (d) An escaped but undefined alphabetic character is taken as a literal,
2650     unless PCRE_EXTRA is set. Currently this just reserves the remaining
2651     escapes.
2652    
2653     (e) {0} is now permitted. (The previous item is removed from the compiled
2654     pattern).
2655    
2656     5. Changed all the names of code files so that the basic parts are no longer
2657     than 10 characters, and abolished the teeny "globals.c" file.
2658    
2659     6. Changed the handling of character classes; they are now done with a 32-byte
2660     bit map always.
2661    
2662     7. Added the -d and /D options to pcretest to make it possible to look at the
2663     internals of compilation without having to recompile pcre.
2664    
2665    
2666     Version 0.95 23-Sep-97
2667     ----------------------
2668    
2669     1. Fixed bug in pre-pass concerning escaped "normal" characters such as \x5c or
2670     \x20 at the start of a run of normal characters. These were being treated as
2671     real characters, instead of the source characters being re-checked.
2672    
2673    
2674     Version 0.94 18-Sep-97
2675     ----------------------
2676    
2677     1. The functions are now thread-safe, with the caveat that the global variables
2678     containing pointers to malloc() and free() or alternative functions are the
2679     same for all threads.
2680    
2681     2. Get pcre_study() to generate a bitmap of initial characters for non-
2682     anchored patterns when this is possible, and use it if passed to pcre_exec().
2683    
2684    
2685     Version 0.93 15-Sep-97
2686     ----------------------
2687    
2688     1. /(b)|(:+)/ was computing an incorrect first character.
2689    
2690     2. Add pcre_study() to the API and the passing of pcre_extra to pcre_exec(),
2691     but not actually doing anything yet.
2692    
2693     3. Treat "-" characters in classes that cannot be part of ranges as literals,
2694     as Perl does (e.g. [-az] or [az-]).
2695    
2696     4. Set the anchored flag if a branch starts with .* or .*? because that tests
2697     all possible positions.
2698    
2699     5. Split up into different modules to avoid including unneeded functions in a
2700     compiled binary. However, compile and exec are still in one module. The "study"
2701     function is split off.
2702    
2703     6. The character tables are now in a separate module whose source is generated
2704     by an auxiliary program - but can then be edited by hand if required. There are
2705     now no calls to isalnum(), isspace(), isdigit(), isxdigit(), tolower() or
2706     toupper() in the code.
2707    
2708     7. Turn the malloc/free funtions variables into pcre_malloc and pcre_free and
2709     make them global. Abolish the function for setting them, as the caller can now
2710     set them directly.
2711    
2712    
2713     Version 0.92 11-Sep-97
2714     ----------------------
2715    
2716     1. A repeat with a fixed maximum and a minimum of 1 for an ordinary character
2717     (e.g. /a{1,3}/) was broken (I mis-optimized it).
2718    
2719     2. Caseless matching was not working in character classes if the characters in
2720     the pattern were in upper case.
2721    
2722     3. Make ranges like [W-c] work in the same way as Perl for caseless matching.
2723    
2724     4. Make PCRE_ANCHORED public and accept as a compile option.
2725    
2726     5. Add an options word to pcre_exec() and accept PCRE_ANCHORED and
2727     PCRE_CASELESS at run time. Add escapes \A and \I to pcretest to cause it to
2728     pass them.
2729    
2730     6. Give an error if bad option bits passed at compile or run time.
2731    
2732     7. Add PCRE_MULTILINE at compile and exec time, and (?m) as well. Add \M to
2733     pcretest to cause it to pass that flag.
2734    
2735     8. Add pcre_info(), to get the number of identifying subpatterns, the stored
2736     options, and the first character, if set.
2737    
2738     9. Recognize C+ or C{n,m} where n >= 1 as providing a fixed starting character.
2739    
2740    
2741     Version 0.91 10-Sep-97
2742     ----------------------
2743    
2744     1. PCRE was failing to diagnose unlimited repeats of subpatterns that could
2745     match the empty string as in /(a*)*/. It was looping and ultimately crashing.
2746    
2747     2. PCRE was looping on encountering an indefinitely repeated back reference to
2748     a subpattern that had matched an empty string, e.g. /(a|)\1*/. It now does what
2749     Perl does - treats the match as successful.
2750    
2751     ****

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